1167

Year 1167 (MCLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1167 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1167
MCLXVII
Ab urbe condita1920
Armenian calendar616
ԹՎ ՈԺԶ
Assyrian calendar5917
Balinese saka calendar1088–1089
Bengali calendar574
Berber calendar2117
English Regnal year13 Hen. 2 – 14 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1711
Burmese calendar529
Byzantine calendar6675–6676
Chinese calendar丙戌(Fire Dog)
3863 or 3803
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
3864 or 3804
Coptic calendar883–884
Discordian calendar2333
Ethiopian calendar1159–1160
Hebrew calendar4927–4928
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1223–1224
 - Shaka Samvat1088–1089
 - Kali Yuga4267–4268
Holocene calendar11167
Igbo calendar167–168
Iranian calendar545–546
Islamic calendar562–563
Japanese calendarNin'an 2
(仁安2年)
Javanese calendar1074–1075
Julian calendar1167
MCLXVII
Korean calendar3500
Minguo calendar745 before ROC
民前745年
Nanakshahi calendar−301
Seleucid era1478/1479 AG
Thai solar calendar1709–1710
Tibetan calendar阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1293 or 912 or 140
    — to —
阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1294 or 913 or 141

Events

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Vigueur, Jean-Claude Maire (2010). L'autre Rome: Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. p. 315. ISBN 978-2-84734-719-7.
  2. ^ Sager, Peter (2005). Oxford and Cambridge: An Uncommon History. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 36. ISBN 0500512493.
1160s in England

Events from the 1160s in England.

1167 in Ireland

Events from the year 1167 in Ireland.

Alaungsithu

Alaungsithu or Sithu I (Burmese: အလောင်းစည်သူ [ʔəláʊɴ sìðù]; also Cansu I; 1090–1167) was king of Pagan Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1112/13 to 1167. Sithu's reign was a prosperous one in which Pagan was an integral part of in-land and maritime trading networks. Sithu engaged in a massive building campaign throughout the kingdom, which included colonies, forts and outposts at strategic locations to strengthen the frontiers, ordination halls and pagodas for the support of religion, as well as reservoirs, dams and other land improvements to assist the farmers. He also introduced standardized weights and measures throughout the country to assist administration as well as trade. He presided over the beginning of a transition away from the Mon culture toward the expression of a distinctive Burman style.

Sithu is remembered a peripatetic king who traveled extensively throughout his realm, built monuments and nurtured Theravada Buddhism with acts of piety.

Basava

Basavanna (ಬಸವಣ್ಣ) was a 12th-century Hindu philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet in the Shiva-focussed Bhakti movement and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India.Basavanna spread social awareness through his poetry, popularly known as Vachanaas. Basavanna rejected gender or social discrimination, superstitions and rituals such as the wearing of sacred thread, but introduced Ishtalinga necklace, with an image of the Shiva Liṅga, to every person regardless of his or her birth, to be a constant reminder of one's bhakti (devotion) to Shiva. As the chief minister of his kingdom, he introduced new public institutions such as the Anubhava Mantapa (or, the "hall of spiritual experience"), which welcomed men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to discuss spiritual and mundane questions of life, in open.The traditional legends and hagiographic texts state Basava to be the founder of the Lingayats. However, modern scholarship relying on historical evidence such as the Kalachuri inscriptions state that Basava was the poet philosopher who revived, refined and energized an already existing tradition. The Basavarajadevara Ragale (13 out of 25 sections are available) by the Kannada poet Harihara (c.1180) is the earliest available account on the life of the social reformer and is considered important because the author was a near contemporary of his protagonist. A full account of Basava's life and ideas are narrated in a 13th-century sacred Telugu text, the Basava Purana by Palkuriki Somanatha.Basava literary works include the Vachana Sahitya in Kannada Language. He is also known as Bhaktibhandari (literally, the treasurer of devotion), Basavanna (elder brother Basava) or Basaveswara (Lord Basava).

Battle of Sirmium

The Battle of Sirmium or Battle of Zemun (Hungarian: zimonyi csata) was fought on July 8, 1167 between the Byzantine Empire (also known as Eastern Roman Empire), and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Byzantines achieved a decisive victory, forcing the Hungarians to sue for peace on Byzantine terms. The battle consolidated Byzantine control of the western Balkans.

Battle of al-Babein

The Battle of al-Babein took place on March 18, 1167, during the third Crusader invasion of Egypt. King Amalric I of Jerusalem, and a Zengid army under Shirkuh, both hoped to take the control of Egypt over from the Fatimid Caliphate. Saladin served as Shirkuh’s highest-ranking officer in the battle. The result was a tactical draw between the forces, however The Crusaders failed to gain access to Egypt.

Charles VII of Sweden

Charles VII or Carl (Swedish: Karl Sverkersson; c. 1130 – 12 April 1167) was ruler of Götaland, and then King of Sweden from c. 1161 to 1167, when he was assassinated.

