1187

Year 1187 (MCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1187 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1187
MCLXXXVII
Ab urbe condita1940
Armenian calendar636
ԹՎ ՈԼԶ
Assyrian calendar5937
Balinese saka calendar1108–1109
Bengali calendar594
Berber calendar2137
English Regnal year33 Hen. 2 – 34 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1731
Burmese calendar549
Byzantine calendar6695–6696
Chinese calendar丙午(Fire Horse)
3883 or 3823
    — to —
丁未年 (Fire Goat)
3884 or 3824
Coptic calendar903–904
Discordian calendar2353
Ethiopian calendar1179–1180
Hebrew calendar4947–4948
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1243–1244
 - Shaka Samvat1108–1109
 - Kali Yuga4287–4288
Holocene calendar11187
Igbo calendar187–188
Iranian calendar565–566
Islamic calendar582–583
Japanese calendarBunji 3
(文治3年)
Javanese calendar1094–1095
Julian calendar1187
MCLXXXVII
Korean calendar3520
Minguo calendar725 before ROC
民前725年
Nanakshahi calendar−281
Seleucid era1498/1499 AG
Thai solar calendar1729–1730
Tibetan calendar阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1313 or 932 or 160
    — to —
阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1314 or 933 or 161

Events

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Markets

  • To finance the siege of Zara, the Doge of Venice grants the benefits of the revenue from the salt tax to a consortium of creditors. Pledging the income from the Salt Office becomes a staple of the city's finance.[4]

Religion

Births

Deaths

Other

  • 1187 Is the name of a modification to Half-Life 2, that was released in 2010.

References

  1. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  2. ^ Enn Tarvel (2007). Sigtuna hukkumine. Haridus, 2007 (7-8), p 38–41
  3. ^ Colombani, Philippe (2010). Héros corses du Moyen Age. Ajaccio: Albiana. p. 173. ISBN 978-2-84698-338-9.
  4. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.

http://www.moddb.com/mods/1187

1180s in England

Events from the 1180s in England.

Battle of Cresson

The Battle of Cresson was a small battle, fought on 1 May 1187 at the springs of Cresson, or 'Ain Gozeh, near Nazareth. It was a prelude to the decisive defeat of the Kingdom of Jerusalem at the Battle of Hattin two months later.

Battle of Hattin

The Battle of Hattin took place on 4 July 1187, between the Crusader states of the Levant and the forces of the Ayyubid sultan Salah ad-Din, known in the West as Saladin. It is also known as the Battle of the Horns of Hattin, from a nearby extinct volcano.

The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Muslims once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and most of the other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin.

Chutiya Kingdom

The Chutiya Kingdom, (pronounced Sutia) (চুতীয়া in Assamese) (1187-1673), also known as Chutia, Sutiya or Sadiya, was a state established by one of the Chutiya chieftains named Birpal in 1187 CE in the areas comprising the present-day Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Birpal was one of the numerous Chutiya chieftains/rajas (who ruled Upper Assam and Arunachal) and initially ruled parts of present-day Arunachal Pradesh. Over the years he and his successors united all the hill and plain Chutiya kings of Assam as well as Arunachal Pradesh to form the greater Chutiya kingdom after the fall of Pala dominance. It was the largest kingdom in Assam after the fall of Kamrupa and before the rise of Ahom kingdom. The kingdom absorbed the ancient Pala dynasty of Kamarupa and reigned for over 400 years in eastern Assam and Arunachal Pradesh with its capital at Sadiya and Ratnapur. It became the dominant power in eastern Assam in the 12th century and remained so until the 16th century with its domain from Parshuram Kund in the east to Vishwanath in the west and in the process of its expansion had absorbed many local communities and tribes.

