|1193 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||1946|
|Balinese saka calendar||1114–1115|
|English Regnal year||4 Ric. 1 – 5 Ric. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)|
3889 or 3829
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
3890 or 3830
|- Vikram Samvat||1249–1250|
|- Shaka Samvat||1114–1115|
|- Kali Yuga||4293–4294|
|Japanese calendar||Kenkyū 4|
|Minguo calendar||719 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1504/1505 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1735–1736|
1319 or 938 or 166
— to —
1320 or 939 or 167
Events from the 1190s in England.1190s in poetry
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).1193 in Ireland
Events from the year 1193 in Ireland.Balian of Ibelin
Balian of Ibelin (French: Balian d'Ibelin; c. 1143 – 1193), was a crusader noble of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century.Chernobyl
Chornobyl () is a city in the restricted Chernobyl Exclusion Zone situated in the Ivankiv Raion of northern Kiev Oblast, near Ukraine's border with Belarus. Chornobyl is about 90 kilometres (56 mi) northeast of Kiev, and approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) southwest of the Belarusian city of Gomel and 16 km [10 mi] from Ukraine’s border with Belarus. The city was the administrative center of Chornobyl Raion (district) from 1923 until it was disestablished in 1988. Before its evacuation, the city had about 14,000 residents.The city was evacuated on 27 April 1986, 30 hours after the Chornobyl disaster at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant which was the most disastrous nuclear accident in history. The power plant was within the Chornobyl Raion district. Pripyat, a city of 50,000 people and closer to the power plant than Chornobyl, had been built in the 1970s as a home for the power plant workers. After the accident, administration of the Chornobyl Raion district was transferred to the neighboring Ivankiv Raion. The city of Slavutych, built for those evacuated from Pripyat, received the population evacuated from Chornobyl.
Today Chornobyl is mostly a ghost town, but a small number of people still reside in houses marked with signs stating: "Owner of this house lives here". Workers on watch and administrative personnel of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone are stationed in the city on a long-term basis. There are two general stores and a hotel for tourists.Commune of Rome
The Commune of Rome (Italian: Comune di Roma) was established in 1144 after a rebellion led by Giordano Pierleoni. Pierleoni led a people's revolt due to the increasing powers of the Pope and the entrenched powers of the nobility. The goal of the rebellion was to organize the government of Rome in a similar fashion to that of the previous Roman Republic. Pierleoni was named the "first Patrician of the Roman Commune", but was deposed in 1145.Emperor Renzong of Western Xia
Emperor Renzong (1124–1193), born Li Renxiao 李仁孝, was the 5th emperor of the Western Xia (reigned 1139–1193).
Li Renxiao was the eldest son of Emperor Chongzong, and succeeded him at the age of sixteen. After ascending into the throne, Renzong made friendly overtures to the Jin Dynasty. In domestic politics, Renzong created many schools and used examinations to choose his officials. He respected Confucianism, and built many temples worshipping Confucius. During era Tian Sheng, Renzong hired a Tibet lama as a religious advisor and printed many copies of Buddhist teachings.
In 1170, Renzong discovered a plot to kill him. He executed the generals who were behind the plot. As a result, Renzong distrusted his army generals and the army began to fall into incompetence. During his later years, Western Xia began to fight wars against various enemies.
Renzong's reign was the peak of Western Xia Dynasty. Many tribes to the north and west became vassal states of Western Xia, and Renzong's focus on internal politics allowed the central government to be more efficient. His reign coincides with the peak of the Southern Song and the Jin Dynasties, and there were relatively few conflicts between these three countries.
He died in 1193 having reigned for over half a century like his father before him.German submarine U-1193
German submarine U-1193 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
She was ordered on 25 August 1941, and was laid down on 28 December 1943 at F Schichau GmbH, Danzig, as yard number 1563. She was launched on 5 August 1943 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Joachim Guse on 7 October 1943.Henry de Sully (died 1195)
Henry de Sully (or Henry de Soilli) (d. 23 or 24 October 1195) was a medieval monk, Bishop of Worcester and Abbot of Glastonbury.
