1164

Year 1164 (MCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1164 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1164
MCLXIV
Ab urbe condita1917
Armenian calendar613
ԹՎ ՈԺԳ
Assyrian calendar5914
Balinese saka calendar1085–1086
Bengali calendar571
Berber calendar2114
English Regnal year10 Hen. 2 – 11 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1708
Burmese calendar526
Byzantine calendar6672–6673
Chinese calendar癸未(Water Goat)
3860 or 3800
    — to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
3861 or 3801
Coptic calendar880–881
Discordian calendar2330
Ethiopian calendar1156–1157
Hebrew calendar4924–4925
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1220–1221
 - Shaka Samvat1085–1086
 - Kali Yuga4264–4265
Holocene calendar11164
Igbo calendar164–165
Iranian calendar542–543
Islamic calendar559–560
Japanese calendarChōkan 2
(長寛2年)
Javanese calendar1070–1072
Julian calendar1164
MCLXIV
Korean calendar3497
Minguo calendar748 before ROC
民前748年
Nanakshahi calendar−304
Seleucid era1475/1476 AG
Thai solar calendar1706–1707
Tibetan calendar阴水羊年
(female Water-Goat)
1290 or 909 or 137
    — to —
阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
1291 or 910 or 138

Events

By place

Africa

  • A commercial treaty grants access to Almohad-dominated ports to merchants from several European powers, including Marseille and Savona.[1]

Europe

By topic

Markets

  • The Republic of Venice imitates the Genoese example, and secures its loans against fiscal revenues, to obtain lower interest rates. In the first operation of this kind, the Republic obtains 1150 silver marci, for 12 years of the taxes levied on the Rialto market.[3]

Religion

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 125–126. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562.
  4. ^ The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church-Momticelli; S. Miranda
1160s in England

Events from the 1160s in England.

1164 in Ireland

Events from the year 1164 in Ireland.

Antipope Victor IV (1159–1164)

Victor IV (born Octavian or Octavianus: Ottaviano dei Crescenzi Ottaviani di Monticelli) (1095 – 20 April, 1164) was elected as a Ghibelline antipope in 1159, following the death of Pope Adrian IV and the election of Alexander III. His election was supported by the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. He took the name Victor IV, not accounting for Antipope Victor IV of 1138, whose holding of the papal office was deemed illegitimate.

Bashnouna

Bashnouna (died 19 May 1164) was an Egyptian saint and martyr.

According to his hagiography, Bashnouna was a monk in the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great in Scetes. He was arrested by the Fatimid authorities during the caliphate of Al-'Āḍid, and threatened to face death if he were not to convert to Islam. Having refused, Bashnouna was burned alive on 24 Pashons, 880 A.M. (19 May 1164 AD) His relics were buried at the Church of Saint Sergius in Cairo.

Battle of Harim

The Battle of Harim (Harenc) was fought on 12 August 1164 near Artah between the forces of Nur ad-Din Zangi and a combined army from the County of Tripoli, the Principality of Antioch, the Byzantine Empire and Armenia. Nur ad-Din won a crushing victory, capturing most of the leaders of the opposing army.

Crusader invasions of Egypt

The Crusader invasion of Egypt (1154–1169) was a series of campaigns undertaken by the Kingdom of Jerusalem to strengthen its position in the Levant by taking advantage of the weakness of Fatimid Egypt.

The war began as part of a succession crisis in the Fatimid Caliphate, which began to crumble under the pressure of Syria and the Crusader states. While one side called for help from Nur ad-Din Zangi, the other called for Crusader assistance. As the war progressed however it became a war of conquest. A number of Syrian campaigns into Egypt were stopped short of total victory by the aggressive campaigning of Amalric I of Jerusalem. Even so, the Crusaders generally speaking did not have things go their way, despite several sackings. A combined Byzantine-Crusader siege of Damietta failed in 1169, the same year that Salah ad-Din, also known as Saladin in the West, took power in Egypt as vizier. In 1171 Saladin became Sultan of Egypt and the Crusaders thereafter turned their attention to the defence of their Kingdom, which, despite being surrounded by Syria and Egypt, held for another 16 years. Later crusades tried to support the Kingdom of Jerusalem by targeting the danger that was Egypt, but to no avail.

Ein Elhamra

Ein Elhamra (Arabic: عين الحمرا‎) is a Syrian village located in Jisr al-Shughur Nahiyah in Jisr al-Shughur District, Idlib. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Ein Elhamra had a population of 1164 in the 2004 census.

Emperor Rokujō

Emperor Rokujō (六条天皇 Rokujō-tennō) (December 28, 1164 – August 23, 1176) was the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168.

Emperor Sutoku

Emperor Sutoku (崇徳天皇, Sutoku-tennō, July 7, 1119 – September 14, 1164) was the 75th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Sutoku's reign spanned the years from 1123 through 1142.

Fujiwara no Tadamichi

Fujiwara no Tadamichi (藤原 忠通, March 15, 1097 – March 13, 1164) was the eldest son of the Japanese regent (Kampaku) Fujiwara no Tadazane and a member of the politically powerful Fujiwara clan. He was the father of Fujiwara no Kanefusa and Jien.

In the Hōgen Rebellion of 1156, Tadamichi sided with the Emperor Go-Shirakawa, while his brother Fujiwara no Yorinaga sided with Emperor Sutoku.

German submarine U-1164

German submarine U-1164 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 14 October 1941, and was laid down on 11 December 1942, at Danziger Werft AG, Danzig, as yard number 136. She was launched on 3 July 1943, and commissioned under the command of Kapitänleutnant Fokko Schlömer on 27 October 1943.

