110th meridian west

The meridian 110° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 110th meridian west forms a great circle with the 70th meridian east.

In Canada, the meridian forms the boundary between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories north of the parallel 70° north. Originally 110°W was intended as the Fourth Meridian for the Dominion Land Survey, but because of the imperfect surveying methods of the time, the meridian was placed a few hundred metres west of this longitude. The Fourth Meridian has been the entire boundary between Alberta and Saskatchewan since 1905.

In the United States, the meridian formed the western border of the historic and extralegal Territory of Jefferson.

Line across the Earth
110°
110th meridian west
110th meridian Canada
In Canada, the 110th meridian west defines part of the border between the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, and it approximately defines the border between Alberta and Saskatchewan.

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 110th meridian west passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 110°0′W / 90.000°N 110.000°W Arctic Ocean
78°41′N 110°0′W / 78.683°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Borden Island
78°19′N 110°0′W / 78.317°N 110.000°W Wilkins Strait
78°7′N 110°0′W / 78.117°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Mackenzie King Island
77°55′N 110°0′W / 77.917°N 110.000°W Unnamed waterbody
76°28′N 110°0′W / 76.467°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Melville Island
76°14′N 110°0′W / 76.233°N 110.000°W Eldridge Bay
75°54′N 110°0′W / 75.900°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Melville Island (for about 2 km)
75°53′N 110°0′W / 75.883°N 110.000°W Sabine Bay
75°33′N 110°0′W / 75.550°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Melville Island
74°50′N 110°0′W / 74.833°N 110.000°W Parry Channel Viscount Melville Sound
72°59′N 110°0′W / 72.983°N 110.000°W  Canada Northwest Territories / Nunavut border — Victoria Island
Nunavut — from 70°0′N 110°0′W / 70.000°N 110.000°W on Victoria Island
68°37′N 110°0′W / 68.617°N 110.000°W Coronation Gulf
68°6′N 110°0′W / 68.100°N 110.000°W  Canada NunavutJameson Islands and the mainland
Northwest Territories — from 65°10′N 110°0′W / 65.167°N 110.000°W, passing through the Great Slave Lake
Saskatchewan — from 60°0′N 110°0′W / 60.000°N 110.000°W, passing through Lake Athabasca, around 400m east of the Alberta border
49°0′N 110°0′W / 49.000°N 110.000°W  United States Montana
Wyoming — from 45°1′N 110°0′W / 45.017°N 110.000°W
Utah — from 41°1′N 110°0′W / 41.017°N 110.000°W
Arizona — from 37°0′N 110°0′W / 37.000°N 110.000°W
31°20′N 110°0′W / 31.333°N 110.000°W  Mexico Sonora — passing just west of Ciudad Obregón at 27°29′N 109°56′W / 27.483°N 109.933°W
27°4′N 110°0′W / 27.067°N 110.000°W Gulf of California
24°8′N 110°0′W / 24.133°N 110.000°W  Mexico Baja California Sur
22°53′N 110°0′W / 22.883°N 110.000°W Pacific Ocean
60°0′S 110°0′W / 60.000°S 110.000°W Southern Ocean
74°27′S 110°0′W / 74.450°S 110.000°W Antarctica Unclaimed territory — passing through the Walgreen Coast of Marie Byrd Land

See also

109th meridian west

The meridian 109° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 109th meridian west forms a great circle with the 71st meridian east.

In the United States, the western boundaries of Colorado and New Mexico and the eastern boundaries of Utah and Arizona lie on the 32nd meridian west from Washington, which is approximately 3 minutes of longitude west of the 109th meridian west of Greenwich, or approximately 2.5 miles or 4.0 km.

110th meridian

110th meridian may refer to:

110th meridian east, a line of longitude east of the Greenwich Meridian

110th meridian west, a line of longitude west of the Greenwich Meridian

111th meridian west

The meridian 111° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 111th meridian west forms a great circle with the 69th meridian east.

In the United States, the Western border of Wyoming with Montana, Idaho, and Utah lies on the meridian 34° west of Washington, which is a couple of miles west of the meridian 111° west of Greenwich.

70th meridian east

The meridian 70° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 70th meridian east forms a great circle with the 110th meridian west.

During World War II, the 70th meridian was proposed as a dividing line for Asia between the spheres of interest of Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan, and Fascist Italy (see Axis power negotiations on the division of Asia during World War II).

Borden Island

Borden Island is an uninhabited, low-lying island in the Queen Elizabeth Islands of northern Canada.

