1144

Year 1144 (MCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1144 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1144
MCXLIV
Ab urbe condita1897
Armenian calendar593
ԹՎ ՇՂԳ
Assyrian calendar5894
Balinese saka calendar1065–1066
Bengali calendar551
Berber calendar2094
English Regnal yearSte. 1 – 10 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1688
Burmese calendar506
Byzantine calendar6652–6653
Chinese calendar癸亥(Water Pig)
3840 or 3780
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3841 or 3781
Coptic calendar860–861
Discordian calendar2310
Ethiopian calendar1136–1137
Hebrew calendar4904–4905
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1200–1201
 - Shaka Samvat1065–1066
 - Kali Yuga4244–4245
Holocene calendar11144
Igbo calendar144–145
Iranian calendar522–523
Islamic calendar538–539
Japanese calendarKōji 3 / Ten'yō 1
(天養元年)
Javanese calendar1050–1051
Julian calendar1144
MCXLIV
Korean calendar3477
Minguo calendar768 before ROC
民前768年
Nanakshahi calendar−324
Seleucid era1455/1456 AG
Thai solar calendar1686–1687
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1270 or 889 or 117
    — to —
阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1271 or 890 or 118

Events

By area

Africa

Asia

Europe

By topic

Religion

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Picard C. (1997) La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, pp.76
  2. ^ Daniel Mallinus, La Yougoslavie, Éd. Artis-Historia, Brussels, 1988, D/1988/0832/27, p. 37–39.
  3. ^ Fletcher, R. A. (1987). "Reconquest and Crusade in Spain c. 1050-1150". Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5. 37: 31–47 [45]. JSTOR 3679149.
1140s in England

Events from the 1140s in England.

1144 in Ireland

Events from the year 1144 in Ireland.

1144 papal election

The papal election of 1144 followed the death of Pope Celestine II and resulted in the election of Pope Lucius II.

1145 papal election

The papal election of 1145 followed the death of Pope Lucius II and resulted in the election of Pope Eugene III, the first pope of the Order of Cistercians.

Commune of Rome

The Commune of Rome (Italian: Comune di Roma) was established in 1144 after a rebellion led by Giordano Pierleoni. Pierleoni led a people's revolt due to the increasing powers of the Pope and the entrenched powers of the nobility. The goal of the rebellion was to organize the government of Rome in a similar fashion to that of the previous Roman Republic. Pierleoni was named the "first Patrician of the Roman Commune", but was deposed in 1145.

Conchobar Ua Conchobair

Conchobar Ua Conchobair (Anglicised as Connor O'Connor), served as tánaiste of Connacht, fl. 1126–1144.

County of Edessa

The County of Edessa was one of the Crusader states in the 12th century. Its seat was the city of Edessa (present-day Şanlıurfa, Turkey).

In the late Byzantine period, Edessa became the centre of intellectual life within the Syriac Orthodox Church. As such it also became the centre for the translation of Ancient Greek philosophy into Syriac, which provided a stepping stone for the subsequent translations into Arabic. When the Crusades arrived, it was still important enough to tempt a side-expedition after the Siege of Antioch.Baldwin of Boulogne, the first Count of Edessa, became King of Jerusalem, and subsequent counts were his cousins. Unlike the other Crusader states, the County was landlocked. It was remote from the other states and was not on particularly good terms with its closest neighbor, the Principality of Antioch. Half of the county, including its capital, was located east of the Euphrates, far to the east, rendering it particularly vulnerable. The west part of the Euphrates was controlled from the stronghold of Turbessel. The eastern border of Edessa was the Tigris, but the County may not have extended quite that far.The fall of Edessa in 1144 was the first major setback for Outremer and provoked the Second Crusade. All the later Crusades, however, were troubled by strategic uncertainties and disagreements. The Second Crusade did not even try to recover Edessa, calculating it to be strategically better to take Damascus. But the campaign failed and Edessa was lost for the Christians.

Today, the city is called Şanlıurfa and is part of modern-day Turkey; it retains nothing of its former importance. The Oriental Orthodox community largely disappeared after the Armenian Genocide during World War I.

EBCDIC 280

IBM code page 280 (CCSID 280) is an EBCDIC code page with full Latin-1-charset used in IBM mainframes. It is used in Italy.

CCSID 1144 is the Euro currency update of code page/CCSID 280. Byte 9F is replacing ¤ with € in that code page.

