110th United States Congress

The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. Census.

The Democratic Party controlled a majority in both chambers for the first time since the end of the 103rd Congress in 1995. Although the Democrats held fewer than 50 Senate seats, they had an operational majority because the two independent senators caucused with the Democrats for organizational purposes. No Democratic-held seats had fallen to the Republican Party in the 2006 elections.[2] Democrat Nancy Pelosi became the first woman Speaker of the House.[3] The House also received the first Muslim (Keith Ellison)[4][5] and Buddhist (Hank Johnson and Mazie Hirono)[6] members of Congress.

110th United States Congress
109th ←
→ 111th
Capitol Building Full View
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009
Senate PresidentDick Cheney (R)
Senate President pro temRobert Byrd (D)
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic (coalition)
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: January 4, 2007 – December 19, 2007
2nd: January 3, 2008 – January 3, 2009[1]

Major events

Members debated initiatives such as the Democrats' 100-Hour Plan and the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.[7][8][9]

2007SOU Bush Cheney Pelosi
President Bush delivered the 2007 State of the Union Address on January 23, 2007
2008 State of the Union Address
President Bush delivered the 2008 State of the Union Address on January 28, 2008

Support for the Iraq War

Following President Bush's 2007 State of the Union Address, Congress debated his proposal to create a troop surge to increase security in Iraq. The House of Representatives passed a non-binding measure opposing the surge and then a $124 billion emergency spending measure to fund the war, which included language that dictated troop levels and withdrawal schedules. President Bush, however, vetoed the bill as promised, making this his second veto while in office. Both houses of Congress subsequently passed a bill funding the war without timelines, but with benchmarks for the Iraqi government and money for other spending projects like disaster relief.

Other events

Major legislation

Contents: EnactedPending or failedVetoed

These are partial lists of prominent enacted legislation and pending bills.

See also: 2008 Congressional Record, Vol. 154, Page D845 , Resume of Congressional Activity


House in Salinas, California under foreclosure, following the bursting of the U.S. real estate bubble.

More information: Public Laws for the 110th Congress and Complete index of Public and Private Laws for 110th Congress at GPO

Proposed, but not enacted

in (alphabetical order)


Treaties ratified

Select committees


Party summary


Senado Estados Unidos 2007 en
  Democratic Party: 49 members.
  Republican Party: 49 members.
  Independents: 2 members.

Membership changed with one death and two resignations.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 44 1 55 100 0
Begin 49 2[12][13] 49 100 0
June 4, 2007 48 99 1
June 25, 2007 49 100 0
December 18, 2007 48 99 1
December 31, 2007 49 100 0
November 16, 2008 48 99 1
Final voting share 50.5% 49.5%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 2 41 98 2

House of Representatives

Camara Representates Estados Unidos es
Membership at the beginning of the 110th Congress:
  Democratic Party: 233 members.
  Republican Party: 202 members.

Membership fluctuated with seven deaths and eight resignations. Democrats achieved a net gain of three seats as a result of their victories in special elections. See Changes in membership, below.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 203[14] 229 432 3
Begin 233 202 435 0
February 13, 2007 201 434 1
April 22, 2007 232 433 2
July 1, 2007 231 432 3
July 17, 2007 202 433 2
August 21, 2007 232 434 1
September 5, 2007 201 433 2
October 10, 2007 200 432 3
October 16, 2007 233 433 2
November 26, 2007 199 432 3
December 11, 2007 201 434 1
December 15, 2007 232 433 2
December 31, 2007 200 432 3
January 14, 2008 199 431 4
February 2, 2008 198 430 5
February 11, 2008 231 429 6
March 8, 2008 232 430 5
March 11, 2008 233 431 4
April 8, 2008 234 432 3
May 3, 2008 235 199 434 1
May 13, 2008 236 435 0
May 31, 2008 235 434 1
June 17, 2008 236 435 0
August 20, 2008 235 434 1
November 18, 2008 236 435 0
November 24, 2008 198 434 1
January 2, 2009 235 433 2
Final voting share 54.3% 45.7%
Non-voting members 4 1 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 256 178 434 1


Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (D), Minority (R)


Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership



Senators are listed by state, then by class, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2008; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 2010; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 2012.

