1317

Year 1317 (MCCCXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1317 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1317
MCCCXVII
Ab urbe condita2070
Armenian calendar766
ԹՎ ՉԿԶ
Assyrian calendar6067
Balinese saka calendar1238–1239
Bengali calendar724
Berber calendar2267
English Regnal year10 Edw. 2 – 11 Edw. 2
Buddhist calendar1861
Burmese calendar679
Byzantine calendar6825–6826
Chinese calendar丙辰(Fire Dragon)
4013 or 3953
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4014 or 3954
Coptic calendar1033–1034
Discordian calendar2483
Ethiopian calendar1309–1310
Hebrew calendar5077–5078
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1373–1374
 - Shaka Samvat1238–1239
 - Kali Yuga4417–4418
Holocene calendar11317
Igbo calendar317–318
Iranian calendar695–696
Islamic calendar716–717
Japanese calendarShōwa 6 / Bunpō 1
(文保元年)
Javanese calendar1228–1229
Julian calendar1317
MCCCXVII
Korean calendar3650
Minguo calendar595 before ROC
民前595年
Nanakshahi calendar−151
Thai solar calendar1859–1860
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1443 or 1062 or 290
    — to —
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1444 or 1063 or 291

Events

December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

1310s in England

Events from the 1310s in England.

1317 in Ireland

Events from the year 1317 in Ireland.

1317 in Scotland

Events from the year 1317 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

Battle of Lough Raska

The Battle of Lough Raska (Irish: Loch Rasca) or Battle of Corcomroe (Irish: Corca Mrua) took place on 15 August 1317 near Corcomroe Abbey in north County Clare, Ireland. It was part of a fight for control of the Uí Briain chieftaincy and part of the Anglo-Norman wars in Ireland. Forces loyal to Muircheartach Ó Briain were commanded by Diarmait Ó Briain in a pitched battle against Donnchadh Ó Briain, who was an ally of Mathghamhain Ó Briain and Richard de Clare. Both armies were about 9,000 men each. Diarmait Ó Briain's forces were victorious. This would be a precursor to the Battle of Dysert O'Dea.

Bruce campaign in Ireland

The Bruce campaign was a three-year military campaign in Ireland by Edward Bruce, brother of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce. It lasted from his landing at Larne in 1315 to his defeat and death in 1318 at the Battle of Faughart in County Louth. It was part of the First War of Scottish Independence and the conflict between the Irish and the Anglo-Normans.

After his victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, Robert decided to expand his war against the English by sending an army under his younger brother Edward to invade Ireland. Robert was also invited by some of the native Irish to send an army to drive out the Anglo-Norman settlers and in return they would crown his brother High King of Ireland. Another reason for the expedition was that supporters of the exiled House of Balliol had fled to Ireland after fighting at Bannockburn and remained a dangerous threat. These men were led by John MacDougall of Lorn, who was the cousin of John III Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, nephew of King John Balliol. The murder of Comyn in 1306 had set off a bloody civil war for the throne of Scotland which King Robert had all but won at Bannockburn and was now attempting to finish by capturing their last remaining stronghold. The campaign effectively ended with Edward's defeat and death in the Battle of Faughart in 1318.

Bunpō

Bunpō (文保) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Shōwa and before Gen'ō. This period spanned the years from February 1317 to April 1319. The reigning Emperors were Emperor Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇) and Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇).

Emperor Fushimi

Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇, Fushimi-tennō, 10 May 1265 – 8 October 1317) was the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1287 through 1298.

Great Famine of 1315–1317

The Great Famine of 1315–1317 (occasionally dated 1315–1322) was the first of a series of large-scale crises that struck Europe early in the 14th century. Most of Europe (extending east to Russia and south to Italy) was affected. The famine caused millions of deaths over an extended number of years and marked a clear end to the period of growth and prosperity from the 11th to the 13th centuries.

The Great Famine started with bad weather in spring 1315. Crop failures lasted through 1316 until the summer harvest in 1317, and Europe did not fully recover until 1322. The period was marked by extreme levels of crime, disease, mass death, and even cannibalism and infanticide. The crisis had consequences for the Church, state, European society, and for future calamities to follow in the 14th century.

Jamison Square

Jamison Square is a city park in the area of downtown Portland, Oregon, known as the Pearl District. It was the first park added to the neighborhood.

Kosmos 1317

Kosmos 1317 (Russian: Космос 1317 meaning Cosmos 1317) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1981 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.Kosmos 1317 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 22:54 UTC on 31 October 1981. The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1981-108A . The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 12933.

List of kings of Connacht

The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after the Connachta.

The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.

The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.

The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries.

Parsoma

Saint Parsoma the Naked (1257–1317) is a Coptic saint, recognized by the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Richard Newport (bishop)

Richard Newport was a medieval Bishop of London.

Newport was elected 27 January 1317 and consecrated on 15 May 1317. He died on 24 August 1318.

