1319

Year 1319 (MCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1319 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1319
MCCCXIX
Ab urbe condita2072
Armenian calendar768
ԹՎ ՉԿԸ
Assyrian calendar6069
Balinese saka calendar1240–1241
Bengali calendar726
Berber calendar2269
English Regnal year12 Edw. 2 – 13 Edw. 2
Buddhist calendar1863
Burmese calendar681
Byzantine calendar6827–6828
Chinese calendar戊午(Earth Horse)
4015 or 3955
    — to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4016 or 3956
Coptic calendar1035–1036
Discordian calendar2485
Ethiopian calendar1311–1312
Hebrew calendar5079–5080
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1375–1376
 - Shaka Samvat1240–1241
 - Kali Yuga4419–4420
Holocene calendar11319
Igbo calendar319–320
Iranian calendar697–698
Islamic calendar718–719
Japanese calendarBunpō 3 / Gen'ō 1
(元応元年)
Javanese calendar1230–1231
Julian calendar1319
MCCCXIX
Korean calendar3652
Minguo calendar593 before ROC
民前593年
Nanakshahi calendar−149
Thai solar calendar1861–1862
Tibetan calendar阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1445 or 1064 or 292
    — to —
阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
1446 or 1065 or 293

Events

January–December

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ a b Carlquist, Erik; Hogg, Peter C.; Österberg, Eva (2011). The Chronicle of Duke Erik: A Verse Epic from Medieval Sweden. Nordic Academic Press. p. 257. ISBN 9789185509577.
1310s in England

Events from the 1310s in England.

1319 in Ireland

Events from the year 1319 in Ireland.

1319 in Scotland

Events from the year 1319 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

Battle of Myton

The Battle of Myton, nicknamed the Chapter of Myton or The White Battle because of the number of clergy involved, was a major engagement in the First Scottish War of Independence, fought in Yorkshire on 20 September 1319.

Bunpō

Bunpō (文保) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Shōwa and before Gen'ō. This period spanned the years from February 1317 to April 1319. The reigning Emperors were Emperor Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇) and Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).

Disaster of the Vega de Granada

The Disaster of the Vega de Granada, also known as Battle of Sierra Elvira, was a battle of the Spanish Reconquista fought near the city of Granada in 1319. The battle was fought between the troops of the Kingdom of Granada and those of the Kingdom of Castile. The battle resulted in a catastrophic defeat for Castile. A more thorough discussion of the battle can be found, in Spanish, in the appropriate article in the Spanish Wikipedia together with a very rich and detailed bibliography.

Eric VI of Denmark

Eric VI Menved (1274 – 13 November 1319) was King of Denmark (1286–1319) and a son of King Eric V of Denmark and Queen Agnes of Brandenburg.

He became king in 1286 at age 12, when his father was murdered on 22 November by unknown assailants. On account of his age, his mother ruled for him until 1294.

Gen'ō

Gen'ō (元応) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Bunpō and before Genkō. This period spanned the years from April 1319 through February 1321. The reigning Emperor was Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).

Haakon V of Norway

Haakon V Magnusson (10 April 1270 – 8 May 1319) (Old Norse: Hákon Magnússon; Modern Norwegian: Håkon Magnusson) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319.

Ingeborg of Norway

Ingeborg of Norway (Old Norse Ingibjörg Hákonardóttir, Swedish Ingeborg Håkansdotter, Norwegian Ingebjørg Håkonsdatter; 1301 – 17 June 1361), was a Norwegian princess and by marriage a Swedish royal duchess with a position in the regency governments in Norway (1319–27) and Sweden (1319–26) during the minority of her son, King Magnus of Norway and Sweden. In 1318–1319, she was Sweden's de facto ruler, and from 1319 until 1326, she was Sweden's first de jure female regent.

Ingunar-Freyr

Ingunar-Freyr is the name given to Freyr in the Lokasenna (43) and in the Great saga of Saint Olaf.

It is often assumed that Ingunar is the West-Germanic equivalent of the Scandinavian Yngvi.The meaning of Ingunar remains uncertain. It could be related to the Ingaevones, a Germanic tribe. Another solution is to understand Ingunar as the genitive form of Ingun, who would be a fertility goddess.A close form, frea Ingwina ("lord of the friends of Ing") is used in Beowulf (1319), where it refers to the Danish king Hroðgar.

John II of France

John II (French: Jean II; 26 April 1319 – 8 April 1364), called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon), was King of France from 1350 until his death, the second monarch from the House of Valois.

When John II came to power, France was facing several disasters: the Black Death, which caused the death of nearly half of its population; popular revolts known as Jacqueries; free companies (Grandes Compagnies) of routiers who plundered the country; and English aggression that resulted in disastrous military losses, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured.

While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles became regent and faced several rebellions, which he overcame. To liberate his father, he concluded the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), by which France lost many territories and paid an enormous ransom.