110th US Congress Senate
Senators' party membership by state at the opening of the 110th Congress in January 2007
  2 Democrats
  1 Democrat and 1 Republican
  2 Republicans
   1 Independent and 1 Democrat
110th US Senate class photo
Senators in the 110th Congress
Harry Reid official portrait 2009 crop
Senate Majority Leader
Harry Reid (D)
Sen Mitch McConnell official cropped
Senate Minority Leader
Mitch McConnell (R)
Richard Durbin official photo
Senate Majority Whip
Dick Durbin (D)
Trent Lott official portrait
Senate Minority Whip, until December 18, 2007
Trent Lott (R)
Jon Kyl, official 109th Congress photo
Senate Minority Whip, from December 18, 2007
Jon Kyl (R)

House of Representatives

110th US Congress House of Reps
Initial percentage of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state at the opening of the 110th Congress in January 2007.
Steny Hoyer, official photo portrait, 2008
House Majority Leader
Steny Hoyer (D)
House Minority Leader
John Boehner (R)
James Clyburn, official Congressional Majority Whip photo
House Majority Whip
Jim Clyburn (D)
Rep Roy Blunt
House Minority Whip
Roy Blunt (R)

Changes in membership


There were two resignations and one death.

Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Wyoming (1) Craig Thomas (R) Died June 4, 2007.
Successor appointed June 22, 2007 and then elected November 4, 2008.
John Barrasso (R) June 22, 2007[19]
Mississippi (1) Trent Lott (R) Resigned December 18, 2007.[17]
Successor appointed December 31, 2007 and then elected November 4, 2008.
Roger Wicker (R) December 31, 2007[18][19]
Illinois (3) Barack Obama (D) Resigned November 16, 2008 to focus on his transition as President-elect of the United States[21] Vacant until the next Congress.

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Georgia 10th Charlie Norwood (R) Died February 13, 2007.
A special election was held June 19, 2007.
Paul Broun (R) July 17, 2007
California 37th Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Died April 22, 2007.[22]
A special election was held August 21, 2007.
Laura Richardson (D) August 21, 2007
Massachusetts 5th Marty Meehan (D) Resigned July 1, 2007, to become Chancellor of University of Massachusetts Lowell.
A special election was held October 16, 2007.
Niki Tsongas (D) October 16, 2007
Ohio 5th Paul Gillmor (R) Died September 5, 2007.
A special election was held November 6, 2007.
Bob Latta (R) December 11, 2007
Virginia 1st Jo Ann Davis (R) Died October 6, 2007.
A special election was held December 11, 2007.
Rob Wittman (R) December 11, 2007
Illinois 14th Dennis Hastert (R) Resigned November 26, 2007.
A special election was held March 8, 2008.
Bill Foster (D) March 8, 2008
Indiana 7th Julia Carson (D) Died December 15, 2007.
A special election was held March 11, 2008.
André Carson (D) March 11, 2008
Mississippi 1st Roger Wicker (R) Resigned December 31, 2007, when appointed U.S. Senator.
A special election was held May 13, 2008.
Travis Childers (D) May 13, 2008
Louisiana 1st Bobby Jindal (R) Resigned January 14, 2008 to become Governor of Louisiana.
A special election was held May 3, 2008.
Steve Scalise (R) May 3, 2008
Louisiana 6th Richard Baker (R) Resigned February 2, 2008 to become President of the Managed Funds Association.
A special election was held May 3, 2008.
Don Cazayoux (D) May 3, 2008
California 12th Tom Lantos (D) Died February 11, 2008.
A special election was held April 8, 2008.
Jackie Speier (D) April 8, 2008
Maryland 4th Albert Wynn (D) Resigned May 31, 2008, having lost re-nomination.
A special election was held June 17, 2008.
Donna Edwards (D) June 17, 2008
Ohio 11th Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D) Died August 20, 2008.
A special election was held November 18, 2008.
Marcia Fudge (D) November 18, 2008
Virginia 11th Thomas M. Davis (R) Resigned November 24, 2008.[23] in advance of his retirement.
Seat remained vacant for the remainder of this Congress.
Illinois 5th Rahm Emanuel (D) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become White House Chief of Staff.[20]
Seat remained vacant for the remainder of this Congress.
Puerto Rico At-large Luis Fortuño (R and PNP) Resigned January 2, 2009 to become Governor of Puerto Rico.
Seat remained vacant for the remainder of this Congress.


