The 11th (North Auckland) Mounted Rifles was formed on 17 March 1911. They were mobilised during World War I as a squadron of the Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment. They served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I and first saw action during the Battle of Gallipoli. As a part of the larger New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (of the ANZAC Mounted Division) they went on to serve in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.
|11th (North Auckland) Mounted Rifles|
|Allegiance||New Zealand Crown|
|Branch||New Zealand Army|
|Part of||New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade|
|Engagements||World War I|
They became the 9th New Zealand Mounted Rifles (North Auckland) in 1921 and later was renamed the North Auckland Mounted Rifles, which was absorbed into the 1st Armoured Regiment, on 29 March 1944.
The Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand raised, in August 1914, for service during the First World War. It was assigned to the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
The regiment was established with twenty-six officers, 523 other ranks and 600 horses. It was formed from three squadrons belonging to pre war Territorial Force regiments: the 3rd (Auckland) Mounted Rifles, the 4th (Waikato) Mounted Rifles and the 11th (North Auckland) Mounted Rifles. It included a small headquarters and, until 1916, a Maxim machine-gun section. During the war, the Maxim guns were withdrawn but the regiment's fire-power increased until each squadron had four Hotchkiss machine-guns, one per troop, by the end of the war.
As mounted infantry, the regiment rode into battle on their horses but were expected to dismount and fight on foot. The regiment fought predominantly against the forces of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Their first engagement was in the Gallipoli Campaign between May and December 1915, during which they participated in the largest battle of that theatre at Chunuk Bair and the fighting for Hill 60. Evacuated to Egypt, the regiment took part in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign from 1916 to 1918. Their early battles included Romani, Gaza and Beersheba. Later in the war, they were part of the force that occupied the Jordan Valley and took part in the raids on Amman and Es Salt. Their final wartime operation was in connection with the capture of the Turkish Fourth Army. During the four years of war, the regiment sustained 334 dead from all causes and 555 wounded, several of those more than once. After the war, the regiment played a minor role in the Egyptian Revolution of 1919 before it was disbanded in June 1919.Charles Mackesy
Colonel Charles Ernest Randolph Mackesy (9 January 1861 – 20 November 1925) was a New Zealand military leader and farmer.
Born in 1861 in Ireland, Mackesy moved to New Zealand in the 1890s and took up farming in Whangarei. A soldier in the Volunteer Force, he volunteered for service with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) on the outbreak of the First World War. He was commander of Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment, serving briefly at Gallipoli, and more substantially during the campaign in the Sinai and Palestine. From April 1917 he carried out administrative roles for the remainder of the war, apart from periods of leave. Discharged from the NZEF in late 1919 he returned to his farm in New Zealand. He died of heart failure in 1925.Magdhaba-Rafah (battle honour)
Magdhaba-Rafah and Maghdaba-Rafah were battle honours awarded to units of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force that took part in the Affair of Magdhaba or the Action of Rafah during the winter of 1916–17 in the Sinai Campaign of the Great War.Australian units were awarded Magdhaba-Rafah:
1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment
14th Light Horse Regiment
15th Light Horse Regiment
26th (Tasmanian Mounted Infantry) Light Horse RegimentNew Zealand units were awarded Maghdaba-Rafah:
1st Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry)
Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Mounted Rifles
3rd (Auckland) Mounted Rifles
4th (Waikato) Mounted Rifles
6th (Manawatu) Mounted Rifles
9th (Wellington East Coast) Mounted Rifles
10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles
11th (North Auckland) Mounted RiflesNew Zealand Expeditionary Force
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945). Ultimately, the NZEF of World War I became known as the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force. The NZEF of World War II was known as the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF).
New Zealand Great War Mounted Regiments
|Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Otago Mounted Rifles Regiment|