Henry became prior of Bermondsey Abbey in 1186. In September 1189, following the death of Henry II of England, Richard I of England appointed him Abbot of Glastonbury. It was while he was abbot that Glastonbury claimed to find the body of King Arthur around 1191. He was elected to the see of Worcester on 4 December 1193 and consecrated on 12 December 1193. He died on 23 or 24 October 1195.Krapina
Krapina (Croatian pronunciation: [krâpina]) is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011). Krapina is located in the hilly Zagorje region of Croatia, approximately 55 km (34 mi) away from both Zagreb and Varaždin.Milestones (Miles Davis album)
Milestones (CL 1193) is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter and composer Miles Davis, recorded with his "first great quintet" augmented as a sextet. It was released in 1958 by Columbia Records.Minhaj-i-Siraj
Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani (born 1193), full name Abu Osman Minhajuddin bin Sirajuddin, was a 13th-century Persian historian born in the Ghurid capital city of Firuzkuh, which was located in Ghor Province.In 1227, Juzjani migrated to Ucch then to Delhi. Juzjani was the principal historian for the Mamluk Sultanate of Delhi in northern India. and wrote of the Ghurid dynasty. He also wrote the Tabaqat-i Nasiri (1260 CE) for Sultan Nasir ud din Mahmud of Delhi.Orzinuovi
Orzinuovi (Brescian: I Urs Nöf) is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, Italy.Pacer (dinghy)
The Pacer class of sailing dinghy, formerly known as the Puffin Pacer, was designed in the United Kingdom by Jack Holt. It was commissioned by Puffin Paints and Glues to be designed as yacht for use by families, so needing to be larger than their earlier Puffin dinghy. It has since become a popular learning and racing dinghy in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, India and the UK. The name was changed in the UK early 1970s, although Australia continued to use the name until 1989, when they followed the UK in dropping the "puffin" and chose the wedge-tailed shearwater as the boat's symbol.Available with both wooden and fiberglass hulls and designed to be sailed by a crew of two, the Pacer has a rig consisting of three sails: a mainsail, jib and a spinnaker.In a mixed fleet of classes, the Pacer races off a Portsmouth Yardstick handicap of 1193.Porbandar State
Porbandar State was a princely state during the British Raj ruled by Jethwa dynasty. It was one of the few princely states with a coastline.
The capital of state was the harbour town of Porbandar. Some other important towns of state were Bhanvad, Chhaya, Ranpar, and Shrinagar. Earlier Shrinagar served as the capital of Jethwas, then Ghumli served as the capital, but was lost to the Jadejas, however, architectural heritage built by them still stands at Ghumli. During the British Raj, the state covered an area of 1,663 square kilometres (642 sq mi), encompassing 106 villages and a population, in 1921, of over 100,000 people. It enjoyed a revenue of Rs. 21,00,000/-.Rashid ad-Din Sinan
Rashīd ad-Dīn Sinān (Arabic: رشيد الدين سنان), also known as the Old Man of the Mountain (Arabic: شيخ الجبل Shaykh al-Jabal, Latin: Vetulus de Montanis) and also referred to Rashid al-Din Sinan (1132/1135–1193), was a missionary and a leader of the Syrian branch of the Nizari Ismaili state (the Assassins), and a figure in the history of the Crusades.Robert FitzRalph
Robert FitzRalph (sometimes known as Robert son of William FitzRalph) was a medieval Bishop of Worcester.Saladin
An-Nasir Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب / ALA-LC: Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb; Kurdish: سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی / ALA-LC: Selahedînê Eyûbî), known as Salah ad-Din or Saladin (; 1137 – 4 March 1193), was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Sunni Muslim of Kurdish ethnicity, Saladin led the Muslim military campaign against the Crusader states in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Upper Mesopotamia, the Hejaz, Yemen and other parts of North Africa.