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees


  • Anti-Value Added Tax Caucus
  • Afterschool Caucus
  • Americans Aboard Caucus
  • Armenian Caucus
  • Army Corps Reform Caucus
  • Appalachian Caucus
  • Bipartisan Disabilities Caucus
  • Biomedical Research Caucus
  • Building a Better America Caucus
  • Coalition for Autism Research and Education
  • Congressional 4-H Caucus
  • Congressional Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
  • Congressional Air Force Caucus
  • Congressional Anti-Terrorism Caucus
  • Congressional Arts Caucus
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
  • Congressional Assyrian Caucus
  • Congressional Automotive Caucus
  • Congressional Azerbaijan Caucus
  • Congressional Battlefield Caucus
  • Congressional Bike Caucus
  • Congressional Bipartisan Cerebral Palsy Caucus
  • Congressional Biotechnology Caucus
  • Congressional Black Caucus
  • Congressional Boating Caucus
  • Congressional Border Caucus
  • Congressional Bourbon Caucus
  • Congressional Brazil Caucus
  • Congressional Career and Technical Education Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus for Bosnia
  • Congressional Caucus on Armenian Issues
  • Congressional Caucus on Central America
  • Congressional Caucus on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
  • Congressional Caucus on Hellenic Issues
  • Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans
  • Congressional Caucus on Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention
  • Congressional Caucus on the Judicial Branch
  • Congressional Caucus on Korea
  • Congressional Caucus on the Netherlands
  • Congressional Caucus on Sri Lanka and Sri Lankan Americans
  • Congressional Caucus on Uganda
  • Congressional Caucus on U.S.-Lebanon Relations
  • Congressional Caucus on Youth Sports
  • Congressional Caucus to Fight and Control Methamphetamine
  • Congressional Children's Caucus
  • Congressional China Caucus
  • Congressional Climate Caucus
  • Congressional Coastal Caucus
  • Congressional Coast Guard Caucus
  • Congressional Complementary and Alternative Medicine Caucus
  • Congressional Constitution Caucus
  • Congressional Correctional Officers Caucus
  • Congressional Croatian Caucus
  • Congressional Cystic Fibrosis Caucus
  • Congressional Czech Caucus
  • Congressional Diabetes Caucus
  • Congressional Dietary Supplement Caucus
  • Congressional Emergency Medical Services Caucus
  • Congressional Entertainment Industries Caucus
  • Congressional Ethiopian-American Caucus
  • Congressional Explosive Ordnance Disposal Caucus
  • Congressional E-911 Caucus
  • Congressional Farmer Cooperative Caucus
  • Congressional Financial and Economic Literacy Caucus
  • Congressional Fire Services Caucus
  • Congressional Fitness Caucus
  • Congressional Food Safety Caucus
  • Congressional Former Mayors Caucus
  • Congressional Friends of Ireland Caucus
  • Congressional Friends of Jordan Caucus
  • Congressional Friends of New Zealand Caucus
  • Congressional French Caucus
  • Congressional Global Health Caucus
  • Congressional Green Schools Caucus
  • Congressional Gulf of Mexico Caucus
  • Congressional Hearing Health Caucus
  • Congressional High Tech Caucus
  • Congressional Hispanic Caucus
  • Congressional Horse Caucus
  • Congressional House Manufacturing Caucus
  • Congressional HUBZone Caucus
  • Congressional Human Rights Caucus
  • Congressional Humanities Caucus
  • Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus
  • Congressional Insurance Caucus
  • Congressional Intelligent Transportation Systems Caucus
  • Congressional International Anti-Piracy Caucus
  • Congressional International Conservation Caucus
  • Congressional International Religious Freedom Caucus
  • Congressional Internet Caucus
  • Congressional Iraqi Women's Caucus
  • Congressional Israel Allies Caucus
  • Congressional Kidney Caucus
  • Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus
  • Congressional Life Science Caucus
  • Congressional Management Caucus
  • Congressional Manufacturing Caucus
  • Congressional Medical Professionals Caucus
  • Congressional Men's Health Caucus
