Year 1230 (MCCXXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1230 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1230
Ab urbe condita1983
Armenian calendar679
Assyrian calendar5980
Balinese saka calendar1151–1152
Bengali calendar637
Berber calendar2180
English Regnal year14 Hen. 3 – 15 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1774
Burmese calendar592
Byzantine calendar6738–6739
Chinese calendar己丑(Earth Ox)
3926 or 3866
    — to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
3927 or 3867
Coptic calendar946–947
Discordian calendar2396
Ethiopian calendar1222–1223
Hebrew calendar4990–4991
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1286–1287
 - Shaka Samvat1151–1152
 - Kali Yuga4330–4331
Holocene calendar11230
Igbo calendar230–231
Iranian calendar608–609
Islamic calendar627–628
Japanese calendarKangi 2
Javanese calendar1139–1140
Julian calendar1230
Korean calendar3563
Minguo calendar682 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−238
Thai solar calendar1772–1773
Tibetan calendar阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
1356 or 975 or 203
    — to —
(male Iron-Tiger)
1357 or 976 or 204


By area




By topic





  1. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  2. ^ Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  3. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  4. ^ Carmina Burana. Die Lieder der Benediktbeurer Handschrift. Zweisprachige Ausgabe, hg. u. übers. v. Carl Fischer und Hugo Kuhn, dtv, München 1991; wenn man dagegen z. B. CB 211 und 211a jeweils als zwei Lieder zählt, kommt man auf insgesamt 315 Texte in der Sammlung, so auch Dieter Schaller, Carmina Burana, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, Bd. 2, Artemis Verlag, München und Zürich 1983, Sp. 1513
1230 AM

The following radio stations broadcast on AM frequency 1230 kHz: 1230 AM is a regional (Class B) frequency outside the coterminous United States (AK, HI, PR, and U.S. VI) and a local (Class C) broadcast frequency within the coterminous 48 states.

1230 in Ireland

Events from the year 1230 in Ireland.

1230s in England

Events from the 1230s in England.

Battle of Klokotnitsa

The Battle of Klokotnitsa (Bulgarian: Битката при Клокотница, Bitkata pri Klokotnitsa) occurred on 9 March 1230 near the village of Klokotnitsa (today in Haskovo Province, Bulgaria). As a result, the Second Bulgarian Empire emerged once again as the most powerful state in South-Eastern Europe. Nevertheless Bulgarian power was soon to be contested and surpassed by the rising Empire of Nicaea.

Earl of Sutherland

Earl of Sutherland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created circa 1230 for William de Moravia and is the premier earldom in the Peerage of Scotland. The Earl or Countess of Sutherland is also the Chief of Clan Sutherland.

The original line of earls of Sutherland had the surname "de Moravia" although they sometimes used the surname "Sutherland", taken from their hereditary title. The name de Moravia meant "of Moray" or "of Murray". The de Moravias who were Earls of Sutherland and chiefs of Clan Sutherland shared their paternal ancestry with the chiefs of Clan Murray who were Earls and later Dukes of Atholl.

Elizabeth de Moravia, 10th Countess of Sutherland, married Adam Gordon, a younger son of George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly, chief of Clan Gordon. Their first son is Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland, whose descendants were several of the next Earls of Sutherland, who all used the surname Gordon. The title was again held by a long string of men, until the death of William Gordon, 18th Earl, without sons, when the title passed to his daughter Elizabeth.

Elizabeth, 19th Countess of Sutherland then married George Granville Leveson-Gower in 1785; he inherited the title of Marquess of Stafford from his father in 1803. The Marquess held vast lands and wealth, having inherited from his father, the first Marquess of Stafford, from his maternal uncle, the second Duke of Bridgewater, and also holding much property associated with the Earldom of Sutherland, which belonged to his wife. He was made Duke of Sutherland in 1833.

The Duke's son, also named George, inherited the Earldom of Sutherland from his mother and the Dukedom of Sutherland from his father. The two titles continued united until the death of the fifth Duke in 1963. The Earldom passed to his niece Elizabeth, while the Dukedom had to pass to a male heir.

The subsidiary title associated with the Earldom is Lord Strathnaver (created 1230), which is used as a courtesy title by the Earl's or Countess's eldest son and heir.

The family seat is Dunrobin Castle, near Golspie, Sutherland in Scotland.

Flag of Austria

The flag of Austria (German: Flagge Österreichs) has three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red.

