1273

Year 1273 (MCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1273 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1273
MCCLXXIII
Ab urbe condita2026
Armenian calendar722
ԹՎ ՉԻԲ
Assyrian calendar6023
Balinese saka calendar1194–1195
Bengali calendar680
Berber calendar2223
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 2 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1817
Burmese calendar635
Byzantine calendar6781–6782
Chinese calendar壬申(Water Monkey)
3969 or 3909
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3970 or 3910
Coptic calendar989–990
Discordian calendar2439
Ethiopian calendar1265–1266
Hebrew calendar5033–5034
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1329–1330
 - Shaka Samvat1194–1195
 - Kali Yuga4373–4374
Holocene calendar11273
Igbo calendar273–274
Iranian calendar651–652
Islamic calendar671–672
Japanese calendarBun'ei 10
(文永10年)
Javanese calendar1183–1184
Julian calendar1273
MCCLXXIII
Korean calendar3606
Minguo calendar639 before ROC
民前639年
Nanakshahi calendar−195
Thai solar calendar1815–1816
Tibetan calendar阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1399 or 1018 or 246
    — to —
阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1400 or 1019 or 247

Events

By place

Europe

Middle East

Asia

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 117. ISBN 9781135131371.
  2. ^ "Joan I | Facts & Biography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
1270s in England

Events from the 1270s in England.

1273 in Ireland

Events from the year 1273 in Ireland.

13th century in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in the 13th century.

See also: 13th century in poetry, 12th century in literature, 14th century in literature, list of years in literature.

Abu'l-Fida

Abu al-Fida (Arabic: أبو الفداء‎; November 1273 – October 27, 1331), fully Abu Al-fida' Isma'il Ibn 'ali ibn Mahmud Al-malik Al-mu'ayyad 'imad Ad-din and better known in English as Abulfeda, was a Kurdish historian, geographer and local governor of Hama. He was a prince of the Ayyubid dynasty The crater Abulfeda on the Moon, is named after him.

Al-Qurtubi

Imam Abu 'Abdullah Al-Qurtubi or Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr al-Ansari al-Qurtubi (Arabic: أبو عبدالله القرطبي‎) was a famous mufassir, muhaddith and faqih scholar from Cordoba of Maliki origin. He is most famous for his commentary of the Quran, Tafsir al-Qurtubi.

Arsenios Autoreianos

Arsenios Autoreianos (Latinized as Arsenius Autorianus) (Greek: Ἀρσένιος Ἀυτωρειανός), (c. 1200 – 30 September 1273), Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, lived about the middle of the 13th century.Born in Constantinople c. 1200, Arsenios received his education in Nicaea at a monastery of which he later became the abbot, though not in orders. Subsequently, he gave himself up to a life of solitary asceticism in a Bithynian monastery, and is said to have remained some time in a monastery on Mount Athos.

Baldwin II, Latin Emperor

Baldwin II, also known as Baldwin of Courtenay (French: Baudouin de Courtenay; late 1217 – October 1273), was the last monarch of the Latin Empire ruling from Constantinople.

Battle of Xiangyang

The Battle of Xiangyang (traditional Chinese: 襄陽之戰; simplified Chinese: 襄阳之战; pinyin: Xiāngyáng zhizhàn) was a key battle between the invading Mongols of the Yuan dynasty and Southern Song forces from AD 1267 to 1273. After the battle, the victorious Yuan forces pushed farther into the Song heartland. Previously for 30 years, the Song dynasty managed to handle several major offensives by the Mongol Empire. The strategic significance of Xiangyang came from the fact that it was in a position dominating the Han river. Once the Yuan forces occupied Xiangyang, they could travel by ships down the Han river into the Yangtze river. After the Battle of Xiangyang, the Song dynasty could not enjoy the protection of natural barriers any more and so it collapsed in just a few years, with the final battle being the relatively short naval Battle of Yamen in 1279.

The battle consisted of skirmishes, ground assault, and the siege of the twin fortified cities of Fancheng and Xiangyang in modern-day Hubei, China. Lü Wenhuan, commander-in-chief of the Southern Song dynasty, surrendered to Kublai Khan in 1273. The conventional use of Mongolian cavalry was restricted by the woody terrain and numerous military outposts of the Southern Song dynasty. Chinese firearms and cannons were employed by the Mongols in the victorious siege of Fancheng after capturing the outposts and relieving Chinese forces from Sichuan and Yuezhou, which broke through the siege but was eventually defeated. The use of the counterweight trebuchet by the Mongols proved especially effective.

Bolesław the Pious

Bolesław the Pious (Polish: Bolesław Pobożny) (1224/27 – 14 April 1279) was a Duke of Greater Poland during 1239–1247 (according to some historians during 1239–1241 sole Duke of Ujście), Duke of Kalisz during 1247–1249, Duke of Gniezno during 1249–1250, Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz during 1253–1257, Duke of whole Greater Poland and Poznań during 1257–1273, in 1261 ruler over Ląd, regent of the Duchies of Mazovia, Płock and Czersk during 1262–1264, ruler over Bydgoszcz during 1268–1273, Duke of Inowrocław during 1271–1273, and Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz from 1273 until his death.