  • Congressional Mental Health Caucus
  • Congressional Mentoring Caucus
  • Congressional Mine Warfare Caucus
  • Congressional Mining Caucus
  • Congressional Missing and Exploited Children's Caucus
  • Congressional Mississippi River Caucus
  • Congressional Modeling and Simulation Caucus
  • Congressional Motorsports Caucus
  • Congressional Multiple Sclerosis Caucus
  • Congressional Nursing Caucus
  • Congressional Organic Caucus
  • Congressional Out of Poverty Caucus
  • Congressional Pakistan Caucus
  • Congressional Pediatric & Adult Hydrocephalus Caucus
  • Congressional Port Security Caucus
  • Congressional Portuguese-American Caucus
  • Congressional Prayer Caucus
  • Congressional Progressive Caucus
  • Congressional Real Estate Caucus
  • Congressional Rural Caucus
  • Congressional Rural Housing Caucus
  • Congressional Savings and Ownership Caucus
  • Congressional Scouting Caucus
  • Congressional Second Amendment Caucus
  • Congressional Serbian Caucus
  • Congressional Shipbuilding Caucus
  • Congressional Singapore Caucus
  • Congressional Ski and Snowboard Caucus
  • Congressional Smart Contracting Caucus
  • Congressional Soccer Caucus
  • Congressional Songwriters Caucus
  • Congressional Spina Bifida Caucus
  • Congressional Sportsmen's Caucus
  • Congressional Steel Caucus
  • Congressional Stop DUI Caucus
  • Congressional Submarine Caucus
  • Congressional Taiwan Caucus
  • Congressional Tibet Caucus
  • Congressional Travel & Tourism Caucus
  • Congressional TRIO Caucus
  • Congressional United Kingdom Caucus
  • Congressional Urban Caucus
  • Congressional Victim's Rights Caucus
  • Congressional Vision Caucus
  • Congressional Waterways Caucus
  • Congressional Western Caucus
  • Congressional Wildlife Refuge Caucus
  • Congressional Wine Caucus
  • Congresswomen's Caucus
  • Congressional Zoo and Aquarium Caucus
  • Diversity and Innovation Caucus
  • Economic Competitiveness Caucus (House/Senate)
  • Financial and Economic Literacy Caucus
  • Friends of Job Corps Congressional Caucus
  • Friends of Scotland Caucus (House)
  • Friends of Norway Caucus
  • Friends of Switzerland Caucus
  • Future of American Media Caucus
  • Historic Preservation Caucus
  • Hong Kong Caucus
  • House Baltic Caucus
  • House Democratic Caucus
  • House Oceans Caucus
  • House Organic Caucus
  • House Recycling Caucus
  • House Rural Education Caucus
  • House Small Brewers Caucus
  • House Sugar Caucus
  • Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Caucus
  • Hudson River Caucus
  • Hungarian American Caucus
  • India Caucus
  • Indonesia Caucus
  • International Conservation Caucus
  • International Workers Rights Caucus
  • Interstate 69 Caucus
  • Intelligent Transportation Caucus
  • Kenya Caucus
  • Law Enforcement Caucus
  • LGBT Equality Caucus
  • Liberty Caucus
  • Multiple Sclerosis Caucus
  • National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus
  • National Landscape Conservation System Caucus
  • National Marine Sanctuary Caucus
  • National Service Congressional Caucus
  • Navy-Marine Corps Caucus
  • New Democrat Coalition
  • North America's Supercorridor Caucus
  • Northern Border Caucus
  • Northeast-Midwest Congressional Coalition
  • Nuclear Issues Caucus
  • Out of Iraq Caucus
  • Passenger Rail Caucus
  • Patriot Act Reform Caucus
  • Pell Grant Caucus
  • Physics Caucus
  • Ports Caucus
  • Public Broadcasting Caucus
  • Public Service Caucus
  • Qatari-American Economic Strategic Defense, Cultural and Educational Partnership Caucus
  • Recording Arts and Sciences Congressional Caucus
  • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus
  • Research and Development Caucus
  • River of Trade Corridor Congressional Caucus
  • Senate Democratic Caucus
  • Sex and Violence in the Media Caucus
  • Shellfish Caucus
  • Silk Road Caucus
  • Special Operations Forces Caucus
  • State Maritime Academy Caucus
  • Sudan Caucus
  • TEX-21 Congressional Caucus
  • Unexploded Ordnance Caucus
  • U.S.-Afghan Caucus
  • U.S.-Mongolia Friendship Caucus
  • U.S.-New Zealand Congressional Caucus
  • Victory in Iraq Caucus
  • Youth Challenge Caucus
  • Zero Capital Gains Tax Caucus