In an exchange of hostages, which included his second son Louis, Duke of Anjou, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return to France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency and tried to get rid of the free companies by sending them to a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their meeting in Avignon. When John was informed that Louis had escaped from captivity, he voluntarily returned to England, where he died in 1364. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.

John Sandale

John Sandale (or Sandall) was a Gascon medieval Lord High Treasurer, Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Winchester.

Sandale inherited the manor of Wheatley within Long Sandale, Yorkshire and was granted Free warren in 1301. He also held the manor of Great Coates, Lincolnshire and was granted free warren there in 1313.Sandale was a canon of Lincoln and St. Paul's and provost of Wells before being appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1307 on the accession of Edward II. He was dismissed the following year for political reasons.

Sandale served as Warden of the Mint from 1298 to 1305, as Lord High Treasurer from 1310 to 1311 and as acting treasurer from 1312 to 1314. He later became Lord Chancellor on 26 September 1314, holding the office until 11 June 1318.A pluralist, Sandale was at one time chancellor of St Patrick's, Dublin, treasurer of Lichfield, and dean of St Paul's with prebends in Dublin, Beverley, Wells, Lincoln, London, York, and Glasgow, as well as ten rectories from Chalk in Kent to Dunbar in Scotland. He was elected to the see of Winchester 26 July 1316 and consecrated on 31 October 1316. And he was master of the hospital of St Katharine's by the Tower in 1315.Sandale was again appointed Lord High Treasurer in November 1318 until his death. He died on 2 November 1319 and was buried in St Mary Overie.

List of peers 1310–1319

This page lists all peers who held extant titles between the years 1310 and 1319.

Louis, Count of Évreux

Louis of Évreux (3 May 1276 – 19 May 1319, Paris) was a prince, the third son of King Philip III of France and his second wife Maria of Brabant, and thus a half-brother of King Philip IV of France.

Louis had a quiet and reflective personality and was politically opposed to the scheming of his half-brother Charles of Valois. He was, however, close with his nephew Philip V of France.

He married Margaret of Artois, daughter of Philip of Artois and sister of Robert III of Artois, and had five children:

Marie (1303 – 31 October 1335), married in 1311 John III, Duke of Brabant

Philip III of Navarre (1306–1343), married Joan II of Navarre.

Charles (d. 1336), Count of Étampes married Maria de la Cerda, Lady of Lunel, daughter of Fernando de la Cerda.

Margaret (1307–1350), married in 1325 William XII of Auvergne

Joan (1310–1370), married Charles IV of France

Magnus IV of Sweden

Magnus IV (April or May 1316 – 1 December 1374; Swedish Magnus Eriksson) was King of Sweden from 1319 to 1364, King of Norway as Magnus VII (including Iceland and Greenland) from 1319 to 1355, and ruler of Scania from 1332 to 1360. By adversaries he has been called Magnus Smek (English: Magnus the Caresser).

Referring to Magnus Eriksson as Magnus II is incorrect. The Swedish Royal Court lists three Swedish kings before him of the same name.

Peter IV of Aragon

Peter IV (Catalan: Pere IV; 5 September 1319 – 6 January 1387), called the Ceremonious (Catalan: el Cerimoniós), was from 1336 until his death the King of Aragon and also King of Sardinia and Corsica (as Peter I), King of Valencia (as Peter II), and Count of Barcelona (and the rest of the Principality of Catalonia as Peter III). In 1344, he deposed James III of Majorca and made himself King of Majorca.

His reign was occupied with attempts to strengthen the crown against the Union of Aragon and other such devices of the nobility, with their near constant revolts, and with foreign wars, in Sardinia, Sicily, the Mezzogiorno, Greece, and the Balearics. His wars in Greece made him Duke of Athens and Neopatria in 1381.

Piquindone

Piquindone (Ro 22-1319) is an atypical antipsychotic with a tricyclic structure that was developed in the 1980s but was never marketed. It acts as a selective D2 receptor antagonist, though based on its effects profile its selectivity may be considered controversial. Unlike most other D2 receptor ligands, piquindone displays Na2+-dependent binding, a property it shares with tropapride, zetidoline, and metoclopramide.In clinical trials piquindone was found to possess moderate efficacy in treating positive symptoms of schizophrenia, and notably, was also modestly effective for negative symptoms, though this was just under statistical significance. Additionally, relative to haloperidol, it was found to possesses significantly fewer extrapyramidal symptoms and had a much lower propensity for inducing tardive dyskinesia, indicating its atypical nature. In addition to psychosis, piquindone has also been found to be effective in the treatment of Tourette's syndrome in numerous clinical studies.

Up Holland Priory

Up Holland Priory was a Benedictine priory in Up Holland, Lancashire, England. It was founded in 1319. The priory remains are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. and the site is listed as a scheduled monument. The former chancel is now the nave of the Church of St Thomas the Martyr.

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