1157

Year 1157 (MCLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1157 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1157
MCLVII
Ab urbe condita1910
Armenian calendar606
ԹՎ ՈԶ
Assyrian calendar5907
Balinese saka calendar1078–1079
Bengali calendar564
Berber calendar2107
English Regnal yearHen. 2 – 4 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1701
Burmese calendar519
Byzantine calendar6665–6666
Chinese calendar丙子(Fire Rat)
3853 or 3793
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
3854 or 3794
Coptic calendar873–874
Discordian calendar2323
Ethiopian calendar1149–1150
Hebrew calendar4917–4918
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1213–1214
 - Shaka Samvat1078–1079
 - Kali Yuga4257–4258
Holocene calendar11157
Igbo calendar157–158
Iranian calendar535–536
Islamic calendar551–552
Japanese calendarHōgen 2
(保元2年)
Javanese calendar1063–1064
Julian calendar1157
MCLVII
Korean calendar3490
Minguo calendar755 before ROC
民前755年
Nanakshahi calendar−311
Seleucid era1468/1469 AG
Thai solar calendar1699–1700
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1283 or 902 or 130
    — to —
阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
1284 or 903 or 131

Events

Births

Deaths

In Music

1150s in England

Events from the 1150s in England.

1157 in Ireland

Events from the year 1157 in Ireland.

Ahmad Sanjar

Ahmad Sanjar (Persian: احمد سنجر; full name: Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah Abul-Harith Ahmad Sanjar ibn Malik-Shah) (b. 1085 – d. 8 May 1157) was the Seljuq ruler of Khorasan from 1097 until in 1118 when he became the Sultan of the Seljuq Empire, which he ruled as until his death in 1157.

Alfonso II of Aragon

Alfonso II (1–25 March 1157 – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and, as Alfons I, the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death. The eldest son of Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Queen Petronilla of Aragon, he was the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He was also Count of Provence, which he conquered from Douce II, from 1166 until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother, Ramon Berenguer III. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Alfonso VII of León and Castile

Alfonso VII (1 March 1105 – 21 August 1157), called the Emperor (el Emperador), became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. Alfonso, born Alfonso Raimúndez, first used the title Emperor of All Spain, alongside his mother Urraca, once she vested him with the direct rule of Toledo in 1116. Alfonso later held another investiture in 1135 in a grand ceremony reasserting his claims to the imperial title. He was the son of Urraca of León and Raymond of Burgundy, the first of the House of Ivrea to rule in the Iberian peninsula.

Alfonso was a dignified and somewhat enigmatic figure. His rule was characterised by the renewed supremacy of the western kingdoms of Christian Iberia over the eastern (Navarre and Aragón) after the reign of Alfonso the Battler. Though he sought to make the imperial title meaningful in practice to both Christian and Muslim populations, his hegemonic intentions never saw fruition. During his tenure, Portugal became de facto independent, in 1128, and was recognized as de jure independent, in 1143. He was a patron of poets, including, probably, the troubadour Marcabru.

Battle of Lake Huleh (1157)

In the Battle of Lake Huleh in June 1157, a Crusader army led by King Baldwin III of Jerusalem was ambushed and badly defeated by Nur ad-Din Zangi, the emir of Aleppo and Damascus. While the king and some fighting men escaped to a nearby castle, a large number were killed or made prisoner. The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem escaped worse damage when their adversary became ill and was unable to follow up his victory. The Hula Valley is located in the northeast part of modern-day Israel. At the time of the battle, the area belonged to the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Canute V of Denmark

Canute V Magnussen (Danish: Knud V Magnussen) (c. 1129 – 9 August 1157) was a King of Denmark from 1146 to 1157, as co-regent in shifting alliances with Sweyn III and Valdemar I. Canute was killed at the so-called Bloodfeast of Roskilde in 1157. Nothing certain is known about his person and character.

Constantine IV of Constantinople

Constantine IV Chliarenus (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Δ΄ Χλιαρηνός; died May 1157) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from November 1154 to 1156.

Es lebe der König, der Vater im Lande, BWV Anh. 11

Es lebe der König, der Vater im Lande (Long live the King, the father of the country), BWV Anh. 11, is a secular cantata by J. S. Bach to a text by Picander. The work was composed in Leipzig for the name day of the Elector of Saxony, and first performed in August 1732. The music is lost. Picander's text was published in Ernst-Schertzhaffte und Satyrische Gedichte, Teil IV (Leipzig, 1737).The first movement was likely used as a model for the opening chorus of Preise dein Glücke, gesegnetes Sachsen, BWV 215, a work which Bach composed at short notice in 1734. BWV 215 is scored for double choir and festive orchestra with trumpets and timpani.

The cantata is counted among the works for celebrations of the Leipzig University, Festmusiken zu Leipziger Universitätsfeiern.