It controlled the present Assam districts of Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Tinsukia, parts of Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Sonitpur and East Siang, Subansiri, Lower Dibang, Lohit districts of Arunachal Pradesh.Among the Chutiya kings was Gaurinarayan (Ratnadhwajpal), son of Birpal. He brought many other Chutiya groups into his kingdom. In 1224, Ratnadhwajpal defeated another Chutiya king named Bhadrasena, the king of Swetagiri, and conquered the area between Subansiri and Sissi rivers, i.e. present-day Dhemaji district. In 1228, he went on another campaign to further expand his kingdom and subjugate the Chutiya king Nyayapal (ruling the areas between Biswanath and Subansiri,i.e. present-day Biswanath and Lakhimpur districts) and marched toward Kamatapur, where he formed an alliance with the Kamata ruler by marrying a princess. Then he marched to Dhaka, and made friends with the Gauda ruler. The hostilities with the Ahoms began when the Chutiya Kingdom expanded to the south during which the Ahom king, Sutuphaa, was killed by the Chutiya king during a friendly negotiation. This conflict triggered a number of battles between the two sides which saw the great loss of men and money. The simmering dispute often flared till 1524 when the Ahoms struck the Chutiya Kingdom at its weakest state, took Sadiya and killed the then king, Nityapal. The Ahoms established their rule by instituting the position of Sadiyakhowa Gohain, a newly constituted position of frontier-governor in charge of Sadiya. But the Chutiya had dispersed to frontier regions, and continued raids against the Ahoms. It finally ended in 1673 when they fell under the domination of the Ahoms.

December 1187 papal election

The papal election of December 1187 (held December 19) was convoked after the death of Pope Gregory VIII. It resulted in the election of Cardinal Paolo Scolari, who took the name of Clement III.

Emperor Gaozong of Song

Emperor Gaozong of Song (12 June 1107 – 9 November 1187), personal name Zhao Gou, courtesy name Deji, was the tenth emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the first emperor of the Southern Song dynasty.

He was the ninth son of Emperor Huizong and a younger half-brother of Emperor Qinzong. In 1127, during the wars between the Song dynasty and Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, the Song capital Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng) fell to Jin forces in an event historically known as the Jingkang Incident. Emperors Huizong and Qinzong were taken prisoner by the Jurchens, while Zhao Gou managed to escape to southern China. He reestablished the Song dynasty (as the Southern Song dynasty) in Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou) and was proclaimed emperor. He reigned from 1127 until 1162, when he abdicated the throne in favour of his adopted son Zhao Shen (Emperor Xiaozong), and became a Taishang Huang ("Retired Emperor") until his death in 1187. He was a capable ruler who brought stability to the Song but was criticized for executing Yue Fei.

He was the last descendant of Emperor Taizong to become emperor; subsequent Song emperors were descendants of Emperor Taizu.

Ibn 'Adlan

ʻAlī ibn ʻAdlān (Arabic: علي بن عدلان‎; 1187–1268 CE),born in Mosul, was an Arab cryptologist, linguist and poet who is best known for his early contributions to Cryptanalysis for which he dedicated more than one book. He was also involved in literature and poetry.Ibn 'Adlan was educated in Baghdad and lived in Damascus and Cairo.

List of elections in 1187

The following elections occurred in the year 1187.

Papal election, October 1187

Papal election, December 1187

Louis VIII of France

Louis VIII (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226), called the Lion (French: le Lion), was King of France from 1223 to 1226, the eighth from the House of Capet. From 1216 to 1217, he also claimed to be King of England. Louis was the only surviving son of King Philip II of France by his first wife, Isabelle of Hainaut, from whom he inherited the County of Artois.

While Louis VIII only briefly reigned as king of France, he was an active leader in his years as crown prince. During the First Barons' War of 1215–17 against King John of England, his military prowess earned him the epithet the Lion. After his victory at the Battle of Roche-au-Moine in 1214, he invaded southern England and was proclaimed "King of England" by rebellious barons in London on the 2 June 1216. He was never crowned, however, and renounced his claim after being excommunicated and repelled. In 1217, Louis started the conquest of Guyenne, leaving only a small region around Bordeaux to Henry III of England.

Louis's short reign was marked by an intervention using royal forces into the Albigensian Crusade in southern France that decisively moved the conflict towards a conclusion. He was the first Capetian king to grant appanages to his younger sons on a large scale. He died in 1226 and was succeeded by his son Louis IX.

NGC 1187

NGC 1187 is a spiral galaxy located about 60 million light-years away in the constellation of Eridanus. NGC 1187 has hosted two supernova explosions since the 1980s. In October 1982, the first supernova seen in NGC 1187 — SN 1982R was discovered at La Silla Observatory and, in 2007, the amateur astronomer Berto Monard in South Africa spotted another supernova in this galaxy — SN 2007Y.