Employees and legislative agency directors

Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also: Rules of the House: "Other officers and officials"

See also

Bush, Pelosi, and Hoyer meeting at White House, Nov 9, 2006
Prospective Speaker Nancy Pelosi and prospective House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer meet with President George W. Bush on November 9, 2006, after the election to this Congress

Membership lists


  1. ^ Legislative Activities, via clerk.house.gov. Accessed April 25, 2009. Archived 2009-04-29.
  2. ^ CBS News, Voters Usher Out Republicans
  3. ^ Deirdre Walsh (January 4, 2007). "Pelosi becomes first woman House speaker". CNN.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
  4. ^ ruthholladay.com - Andre Carson on identity and belief Archived April 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ DAWN (Newspaper) Archived October 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Nash, Phil Tajitsu (November 24, 2006). "Washington Journal: Campaign 2006 In Review". AsianWeek. Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2006.
  7. ^ Espa, David (October 6, 2006). "Pelosi Says She Would Drain GOP 'Swamp'". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2007.
  8. ^ Talev, Margaret (December 29, 2006). "Democratic majority to focus on 3-pronged plan". McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. Archived from the original on March 8, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2007.
  9. ^ Leader Staff Dennis Kucinich's Response To President Bush's Speech Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine January 11, 2007 Cleveland Leader. Retrieved January 13, 2007
  10. ^ Jackie Kucinich (September 28, 2007). "Select committee on 'stolen vote' issues findings". The Hill. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  11. ^ Bill Scher (December 19, 2007). "Record-Breaking Obstruction:How It Screwed You". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2007.; "Record-Breaking Republican Obstructionism". Campaign for America's Future. Archived from the original on November 29, 2008. Retrieved January 6, 2009.;"Senate Action on Cloture Motions". Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  12. ^ Senators of the 110th Congress "Lieberman, Joseph I." Archived December 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine United States Senate. Retrieved January 8, 2007
  13. ^ Martin Kady II (November 15, 2006). "For Those of You Keeping Track at Home, It's Official ..." Congressional Quarterly. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved November 20, 2006.
  14. ^ Including one Independent who caucused with the Democrats
  15. ^ The Vice President of the United States serves as the President of the Senate. See U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 3, Clause 4
  16. ^ The Democratic Senate Majority Leader also serves as the Chairman of the Democratic Conference.
  17. ^ a b "Lott Officially Resigns, All Eyes Now on Barbour". Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2009.
  18. ^ a b "Rep. Wicker Is Barbour's Choice". Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 23, 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
  19. ^ a b c Senators of the United States 1789–2007: A Chronological list of Senators from the First Congress to the 111th Congress
  20. ^ a b Rahm Emanuel's resignation announcement, via Yahoo.com
  21. ^ "Obama will resign Senate seat Sunday". Chicago Trubune. November 13, 2008. Retrieved April 25, 2009.
  22. ^ Rep. Millender-McDonald Dies of Cancer. Washington Post, April 22, 2007
  23. ^ List of Vacancies Archived November 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, via Clerk.House.gov
  24. ^ Although called a "caucus", it has the rank of committee.
  25. ^ S.Res. 424, Electing Lula Johnson Davis Secretary for the Majority of the Senate
  26. ^ a b Election of Clerk of the House and Chief Administrative Officer 2007 Congressional Record, Vol. 153, Page H1671

External links

2006 United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus leadership election

A leadership election was held by the United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus on November 17, 2006. The election determined who would be nominated by the caucus for Speaker of the House as well as who would occupy other leadership positions within the House Democratic Caucus in the 110th United States Congress. The following positions were nominated or elected on November 29: Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, House Majority Leader, House Majority Whip, House Assistant Majority Leader, Democratic Caucus Chair, and Democratic Caucus vice-Chair.