He is the first historically known king of Sweden by the name of Charles, but use of the ordinal VII is widespread.

Empress Matilda

Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 1102 – 10 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy. The daughter of King Henry I of England, she moved to Germany as a child when she married the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. She travelled with her husband into Italy in 1116, was controversially crowned in St. Peter's Basilica, and acted as the imperial regent in Italy. Matilda and Henry had no children, and when Henry died in 1125, the crown was claimed by Lothair II, one of his political enemies.

Meanwhile, Matilda's younger brother, William Adelin, died in the White Ship disaster of 1120, leaving England facing a potential succession crisis. On Emperor Henry V's death, Matilda was recalled to Normandy by her father, who arranged for her to marry Geoffrey of Anjou to form an alliance to protect his southern borders. Henry I had no further legitimate children and nominated Matilda as his heir, making his court swear an oath of loyalty to her and her successors, but the decision was not popular in the Anglo-Norman court. Henry died in 1135, but Matilda and Geoffrey faced opposition from the Norman barons and were unable to pursue their claims. The throne was instead taken by Matilda's cousin Stephen of Blois, who enjoyed the backing of the English Church. Stephen took steps to solidify his new regime but faced threats both from neighbouring powers and from opponents within his kingdom.

In 1139, Matilda crossed to England to take the kingdom by force, supported by her half-brother, Robert of Gloucester, and her uncle, King David I of Scotland, while Geoffrey focused on conquering Normandy. Matilda's forces captured Stephen at the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, but the Empress's attempt to be crowned at Westminster collapsed in the face of bitter opposition from the London crowds. As a result of this retreat, Matilda was never formally declared Queen of England, and was instead titled the Lady of the English. Robert was captured following the Rout of Winchester in 1141, and Matilda agreed to exchange him for Stephen. Matilda became trapped in Oxford Castle by Stephen's forces that winter, and was forced to escape across the frozen River Isis at night to avoid capture. The war degenerated into a stalemate, with Matilda controlling much of the south-west of England, and Stephen the south-east and the Midlands. Large parts of the rest of the country were in the hands of local, independent barons.

Matilda returned to Normandy, now in the hands of her husband, in 1148, leaving her eldest son to continue the campaign in England; he eventually succeeded to the throne as Henry II in 1154. She settled her court near Rouen and for the rest of her life concerned herself with the administration of Normandy, acting on Henry's behalf when necessary. Particularly in the early years of her son's reign, she provided political advice and attempted to mediate during the Becket controversy. She worked extensively with the Church, founding Cistercian monasteries, and was known for her piety. She was buried under the high altar at Bec Abbey after her death in 1167.

German submarine U-1167

German submarine U-1167 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 2 April 1942, and was laid down on 2 March 1943, at Danziger Werft AG, Danzig, as yard number 139. She was launched on 28 August 1943, and commissioned under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans Roeder-Pesch on 29 December 1943.

KOI8-RU

KOI8-RU is an 8-bit character encoding, designed to cover Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian which use a Cyrillic alphabet. It is closely related to KOI8-R, which covers Russian and Bulgarian, but replaces ten graphic characters with five Ukrainian and Belarusian letters Ґ, Є, І, Ї, and Ў in both upper case and lower case. It is even more closely related to KOI8-U, which does not include Ў but otherwise makes the same replacements. The additional letter allocations are matched by KOI8-E, except for Ґ which is added to KOI8-F.

In IBM, KOI8-RU is assigned code page 1167.KOI8 remains much more commonly used than ISO 8859-5, which never really caught on. Another common Cyrillic character encoding is Windows-1251. In the future, both may eventually give way to Unicode.

KOI8 stands for Kod Obmena Informatsiey, 8 bit (Russian: Код Обмена Информацией, 8 бит) which means "Code for Information Exchange, 8 bit".

The KOI8 character sets have the property that the Russian Cyrillic letters are in pseudo-Roman order rather than the natural Cyrillic alphabetical order as in ISO 8859-5. Although this may seem unnatural, it has the useful property that if the eighth bit is stripped, the text can still be read (or at least deciphered) in case-reversed transliteration on an ordinary ASCII terminal. For instance, "Русский Текст" in KOI8-RU becomes rUSSKIJ tEKST ("Russian Text") if the 8th bit is stripped.

Lombard League

The Lombard League (Italian and Lombard: Lega Lombarda) was a medieval alliance formed in 1167, supported by the Pope, to counter the attempts by the Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperors to assert influence over the Kingdom of Italy as a part of the Holy Roman Empire. At its apex, it included most of the cities of Northern Italy, but its membership changed with time. With the death of the third and last Hohenstaufen emperor, Frederick II, in 1250, it became obsolete and was disbanded.

