1194

Year 1194 (MCXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1194 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1194
MCXCIV
Ab urbe condita1947
Armenian calendar643
ԹՎ ՈԽԳ
Assyrian calendar5944
Balinese saka calendar1115–1116
Bengali calendar601
Berber calendar2144
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 6 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1738
Burmese calendar556
Byzantine calendar6702–6703
Chinese calendar癸丑(Water Ox)
3890 or 3830
    — to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
3891 or 3831
Coptic calendar910–911
Discordian calendar2360
Ethiopian calendar1186–1187
Hebrew calendar4954–4955
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1250–1251
 - Shaka Samvat1115–1116
 - Kali Yuga4294–4295
Holocene calendar11194
Igbo calendar194–195
Iranian calendar572–573
Islamic calendar590–591
Japanese calendarKenkyū 5
(建久5年)
Javanese calendar1101–1102
Julian calendar1194
MCXCIV
Korean calendar3527
Minguo calendar718 before ROC
民前718年
Nanakshahi calendar−274
Seleucid era1505/1506 AG
Thai solar calendar1736–1737
Tibetan calendar阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1320 or 939 or 167
    — to —
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1321 or 940 or 168

Events

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
  2. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  4. ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
  5. ^ Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303.
  6. ^ Baldwin, John (2006). Paris 1200. Paris: Aubier. p. 53.
1190s in England

Events from the 1190s in England.

1194 in Ireland

Events from the year 1194 in Ireland.

Anam v. Bush

Anam v. Bush, No. 1:04-cv-01194, is a writ of habeas corpus filed on behalf of a dozen Guantanamo detainees.

The petition was filed before US District Court Judge Henry H. Kennedy on July 14, 2004. It was one of over 200 habeas corpus petitions filed on behalf of detainees held in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.

Battle of Arcadiopolis (1194)

The battle of Arcadiopolis (Bulgarian: Битkа при Аркадиопол, Greek: Μάχη της Αρκαδιούπολης) occurred in 1194 near the modern town of Lule Burgas (anc. Arcadiopolis) in Turkey between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire. The Bulgarians were victorious.

Domnall Mór Ua Briain

Domnall Mór Ua Briain, or Domnall Mór mac Toirrdelbaig Uí Briain, was King of Thomond in Ireland from 1168 to 1194 and a claimant to the title King of Munster. He was also styled King of Limerick, a title belonging to the O'Brien dynasty since Brian Boru's annexation of the Norse city in the 10th century.

Emperor Xiaozong of Song

Emperor Xiaozong of Song (27 November 1127 – 28 June 1194), personal name Zhao Shen, courtesy name Yuanyong, was the 11th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the second emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He started his reign in 1162 when his adoptive father and predecessor, Emperor Gaozong, abdicated and passed the throne to him. Even though Emperor Gaozong became a Taishang Huang ("Retired Emperor") after his abdication, he remained the de facto ruler, so Emperor Xiaozong only fully took over the reins of power in 1187 after Emperor Gaozong's death. After ruling for about a year, Emperor Xiaozong followed in his predecessor's footsteps and abdicated in favour of his third son Zhao Dun (Emperor Guangzong), while he became Taishang Huang and still remained in power until his death in 1194.

He was the first descendant of Emperor Taizu to become emperor.

German submarine U-1194

German submarine U-1194 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 25 August 1941, and was laid down on 29 December 1943 at F Schichau GmbH, Danzig, as yard number 1564. She was launched on 5 August 1943 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Nolte on 21 October 1943.