2007 Georgia's 10th congressional district special election

On June 19, 2007, the U.S. state of Georgia held a special election to fill a vacancy in Georgia's 10th congressional district. A runoff was held on July 17 with Paul Broun defeating Jim Whitehead by less than 1%.

2008 California's 12th congressional district special election

California's 12th congressional district special election, 2008 occurred on April 8, 2008. California's 12th congressional district was vacated following the death of Democrat Tom Lantos on February 11, 2008. The special election was called by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to fill the vacancy for the remainder of Lantos's term ending on January 3, 2009.

The special election took the form of an open primary. Another election would have taken place on June 3 had no candidate received a majority.Democrat Jackie Speier won a majority of the votes in the open primary and therefore won the election.

2008 Illinois's 14th congressional district special election

After the resignation of Republican Party United States Congressman Dennis Hastert from his Illinois's 14th congressional district seat in the United States House of Representatives on November 26, 2007, a special election was held to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the 110th United States Congress.

Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich set the special election date for March 8, 2008. The Democratic and Republican parties held special primary elections on February 5, 2008. Democrat Bill Foster won the election on March 8, 2008.

2008 Indiana's 7th congressional district special election

Indiana's 7th congressional district special election of 2008 took place March 11, 2008 to fill the seat in the United States House of Representatives left vacant by the death of 7th district representative Julia Carson (D) on December 15, 2007. The election determined who would fill the vacancy for the rest of the 110th United States Congress. Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels set the date for the special election. Both political parties had previously agreed to this date. Democrat André Carson won the election with an 18.17% voter turnout.

2008 Louisiana's 1st congressional district special election

Voters in Louisiana's 1st congressional district voting in a special election on May 3, 2008, elected Steve Scalise as a new member of the United States House of Representatives, replacing Representative Bobby Jindal who resigned on January 14, 2008, to become Governor of Louisiana.

This election and Louisiana's 6th congressional district special election were the first Louisiana congressional elections not based on Louisiana's jungle primary since the 1970s.

2008 Louisiana's 6th congressional district special election

The February 2, 2008 resignation of Republican Richard Baker triggered a special election for Louisiana's 6th district. In anticipation of this election, party qualifying occurred before Baker's resignation. The timeline mirrored that of the 2008 special election for the 1st congressional district. The two elections were the first Louisiana congressional elections not based on Louisiana's jungle primary system since the 1970s.

Democrat Don Cazayoux won the 6th district election, beating Republican Woody Jenkins by three percentage points, as well as two independent candidates and a member of the Constitution Party. He was sworn in on May 6, switching the party affiliation of the seat. (This was the second time such a party switch occurred due to a special election during the 110th Congress.)

2008 Maryland's 4th congressional district special election

Maryland's 4th congressional district special election of 2008 took place on June 17, 2008 to fill the seat in the United States House of Representatives left vacant by the resignation of Maryland congressman Albert Wynn. Democrat Donna Edwards won the election by a large margin.

2008 Ohio's 11th congressional district special election

Ohio's 11th congressional district special election, 2008 took place on November 18, 2008. The seat of the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 11th congressional district was vacated following the death of Democrat Stephanie Tubbs Jones on August 20, 2008. Since more than one candidate from the Democratic Party filed to take part in the election, a primary was held on October 14, 2008. The special election was won by Marcia Fudge.

2008 State of the Union Address

The 2008 State of the Union address was a speech given by United States President George W. Bush on Monday, January 28, 2008, at 9:00 p.m. EST to a joint session of Congress. It was the last State of the Union Address of Bush's presidency. The speech was delivered in the United States House of Representatives in the United States Capitol. Sitting behind the president were the presiding officers of the United States Senate, Vice President Dick Cheney, and the United States House of Representatives, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

2008 United States Senate special election in Mississippi

The 2008 United States Senate special election in Mississippi was held on November 4, 2008. This election was held on the same day of Thad Cochran's re-election bid in the United States Senate election in Mississippi, 2008. The winner of this special election served the rest of the Senate term, which ended in January 2013. Unlike most senate elections, this was a non-partisan election in which the candidate who got a majority of the vote wins, and if the first place candidate did not get 50%, a runoff election with the top two candidates would have been held. In the election, no run off was necessary as Republican nominee and incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Roger Wicker won election to finish the term.

