1195

Year 1195 (MCXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1195 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1195
MCXCV
Ab urbe condita1948
Armenian calendar644
ԹՎ ՈԽԴ
Assyrian calendar5945
Balinese saka calendar1116–1117
Bengali calendar602
Berber calendar2145
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 7 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1739
Burmese calendar557
Byzantine calendar6703–6704
Chinese calendar甲寅(Wood Tiger)
3891 or 3831
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
3892 or 3832
Coptic calendar911–912
Discordian calendar2361
Ethiopian calendar1187–1188
Hebrew calendar4955–4956
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1251–1252
 - Shaka Samvat1116–1117
 - Kali Yuga4295–4296
Holocene calendar11195
Igbo calendar195–196
Iranian calendar573–574
Islamic calendar591–592
Japanese calendarKenkyū 6
(建久6年)
Javanese calendar1102–1103
Julian calendar1195
MCXCV
Korean calendar3528
Minguo calendar717 before ROC
民前717年
Nanakshahi calendar−273
Seleucid era1506/1507 AG
Thai solar calendar1737–1738
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1321 or 940 or 168
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1322 or 941 or 169

Events

Births

Deaths

1190s in England

Events from the 1190s in England.

1190s in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

1195 in Ireland

Events from the year 1195 in Ireland.

Anthony of Padua

Saint Anthony of Padua (Portuguese: Santo António de Lisboa), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (15 August 1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. He was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal, and died in Padua, Italy. Noted by his contemporaries for his powerful preaching, expert knowledge of scripture, and undying love and devotion to the poor and the sick, he was one of the most quickly canonized saints in church history. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of lost things.

Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut

Baldwin V of Hainaut (1150 – 17 December 1195) was count of Hainaut (1171–1195), margrave of Namur as Baldwin I (1189–1195) and count of Flanders as Baldwin VIII (1191–1195).

Battle of Alarcos

Battle of Alarcos (July 18, 1195), was a battle between the Almohads led by Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur and King Alfonso VIII of Castile. It resulted in the defeat of the Castilian forces and their subsequent retreat to Toledo whereas the Almohads conquered back Trujillo, Montánchez and Talavera.

Battle of Shamkor

Battle of Shamkor was fought on June 1, 1195 near the city of Shamkor, Arran. the battle was a major victory won by the Georgian army, commanded by David Soslan, over the army of the Eldiguzid ruler of Nusrat al-Din Abu Bakr.

The battle was fought as part of several conflicts between the "Atabeg States of Azerbaijan", also known as the Eldiguzids after its ruling dynasty, and Kingdom of Georgia. The consolidation of Eldiguzid power, in the 1130s, coincided with a resurgence of military expansionism by the Georgian kings, whose territories intersected with Muslim Shirvan and Arran.

German submarine U-1195

German submarine U-1195 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

Her keel was laid down 6 February 1943, by F. Schichau, of Danzig. She was commissioned 4 November 1943.

Gliese 581

Gliese 581 () is a star of spectral type M3V (a red dwarf) at the center of the Gliese 581 planetary system, about 20 light years away from Earth in the Libra constellation. Its estimated mass is about a third of that of the Sun, and it is the 89th closest known star to the Sun.

Henry de Sully (died 1195)

Henry de Sully (or Henry de Soilli) (d. 23 or 24 October 1195) was a medieval monk, Bishop of Worcester and Abbot of Glastonbury.

Henry became prior of Bermondsey Abbey in 1186. In September 1189, following the death of Henry II of England, Richard I of England appointed him Abbot of Glastonbury. It was while he was abbot that Glastonbury claimed to find the body of King Arthur around 1191. He was elected to the see of Worcester on 4 December 1193 and consecrated on 12 December 1193. He died on 23 or 24 October 1195.

Henry the Lion

Henry the Lion (German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.

He was one of the most powerful German princes of his time, until the rival Hohenstaufen dynasty succeeded in isolating him and eventually deprived him of his duchies of Bavaria and Saxony during the reign of his cousin Frederick I Barbarossa and of Frederick's son and successor Henry VI.

At the height of his reign, Henry ruled over a vast territory stretching from the coast of the North and Baltic Seas to the Alps, and from Westphalia to Pomerania. Henry achieved this great power in part by his political and military acumen and in part through the legacies of his four grandparents.