Guy of Lusignan

Guy of Lusignan (c. 1150 – 18 July 1194) was a French Poitevin knight, son of Hugh VIII of the Lusignan dynasty. He was king of the crusader state of Jerusalem from 1186 to 1192 by right of marriage to Sibylla of Jerusalem, and of Cyprus from 1192 to 1194. Having arrived in the Holy Land (where his brother Amalric was already prominent) at an unknown date, Guy was hastily married to Sibylla in 1180 to prevent a political incident within the kingdom. As the health of his brother-in-law, Baldwin IV, deteriorated, Guy was appointed regent for his stepson by Sibylla, Baldwin V. Baldwin IV died in 1185, followed shortly by Baldwin V in 1186, leading to the succession of Sibylla and Guy to the throne. Guy's reign was marked by increased hostilities with the Ayyubids ruled by Saladin, culminating in the Battle of Hattin in July 1187—during which Guy was captured—and the fall of Jerusalem itself three months later.

Following a year of imprisonment in Damascus, Guy was released by Saladin. After being denied entry to Tyre, one of the last crusader strongholds, by Conrad of Montferrat, Guy besieged Acre in 1189. The siege, during which Guy's wife died, developed into a rallying point for the Third Crusade, led by Philip II of France and Richard I of England. Guy entered a bitter row with Conrad over the kingship of Jerusalem; despite Richard's support for the widower king, Conrad married Sibylla's half-sister Isabella and was elected king by the nobility of the kingdom. Conrad was assassinated by the Hashshashin days after the election; Richard's and Guy's involvement in the incident is suspected, but unproven. Nevertheless, Guy was compensated for the dispossession of his crown by being given lordship of Cyprus in 1192, which Richard had taken from the Byzantine Empire en route to the Levant. Guy ruled the Kingdom of Cyprus until his death in 1194, when he was succeeded by his brother Amalric.

Islamic Museum, Jerusalem

The Islamic Museum is a museum on the Temple Mount in the Old City section of Jerusalem. On display are exhibits from ten periods of Islamic history encompassing several Muslim regions. The museum is located adjacent to al-Aqsa Mosque.

Leopold V, Duke of Austria

Leopold V (1157 – 31 December 1194), known as the Virtuous (German: der Tugendhafte), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1177 and Duke of Styria from 1192 until his death.

List of monarchs of Sicily

The monarchs of Sicily ruled from the establishment of the County of Sicily in 1071 until the "perfect fusion" in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1816.

The origin of the Sicilian monarchy are in the Norman conquest of southern Italy occurred between the 11th and 12th century. Sicily, which was ruled as an Islamic emirate for at least two centuries, was invaded in 1071 by Norman House of Hauteville, who conquered Palermo and established a feudal county. The House of Hauteville completed their conquest of Sicily in 1091.

In 1130, the County of Sicily and the County of Apulia, both led by two distinct branches of the House of Hauteville, merged in the Kingdom of Sicily, and Count Roger II was crowned king by Antipope Anacletus II.

Over the centuries, Sicily passed in the hands of several foreign authorities: from 1194 to 1254 was part of the Holy Roman Empire; from 1282 to 1714 became a personal union of the Crown of Aragon; from 1713 to 1720 was a personal union of the Duchy of Savoy and finally, from 1720 to 1735, was one of the crown of the Habsburg Monarchy.

In 1282, after the Sicilian Vespers, the kingdom split in two separated states: the properly named Ultra Sicily (Siciliae ultra Pharum, what means "Sicily over the Strait") and the Hither Sicily (Siciliae citra) or commonly named Kingdom of Naples. The two states stylized themselves always as "Kingdom of Sicily", until the partial unification 1516 when Charles II of Spain inherited both lands as "King of Naples and Sicily". The definitive unification there was in 1816, when Ferdinand IV and III unified the two entities in a single state, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

NGC 70

NGC 70 is a spiral galaxy located in the constellation Andromeda. It was discovered on September 11, 1784 by R. J. Mitchell and was also observed on December 19, 1897 by Guillaume Bigourdan from France who described it as "extremely faint, very small, round, between 2 faint stars"

Palitana State

Palitana was a princely state in India during the British Raj until 1948. The center was the city of Palitana. The last ruler of the state received a privy purse of 180,000 Rupees at the state's accession to independent India on 15 February 1948.