The Austrian triband is based on the coat of arms of the Babenberg dynasty, recorded in the 13th century. It may have seen use in flags from about the 15th century,

alongside the black-and-yellow colours of the Imperial House of Habsburg and other insignia of the Holy Roman Empire.

It was adopted as a naval ensign and flags of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and Duchy of Modena and Reggio in the 18th and 19th century respectively, as both were ruled by cadet branches of the House of Habsburg. Since 1918 it is used as national flag of the Republic of Austria. Flag of Menabe Kingdom was similar to the Austrian flag. Flag of Páez also has similar design to this flag.

German submarine U-1230

German submarine U-1230 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

Laid down on 15 March 1943 at the Deutsche Werft in Hamburg, and commissioned on 26 January 1944 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans Hilbig, it only undertook one patrol, operating from Horten Naval Base, Norway, returning safely to Kristiansand, Norway in early 1945.


KCOH (1230 AM) is a commercial AM radio station in Houston, Texas that airs Urban Oldies, Gospel, and R&B. It is a return to the heritage format that aired in Houston from 1953 to 2013 on 1430 KCOH, moving to this facility after 1430 was sold. KCOH returned to the legendary music format on March 14, 2019, while KCOH officially relaunched on Monday April 15, 2019 as "1230 KCOH, The Source", featuring many of the long-time KCOH shows from the original station, and the return of such legendary KCOH personalities as Don Sam and Ralph Cooper.


KEXO is a radio station serving Grand Junction, Colorado and vicinity with a sports talk format affiliated with ESPN. This station broadcasts on a frequency of 1230 kHz AM and is under ownership of Townsquare Media.

Kingdom of Castile

The Kingdom of Castile (; Spanish: Reino de Castilla, Latin: Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state located on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. Its name comes from the host of castles constructed in the region. It began in the 9th century as the County of Castile (Condado de Castilla), an eastern frontier lordship of the Kingdom of León. During the 10th century its counts increased their autonomy, but it was not until 1065 that it was separated from León and became a kingdom in its own right. Between 1072 and 1157 it was again united with León, and after 1230 this union became permanent. Throughout this period the Castilian kings made extensive conquests in southern Iberia at the expense of the Islamic principalities. The Kingdoms of Castile and of León, with their southern acquisitions, came to be known collectively as the Crown of Castile, a term that also came to encompass overseas expansion.

Kingdom of León

The Kingdom of León (UK: , US: ; Spanish: [leˈon]; Astur-Leonese: Reinu de Llïón; Spanish: Reino de León; Galician: Reino de León; Portuguese: Reino de Leão; Latin: Regnum Legionense) was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula. It was founded in AD 910 when the Christian princes of Asturias along the northern coast of the peninsula shifted their capital from Oviedo to the city of León. The Kings of León fought civil wars, wars against neighbouring kingdoms as well as campaigns to repel invasions by both the Moors and the Vikings, to protect their kingdom's changing fortunes.

García is the first of the kings described by the charters as reigning in León. It is generally assumed that the old Asturian kingdom was divided between the three sons of Alfonso III of Asturias: García (León), Ordoño (Galicia) and Fruela (Asturias), as all three participated in the deposition of their father. When García died in 913, León went to Ordoño, who now ruled both León and Galicia as Ordoño II. At Ordoño's death in 924, the throne went to his brother Fruela II (924–5), who died of leprosy a year later. Fruela's death in 925 was followed by a civil war, after which Alfonso, the eldest son of Ordoño II, emerged as the new king Alfonso IV, ruling from 925–932. After a further power struggle, Ramiro, the younger brother of Alfonso IV, became king in 932, having captured his brother Alfonso, as well as the three sons of Fruela II – Alfonso, Ordoño and Ramiro. Alfonso IV may have died soon after, but he left two infant sons, called Ordoño and Fruela. When Ramiro died in 951, he left two sons by two different wives. When the elder son Ordoňo III, who ruled from 951–56, suddenly died aged little more than thirty, he was succeeded by his younger half-brother Sancho I "The Fat" (956–66), as Ordoño had failed to produce a legitimate heir.

