Year 1149 (MCXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1149 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1149
Ab urbe condita1902
Armenian calendar598
Assyrian calendar5899
Balinese saka calendar1070–1071
Bengali calendar556
Berber calendar2099
English Regnal year14 Ste. 1 – 15 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1693
Burmese calendar511
Byzantine calendar6657–6658
Chinese calendar戊辰(Earth Dragon)
3845 or 3785
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3846 or 3786
Coptic calendar865–866
Discordian calendar2315
Ethiopian calendar1141–1142
Hebrew calendar4909–4910
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1205–1206
 - Shaka Samvat1070–1071
 - Kali Yuga4249–4250
Holocene calendar11149
Igbo calendar149–150
Iranian calendar527–528
Islamic calendar543–544
Japanese calendarKyūan 5
Javanese calendar1055–1056
Julian calendar1149
Korean calendar3482
Minguo calendar763 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−319
Seleucid era1460/1461 AG
Thai solar calendar1691–1692
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1275 or 894 or 122
    — to —
(female Earth-Snake)
1276 or 895 or 123


By area



By topic


  • Genoa grants the benefits of a part of the city's fiscal revenues to a consortium of creditor called compera, the first example of the consolidation of public debt in medieval Europe.[2]




  1. ^ McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.
  2. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 25 (3): 506–562. doi:10.1080/07075332.2003.9641005.
1140s in England

Events from the 1140s in England.


Abu’l-Maymūn ‘Abd al-Majīd ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Mustanṣir al-Ḥāfiz li-Dīn-Allāh (Arabic: الحافظ‎; c. 1076 – 8 October 1149) was the eleventh Caliph of the Fāṭimids (r. 1130–1149)

Al-Ḥāfiz assumed the Caliphate as the cousin of the murdered al-Āmir (1101–1130). Al-Ḥāfiz ruled initially as a regent of al-Imam aṭ-Ṭayyib Abī al-Qāṣim as Wali al 'Ahd al-Muslimeen and then later as Amir al-Mumimeen/Caliph-Imam. The succession of al-Ḥāfiz was not uncontested - a group of Ismāʿīlī Shī‘ah recognized al-Āmir's son aṭ-Ṭayyib Abī al-Qāṣim as rightful heir, leading to a new schism called the Taiyabi Ismaili.

Battle of Inab

The Battle of Inab, also called Battle of Ard al-Hâtim or Fons Muratus, was fought on 29 June 1149, during the Second Crusade. The Zengid army of Atabeg Nur ad-Din Zangi destroyed the combined army of Prince Raymond of Antioch and the Hashshashin of Ali ibn-Wafa. The Principality of Antioch was subsequently pillaged and reduced in size as its eastern border was pushed west.

Berengaria of Barcelona

Berengaria of Barcelona (1116 – January 15, 1149), called in Spanish Berenguela de Barcelona, was Queen consort of Castile, León and Galicia. She was the daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona, and Douce I, Countess of Provence.On November 10/17 1128 in Saldaña, Berengaria married Alfonso VII, King of Castile, León and Galicia. Their children were:

Sancho III of Castile (1134–1158)

Ramon, living 1136, died in infancy

Ferdinand II of León (1137–1188)

Constance (c. 1138–1160), married Louis VII of France

Sancha (c. 1139–1179), married Sancho VI of Navarre

García (c. 1142–1145/6)

Alfonso (c. 1144–c. 1149)She died in Palencia, and was buried at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.


IBM code page 871 (CCSID 871) is an EBCDIC code page with full Latin-1-charset used in IBM mainframes. It is used in Iceland.

CCSID 1149 is the Euro currency update of code page/CCSID 871. Byte 9F is replacing ¤ with € in that code page.

IP over Avian Carriers

In computer networking, IP over Avian Carriers (IPoAC) is a proposal to carry Internet Protocol (IP) traffic by birds such as homing pigeons. IP over Avian Carriers was initially described in RFC 1149, a Request for Comments (RFC) issued by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), written by D. Waitzman, and released on April 1, 1990. It is one of several April Fools' Day Request for Comments.

