Year 1359 (MCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1359 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1359
Ab urbe condita2112
Armenian calendar808
Assyrian calendar6109
Balinese saka calendar1280–1281
Bengali calendar766
Berber calendar2309
English Regnal year32 Edw. 3 – 33 Edw. 3
Buddhist calendar1903
Burmese calendar721
Byzantine calendar6867–6868
Chinese calendar戊戌(Earth Dog)
4055 or 3995
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4056 or 3996
Coptic calendar1075–1076
Discordian calendar2525
Ethiopian calendar1351–1352
Hebrew calendar5119–5120
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1415–1416
 - Shaka Samvat1280–1281
 - Kali Yuga4459–4460
Holocene calendar11359
Igbo calendar359–360
Iranian calendar737–738
Islamic calendar760–761
Japanese calendarEnbun 4
Javanese calendar1271–1272
Julian calendar1359
Korean calendar3692
Minguo calendar553 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−109
Thai solar calendar1901–1902
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
1485 or 1104 or 332
    — to —
(female Earth-Pig)
1486 or 1105 or 333



Date unknown




  1. ^ "Ivan II | Russian prince". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  2. ^ Axelrod, Alan (2013). Mercenaries: A Guide to Private Armies and Private Military Companies. CQ Press. p. 174. ISBN 9781483364674.
1350s in England

Events from the 1350s in England.

1359 in Ireland

Events from the year 1359 in Ireland.

1359 in Japan

Events in the year 1359 in Japan.

ADS 1359

ADS 1359 is a quadruple star system in the constellation Cassiopeia. It is composed of two sun like stars in a eclipsing binary with a 2.5-day period, which is in turn orbited by a A-type main-sequence star with a 185-year orbital period. There is also HD 236848 which is a distant proper motion companion.

Beatrice of Bavaria

Beatrice of Bavaria (1344 – 25 December 1359); Swedish: Beatrix ; was Queen of Sweden by marriage to King Eric XII, who co-ruled with his father, King Magnus IV.

Beatrice was the daughter of the Louis IV of Bavaria, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor, and Margaret of Holland. In 1356 she was married to Eric of Sweden, who became co-monarch after a rebellion against his father, Magnus IV. Beatrice was thus queen jointly with her mother-in-law, Blanche of Namur, for three years.

Beatrice and Eric both died in 1359. They were rumored to have been poisoned by Eric's mother, Queen Blanche. Now it is believed that her husband died of the plague, and that Beatrice, who gave birth to a stillborn son, also died of plague. Some historians believe she and her son were buried at the Black Friars' Monastery of Stockholm.

Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359)

Beatrice of Castile or Beatriz (8 March 1293 – 25 October 1359), was an infanta of Castile, daughter of Sancho IV and María de Molina. She was queen consort of Portugal from 1325, when her husband, Infante Afonso, succeeded his father, King Denis, as Afonso IV, until his death on 28 May 1357.

Clear Stream

Clear Stream is an 11.8 mile long (19.0 km) river in northern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Androscoggin River, which flows south and east into Maine, joining the Kennebec River near the Atlantic Ocean.

Clear Stream flows out of Dixville Notch, a dramatic gap through the mountains of northern New Hampshire. The stream is formed by the juncture of Cascade Brook and Flume Brook. The stream flows southeast through the townships of Dixville and Millsfield before joining the Androscoggin River in the town of Errol. New Hampshire Route 26 follows the stream for its entire length.

County of Gützkow

The County of Gützkow (German: Grafschaft Gützkow) was a part of the Duchy of Pomerania during the High Middle Ages (1219–1359), named after the central town of Gützkow and stretching roughly from the Peene River in the South to the Ryck River in the North. It emerged from the earlier Liutician Principality of Gützkow (German: Fürstentum Gützkow), that was turned into a castellany when subdued by the Dukes of Pomerania. When the last Count of Gützkow died in 1359, the area was turned into a Vogtei, which was merged into Amt Wolgast in the beginning 16th century.

Despotate of Arta

Not to be confused with the Despotate of Epirus.The Despotate of Arta was a despotate established by Albanian rulers during the 14th century, after the defeat of the local Despot of Epirus, Nikephoros II Orsini, by Albania tribesmen in the Battle of Achelous in 1359 and ceased to exist in 1416, when it passed to Carlo I Tocco.