Sancho's son Ramiro had been born in 961 and was only about five years old when his father died. He was also the only legitimate member of the direct family line. His mother Teresa Ansúrez had retired into the recently founded monastery of San Pelayo, of which her sister-in-law Elvira was the abbess. Another nun, Sancho's full sister Elvira Ramírez emerged as regent during his long minority. Under the regency of Elvira, fresh raids of the Northmen were repelled from the coast of Galicia. In 968, Gunrod of Norway, the Viking leader, established himself on Galician soil and held out for a year and a half: Bishop Sisnando of Compostela died fighting him, and his successor St Rudesind carried on the struggle until Count Gonzalo Sánchez defeated the invaders and killed Gunrod himself. Count Sánchez destroyed the entire fleet of Gunrod. In 1008 Norman Vikings attacked Galicia, destroying Santiago de Compostela and seventeen other towns, while Olaf Haraldsson of Norway raided Spain's Atlantic coast. There are also reports of a series of attacks on the Christian lands of north Spain in 1028, 1032, and 1038, and the Christian kingdoms in the north commonly used Vikings as mercenaries in their internecine wars.The County of Castile separated in 931, the County of Portugal separated to become the independent Kingdom of Portugal in 1139 and the eastern, inland part of León was joined to the Kingdom of Castile in 1230. From 1296 to 1301, the Kingdom of León was again independent and after the re-union with Castile remained a Crown until 1833, but as part of a united Spain from 1479. In the Royal Decree of 30 November 1833, the Kingdom of León was considered one of the Spanish regions and divided into the provinces of León, Zamora and Salamanca. In 1978, these three provinces of the region of León were included along with six provinces of the historic region of Old Castile to create the autonomous community of Castile and León. However, significant parts of the former kingdom today integrate these three provinces and the autonomous communities of Extremadura, Galicia and Asturias, in Spain, in addition to northern Portugal.

Lycoming O-1230

The Lycoming O-1230 was a flat-twelve engine for aircraft designed and developed by Lycoming Engines in the 1930s. Although the engine was flown in an aircraft, it was not fitted to any aircraft selected for production. It later served as the basis for the Lycoming H-2470 engine.

Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria

The Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria lasted from 1223 to 1236. The Bulgar state, centered in lower Volga and Kama, was the center of the fur trade in Eurasia throughout most of its history. Before the Mongol conquest, Russians of Novgorod and Vladimir repeatedly looted and attacked the area, thereby weakening the Bulgar state's economy and military power. The latter ambushed the Mongols in the later 1223 or in 1224. Several clashes occurred between 1229–1234, and the Mongol Empire conquered the Bulgars in 1236.

Papyrus 24

Papyrus 24 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by siglum 𝔓24, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Book of Revelation, it contains only Revelation 5:5-8; 6:5-8. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the early 4th century.

Siege of Jaén (1230)

The Siege of Jaén was one of many sieges on that city during the Spanish Reconquista. The siege was carried out from 24 June through September, 1230 by forces of the Kingdom of Castile commanded by Ferdinand III of Castile against the defending Taifa of Jayyān (جيان). The battle resulted in a Jayyānese victory after the Castilian withdrawal and abandonment of the siege immediately following the death of King Alfonso IX of León.


WFAS (1230 kHz) is an AM radio station licensed to White Plains, New York and serving Westchester County. The station is owned by Cumulus Media and broadcasts at 1,000 watts from a transmitter site on Secor Road, in Hartsdale, New York.


WFXN (1230 AM) is a sports radio-formatted radio station licensed to Moline, Illinois. The station is owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. with studios located in Davenport, Iowa. The station is known as "Fox Sports 1230".

AM 1230 broadcasts at a power of 1 kW with transmitter located on 7th Street in Moline between 30th and 32nd Avenues.


WHUC (1230 AM) is a radio station broadcasting the country music format of WRWD-FM (107.3). Located near Hudson, New York, United States, the station serves the upper Hudson Valley. The station is owned by iHeartMedia (as CC Licenses LLC) and previously featured adult standards programming from the America's Best Music network from Dial Global, as well as NBC News Radio. As of January 2013, the station ended the adult standards programming and began simulcasting WRWD-FM, which originates in Poughkeepsie, New York. The 1230 signal, as of August 2013, began being carried on translator W296AT at 106.9 FM.

WHUC's studios are in Arlington, New York, and its transmitter is in Lorenz Park, New York.


WSSO (1230 AM) is a radio station licensed to the city of Starkville, Mississippi. It is owned by Cumulus Media, through licensee Cumulus Licensing LLC, and broadcasts a sports radio format known as 1230 The Team. The station carries programming from CBS Sports Radio.

1230 AM is a local Class C frequency within the 48 states, and stations on this frequency are allowed to broadcast 24 hours per day.

WSSO has used the same call letters since it began broadcasting. It is not licensed to broadcast in the digital HD Radio format.


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