He was the second son of Władysław Odonic, Duke of Greater Poland by his wife Jadwiga, who was probably the daughter of Mestwin I, Duke of Pomerania, or a member of the Přemyslid dynasty. His name was very popular in the Piast dynasty, so it's unknown exactly after whom he was named. Very soon Bolesław received the nickname of "the Pious" (Latin: Pius), given to him during his lifetime by the Chronicle of the Chapter of Poznań.

Duchy of Mantua

The Duchy of Mantua was a duchy in Lombardy, Northern Italy, subject to the Holy Roman Empire.

Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany

Elisabeth of Bavaria (c. 1227 – 9 October 1273), a member of the House of Wittelsbach, was Queen consort of Germany from 1246 to 1254 by her marriage to King Conrad IV of Germany.

German submarine U-1273

German submarine U-1273 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 23 March 1942, and was laid down on 7 June 1943, at Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack, as yard number 68. She was launched on 10 January 1944, and commissioned under the command of Leutnant zur See Karl-Heinz Voswinkel on 16 February 1944.

Henry of Sandwich

Henry of Sandwich (died 1273) was a medieval Bishop of London.

Joan I of Navarre

Joan I of Navarre (14 January 1273 – 31 March/2 April 1305) (Basque: Joana I.a Nafarroakoa) was queen regnant of Navarre and ruling countess of Champagne from 1274 until 1305; she was also queen consort of France by marriage to Philip IV of France. She was the daughter of king Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois.

Margaret, Countess of Anjou

Margaret, Countess of Anjou (1272 – 31 December 1299) was Countess of Anjou and Maine in her own right and Countess of Valois, Alençon, Chartres and Perche by marriage. Margaret's father was King Charles II of Naples, whilst her husband was Charles of Valois, and her older brother was Saint Louis of Toulouse; her nephew was Charles I of Hungary.

Mevlevi Order

The Mawlaw'īyya / Mevlevi Order (Turkish: Mevlevilik or Mevleviyye Persian: طریقت مولویه‎) is a Sufi order in Konya (modern day Turkey) (capital of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate) founded by the followers of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi-Rumi, a 13th-century Persian poet, Islamic theologian and Sufi mystic. The Mevlevi are also known as the Whirling Dervishes due to their famous practice of whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of God). Dervish is a common term for an initiate of the Sufi path; the whirling is part of the formal Sama ceremony and the participants are properly known as semazen-s.In 2008, UNESCO confirmed "The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony" as amongst the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

NGC 1273

NGC 1273 is a lenticular galaxy located about 245 million light-years away in the constellation Perseus. It was discovered by astronomer Heinrich d'Arrest on February 14, 1863 and is a member of the Perseus Cluster.

Rudolf I of Germany

Rudolf I, also known as Rudolf of Habsburg (German: Rudolf von Habsburg, Czech: Rudolf Habsburský; 1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291), was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and the elected King of the Romans from 1273 until his death.

Rudolf's election marked the end of the Great Interregnum in the Holy Roman Empire after the death of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II in 1250. Originally a Swabian count, he was the first Habsburg to acquire the duchies of Austria and Styria in opposition to his mighty rival, the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia, whom he defeated in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld. The territories remained under Habsburg rule for more than 600 years, forming the core of the Habsburg Monarchy and the present-day country of Austria.

Rudolf was the first king of the Romans of the Habsburg dynasty, and he played a vital role in raising the comital house to the rank of Imperial princes. He was also the first of a number of late medieval count-kings, so called by the historian Bernd Schneidmüller, from the rival noble houses of Habsburg, Luxembourg, and Wittelsbach, all striving after the Roman-German royal dignity, which ultimately was taken over by the Habsburgs in 1438.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1273

United Nations Security Council resolution 1273, adopted unanimously on 5 November 1999, after reaffirming resolutions 1234 (1999) and 1258 (1999) on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council extended the deployment of the 90 military liaison personnel as part of efforts to assist the peace process in the country until 15 January 2000.The Security Council reaffirmed the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement that represented a resolution to the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It noted the deployment of United Nations military liaison personnel to the capitals of the signatories of the Ceasefire Agreement signed in Lusaka. All parties were urged to co-operate with the technical survey team dispatched to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to assess conditions for the deployment of a United Nations deployment in the country.

After extending the mandate of the military liaison personnel, the Council requested the Secretary-General Kofi Annan to report on developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and on the future presence of the United Nations in the country. Finally, all concerned parties were urged to continue to abide by the provisions of the Ceasefire Agreement.

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