Narathu

Narathu (Burmese: နရသူ, pronounced [nəɹəðù]; 1118–1171) was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1167 to 1171. Narahthu ascended the throne after murdering his father King Alaungsithu and his elder brother Min Shin Saw. Narathu built the largest of all the Pagan temples, the Dhammayangyi. Nonetheless, his conduct greatly lowered the prestige of the dynasty, and he was deeply disfavored. The king was assassinated by the mercenaries sent by the chief of Pateikkaya in 1171.

Nur al-Din Madrasa

The Nur al-Din Madrasa (Arabic: المدرسة النورية‎, al-madrasa an-nũriyya) is a funerary madrasa in Damascus, Syria. It is in the Suq al-Khayattin, inside the city walls. It was built in 1167 by Nūr ad-Dīn Zangī, atabeg of Syria, who is buried there. The complex includes a mosque, a madrasa, and the mausoleum of the founder. It was the first such complex to be built in Damascus.

Obotrites

The Obotrites (Latin: Obotriti) or Obodrites, also spelled Abodrites (German: Abodriten), were a confederation of medieval West Slavic tribes within the territory of modern Mecklenburg and Holstein in northern Germany (see Polabian Slavs). For decades, they were allies of Charlemagne in his wars against the Germanic Saxons and the Slavic Veleti. The Obotrites under Prince Thrasco defeated the Saxons in the Battle of Bornhöved (798). The still heathen Saxons were dispersed by the emperor, and the part of their former land in Holstein north of Elbe was awarded to the Obotrites in 804, as a reward for their victory. This however was soon reverted through an invasion of the Danes. The Obotrite regnal style was abolished in 1167, when Pribislav was restored to power by Duke Henry the Lion, as Prince of Mecklenburg, thereby founding the German House of Mecklenburg.

Old Town, Kern County, California

Old Town (formerly, Williamsburg) is an unincorporated community in Kern County, California. It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) west-northwest of Tehachapi, at an elevation of 3829 feet (1167 m).The name Williamsburg honored James E. Williams, a businessman. A post office operated at Old Town from 1877 (being transferred from Tehichipa) to 1885.

Robert of Melun

Robert of Melun (c. 1100 – 27 February 1167) was an English scholastic Christian theologian who taught in France, and later became Bishop of Hereford in England. He studied under Peter Abelard in Paris before teaching there and at Melun, which gave him his surname. His students included John of Salisbury, Roger of Worcester, William of Tyre, and possibly Thomas Becket. Robert was involved in the Council of Reims in 1148, which condemned the teachings of Gilbert de la Porrée. Three of his theological works survive, and show him to have been strictly orthodox.

Robert returned to England in 1160, and was appointed Bishop of Hereford in 1163. King Henry II of England appointed him to the see, or bishopric, and was influenced in his decision by Pope Alexander III and Thomas Becket. Following his consecration, Robert became involved in the dispute between Becket and the king, during which he generally took the king's side. He also served as a papal and a royal judge.

Shwekyimyint Pagoda

Shwekyimyint Pagoda (Burmese: ရွှေကြီးမြင့်စေတီ) is a notable pagoda in Mandalay, Burma, located on 24th Street, between 82nd and 83rd Streets. It was built in 1167 by

Min Shin Saw, a prince from Pagan, who had come to the shores of the Aungbinle lake to cultivate rice. In the early 1900s, in one of its chapels, 40 images of Buddha found in the Mandalay Palace at the time of the British occupation in 1885 are kept for safe custody. A pagoda was built in 1852 over the older one. It is known for the Shweilnbin, an image of Gautama Buddha that was originally placed in the a pagoda built in Pagan by King Narapatisithu and consequently moved to other royal capitals.

Srungavarapukota

Srungavarapukota popularly known by its abbreviated form S.Kota is a neighbourhood in the district of Vizianagaram, India. S.Kota is located on Visakhapatnam - Araku road.

The town was upgraded from gram panchayat to Nagar Panchayat in the year 2011.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1167

United Nations Security Council resolution 1167, adopted unanimously on 14 May 1998, after recalling all resolutions on the situation in Tajikistan and along the Tajik-Afghan border, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) for a further six months until 15 November 1998.In the preamble of the resolution, it was noted that progress in the peace process was very slow, with violations of the ceasefire and a precarious situation in some parts of the country. Intensified contacts between the Government of Tajikistan and United Tajik Opposition (UTO) had helped to contain the crises.

The Security Council condemned renewed fighting in Tajikistan, calling upon all parties to implement peace and military agreements and the timetable proposed by the Commission on National Reconciliation including the appointment of UTO representatives to government positions. All measures were to be taken to create an environment to facilitate the holding of elections. The Tajik parties were also called upon to ensure the safety and security of UNMOT and peacekeeping forces from the Commonwealth of Independent States. Within three months of the adoption of the current resolution, the Secretary-General Kofi Annan was required to report on the implementation of Resolution 1167 and on all significant developments.

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