2008 United States Senate special election in Wyoming

The 2008 United States Senate special election in Wyoming took place on November 4, 2008, at the same time as the regular election to the United States Senate in Wyoming. There was a special election to fill the remainder of the unexpired senate term of the late Craig L. Thomas. Republican John Barrasso was appointed by Governor Dave Freudenthal, and won the Republican primary unopposed, and went on to win the general election to fill the remainder of the term.

Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007

The Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (full name: Secure Borders, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S. 1348)) was a bill discussed in the 110th United States Congress that would have provided legal status and a path to citizenship for the approximately 12 million undocumented immigrants residing in the United States. The bill was portrayed as a compromise between providing a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants and increased border enforcement: it included funding for 300 miles (480 km) of vehicle barriers, 105 camera and radar towers, and 20,000 more Border Patrol agents, while simultaneously restructuring visa criteria around high-skilled workers. The bill also received heated criticism from both sides of the immigration debate. The bill was introduced in the United States Senate on May 9, 2007, but was never voted on, though a series of votes on amendments and cloture took place. The last vote on cloture, on June 7, 2007, 11:59 AM, failed 34–61 effectively ending the bill's chances. A related bill S. 1639, on June 28, 2007, 11:04 AM, also failed 46–53.in 2001

Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act

The Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act is an Act of the United States Congress that exists to reopen cases of racially suspicious violent crimes that were committed during the pre-Civil Rights era, in an attempt to bring closure to families and bring criminals to justice.

List of United States Senators in the 110th Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 110th United States Congress listed by seniority, from January 3, 2007, to January 3, 2009. It is meant as a historical listing and thus contains senators who have died or left office (such as Senator Thomas and Senator Lott). For a current listing of senators please go to Seniority in the United States Senate.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a U.S. Senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as U.S. Vice President, a House member, a cabinet secretary, a state governor, and then by their state's population, respectively.Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term (up until the last senator who was not sworn in early after winning the November 2008 election) are listed at the end of the list with no number.

List of freshman class members of the 110th United States Congress

The 110th United States Congress began on January 4, 2007. There were 10 new senators (eight Democrats, one Independent, one Republican) and 54 new representatives (41 Democrats, 13 Republicans) at the start of its first session.

The representatives comprise a diverse group reflecting the multiculturalism of the U.S. One representative graduated with a high school class of 25; another is said to have a net worth of $50 million. Backgrounds include teachers, musicians, authors, engineers, a vice admiral, and a professional football player. Religions include Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, and Islam (none claims to be atheist or agnostic). When taking office, ages ranged from 33 to 66, placing the class mostly in the baby boomer and generation X categories. Of this group 12 are female.

Quran oath controversy of the 110th United States Congress

In mid-November 2006 it was reported that Keith Ellison, the first Muslim ever elected to the United States Congress (as a representative for Minnesota's 5th congressional district), would take his oath of office with his hand on the Qur'an. In reaction to the news, conservative media pundit Dennis Prager criticized the decision in his November 28, 2006, column titled "America, not Keith Ellison, decides what book a Congressman takes his oath on."The column attracted national attention from supporters of both Ellison and Prager. Presented with the fact that all members of the House swear in (or affirm) en masse without the use of any religious text, and that such works are only used in ceremonial reenactments afterwards, Prager stated "that's the whole point: it's exactly because it's ceremonial that it matters."The controversy became more heated when Rep. Virgil Goode (R–VA) issued a letter to his constituents stating his view that Ellison's decision to use the Qur'an is a threat to "the values and beliefs traditional to the United States of America...[and] if American citizens don't wake up and adopt the Virgil Goode position on immigration there will likely be many more Muslims elected to office and demanding the use of the Koran." Goode's foray into the controversy caused many other members of Congress to weigh in.

Ellison went on to use the English translation of the Qur'an owned by Thomas Jefferson for the swearing-in ceremony.

Special elections to the 110th United States Congress

During the 110th United States Congress, there were two special elections for seats in the Senate, both in 2008, and 13 for seats in the House, five in 2007 and eight in 2008. Democrats gained three House seats at the expense of Republicans in 2008, but the incumbent party won all the other special elections.

United States Congresses (and year convened)

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