Eystein II of Norway

Eystein Haraldsson (Old Norse: Eysteinn Haraldsson, Norwegian: Øystein Haraldsson); c.1125–1157) was king of Norway from 1142 to 1157. He ruled as co-ruler with his brothers, Inge Haraldsson and Sigurd Munn. He was killed in the power-struggle against his brother, Inge, in an early stage of the civil war era in Norway.

Falaki Shirvani

Abu Nizam Muhammad Falaki Shirvani (1107 in Shamakhi – 1157 in Shamakhi) was a Persian poet from Shirvan (today in Azerbaijan). His contemporary and rival was the famous Khaqani Shirvani.

John de Pageham

John de Pageham (or John of Pageham) was a medieval Bishop of Worcester.

Malaysia Federal Route 1157

Federal Route 1157, or Jalan Lepang Nering, is a federal road in Perak, Malaysia. The roads connects Ayer Panas to Kampung Baharu.

At most sections, the Federal Route 1157 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

Malaysia Federal Route 77

Federal Route 77, or Jalan Kroh, is a federal road in Perak, Malaysia. The roads connects Pengkalan Hulu town until Pengkalan Hulu Checkpoint of the Malaysia-Thailand Border. It is a main route to Betong, the southern gateway of Thailand.

Margraviate of Brandenburg

The Margraviate of Brandenburg (German: Markgrafschaft Brandenburg) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 that played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe.

Brandenburg developed out of the Northern March founded in the territory of the Slavic Wends. It derived one of its names from this inheritance, the March of Brandenburg (Mark Brandenburg). Its ruling margraves were established as prestigious prince-electors in the Golden Bull of 1356, allowing them to vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor. The state thus became additionally known as Electoral Brandenburg or the Electorate of Brandenburg (Kurbrandenburg or Kurfürstentum Brandenburg).

The House of Hohenzollern came to the throne of Brandenburg in 1415. In 1417, Frederick I moved its capital from Brandenburg an der Havel to Berlin. Under Hohenzollern leadership, Brandenburg grew rapidly in power during the 17th century and inherited the Duchy of Prussia. The resulting Brandenburg-Prussia was the predecessor of the Kingdom of Prussia, which became a leading German state during the 18th century. Although the electors' highest title was "King in/of Prussia", their power base remained in Brandenburg and its capital Berlin.

The Margraviate of Brandenburg ended with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. It was replaced after the Napoleonic Wars with the Prussian Province of Brandenburg in 1815. The Hohenzollern Kingdom of Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the creation of the German Empire in 1871. As Prussia was the legal predecessor of the united German Reich of 1871–1945, and as such a direct ancestor of the present-day Federal Republic of Germany, Brandenburg is one of the earliest linear ancestors of present-day Germany.

The Mark Brandenburg is still used informally today to refer to the present German state of Brandenburg.

Ramiro II of Aragon

Ramiro II (24 April 1086 – 16 August 1157), called the Monk, was King of Aragon from 1134 until withdrawing from public life in 1137 (although he used the royal title until his death). He was the youngest son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy.

Sweyn III of Denmark

Sweyn III Grathe (Danish: Svend III Grathe) (c. 1125 – 23 October 1157) was the King of Denmark between 1146 and 1157, in shifting alliances with Canute V and his own cousin Valdemar I. In 1157, the three agreed a tripartition of Denmark. Sweyn attempted to kill his rivals at the peace banquet, and was subsequently defeated by Valdemar I at the Battle of Grathe Heath and killed.

Theresa of Portugal, Countess of Flanders

Theresa of Portugal (Coimbra, c. 1151; – Veurne, 6 May 1218; Portuguese pronunciation: [tɨˈɾezɐ] or [ˈtɾezɐ]) was Countess of Flanders by marriage to Philip I, Count of Flanders, and Duchess of Burgundy by marriage to Odo III, Duke of Burgundy. She was the daughter of the Portuguese king Afonso I and Matilda of Savoy. She served as co-regent of Portugal with her brother during the illness of their father Afonso I of Portugal from 1172 until 1173, and regent of Flanders during the interim period after the death of her spouse and the accession of his heir.

Yuri Dolgorukiy

Yuri I Vladimirovich (Russian: Юрий Владимирович), known under his soubriquet Yuri Dolgorukiy (Russian: Юрий Долгорукий, literally "Yuri the Long-Armed"; also known in various accounts as Gyurgi, Dyurgi, or George I of Rus), (c. 1099 – 15 May 1157) was a Rurikid prince and founder of the city of Moscow. He reigned as Velikiy Kniaz (Grand Prince) of Kiev from September 1149 to April 1151 and then again from March 1155 to May 1157. Yuri played a key role in the transition of political power from Kiev to Suzdal following the death of his elder brother Mstislav the Great in 1132.

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