Waitzman described an improvement of his protocol in RFC 2549, IP over Avian Carriers with Quality of Service (1 April 1999). Later, in RFC 6214—released on 1 April 2011, and 13 years after the introduction of IPv6—Carpenter and Hinden published Adaptation of RFC 1149 for IPv6.IPoAC has been successfully implemented, but for only nine packets of data, with a packet loss ratio of 55% (due to operator error), and a response time ranging from 3000 seconds (≈54 minutes) to over 6000 seconds (≈1.77 hours). Thus, this technology suffers from poor latency. Nevertheless, for large transfers, avian carriers are capable of high average throughput when carrying flash memory devices, effectively implementing a sneakernet. During the last 20 years, the information density of storage media and thus the bandwidth of an avian carrier has increased 3 times as fast as the bandwidth of the Internet. IPoAC may achieve bandwidth peaks of orders of magnitude more than the Internet when used with multiple avian carriers in rural areas. For example: If 16 homing pigeons are given eight 512 GB SD cards each, and take an hour to reach their destination, the throughput of the transfer would be 145.6 Gbit/s, excluding transfer to and from the SD cards.


JTAG (named after the Joint Test Action Group which codified it) is an industry standard for verifying designs and testing printed circuit boards after manufacture.

JTAG implements standards for on-chip instrumentation in electronic design automation (EDA) as a complementary tool to digital simulation. It specifies the use of a dedicated debug port implementing a serial communications interface for low-overhead access without requiring direct external access to the system address and data buses. The interface connects to an on-chip Test Access Port (TAP) that implements a stateful protocol to access a set of test registers that present chip logic levels and device capabilities of various parts.

The Joint Test Action Group formed in 1985 to develop a method of verifying designs and testing printed circuit boards after manufacture. In 1990 the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers codified the results of the effort in IEEE Standard 1149.1-1990, entitled Standard Test Access Port and Boundary-Scan Architecture.

The JTAG standards have been extended by many semiconductor chip manufacturers with specialized variants to provide vendor-specific features.

Jalan Sungai Klah

Jalan Sungai Klah, Federal Route 1149, is a federal road in Perak, Malaysia.

At most sections, the Federal Route 1149 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

List of peers 1140–1149

This page lists all peers who held extant titles between the years 1140 and 1149.

List of state highways in Louisiana (1100–1149)

The following is a list of state highways in the U.S. state of Louisiana designated in the 1100–1149 range.

All are owned and maintained by the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (La DOTD) and were designated in the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering. All but three of the routes on this list are proposed for deletion as part of La DOTD's Road Transfer Program.

Mafalda of Portugal (daughter of Afonso Henriques)

Mafalda of Portugal (1153, Coimbra – after 1162) was a Portuguese infanta, the fourth legitimate child and third daughter of Afonso Henriques (the first king of Portugal) and his wife Mafalda of Savoy.In January 1160, her father and Ramón Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, negotiated the marriage of Mafalda to Alfonso, future King Alfonso II of Aragon who at that time was three or four years old. After the death of Ramón Berenguer IV in the summer of 1162, King Ferdinand II of León convinced his widow, Queen Petronilla, to cancel the infante's wedding plans with Mafalda and for Alfonso to marry instead Sancha, daughter Alfonso VII of León and his second wife Queen Richeza of Poland.This did not compromise the establishment of long-lived good relations between Portugal and Aragon, since Mafalda's younger brother Infante Sancho (future Sancho I of Portugal) would marry Dulce Infanta of Aragon, sister of Alfonso II in 1174.

Messier 74

Messier 74 (also known as NGC 628 and Phantom Galaxy) is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces. It is at a distance of about 32 million light-years away from Earth. The galaxy contains two clearly defined spiral arms and is therefore used as an archetypal example of a grand design spiral galaxy. The galaxy's low surface brightness makes it the most difficult Messier object for amateur astronomers to observe. However, the relatively large angular size of the galaxy and the galaxy's face-on orientation make it an ideal object for professional astronomers who want to study spiral arm structure and spiral density waves. It is estimated that M74 is home to about 100 billion stars.

Mu'in ad-Din Unur

Mu'in ad-Din Unur al-Atabeki (Turkish: Muiniddin Üner; died August 28, 1149) was the Turkish ruler of Damascus in the mid-12th century.

Muhammad of Ghor

Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori (Persian: معز الدین محمد غوری‎), born Shihab ad-Din (1149 – March 15, 1206), also known as Muhammad of Ghor, was Sultan of the Ghurid Empire along with his brother Ghiyath ad-Din Muhammad from 1173 to 1202 and as the sole ruler from 1202 to 1206.

