1274

Year 1274 (MCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1274 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1274
MCCLXXIV
Ab urbe condita2027
Armenian calendar723
ԹՎ ՉԻԳ
Assyrian calendar6024
Balinese saka calendar1195–1196
Bengali calendar681
Berber calendar2224
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 3 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1818
Burmese calendar636
Byzantine calendar6782–6783
Chinese calendar癸酉(Water Rooster)
3970 or 3910
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3971 or 3911
Coptic calendar990–991
Discordian calendar2440
Ethiopian calendar1266–1267
Hebrew calendar5034–5035
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1330–1331
 - Shaka Samvat1195–1196
 - Kali Yuga4374–4375
Holocene calendar11274
Igbo calendar274–275
Iranian calendar652–653
Islamic calendar672–673
Japanese calendarBun'ei 11
(文永11年)
Javanese calendar1184–1185
Julian calendar1274
MCCLXXIV
Korean calendar3607
Minguo calendar638 before ROC
民前638年
Nanakshahi calendar−194
Thai solar calendar1816–1817
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1400 or 1019 or 247
    — to —
阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1401 or 1020 or 248

Events

By area

Africa

Asia

Europe

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
1270s BC

The 1270s BC is a decade which lasted from 1279 BC to 1270 BC.

1270s in England

Events from the 1270s in England.

13th century in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in the 13th century.

See also: 13th century in poetry, 12th century in literature, 14th century in literature, list of years in literature.

Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair

Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair, also known as Aodh na nGall, was King of Connacht from 1265 to his death on 3 May 1274. He is credited with turning the tide on Norman expansion into Connacht.

German submarine U-1274

German submarine U-1274 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.

She was laid down on 21 June 1943 by Vegesacker Werft AG, Bremen as yard number 69, launched on 25 January 1944 and commissioned on 1 March 1944 under Oberleutnant zur See Fedor Kuscher.

Henry I of Navarre

Henry the Fat (Basque: Henrike I.a, Gizena, French: Henri le Gros, Spanish: Enrique el Gordo) (c. 1244 – 22 July 1274) was King of Navarre (as Henry I) and Count of Champagne and Brie (as Henry III) from 1270 until his death.

Ibn al-Yayyab

Ibn al-Yayyab or Abu l-Hasan Ali b. Muhammad b. Sulayman b. `Ali b. Sulayman b. Hasan al-Ansari (also: Ibn al-Jayyab) (1274–1349) was a Muwallad statesman and poet from the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. He preceded Ibn al-Khatib as vizir at the court of Granada. He wrote qasidas in a neo-classical style. Some of his poems still decorate the walls of Generalife, the summer palace of the Nasrid sultans.

Kamikaze (typhoon)

The kamikaze (Japanese: 神風) literally "divine wind" were two winds or storms that are said to have saved Japan from two Mongol fleets under Kublai Khan. These fleets attacked Japan in 1274 and again in 1281.. Due to the growth of Zen Buddhism among Samurai at the time, these were the first events where the typhoons were described as "divine wind" as much by their timing as by their force. Since Man'yōshū, the word kamikaze has been used as a Makurakotoba of waka introducing Ise Grand Shrine.

Lassan, Germany

Lassan is a town in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.

Lawrence of St Martin

Lawrence of St Martin (or Laurence de Sancto Martino) was a medieval Bishop of Rochester.

Lawrence was a royal clerk and held prebends in the dioceses of Chichester and Salisbury. He was also archdeacon of the diocese of Coventry.Lawrence was elected on 19 October 1250 and consecrated on 9 April 1251. He was enthroned at Rochester Cathedral after 24 October 1251.Lawrence died on 3 June 1274.

Mongol invasions of Japan

The Mongol invasions of Japan (元寇, Genkō), which took place in 1274 and 1281, were major military efforts undertaken by Kublai Khan to conquer the Japanese archipelago after the submission of Goryeo (Korea) to vassaldom. Ultimately a failure, the invasion attempts are of macro-historical importance because they set a limit on Mongol expansion and rank as nation-defining events in the history of Japan.

The Mongol invasions are considered a precursor to early modern warfare. One of the most notable technological innovations during the war was the use of explosive, hand-thrown bombs.The invasions are referred to in many works of fiction, and are the earliest events for which the word kamikaze ("divine wind") is widely used, originating in reference to the two typhoons faced by the Mongol fleets.

NGC 1274

NGC 1274 is a compact elliptical galaxy located about 280 million light-years away in the constellation Perseus. NGC 1274 was discovered by astronomer Lawrence Parsons on December 4, 1875. It is a member of the Perseus Cluster.