Parkfield Junction, California

Parkfield Junction is an unincorporated community in Fresno County, California. It is located 8 miles (13 km) west-southwest of Coalinga, at an elevation of 1194 feet (364 m).

Sancho VI of Navarre

Sancho Garcés VI (Basque: Antso VI.a; 21 April 1132 - 27 June 1194), called the Wise (Basque: Jakituna, Spanish: el Sabio) was King of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194. He was the first monarch to officially drop the title of King of Pamplona in favour of King of Navarre, thus changing the designation of his kingdom. Sancho Garcés was responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe. He was the eldest son of García Ramírez, the Restorer and Margaret of L'Aigle.

Tristutik Gaccha

Tristutik Gaccha was a Murtipujaka Svetambara Jain Gaccha (religious grouping) preceding the founding of the Tapa Gaccha by Acharya Rajendrasuri. It was re-established in 1194 AD ( Vikram Samvat 1250.) It was known as Agama Gaccha in ancient times. The Tristutik believed in devotion to the Tirthankaras alone in most rituals, although offerings to helper divinities were made during large ceremonies.

The Tristutik Gaccha was reformed by Acharya Rajendrasuri and as per tradition of Jainism it is a part of Tapa Gachca. Presently this sect has a total 357 monks and nuns with four Acharyas.

USS La Moure County (LST-1194)

USS La Moure County (LST-1194) was the sixteenth of twenty Newport-class tank landing ship (LSTs) built for the United States Navy in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Named after La Moure County, North Dakota, she was the second U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.

La Moure County was laid down 22 May 1970 at the National Steel and Shipbuilding Company in San Diego, California; launched 13 February 1971; and commissioned 18 December 1971 at Long Beach Naval Shipyard, Long Beach, California. The ship's status was changed to Active Reserve Force on 30 September 1995. Damaged beyond economical repair on 12 September 2000 due to grounding at Caleta Cifuncho Bay, Chile (25°37′14″S 70°38′34″W), La Moure County was decommissioned and struck from the Naval Vessel Register 17 November 2000 at Talcahuano, Chile.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1194

United Nations Security Council resolution 1194, adopted unanimously on 9 September 1998, after reaffirming resolutions 687 (1991), 707 (1991), 715 (1991), 1060 (1996), 1115 (1997) and 1154 (1998) concerning Iraq's weapons programme, the Council condemned Iraq's decision to suspend co-operation with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).On 5 August 1998, the Iraqi government announced that it would no longer co-operate with UNSCOM and the IAEA, and therefore sanctions against Iraq would remain. The country had halted all disarmament activities of UNSCOM and refused to co-operate in any activity relating to its nuclear programme. The Council was determined to ensure full compliance by Iraq of its obligations under previous Security Council resolutions, and to allow UNSCOM and the IAEA access to any sites they requested; any attempts to restrict this were unacceptable.

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council condemned the Iraqi non-compliance with previous Security Council resolutions and the memorandum of understanding signed earlier in 1998 and demanded that it withdraw its refusal. It decided not to conduct a review of the sanctions and would not do so until Special Commission and the IAEA were able to conduct the full range of activities within their mandates, including inspections.

YBP 1194

YBP 1194 is a G-type main-sequence star, class G5V, in the open cluster M67 in the constellation Cancer. It is the best solar twin found to date, having the near temperature and mass as our sun. YBP 1194 has a higher metallicity than the Sun. YBP 1194 is .5 billion years younger than the Sun at an age of 4.2 billion years old, but due to the distance, the error bar is high at ±1.6 billion years. On December 19, 2013, it was announced to have an extrasolar planet with a period of 6.9 days, and a high eccentricity of 0.24 with a mass of 0.34 MJ. YBP 1194 is about 2,772 light-years (850 parsecs) from the Sun. YBP 1194 is packed in a small cluster, M67-NGC 2682, with a radius 10 ly, with over 500 other stars. For comparison the Sun has 17 stars at a distance of 10 ly and about 134 stars at a distance of 20 ly.

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