Mu'izz ad-Din was one of the greatest rulers of the Ghurid dynasty and is credited with laying the foundation of Muslim rule in the Indian subcontinent, which lasted for several centuries. He reigned over a territory spanning over parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, north India, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

Mu'izz ad-Din took the city of Ghazni in 1173 to avenge the death of his ancestor Muhammad ibn Suri at the hands of Mahmud of Ghazni and used it as a launching-pad for expansion into northern India. In the meantime, he assisted his brother Ghiyath in his contest with the Khwarazmian Empire for the lordship of Khorasan in Western Asia. In 1175, Mu'izz captured Multan from the Hamid Ludi dynasty, which were Muslim Pashtun, and also took Uch in 1175. He also annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186, the last haven of his Persianised rivals. After the death of Ghiyath in 1202, he became the successor of the Ghurid Empire and ruled until his assassination in 1206.

A confused struggle then ensued among the remaining Ghuri leaders, and the Khwarizmi were able to take over the Ghurid Sultanate in about 1215. Though the Ghurids' empire was short-lived, and petty Ghurid states remained in power until the arrival of the Timurids, Mu'izz's conquests laid the foundations of Muslim rule in India. Qutbu l-Din Aibak, a former slave (Mamluk) of Mu'izz, was the first Sultan of Delhi.

NGC 64

NGC 64 is a barred spiral galaxy discovered by Lewis Swift in 1886, and is located in the Cetus constellation.

Raymond of Poitiers

Raymond of Poitiers (c. 1099- 29 June 1149) was Prince of Antioch from 1136 to 1149. He was the younger son of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and his wife Philippa, Countess of Toulouse, born in the very year that his father the Duke began his infamous liaison with Dangereuse de Chatelherault.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Lleida

The Diocese of Lleida, known as the Diocese of Lerida in English, (Latin, Ilerdensis) is located in north-eastern Spain, in the province of Lleida, part of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The diocese forms part of the ecclesiastical province of Tarragona, and is thus suffragan to the Archdiocese of Tarragona.The diocese of Lleida was created in the 3rd century. After the Moorish conquest of Lleida in 716 the episcopal see was moved to Roda (until 1101) and then to Barbastro (1101–1149). The city of Lleida was conquered from the Moors by the Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona in 1149, and the see was again transferred to its original seat. The Bishop's Palace is located in Rambla d'Aragó.

Lleida is one of the most populous cities in Catalonia, built on the right bank of the River Segre, about 100 miles from Barcelona. The town is oriental in appearance, and its streets are narrow and crooked. The population in 1900 was 23,683. The old Byzantine-Gothic Cathedral, of which the ruins are to be seen on the citadel, dates from 1203. During the Middle Ages the University of Lleida was famous; in 1717 it was suppressed, and united with Cervera.

At present, Lleida is sede vacante, since its last bishop, Mgr. Francesc-Xavier Ciuraneta Aymí resigned on March 8, 2007. The diocese is under the temporary administration of Mgr. Xavier Salinas Viñals, Bishop of Tortosa.

USS Krishna (ARL-38)

USS Krishna (ARL-38) was one of 39 Achelous-class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Krishna (a deity worshiped across many traditions of Hinduism), she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name, and only one of three ships (along with USS Indra and the Civil War era gunboat USS Varuna) to be named after a Hindu deity.

Originally classified LST-1149, Krishna was reclassified ARL-38 on 14 August 1944; laid down 23 February 1945 by Chicago Bridge & Iron Company of Seneca, Illinois; launched 25 May 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Eva Best Smith; placed in reduced commission during transfer to Mobile, Alabama for conversion; and commissioned 3 December 1945 at Mobile, with Lieutenant Lyle E. Brown in command.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1149

United Nations Security Council resolution 1149, adopted unanimously on 27 January 1998, after reaffirming Resolution 696 (1991) and all subsequent resolutions on Angola, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) until 30 April 1998.The Security Council welcomed an agreement between the Government of Angola and UNITA for implementing the remaining tasks of the Lusaka Protocol. MONUA was recognised as playing a critical role at this stage in the peace process. The Secretary-General was instructed to submit a report no later than 13 March 1998 regarding the implementation of the timetable, the possible reorganisation of MONUA and recommendations on a United Nations presence after 30 April 1998.

After calling for all agreements to be implemented in a timely manner, the resolution stressed the need for Angolan law to be strengthened and to create a secure environment for United Nations and humanitarian personnel. UNITA in particular was called upon to refrain from actions that would lead to increased tensions or hinder the normalisation of state administration throughout the country, and to co-operate with MONUA. The Council reaffirmed its readiness to impose further measures, in accordance with Resolution 1127 (1997), if UNITA did not comply and allow access for verification activities.

Finally, the resolution concluded by stating that a summit meeting between the President of Angola José Eduardo dos Santos and the leader of UNITA Jonas Savimbi could reduce the tension and help the Angolan peace process.

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