NGC 68

NGC 68 is a lenticular galaxy, and the central member of the NGC 68 group, in the constellation Andromeda. The galaxy was discovered on September 11, 1784, by William Herschel, who observed the NGC 68 group as a single object and described it as "extremely faint, large, 3 or 4 stars plus nebulosity". As such, his reported location is between NGC 68, NGC 70, and NGC 71. By the time Dreyer looked at the galaxies to add to the NGC catalog, however, he was able to tell that the single galaxy observed by Herschel was in fact 3 adjacent galaxies, and cataloged them as NGC 68, NGC 70, and NGC 71.

October 1187 papal election

The papal election of October 1187 (held October 21) was convoked after the death of Pope Urban III. It resulted in the election of Cardinal Alberto Sartori di Morra, who took the name of Gregory VIII.

Pope Gregory VIII

Pope Gregory VIII (Latin: Gregorius VIII; c. 1100/1105 – 17 December 1187), born Alberto di Morra, reigned from 21 October to his death in 1187.

Pope Urban III

Pope Urban III (Latin: Urbanus III; died 20 October 1187), born Uberto Crivelli, reigned from 25 November 1185 to his death in 1187.

Siege of Jerusalem (1187)

The Siege of Jerusalem was a siege on the city of Jerusalem that lasted from September 20 to October 2, 1187, when Balian of Ibelin surrendered the city to Saladin. Though Jerusalem fell, it was not the end of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, as the capital shifted first to Tyre and later to Acre after the Third Crusade. Latin Christians responded in 1189 by launching the Third Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart, Philip Augustus, and Frederick Barbarossa separately.

Siege of Tyre (1187)

The Siege of Tyre took place from November 12, 1187 to January 1, 1188. An army commanded by Saladin made an amphibious assault on the city, defended by Conrad of Montferrat. After two months of continuous struggle, Saladin dismissed his army and retreated to Acre.

USS Tuscaloosa (LST-1187)

USS Tuscaloosa (LST-1187), the ninth of the Newport-class tank landing ships, and the second ship of the United States Navy to be named after the city of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The first Tuscaloosa USS Tuscaloosa was a heavy cruiser "1934-1946", and was also named after the city namesake of Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Tuscaloosa (LST-1187) was laid down on 23 November 1968 at San Diego, California by the National Steel and Shipbuilding Co. She was launched on 6 September 1969 sponsored by Mrs. Thomas F. Connolly and commissioned on 24 October 1970 with Commander Harry W. Kinsley Jr. in command.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1187

United Nations Security Council resolution 1187, adopted unanimously on 30 July 1998, after reaffirming all resolutions on Georgia, particularly Resolution 1150 (1998), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) until 31 January 1999, and discussed recent hostilities in the country.The Security Council was concerned at the tense situation in the districts of Zugdidi and Gali and the risk of fighting. Neither Abkhazia nor Georgia were willing to renounce violence or seek a serious peaceful solution.

There was concern at the resumption of hostilities in May 1998 and both parties were called upon to observe the Agreement on a Cease-fire and Separation of Forces (Moscow Agreement) and other agreements. The parties were asked to establish a joint mechanism to investigate and prevent acts that violate the Moscow Agreement and terrorist acts. The Council reaffirmed the right of all displaced persons and refugees, of which there were a significant number, to return home safely in accordance with international law. In this manner, the deliberate destruction of houses and expulsion of people by the Abkhaz side was condemned, and demographic changes as a result of the conflict were unacceptable.

The parties were summoned immediately to achieve results in the negotiations on key issues. Furthermore, the resolution condemned violence against UNOMIG observers, the re-laying of land mines and attacks by armed groups in the Gali region. There was also concern at a mass media campaign launched in Abkhazia and the harassment of UNOMIG personnel and Abkhazia was called upon to cease such acts. UNOMIG's mandate was extended, subject to a review of the Council and of any changes to the mandate of the Commonwealth of Independent States peacekeeping force which was also present in Georgia.Finally, the Secretary-General Kofi Annan was required to keep the Council informed on developments in the region and matters relating to UNOMIG's mandate; a review of its mandate would take place.

Val-Saint-Lambert Abbey

Val-Saint-Lambert Abbey (French: Abbaye du Val-Saint-Lambert) was a Cistercian abbey in the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. It is situated in the Walloon municipality of Seraing on the right bank of the Meuse, in Belgium, about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) southwest of Liege. Founded in 1202, the abbey's monks were expelled during the French Revolution. In the 19th century, the building ruins were converted into the Val Saint Lambert crystal factory. The structure is considered to be an important example of Cistercian architecture.

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