Philip de Willoughby

Sir Philip de Willoughby (died 12 October 1305), was lieutenant of the Treasurer, Baron of the Exchequer of England, Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1283-1305 and was the keeper of the wardrobe to The Lord Edward between 1269-1274 and Dean of Lincoln between 1288–1305.

Robert Stitchill

Robert Stitchill (sometimes Robert Stichel; died 1274) was a medieval Bishop of Durham in England.

Robert of Holy Island

Robert of Holy Island (or Robert de Insula; died 1283) was a medieval Bishop of Durham.

Robert was the son of crofters and was a native of the island of Lindisfarne. He had a brother, Henry, who became Robert's executor. He became a Benedictine monk at Durham, where he served as sacrist from 1265 to 1269. He was prior of Durham's dependent monastic cell at Finchale Priory by 1272. Robert was sent as a representative of the Durham cathedral chapter to the Second Council of Lyon in 1274. He was elected to the see of Durham on 24 September 1274. He was consecrated on 9 December 1274 at York.While Robert was bishop, in 1281 the Archbishop of York, William Wickwane, declared that he was going to inspect the cathedral chapter at Durham. The monks claimed an exemption from oversight by the archbishops of York and were supported by Robert as bishop. When the archbishop attempted to enter the cathedral chapter in June 1281, he found the doors shut and locked. Both sides sued each other and the resulting litigation dragged on for years. In fact, it was never technically resolved and is one of the longest law cases on record.Robert died on 7 June 1283 at Bishop Middleham. He was buried in the chapter house at Durham Cathedral on 10 June 1283. In the 19th century, a grave identified as his was excavated in the chapter house.

Second Council of Lyon

The First Council of Lyon, the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council, took place in 1245.The Second Council of Lyon was the fourteenth ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, convoked on 31 March 1272 and convened in Lyon, Kingdom of Arles (in modern France), in 1274. Pope Gregory X presided over the council, called to act on a pledge by Byzantine emperor Michael VIII to reunite the Eastern church with the West. The council was attended by about 300 bishops, 60 abbots and more than a thousand prelates or their procurators, among whom were the representatives of the universities. Due to the great number of attendees, those who had come to Lyon without being specifically summoned were given "leave to depart with the blessing of God" and of the Pope. Among others who attended the council were James I of Aragon, the ambassador of the Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos with members of the Greek clergy and the ambassadors of Abaqa Khan of the Ilkhanate. Thomas Aquinas had been summoned to the council, but died en route at Fossanova Abbey. Bonaventure was present at the first four sessions, but died at Lyon on 15 July 1274. As at the First Council of Lyons Thomas Cantilupe was an English attender and a papal chaplain.In addition to Aragon, which James represented in person, representatives of the kings of Germany, England, Scotland, France, the Spains and Sicily were present, with procurators also representing the kingdoms of Norway, Sweden, Hungary, Bohemia, the "realm of Dacia" and the duchy of Poland. In the procedures to be observed in the council, for the first time the nations appeared as represented elements in an ecclesiastical council, as they had already become represented in the governing of medieval universities. This innovation marks a stepping-stone towards the acknowledgment of coherent ideas of nationhood, which were in the process of creating the European nation-states.

The main topics discussed at the council were the conquest of the Holy Land and the union of the Eastern and Western Churches. The first session took place on 7 May 1274 and was followed by five additional sessions on 18 May 1274, 4 or 7 June 1274, 6 July 1274, 16 July 1274, and 17 July 1274. By the end of the council, 31 constitutions were promulgated. In the second session, the fathers approved the decree Zelus fidei, which contained no juridical statutes but rather summed up constitutions about the perils of the Holy Land, the means for paying for a proposed crusade, the excommunication of pirates and corsairs and those who protected them or traded with them, a declaration of peace among Christians, a grant of an indulgence for those willing to go on crusade, restoration of communion with the Greeks, and the definition of the order and procedure to be observed in the council. The Greeks conceded on the issue of the Filioque (two words added to the Nicene creed), and union was proclaimed, but the union was later repudiated by Andronicus II, heir to Michael VIII. The council also recognized Rudolf I as Holy Roman Emperor, ending the Interregnum.

William Chillenden

William Chillenden, (died 1274) also known as Adam of Chillenden, was a monk at Christ Church Priory, Canterbury, and treasurer of that priory when he was elected Prior of Christ Church in 1263 (or 1264).Chillenden was elected to be Archbishop of Canterbury in England on 9 September 1270. King Edward I, however, had wanted his Chancellor Robert Burnell elected. Chillenden's election was set aside by the pope in the summer of 1272 and he never received his pallium.Chillenden died on 13 September 1274.

William of Bitton (nephew)

William of Bitton (died 1274) was a medieval Bishop of Bath and Wells.

Wonjong of Goryeo

Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 – 23 July 1274) was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea from 1260 to 1274.

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