1210s

The 1210s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1210, and ended on December 31, 1219.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
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  • Deaths
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Events

1210

By area

By topic

1211

1212

  • July 10 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground; over 3,000 people die, many of them by drowning in the Thames. According to a contemporary account, "An awful fire broke out on the Southwark side of Lond. Bridge; and by some means, while it was raging, a fire broke out at the other end also, and so hemmed in the numerous crowds who had assembled to help the distressed. The sufferers, to avoid the flames, threw themselves over the bridge into boats and barges; but many of these sunk, the people crowding into them.".[3]
  • July 16Battle of Navas de Tolosa: The Christian kingdoms of Spain decisively defeat the Almohads, and the victory leaves the Kingdom of Castile in a difficult financial position, as numerous soldiers have to be paid by the treasury.[4]
  • DecemberFrederick II of Hohenstaufen is crowned King of Germany, with the support of Pope Innocent III.
  • The Children's Crusade for the Holy Land is organised. There are probably two separate movements of young people, both led by shepherd boys, neither of which embark from Europe, but both of which suffer considerable hardship:[5]
  • The contemplative Order of Poor Clares is founded by Clare of Assisi.
  • In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese prose.
  • Bran Castle is erected by the Teutonic Knights, in the Southern Carpathians (present day Romania).
  • John of England impounds the revenue of all prelates appointed by bishops who had deserted him at his excommunication. He remains on good terms, however, with churchmen who stood by him, including Abbot Sampson, who this year bequeaths John his jewels.[6]
  • The Banner of Las Navas de Tolosa is begun. It is a trophy of Ferdinand III of Castile, and will end up in the Museo de Telas Medievales.

1213

1214

By area

By topic

1215

1216

By area

By topic

1217

By area

  • Mukhali returns to Genghis Khan's camp in Mongolia, and receives the hereditary title of prince, a golden seal, and a white standard with nine tails and a black crescent in the middle. He is appointed commander in chief of operations in North China.
  • The Fifth Crusade reaches the Holy Land.

1218

By area

By topic

  • The northern French city of Rheims emits the first recorded public life annuity in medieval Europe. Theretofore, this type of instrument had been mostly issued by religious institutions. The emission by Rheims is the first evidence of a consolidation of public debt that is to become common in the Langue d'Oïl, the Low Countries and Germany.[13]

1219

By area

By topic

References

  1. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).
  2. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 172.
  3. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p26
  4. ^ a b c d Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–671. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  5. ^ Bridge, Antony (1980). The Crusades. London: Granada Publishing. ISBN 0-531-09872-9.
  6. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 169–172.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 77–79. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  8. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 133–135. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  9. ^ Dell'Umbria, Alèssi (2006). Histoire universelle de Marseille. De l'an mil à l'an deux mille. Marseille: Agone. p. 27. ISBN 2-7489-0061-8.
  10. ^ Powicke, Maurice (1962). The Thirteenth Century 1216–1307. Oxford History of England, vol. 4 (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 5.
  11. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  12. ^ "BBC Wales History". Archived from the original on November 25, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
  13. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden; Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5.
  14. ^ Butkevičienė, Birutė; Vytautas Gricius (July 2003). "Mindaugas — Lietuvos karalius". Mokslas ir gyvenimas (in Lithuanian). 7 (547). Archived from the original on May 23, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
  15. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).
1210 in Ireland

Events from the year 1210 in Ireland.

1210s BC

The 1210s BC is a decade which lasted from 1219 BC to 1210 BC.

1210s in England

Events from the 1210s in England.

1211 in Ireland

Events from the year 1211 in Ireland.

1213 in Ireland

Events from the year 1213 in Ireland.

1214 in Scotland

Events from the year 1214 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1215 in Ireland

Events from the year 1215 in Ireland.

1216 in Ireland

Events from the year 1216 in Ireland.

1217 in Ireland

Events from the year 1217 in Ireland.

1219 in Ireland

Events from the year 1219 in Ireland.

Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross

The Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross, commonly called Crosiers, are a Roman Catholic religious order.

First Barons' War

The First Barons' War (1215–1217) was a civil war in the Kingdom of England in which a group of rebellious major landowners (commonly referred to as barons) led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by a French army under the future Louis VIII of France, waged war against King John of England.

The war resulted from the king's refusal to accept and abide by the Magna Carta, which he had sealed on 15 June 1215, and from the ambitions of the French crown prince Louis, who dragged the war on after many of the rebels had made peace with John.

Jōgen (Kamakura period)

Jōgen (承元) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Ken'ei and before Kenryaku. This period spanned the years from October 1207 through March 1211. The reigning emperors were Tsuchimikado-tennō (土御門天皇) and Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).

Jōkyū

Jōkyū (承久), also called Shōkyū, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Kempō and before Jōō. This period spanned the years from April 1219 through April 1222. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).

Kempo (era)

Kempo (建保) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Kenryaku and before Jōkyū. This period spanned the years from December 1213 through April 1219. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).

Kenryaku

Kenryaku (建暦) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Jōgen and before Kempo. This period spanned the years from March 1211 through December 1213. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).

Mongol conquest of the Qara Khitai

The Mongol Empire conquered the Qara Khitai in the years 1216–1218 AD. Prior to the invasion, war with the Khwarazmian dynasty and the usurpation of power by the Naiman prince Kuchlug had weakened the Qara Khitai. When Kuchlug besieged Almaliq, a city belonging to the Karluks, vassals of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan dispatched a force under command of Jebe to pursue Kuchlug. After his force of 30,000 was defeated by Jebe at the Khitan capital Balasagun, Kuchlug faced rebellions over his unpopular rule, forcing him to flee to modern Afghanistan, where he was captured by hunters in 1218. The hunters turned Kuchlug over to the Mongols, who beheaded him. Upon defeating the Qara Khitai, the Mongols now had a direct border with the Khwarazmian Empire, which they would soon invade in 1219.

Thomanerchor

The Thomanerchor (English: St. Thomas Choir of Leipzig) is a boys' choir in Leipzig, Germany. The choir was founded in 1212. At present, the choir consists of about 90 boys from 9 to 18 years of age. The members, called Thomaner, live in a boarding school, the Thomasalumnat, and attend the Thomasschule zu Leipzig, a Gymnasium school with a linguistic profile and a focus on musical education. The younger members attend the primary school 76. Grundschule in der Manetstraße. Johann Sebastian Bach served as Thomaskantor, director of the choir and church music in Leipzig, from 1723 to 1750.

Đurđevi stupovi, Montenegro

Đurđevi stupovi (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Ђурђеви ступови, meaning Monastery of the tracts of St. George) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery near the town of Berane, in northeastern Montenegro. It should not be confused with the more famous Serbian Orthodox monastery of the same name, Đurđevi stupovi, built by Stefan Nemanja in 1170, in Ras, Serbia. It is the center of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Budimlje-Nikšić in Montenegro. It was founded by Stefan Prvoslav, the nephew of Stefan Nemanja, in 1213.

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