Department of California

The Department of California was one of two Army Departments created September 13, 1858, replacing the original Department of the Pacific and was composed of the territory of the United States lying west of the Rocky Mountains and south of Oregon and Washington territories, except the Rogue River and Umpqua Districts of southwestern Oregon Territory, which were assigned to the Department of California and excluding the Utah Territory east of the 117th meridian west and New Mexico Territory east of the 110th meridian west. Its creation was authorized by General Orders, No. 10, of the War Department, Adjutant-General's Office, September 13, 1858. Headquarters as before remained at San Francisco.

Department of the Pacific

The Department of the Pacific or Pacific Department was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century.

Index of Arizona-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Arizona.

Index of Canada-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to Canada.

Index of Montana-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Montana.

Index of Utah-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Utah.

Index of Wyoming-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Wyoming.

Jefferson Territory

The Territory of Jefferson was an extralegal and unrecognized United States territory that existed from October 24, 1859 until the creation of the Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861. The Jefferson Territory included land officially part of the Kansas Territory, the Nebraska Territory, the New Mexico Territory, the Utah Territory, and the Washington Territory, but the area was remote from the governments of those five territories. The government of the Jefferson Territory, while democratically elected, was never legally recognized by the United States government, although it managed the territory with relatively free rein for 16 months. Many of the laws enacted by the Jefferson Territorial Legislature were reenacted and given official sanction by the new Colorado General Assembly in 1861.

Mackenzie King Island

Mackenzie King Island is one of the Queen Elizabeth Islands in northern Canada. It lies north of Melville Island and south of Borden Island, and like them is divided. Most of the island is in Northwest Territories, while its easternmost portion lies in Nunavut. The border runs along the 110th meridian west.

Mackenzie King has an area of 5,048 km2 (1,949 sq mi), 60 miles (97 km) long in northeast or 47 miles (76 km) in southeast and 60 miles (97 km) wide, making it the 116th largest island in the world, and Canada's 26th largest island.

Melville Island (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)

Melville Island is an uninhabited island of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago with an area of 42,149 km2 (16,274 sq mi). It is the 33rd largest island in the world and Canada's eighth largest island. Melville Island is shared by the Northwest Territories, which is responsible for the western half of the island, and Nunavut, which is responsible for the eastern half. The border runs along the 110th meridian west. The mountains on Melville Island, some of the largest in the western Canadian Arctic, reach heights of 1,000 m (3,300 ft). There are two subnational pene-exclaves that lie west of the 110th meridian and form part of the Northwest Territories. These can only be reached by land from Nunavut or boat from the Northwest Territories.

Queen Elizabeth Islands

The Queen Elizabeth Islands (French: Îles de la Reine-Élisabeth; formerly Parry Islands or Parry Archipelago) are the northernmost cluster of islands in Canada's Arctic Archipelago, split between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories in Northern Canada. The Queen Elizabeth Islands contain approximately 14% of the global glacier and ice cap area. (excluding the inland and shelf ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica).

Solar eclipse of January 5, 1935

A partial solar eclipse occurred on January 5, 1935 during summer. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A partial solar eclipse occurs in the polar regions of the Earth when the center of the Moon's shadow misses the Earth.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish), officially titled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo (now a neighborhood of Mexico City) between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). The treaty came into force on July 4, 1848.With the defeat of its army and the fall of its capital, Mexico entered into negotiations to end the war. The treaty called for the U.S. to pay US$15 million to Mexico and to pay off the claims of American citizens against Mexico up to US$5 million. It gave the United States the Rio Grande as a boundary for Texas, and gave the U.S. ownership of California and a large area comprising roughly half of New Mexico, most of Arizona, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado. Mexicans in those annexed areas had the choice of relocating to within Mexico's new boundaries or receiving American citizenship with full civil rights.

The U.S. Senate advised and consented to ratification of the treaty by a vote of 38–14. The opponents of this treaty were led by the Whigs, who had opposed the war and rejected Manifest destiny in general, and rejected this expansion in particular. The amount of land gained by the United States from Mexico was further increased as a result of the Gadsden Purchase of 1853, which ceded parts of present-day southern Arizona and New Mexico to the United States of America.

Wynniatt Bay

Wynniatt Bay (72°45′N 111°0′W) is an Arctic waterway and large inlet on the north side of Victoria Island, Canada, between the Richard Collinson Inlet and Hadley Bay. Most of the bay is in the Northwest Territories, but its eastern extremities (east of the 110th meridian west) are in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut. The bay opens into Viscount Melville Sound to the north.

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