Edessa

Edessa (Ancient Greek: Ἔδεσσα; Arabic: الرها‎ ar-Ruhā; Turkish: Şanlıurfa; Kurdish: Riha‎) was a city in Upper Mesopotamia, founded on an earlier site by Seleucus I Nicator ca. 302 BC. It was also known as Antiochia on the Callirhoe from the 2nd century BC. It was the capital of the semi-independent kingdom of Osroene from c. 132 BC and fell under direct Roman rule in ca. 242. It became an important early centre of Syriac Christianity.

It fell to the Muslim conquest in 638, was briefly retaken by Byzantium in 1031 and became the center of the Crusader state of the County of Edessa from 1098–1144. It fell to the Turkic Zengid dynasty in 1144 and was eventually absorbed by the Ottoman Empire in 1517. The modern name of the city is Urfa and it is located in Şanlıurfa Province in the Southeast Anatolia Region of Turkey.

El Banna v. Bush

El Banna v. Bush

(Civil Action No. 04-cv-1144)

is a writ of habeas corpus that was submitted on behalf of Guantanamo captive Jamil al-Banna, Bisher Al Rawi and Martin Mubanga.

They were also United Kingdom citizens, or residents.

George Brent Mickum was the lead counsel in this petition.

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou

Geoffrey V (24 August 1113 – 7 September 1151)—called the Handsome or the Fair (French: le Bel) and Plantagenet—was the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne as King Henry II (1154–1189) and was the first of the Plantagenet dynasty to rule England; the name "Plantagenet" was taken from Geoffrey's epithet. His ancestral domain of Anjou gave rise to the name Angevin for three kings of England (Henry II his son and heir, and Henry's sons Richard and John), and what became known as the Angevin Empire in the 12th century.

Kōji (Heian period)

Kōji (康治) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Eiji and before Ten'yō. This period spanned the year from April 1142 through February 1144. The reigning emperor was Konoe-tennō (近衛天皇).

List of elections in 1144

The following elections occurred in the year 1144.

Papal election, 1144

Pope Celestine II

Pope Celestine II (Latin: Caelestinus II; died 8 March 1144), born Guido di Castello, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 26 September 1143 to his death in 1144. He is the first pope mentioned in the prophecy of Saint Malachy.

Pope Lucius II

Pope Lucius II (Latin: Lucius II; died 15 February 1145), born Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso, was Pope from 9 March 1144 to his death in 1145. His pontificate was notable for the unrest in Rome associated with the Commune of Rome and its attempts to wrest control of the city from the papacy.

Princess Reishi

Princess Reishi (1078–1144) was an Empress of Japan. She was the mother-in-law of Emperor Toba of Japan.

Siege of Edessa

The Siege of Edessa took place from November 28 to December 24, 1144, resulting in the fall of the capital of the crusader County of Edessa to Zengi, the atabeg of Mosul and Aleppo. This event was the catalyst for the Second Crusade.

Ten'yō

Ten'yō (天養) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōji and before Kyūan. This period spanned the year from February 1144 through July 1145. The reigning emperor was Konoe-tennō (近衛天皇).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1144

United Nations Security Council resolution 1144, adopted unanimously on 19 December 1997, after recalling Resolution 1103 (1997) on the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) and United Nations International Police Task Force (UN-IPTF) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Council extended the mandate of both until 21 June 1998.The Council recognised that the UNMIBH mission and especially the IPTF for its important work in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including police restructuring, training, weapons inspections, promoting freedom of movement and assistance in the elections. The presence of IPTF monitors was dependent on security arrangements and a credible international military force.

UNMIBH's mandate was extended with the prospect of further renewal unless there were changes to the security arrangements provided by the Stabilisation Force. Support was given to the recommendations of the Bonn Peace Implementation Conference and the Secretary-General Kofi Annan was encouraged to carry out a restructuring of IPTF and to keep the Council informed on its progress and report every three months on the mandate of UNMIBH as a whole. Other measures included training the police to deal with crowd control, refugee returns, organised crime, corruption, terrorism and smuggling. Member States were urged to provide training, equipment and other assistance to local police forces.

Finally, the resolution paid tribute to the victims of a helicopter crash on 17 September 1997, which included members of the Office of the High Representative, the IPTF and the bilateral assistance programme.

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