Eric XII of Sweden

Eric "XII" (Swedish: Erik Magnusson; 1339 – 21 June 1359) was a rival king of Sweden of his father, Magnus IV, from 1356 to his death in 1359. He was married to Beatrix of Bavaria, daughter of Louis IV of Bavaria.

In 1343 Eric and his brother, Haakon, were elected heirs of Sweden and Norway, respectively. That Haakon got the Norwegian throne in 1355 (causing the union between Norway and Sweden to split) while Eric didn't get any position in the Swedish council might have affected his choice to lead a rebellion against his father in 1355. In 1357 the rebellion had forced Magnus to share Sweden with his son Eric who got to rule most of Southern Sweden and Finland. Sweden was reunited again in 1359 when father and son became reconciled, and co-ruled Sweden until Eric's death a few months later. While dying Eric accused his mother, Blanche of Namur, of poisoning him. Quite soon after his death his wife, Beatrix, died too. It is generally believed that they died of the Black Death.

Hugh IV of Cyprus

Hugh IV (1293×96 – 10 October 1359) was King of Cyprus from 31 March 1324 to his abdication, on 24 November 1358 and, nominally, King of Jerusalem, as Hugh II, until his death. The son of Guy, Constable of Cyprus (son of Hugh III of Cyprus), and Eschiva of Ibelin, Hugh succeeded his father as Constable of Cyprus in 1318, and later succeeded to the throne of Cyprus on the death of his uncle Henry II, since Henry II had no son. He was a member of the House of Poitiers-Lusignan.

Ibn al-Majdi

Shihāb al‐Dīn ibn al‐Majdī (Arabic: شهاب الدين بن المجدي‎; 1359–1447 CE) was an Egyptian mathematician and astronomer. His most important mathematical work was "Book of Substance", a voluminous commentary on Ibn al-Banna''s Summary of the Operations of Calculations.

Iranian Chess Championship

The Iranian Chess Championship is the yearly national chess championship of Iran. Below is the gallery of champions, notice the gap between 1980 and 1990 (1359 and 1369 according to the Iranian calendar), when chess was forbidden in Iran. There is also a gap between 1977 and 1980 (1356 and 1359) because of the Iran Revolution.

Ivan II of Moscow

Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair (Russian: Иван II Иванович Красный) (30 March 1326 – 13 November 1359) was the Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1353. Until that date, he had ruled the towns of Ruza and Zvenigorod. He was the second son of Ivan Kalita, and succeeded his brother Simeon the Proud, who died of the Black Death.

Kyawswa II of Pinya

Kyawswa II of Pinya (Burmese: လေးစီးရှင် ကျော်စွာ, pronounced [lézíʃɪ̀ɴ tɕɔ̀zwà]; lit. "Lord of Four White Elephants"; 1328–1359) was king of Pinya from 1350 to 1359. He had little effective control over his southern vassals but agreed to an alliance with Pinya's longtime rival Sagaing to face off the northern Shan state of Mong Mao. In 1358–59, while he tried to help Sagaing in the north, his home region of Kyaukse came under attack first by his erstwhile vassal Toungoo, and later by Mong Mao Shans. He died during the Shan raids.

His royal decree dated 12 March 1359 is the earliest known land survey (sittan) in Burmese history.

Narathu of Pinya

Narathu of Pinya (Burmese: မောပါ နရသူ, pronounced [mɔ́ bà nəɹəθù]; also known as Thihathura; c. 1333–1364?) was king of Pinya from 1359 to 1364. He controlled only around the capital region, and unsuccessfully tried to stop the Mong Mao (Maw) Shan raids of Central Myanmar (Burma) that began in 1359. He reversed his predecessor Kyawswa II's policy of alliance with Sagaing, and later entered into an alliance with Mong Mao as a junior partner to dismember Sagaing. But the policy backfired when Mong Mao forces proceeded to sack Pinya in May 1364. He was brought back to the Shan country, and is remembered as Maw-Pa Min (မောပါမင်း, "the King who was brought to the Maw land").

Nikephoros II Orsini

Nikephoros II Orsini - Doukas (Greek: Νικηφόρος Β΄ Δούκας, Nikēphoros II Doukas), was the ruler of Epirus from 1335 to 1338 and from 1356 until his death in 1359.

No. 622 Squadron RAF

No. 622 Squadron RAF is a reserve aircrew squadron of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. During World War II, it operated as a bomber squadron of the Royal Air Force. Post-war it served shortly as a transport squadron in the RAuxAF.

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