1183

Year 1183 (MCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1183 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1183
MCLXXXIII
Ab urbe condita1936
Armenian calendar632
ԹՎ ՈԼԲ
Assyrian calendar5933
Balinese saka calendar1104–1105
Bengali calendar590
Berber calendar2133
English Regnal year29 Hen. 2 – 30 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1727
Burmese calendar545
Byzantine calendar6691–6692
Chinese calendar壬寅(Water Tiger)
3879 or 3819
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3880 or 3820
Coptic calendar899–900
Discordian calendar2349
Ethiopian calendar1175–1176
Hebrew calendar4943–4944
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1239–1240
 - Shaka Samvat1104–1105
 - Kali Yuga4283–4284
Holocene calendar11183
Igbo calendar183–184
Iranian calendar561–562
Islamic calendar578–579
Japanese calendarJuei 2
(寿永2年)
Javanese calendar1090–1091
Julian calendar1183
MCLXXXIII
Korean calendar3516
Minguo calendar729 before ROC
民前729年
Nanakshahi calendar−285
Seleucid era1494/1495 AG
Thai solar calendar1725–1726
Tibetan calendar阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1309 or 928 or 156
    — to —
阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1310 or 929 or 157

Events

Births

Deaths

1180s in England

Events from the 1180s in England.

1183 in Ireland

Events from the year 1183 in Ireland.

Alexios II Komnenos

Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Medieval Greek: Αλέξιος Β′ Κομνηνός, translit. Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond of Poitiers, prince of Antioch. He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy.

Basil II of Constantinople

Basil II Kamateros (Greek: Βασίλειος Καματηρός), (? – after 1186) was the Patriarch of Constantinople from August 1183 to February 1186.

Basil was a member of the Kamateros family, which provided a number of leading officials in the 12th century. He initially served under Manuel I Komnenos (r. 1143–1180) as a diplomat, but after a disastrous mission in Italy, he fell out of favour and was banished. His fortunes revived under Andronikos I Komnenos (r. 1183–1185), who had also been exiled by Manuel.At the time, Andronikos was having trouble with Patriarch Theodosios Boradiotes, who opposed the emperor on a number of issues. These were the projected marriage of his illegitimate daughter Eirene to Alexios, the illegitimate son of Manuel I, although they were close relatives, as well as the expulsion of the Empress-Dowager Maria of Antioch from the Great Palace. Theodosius was forced to abdicate and replaced by Basil.Basil immediately complied with Andronikos' wishes, clearing the path for the marriage and even absolving the murderers of the young emperor Alexios II Komnenos (r. 1180–1183). After Andronikos was overthrown and executed in September 1185 however, Basil failed to ingratiate himself with the new emperor Isaac II Angelos (r. 1185–1195 and 1203–1204), despite officiating at his coronation. He was deposed and condemned by a synod for his approval of Eirene's and Alexios' marriage. Nothing further is known of him after that.

Battle of Al-Fule

In the campaign and Battle of Al-Fule (in Crusader terms La Fève, Latin Castrum Fabe), a Crusader force led by Guy of Lusignan skirmished with Saladin's Ayyubid army for more than a week in September and October 1183. The fighting ended on 6 October with Saladin choosing to withdraw.

Cairo Citadel

The Saladin Citadel of Cairo (Arabic: قلعة صلاح الدين‎ Qalaʿat Salāḥ ad-Dīn) is a medieval Islamic fortification in Cairo, Egypt. The location, on Mokattam hill near the center of Cairo, was once famous for its fresh breeze and grand views of the city. It is now a preserved historic site, with mosques and museums. In 1976, it was proclaimed by UNESCO as a part of the World Heritage Site Historic Cairo (Islamic Cairo) which was "the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century."

Chagatai Khan

Chagatai Khan (Mongolian: Цагадай, Tsagadai; Chinese: 察合台, Chágětái; Turkish: Çağatay; Persian: جغتای‎, Joghatai; 22 December 1183 – 1 July 1242) was the second son of Genghis Khan. He was Khan of the Chagatai Khanate from 1226-1242 C.E. The Chagatai language and Chagatai Turks take their names from him. He inherited most of what are now the five Central Asian states after the death of his father. He was also appointed by Genghis Khan to oversee the execution of the Yassa, the written code of law created by Genghis Khan, though that lasted only until Genghis Khan was crowned Khan of the Mongol Empire. The Empire later came to be known as the Chagatai Khanate, a descendant empire of the Mongol Empire. Chagatai Khan was considered hot-headed and somewhat temperamental by his relatives, because of his attitude of non-acceptance of Jochi as Great Khan. He was the most vocal about this issue among his relations. Chaghatai is in some stories held responsible for the death of Jochi and Genghis Khan. At any rate, he was animated by the soldier-like spirit of his father, and succeeded in keeping order among as heterogeneous a population as a kingdom was ever composed of.

De bello Troiano

Daretis Phrygii Ilias De bello Troiano ("The Iliad of Dares the Phrygian: On the Trojan War") is an epic poem in Latin, written around 1183 by the English poet Joseph of Exeter. It tells the story of the ten year Trojan War as it was known in medieval western Europe. The ancient Greek epic on the subject, the Iliad, was inaccessible; instead, the sources available included the fictional "diaries" of Dictys of Crete and Dares of Phrygia. When Joseph's text was printed for the first time in 1541, it was actually erroneously attributed to Dares of Phrygia, announced as the long-lost verse version of his story (quibus multis seculis caruimus – which we lacked for many centuries) supposedly put into Latin hexameters by Nepos.

