110th Street (Manhattan)

110th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is commonly known as the boundary between Harlem and Central Park, along which it is known as Central Park North. In the west, between Central Park West / Frederick Douglass Boulevard and Riverside Drive, it is co-signed as Cathedral Parkway.

Coordinates: 40°47′57″N 73°57′17″W / 40.799261°N 73.954602°W

Duke Ellington Circle jeh
Ellington Circle amphitheater and Central Park North
Central Park North Pioneer Gate jeh
Central Park North and Fifth
Lincoln Correctional Facility
F Douglass Circle sunny jeh
Frederick Douglass Circle
West 110th St from Bwy to Riverside Dr jeh
Looking west along West 110th Street from Broadway, toward Riverside Park


110th Street is an eastbound street between First Avenue and Madison Avenue. The small portion between Madison Avenue and Fifth Avenue is westbound. West of Fifth Avenue, the road widens to accommodate two-way traffic.

A statue of Duke Ellington stands in Duke Ellington Circle, a shallow amphitheater at 110th Street and Fifth Avenue, at the northeast corner of Central Park. Unveiled in 1997, the statue, by sculptor Robert Graham, is 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, and depicts the Muses — nine nude caryatids — supporting a grand piano and Duke Ellington on their heads.[1] Duke Ellington Circle is also the site of the future Museum for African Art.

Where 110th Street crosses Central Park West and Frederick Douglass Boulevard, at the northwest corner of Central Park, is Frederick Douglass Circle.

The south edge of Morningside Park lies along West 110th Street between Manhattan Avenue and Morningside Drive.[2]

The south edge of the close of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine is located along West 110th Street, known along this stretch as Cathedral Parkway, between Morningside Drive and Amsterdam Avenue. The street comes to a close at Riverside Drive before Riverside Park.

Central Park North

Central Park North is a section of West 110th Street. As the name implies, it lies at the northern end of Central Park. It is bounded by Central Park West on the west and Fifth Avenue on the east. It is notable for its incongruities; the Lincoln Correctional Facility – originally constructed in 1914 for the Young Women's Hebrew Association – stands just a few blocks away from new luxury condo developments.

Central Park North has three of the original gates of Central Park. Farmers Gate is the termination of Lenox Avenue, also known as "Malcolm X Boulevard." Warriors Gate is the termination of the Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard portion of Seventh Ave. Pioneers Gate is at Fifth Avenue (Duke Ellington Circle).

The original Polo Grounds was located along Central Park North, between Fifth and Sixth avenues. Originally hosting polo, it was the home for the New York Metropolitans baseball club from 1880 to 1886 and for the New York Gothams – subsequently the Giants – from 1883 to 1888.

In the first decade of the 21st century, there was significant real estate development on properties with a view of Central Park. In 2003, Manhattan-based developer Athena headed by Louis Dubin bought a property on this street.[3][4][5] The building was pitched as "an opportunity for New Yorkers to be on the park at roughly half the price of Central Park South."[6] The rebirth of Harlem along Central Park north had attracted celebrities such as Marcia Gay Harden, Maya Angelou, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.[7] The finished building was 20 stories tall with 48 residential units, 9,500 of ground floor retail space, 48 parking spaces, and each unit had a view of Central Park.[8]

Notable places


The elevated IRT Ninth Avenue Line used to reach a great height at its 110th Street station and, according to Douglas (2004), was a popular site for suicide jumpers. In 1927, The New York Times reported that:

"the number of suicides from the 110th Street Station of the Sixth Avenue elevated is ruining the business of the merchants with shops below, according to [the merchants].... According to [a spokesperson] there were eleven suicides from that station in the past year, and the effect has been such that potential customers prefer to walk a little farther rather than risk seeing a person hurtle from above."