Ibn Tumlus

Ibn Ṭumlūs (1164-1223) was a Valencian scholar whose interests ranged over medicine, philosophy, grammar and poetry. Today he is mainly known today for his work in logic. Ibn Ṭumlūs is known by his biographers under the name of Abū al-Ḥajjāj or Abū Isḥāq Yūsuf ibn Muhammed ibn Ṭumlūs. In Latin sources, he is known as Alhagiag Bin Thalmus.

Kosmos 1164

Kosmos 1164 (Russian: Космос 1164 meaning Cosmos 1164) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1980 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors, however due to a launch failure, it was never used for the purpose.

Kosmos 1164 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 00:53 UTC on 12 February 1980. The launch was unsuccessful and placed the satellite into low Earth orbit rather than the intended molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1980-013A. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 11700.It re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 12 February 1980, the same day it was launched.

List of Aragonese monarchs

This is a list of the kings and queens of Aragon. The Kingdom of Aragon was created sometime between 950 and 1035 when the County of Aragon, which had been acquired by the Kingdom of Navarre in the tenth century, was separated from Navarre in accordance with the will of King Sancho III (1004–35). In 1164, the marriage of the Aragonese princess Petronila (Kingdom of Aragon) and the Catalan count Ramon Berenguer IV (County of Barcelona) created a dynastic union from which what modern historians call the Crown of Aragon was born. In the thirteenth century the kingdoms of Valencia, Majorca and Sicily were added to the Crown, and in the fourteenth the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica. The Crown of Aragon continued to exist until 1713 when its separate constitutional systems (Catalan Constitutions, Aragon Fueros, and Furs of Valencia) were swept away in the Nueva Planta decrees at the end of the War of the Spanish Succession.

List of state highways in Louisiana (1150–1199)

The following is a list of state highways in the U.S. state of Louisiana designated in the 1150–1199 range.

All are owned and maintained by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (La DOTD) and were designated in the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering. All but four of the routes on this list are proposed for deletion as part of La DOTD's Road Transfer Program.

Rǫgnvaldr Óláfsson (fl. 1164)

Rǫgnvaldr Óláfsson, referred to in some texts as Reginald, was ruler of the Isle of Man for a brief period in 1164.

Rǫgnvaldr's father, Olave the Red was King of Man and the Isles from 1112–1152. Olave's son and Rǫgnvaldr's half-brother Godred the Black succeeded him to the title. However Godred's dictatorial style appears to have made him very unpopular with the Islesmen and the ensuing conflicts were the beginning of the end for Mann and The Isles as a coherent territory under the rule of a single magnate. The powerful barons of the isles began plotting with an emerging and forceful figure - Somerled, the self-styled Lord of Argyle. Somerled's parental origins are obscure, but it is known that he had married Ragnhildis, daughter of Olave the Red and Godred's half-sister. Godred engaged Somerled's forces in a naval battle in 1156. There was no clear victor, but it was subsequently agreed that Godred would remain the ruler of Mann, the northern Inner Hebrides and the Outer Hebrides, whilst Somerled's young sons would nominally control the southern Inner Hebrides, Kintyre and the islands of the Clyde under their father's supervision. Two years later Somerled's invasion of the Isle of Man caused Godred to flee to Norway, leaving the former as undisputed ruler of the entire realm.Somerled met his death in 1164 and at this point Godred re-took possession of his pre-1158 territories and the southern isles were distributed amongst Somerled's sons as previously agreed.

According to The Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys, Rǫgnvaldr took control of the Isle of Man for a brief time in 1164. However he was overcome by Godred, who resumed his kingship of the isle and the north isles, handing it on to his son Raghnall mac Gofraidh in 1187.

In the same year there was a battle at Ramsey between Reginald, brother of Godred, and the Manxmen, and through the treachery of a certain Viscount the Manxmen were put to flight and Reginald began to reign. On the fourth, day, however, Godred returned from Norway with a large body of troops, and seizing his brother, mutilated, and deprived him of his sight.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1164

United Nations Security Council resolution 1164, adopted unanimously on 29 April 1998, after reaffirming Resolution 696 (1991) and all subsequent resolutions on Angola, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA).The Security Council noted the progress made by the Angolan Government of Unity and National Reconciliation (GURN) and UNITA towards the implementation of aspects of the Lusaka Protocol, including the promulgation of a law granting special status to the leader of UNITA Jonas Savimbi, the appointment of UNITA governors, a list of ambassadors nominated by UNITA, the cessation of hostile radio broadcasts and the establishment of UNITA headquarters in the capital Luanda.The Angolan government and UNITA were called upon to implement all remaining obligations under the peace agreements and Security Council resolutions. The Council demanded that UNITA end delays and linkages to irrelevant issues, and the completion of the normalisation of state administration in the towns of Andulo and Bailundo. Attacks by UNITA on MONUA troops, Angolan authorities, police and civilians were strongly condemned, with MONUA urged to investigate a recent attack.

The resolution reiterated the recommendation of Secretary-General Kofi Annan to reduce the military component of MONUA, leaving one infantry company, helicopter unit, medical staff and 90 military observers remaining by 1 July 1998. At the same time, the number of police observers would gradually be increased to 83 to help with the normalisation of state authority throughout Angola and the training of the National Police. It concluded by asking countries to continue to enforce measures against UNITA, and for the Secretary-General to report by 17 June 1998 on the status of the peace process and recommendations for a future United Nations presence in Angola.

Yağıbasan

Yağıbasan (Nizamettin Yağıbasan) was a bey of Danishmends in the 12th century.

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