Hugh de Puiset

Hugh de Puiset (c. 1125 – 3 March 1195) was a medieval Bishop of Durham and Chief Justiciar of England under King Richard I. He was the nephew of King Stephen of England and Henry of Blois, who both assisted Hugh's ecclesiastical career. He held the office of treasurer of York for a number of years, which led him into conflict with Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York. In 1153, Hugh was elected bishop of Durham despite the opposition of Murdac.

Hugh was not involved in the controversy between King Henry II and Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. The king did suspect Hugh of supporting Henry's heir, Henry the Young King, when the prince rebelled and Hugh was also suspected of aiding the King of Scots, William I, during an invasion of Northern England in 1174. After the accession of Henry's second son Richard as king, Hugh bought the office of Sheriff of Northumberland, as well as the earldom of Northumbria. He also acquired the office of Justiciar, which he was supposed to share with William de Mandeville, but with Mandeville's death Hugh shared the office with William Longchamp. Longchamp had managed to secure the office for himself by the middle of 1190.

As a bishop, Hugh was noted as a builder, including a stone bridge in the city of Durham and the Galilee Chapel in Durham Cathedral. His administration of the episcopal lands included an inquest into the exact holdings of the bishopric. As a patron, Hugh sponsored the career of the medieval chronicler Roger of Hoveden. Hugh had a long-term mistress, by whom he had at least two sons, and possibly two more.

Ibn al-Kammad

Abu Jafar Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn al‐Kammad (died 1195) was a Muslim Arab astronomer born in Seville, Al-Andalus. He is known to have been educated in Cordoba by the students of Al-Zarqali. His works such as al Kawr ala al dawr, al Amad ala al abad, and al Muqtabas, which is a compilation of the two previous Zij, made him famous not only on the Iberian peninsula but across North Africa, and specifically Tunisia, where the astronomer Ibn Ishaq al-Tunisi wrote commentaries on his works.An astrological work, Kitāb Mafātīḥ alasrār, (in which he states the duration of pregnancy depended on the horoscope) is also attributed to him and was strongly criticized by Ibn al‐Haim al‐Ishbili in the latter's al Zīj al kāmil (c.1205).

Isaac II Angelos

Isaac II Angelos (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos; September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.

His father Andronikos Doukas Angelos was a military leader in Asia Minor (c. 1122 – aft. 1185) who married Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa (c. 1125 – aft. 1195). Andronikos Doukas Angelos was the son of Constantine Angelos and Theodora Komnene (b. 15 January 1096/1097), the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. Thus Isaac was a member of the extended imperial clan of the Komnenoi.

Marmande

Marmande (French pronunciation: ​[maʁmɑ̃d]; in Occitan, Marmanda) is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne département in south-western France.

Pope Urban IV

Pope Urban IV (Latin: Urbanus IV; c. 1195 – 2 October 1264), born Jacques Pantaléon, was the head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1261 to his death in 1264. He was not a cardinal; only a few popes since his time have not been cardinals, including Gregory X, Urban V and Urban VI.

Princess Shōshi (1195–1211)

Princess Shōshi (昇子内親王, Shōshi Naishinnō, 18 September 1195 – 14 December 1211), also known as Shunkamon-in (春華門院), was an Empress of Japan. She was the mother-in-law (准母) of Emperor Juntoku.

Salme, Estonia

Salme, Estonia is a small borough in Saaremaa Parish, Saare County, in western Estonia.

The Salme shipfind consisted of two clinker-built ships discovered in Salme, one with the remains of seven persons found in autumn 2008, and another with 33 in 2010.The population of Salme as of January 1, 2016 was 1195.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1195

United Nations Security Council resolution 1195, adopted unanimously on 15 September 1998, after reaffirming Resolution 696 (1991) and all subsequent resolutions on Angola, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) for a month until 15 October 1998.The Security Council stated that the current impasse in the peace process was due to the failure of UNITA to comply with its obligations under the Acordos de Paz, Lusaka Protocol and relevant Security Council resolutions, and demanded that it immediately comply, particularly with regard to the demilitarisation of its forces and extension of state authority throughout the country. Furthermore, it demanded that UNITA leave areas it had occupied through military means and transform itself into a political party. The Government of Angola was urged to reconsider its decision to suspend members of UNITA from the Government of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN).

Member States were called upon to fully implement restrictions against UNITA imposed in resolutions 864 (1993), 1127 (1997) and 1173 (1998). Finally, the resolution endorsed the decision of the Secretary-General Kofi Annan to instruct MONUA to adjust its deployment on the ground in order to ensure the safety and security of MONUA personnel.

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