Duchy of Brabant

The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1482, until it was partitioned after the Dutch revolt.

Present-day North Brabant (Staats-Brabant) was adjudicated to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, while the reduced duchy remained part of the Southern Netherlands until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794. Today all the duchy's former territories, apart from exclaves, are in Belgium except for the Dutch province of North Brabant.

Henry the Young King

Henry the Young King (28 February 1155 – 11 June 1183) was the eldest surviving son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Beginning in 1170, he was titular King of England, Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou and Maine. Henry the Young King was the only King of England since the Norman Conquest to be crowned during his father's reign, but spent his reign frustrated by his father's refusal to grant him meaningful autonomous power. He died aged 28, six years before his father, leaving his brother Richard to become the next king.

Juei

Juei (寿永) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Yōwa and before Genryaku. This period spanned the years from May 1182 through March 1184. The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇).

Margaret of Navarre

Margaret of Navarre (French: Marguerite, Spanish: Margarita, Italian: Margherita) (c. 1135 – 12 August 1183) was the queen consort of the Kingdom of Sicily during the reign of William I (1154–1166) and the regent during the minority of her son, William II.

Otto I, Duke of Bavaria

Otto I (1117 – 11 July 1183), called the Redhead (German: der Rotkopf), was Duke of Bavaria from 1180 until his death. He was also called Otto VI as Count Palatine of Bavaria from 1156 to 1180. He was the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach, a dynasty which reigned until the abdication of King Ludwig III of Bavaria in the German Revolution of 1918.

Peter I of Courtenay

Peter I of Courtenay (September 1126 – 10 April 1183) was the youngest son of Louis VI of France and his second wife, Adélaide de Maurienne. He was the father of the Latin Emperor Peter II of Courtenay.Peter was born in France and died in Palestine. In about 1150, he married Elizabeth de Courtenay (1127 – September 1205), the daughter of Renaud de Courtenay and Hawise du Donjon, thus starting the Capetian line of the House of Courtenay.Rumor has it that he is buried in a tomb in the floor of Exeter Cathedral, next to Elizabeth, however no physical evidence currently exists and the Historians at the Cathedral can find no documentation to support this rumor. The couple had ten children:

Phillip (1153 – before 1186)

Peter II, Latin Emperor of Constantinople (c. 1155 to 1218)

Unnamed daughter (c. 1156 – ?)

Alice (died 12 February 1218), married Count Aymer of Angoulême

Eustachia (1162–1235), married firstly William of Brienne, son of Erard II of Brienne and of Agnès of Montfaucon, secondly William of Champlitte

Clémence (1164 – ?)

Robert, Seigneur of Champignelles (1166–1239), married in 1217 Mathilde of Mehun (d. 1240). Their eldest son was Peter of Courtenay, Lord of Conches.

William, Seigneur of Tanlay (1168 – before 1248)

Isabella (1169 – after 1194)

Constance (after 1170–1231)

Siege of Kerak

The Siege of Kerak took place in 1183, with Saladin's forces attacking and being repelled from the Crusader stronghold.

Theodosius I of Constantinople

Theodosius I Borradiotes (Greek: Θεοδόσιος Α΄ Βορραδιώτης; b. Antioch – d. after 1183 in Constantinople) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1179 to 1183.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1183

United Nations Security Council resolution 1183, adopted unanimously on 15 July 1998, after recalling previous resolutions on Croatia including resolutions 779 (1992), 981 (1995) and 1147 (1998), the Council authorised the United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) to continue monitoring the demilitarisation in the Prevlaka peninsula area of Croatia until 15 January 1999.The Secretary-General Kofi Annan had reported positive developments in the situation. Both the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and Croatia had made proposals and initiatives to resolve the dispute. There were long-standing violations of the demilitarisation regime concerning demining activities and restrictions on the freedom of movement of United Nations personnel, therefore the continued presence of the observers was required.

The parties were urged to fully implement an agreement on the normalisation of their relations, cease violations of the demilitarisation regime, reduce tension and to ensure freedom of movement to United Nations observers. The Secretary-General was requested to report to the Council on the situation by 15 October 1998 concerning progress towards a peaceful solution of the dispute between Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro. Finally, the Stabilisation Force, authorised in Resolution 1088 (1996) and extended by Resolution 1174 (1998), was required to co-operate with UNMOP.

Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board

The Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board, formerly the Washington State Liquor Control Board, is an administrative agency of the State of Washington. The Liquor and Cannabis Board is part of the executive branch and reports to the Governor. The board's primary function is the licensing of on and off premises establishments which sell any type of alcohol, and the enforcement and education of the state's alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis laws.

In November 2011, citizen's initiative 1183 was passed to end the state monopoly on liquor sales that has held since the end of prohibition, beginning June 1, 2012. State and local government revenues are projected to increase by $42 million and $38 million respectively over the next six years as a result along with a 48 percent increase in alcohol consumption.In November 2012, citizen's initiative 502 was passed legalizing the recreational use of cannabis and assigning regulation of the cannabis industry to the then Liquor Control Board. The board's name was officially changed to reflect the addition of cannabis effective July 24, 2015.

William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester

William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (died 1183) was the son and heir of Sir Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester, and Mabel FitzRobert of Gloucester, daughter of Robert Fitzhamon and nephew of Empress Matilda.

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