Today, there are four New York City Subway stations on 110th Street:

110th Street is served by the M2, M3, and M4 New York City Bus routes.[9]

Notable people

George Gershwin lived in 501 West 110th Street, on the northwest corner of 110th and Amsterdam, where he composed his seminal piece Rhapsody in Blue.[10] Arthur Miller lived in 45 West 110th Street as a child.[11]

In popular culture



  1. ^ Duke Ellington Memorial Dedicated in Harlem, artnet. Accessed September 16, 2007.
  2. ^ Morningside Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 3, 2008.
  3. ^ Gross, Max (June 14, 2007). "Across 110th–Central Park North Is Breaking Real-Estate Records". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-11-02. We bought the property around four years ago,' says Louis Dubin, president of the Athena Group.
  4. ^ Taylor, Candace (July 10, 2008). "Gourmet Market's Opening Signals Shift in East Harlem". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2009-11-02. A decade ago, however, the area had a reputation as one of the most dangerous and economically depressed in the city, Louis Dubin, the CEO of the developer of 111 Central Park North, the Athena Group, said.
  5. ^ Padalka, Alex; Stabile, Tom (February 2007). "Keeping Up with the New York Region's Leading Developers". New York Construction. Retrieved 2009-11-02. Principals: Louis Dubin, president, CEO; Lee Saltzman, COO; Barry Seidel, executive vice president
  6. ^ Keil, Braden (July 16, 2004). "Harlem High-Rise Planned". Wired New York. Retrieved 2009-11-02. The Post has learned that luxury condominium builder, The Athena Group, has bought three property parcels at the northwest corner of Central Park North and Lenox Ave.
  7. ^ Schoeneman, Deborah (May 21, 2005). "Above It All–Central Park North always had great views—and few takers. But the secret is finally getting out". New York. Retrieved 2009-11-03. “We call it Upper Manhattan,” says developer Louis Dubin of the Athena Group. Dubin recently bought the shopping center at the corner of Central Park North and Lenox Avenue, and hopes—pending a construction-hardship variance—to build seventeen stories of condos there selling for $450,000 to $2 million.
  8. ^ Stoler, Michael (December 4, 2006). "The Tale of Three Harlems". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2009-11-02. Approximately 30% of the units have been presold, including a complete floor of 5,200 square feet, for $6.6 million, or approximately $1,200 per square foot,' the president of the Athena Group, Louis Dubin, told my class at the New York University Real Estate Institute last week
  9. ^ "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  10. ^ Pollack, Howard (2006). George Gershwin: His Life and Work. University of California Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-520-93314-9.
  11. ^ Meyers, Jeffrey (2012). The Genius and the Goddess: Arthur Miller and Marilyn Monroe. University of Illinois Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-252-07854-5.


External links

Accessibility of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Physical accessibility on the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is incomplete. Although accessibility on all buses is provided in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), much of the MTA's rail system, including its rapid transit (New York City Subway and Staten Island Railway) and commuter rail services (Long Island Rail Road [LIRR] and Metro-North Railroad), were built before wheelchair access was a requirement under the ADA. As a side effect, many stations were not designed to be accessible to people with disabilities.

A state law, the New York Human Rights Law, prevents discrimination on the basis of disability. Since 1990, elevators have been built in newly constructed stations to comply with the ADA, with most grade-level stations requiring little modification to meet ADA standards. In addition, the MTA identified 100 "key stations", high-traffic and/or geographically important stations, which must conform to the ADA when they are extensively renovated. One of the key tenets of the Fast Forward Plan to rescue the subway system released in 2018 is to drastically increase the number of ADA-accessible subway stations, adding accessible facilities to 50 stations in 5 years.

Cathedral Parkway (disambiguation)

Cathedral Parkway may refer to:

110th Street (Manhattan), a street in New York City also known as Cathedral Parkway

Lincoln Correctional Facility

Lincoln Correctional Facility is a minimum-security men's prison located at 31–33 West 110th Street in Manhattan, facing the north side of Central Park. Since 1991 it has been used primarily as a work-release center for drug offenders; however, around 5% of the roughly 275 inmates it houses are white collar criminals.

List of hospitals in Manhattan

This is a list of hospitals in Manhattan, New York City, sorted by hospital name, with addresses and a brief description of their formation and development. Hospital names were obtained from these sources.

A list of hospitals in New York State is also available.

Manhattan Valley

Manhattan Valley is a neighborhood in the northern part of Upper West Side in Manhattan, New York City. It is bounded by West 110th Street to the north, Central Park West to the east, West 96th Street to the south, and Broadway to the west. It was formerly known as the Bloomingdale District, a name still in occasional use.

Willie Hammerstein

William Hammerstein (26 September 1875 – 10 June 1914) was an American theater manager. He ran the Victoria Theatre on what became Times Square, Manhattan, presenting very popular vaudeville shows with a wide variety of acts. He was known for "freak acts", where celebrities or people notorious for scandals appeared on stage. Hammerstein's Victoria Theatre became the most successful in New York.

Streets of Manhattan

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