He was originally sent to Fatimid Egypt in 1164 accompanying his uncle Shirkuh, a general of the Zengid army, on orders of their lord Nur ad-Din, an atabeg of the Seljuks, to consolidate Shawar amid his ongoing power struggle for vizier to the teenage Fatimid caliph al-Adid. With Shawar reinstated as vizier, he engaged in a power struggle with Shirkuh, which saw the former realigning himself with Crusader king Amalric. Saladin climbed the ranks of the Fatimid government by virtue of his military successes against Crusader assaults against its territory and his personal closeness to al-Adid. With Shawar assassinated in 1169 and Shirkuh's natural death later that year, al-Adid appointed Saladin vizier, a rare nomination of a Sunni Muslim to such an important position in the Isma'ili Shia caliphate. During his tenure as vizier, Saladin began to undermine the Fatimid establishment and, following al-Adid's death in 1171, he abolished the Fatimid Caliphate and realigned the country's allegiance with the Sunni, Baghdad-based Abbasid Caliphate.
In the following years, he led forays against the Crusaders in Palestine, commissioned the successful conquest of Yemen, and staved off pro-Fatimid rebellions in Upper Egypt. Not long after Nur ad-Din's death in 1174, Saladin launched his conquest of Syria, peacefully entering Damascus at the request of its governor. By mid-1175, Saladin had conquered Hama and Homs, inviting the animosity of other Zengid lords, the official rulers of Syria's various regions. Soon after, he defeated the Zengid army at the Battle of the Horns of Hama and was thereafter proclaimed the "Sultan of Egypt and Syria" by the Abbasid caliph al-Mustadi. Saladin made further conquests in northern Syria and Jazira, escaping two attempts on his life by the "Assassins", before returning to Egypt in 1177 to address issues there. By 1182, Saladin had completed the conquest of Muslim Syria after capturing Aleppo, but ultimately failed to take over the Zengid stronghold of Mosul.Under Saladin's command, the Ayyubid army defeated the Crusaders at the decisive Battle of Hattin in 1187, and thereafter wrested control of Palestine – including the city of Jerusalem – from the Crusaders, who had conquered the area 88 years earlier. Although the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem continued to exist until the late 13th century, its defeat at Hattin marked a turning point in its conflict with the Muslim powers of the region. Saladin died in Damascus in 1193, having given away much of his personal wealth to his subjects. He is buried in a mausoleum adjacent to the Umayyad Mosque. Saladin has become a prominent figure in Muslim, Arab, Turkish and Kurdish culture, and he has often been described as being the most famous Kurd in history.United Nations Security Council Resolution 1193
United Nations Security Council resolution 1193, adopted unanimously on 28 August 1998, after recalling Resolution 1076 (1996) concerning Afghanistan, the Council discussed the deteriorating political, military and humanitarian situation in Afghanistan during the ongoing civil war in the country.In the preamble of the resolution, the Council expressed concern at the escalation of the Afghan conflict due to an offensive by the Taliban in the north of the country, causing a threat to international peace and security, destruction and the displacement of large numbers of people and refugees. It was also concerned at the increasingly ethnic and religious nature of the conflict, particularly against the Shiites. Despite calls from the United Nations to cease foreign interventions in Afghanistan, there was continued interference including the involvement of foreign military personnel in addition to arms and ammunition supplies to all parties in the country.The humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan also concerned the Security Council, which deplored measures by the Taliban which forced the evacuation of United Nations humanitarian personnel from the country. There was concern for Iranian Consulate-General who was kidnapped and the fate of several other Iranian nationals that were missing. It remained disturbed at the deteriorating security situation, the presence of terrorists, drug trafficking, discrimination against girls and women and other violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Afghanistan.
The Security Council reiterated that the conflict could only be settled through peaceful means, and demanded that all Afghan factions stop fighting and work together towards the aim of establishing a fully representative government that would protect the rights of Afghans. Attacks on United Nations personnel which resulted in casualties from the World Food Programme and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Taliban territory and the kidnap of Iran's Consulate-General in Mazar-i-Sharif were both condemned. All groups had to ensure that humanitarian relief supplies could be delivered and they were reminded of their obligations under the Geneva Conventions.The Secretary-General Kofi Annan was requested to continue investigations into alleged mass killings of prisoners of war and civilians, ethnically motivated forced displacement and other instances of persecution. He was also required to keep the Council informed on the situation in Afghanistan. Finally, the Afghan factions were urged to end the discrimination against girls and women, to respect human rights, to cease supporting terrorists and halt illegal drug activities.