Thomas Cobham

Thomas Cobham (died 1327) was an English churchman, who was Archbishop-elect of Canterbury in 1313 and later Bishop of Worcester from 1317 to 1327.

Cobham earned a Doctor of Theology and a Doctor of Canon Law and served as Archdeacon of Lewes from 1301 to around 1305. Cobham was nominated to replace Archbishop Robert Winchelsey in 1313, by the monks of Christ Church Priory, Canterbury. The election took place on 28 May 1313. King Edward II intervened and petitioned the pope to appoint the Bishop of Worcester – Walter Reynolds to Canterbury instead of Cobham. Pope Clement V acquiesced and issued a bull dismissing the election of Cobham on 1 October 1313 and installing Reynolds in his stead.On 31 March 1317, Cobham was provided to the bishopric of Worcester, and was consecrated on 22 May 1317. Cobham, along with Archbishop Melton, and the bishops of London and Rochester alone spoke up in Edward II's defence during the Parliamentary session that deposed Edward.Cobham died on 27 August 1327.

Thomas Wouldham

Thomas Wouldham (or Thomas de Wouldham or Thomas de Southflete) was a medieval Bishop of Rochester.

Wouldham was elected as prior of Rochester Cathedral on 24 December 1283. He was elected bishop by the chapter but renounced the election. He was again elected bishop on 6 June 1291 and consecrated on 6 January 1292. He died on 28 February 1317.

Treaty of Templin

The Treaty of Templin was concluded on 24/25 November 1317, ending a war between the Margraviate of Brandenburg and Denmark, the latter leading a North German alliance. During this war, Brandenburgian margrave Waldemar (also Woldemar) and his troops were decisively defeated in the 1316 Battle of Gransee, fought at Schulzendorf between Rheinsberg and Gransee. After the battle, Brandenburg was forced to negotiate a truce. The treaty of Templin was signed a year later by Danish king Erich VI Menved, his ally duke Henry II of Mecklenburg ("the Lion"), and Waldemar.Brandenburg had to transfer the terra Burg Stargard, that she had won from the Duchy of Pomerania in 1236 (Treaty of Kremmen), to Mecklenburg. This area would stay with Mecklenburg ever since, from 1701 held by the Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Brandenburg also had to level Arnsberg (also "Ahrensberg") castle, and surrender the territories of Schlawe-Stolp (gained from the Principality of Rugia in 1277 and the Teutonic Knights in 1309, after the Treaty of Soldin) to Pomerania-Wolgast.

Vz. 24

The vz. 24 rifle is a bolt-action carbine designed and produced in Czechoslovakia from 1924 to 1942. It was developed from the German Mauser Gewehr 98 line, and features a very similar bolt design. The rifle was designed in Czechoslovakia shortly after World War I, to replace the Vz. 98/22, also a Czech-designed derivative of the Gewehr 98. The vz. 24 featured a 590 mm (23.2 in) barrel which was shorter and considered more handy than the 740 mm (29.1 in) Gewehr 98 barrel. The vz. 24 was chambered in 7.92×57mm Mauser like its predecessors.

Throughout the late 1920s and into the 1930s, Czechoslovakia exported hundreds of thousands of vz. 24 rifles to various countries across the globe, with variants chambered in the original 7.92×57mm Mauser, 7×57mm Mauser, and 7.65×53mm Argentine. These included contracts for several South American countries, most of which were 7 mm or 7.65 mm guns. Around 40,000 rifles were sent to Spanish Republican forces during the Spanish Civil War. Nearly 200,000 rifles were purchased by China, seeing action in the Second Sino-Japanese War, which became part of World War II. Iran purchased vz. 24 rifles, along with two other variants, through the late 1920s and 1930s, and later produced their own copies in the late 1940s.

Germany acquired hundreds of thousands of the rifles in 1939 when they occupied Czechoslovakia and pressed them into service under the designation "Gewehr 24(t)"; during the occupation, production of the rifles continued until 1942, when the factories were converted to the German-designed Karabiner 98k. During this period, several hundred thousand rifles were also built for the Romanian Army. Vz. 24 rifles saw extensive service during World War II in multiple theaters, predominantly with the German and Romanian armies on the Eastern Front. Lithuanian vz. 24s, which had been captured during the German invasion in 1941, were later seized by Soviet forces, who in turn used them to arm the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War in the 1960s.

William Melton

William Melton (died 5 April 1340) was the 43rd Archbishop of York (1317–1340).

Yahballaha III

Yahballaha III (1245–November 13, 1317), known in earlier years as Rabban Marcos or Markos, was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1281 to 1317. As a young man, he engaged in a remarkable journey, which began as an ascetic monk's pilgrimage from Mongol-controlled China to Jerusalem, led him to the Patriarch position in Baghdad, and brought him to recommend his former teacher and traveling companion, the monk Rabban Bar Sauma, to become the first Asian ambassador to Europe.

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