110 in the Shade

110 in the Shade is a musical with a book by N. Richard Nash, lyrics by Tom Jones, and music by Harvey Schmidt.

Based on Nash's 1954 play The Rainmaker, it focuses on Lizzie Curry, a spinster living on a ranch in the American southwest, and her relationships with local sheriff File, a cautious divorcé who fears being hurt again, and charismatic con man Bill Starbuck, posing as a rainmaker who promises the locals he can bring relief to the drought-stricken area. Nash's book is faithful to his original play, although all the interior scenes were moved outdoors to allow for the addition of townspeople for ensemble numbers and dances. Many of Jones' lyrics come directly from Nash's play.

110 in the Shade
110 In the Shade CD Cover
Original cast recording cover
MusicHarvey Schmidt
LyricsTom Jones
BookN. Richard Nash
BasisThe Rainmaker
by N. Richard Nash
Productions1963 Broadway
1967 West End
1992 New York City Opera
1999 London concert
2007 Broadway revival


Original Broadway Production

Following the success of The Fantasticks, the project was the composing team's first for Broadway. The original score was almost operatic in scope, and when the show's running time in Boston proved to be too long, the creative team began trimming numbers,[1] eventually discarding nearly as many as were heard in the finished product. After two previews, the production, directed by Joseph Anthony and choreographed by Agnes de Mille, opened on October 24, 1963, at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for 330 performances. The cast included Robert Horton as Starbuck, Inga Swenson as Lizzie, and Stephen Douglass as File, with Will Geer, Lesley Ann Warren, and Gretchen Cryer in supporting roles. The sets were by Oliver Smith and costumes by Motley. The show received four Tony Award nominations but won none. RCA Victor released an original Broadway cast recording of this production on November 3, 1963, one recording in stereo; one in mono. Both recordings were identical; each having 16 tracks. RCA Victor also released the recording on Compact Disc on June 12, 1990, with one track--"Overture" not heard on the previous LP recordings.[2]

Original London Production

The first and only West End production, directed by Charles Blackwell, recreated the original Broadway production closely and opened on February 8, 1967, at the Palace Theatre, where it ran for 101 performances.[3][4]

1992 New York City Opera Revival

A 1992 New York City Opera production, directed by Scott Ellis and choreographed by Susan Stroman, starred Karen Ziemba as Lizzie. The score was heard to particular advantage here, as the opera company orchestra was appreciably larger than the conventional Broadway pit orchestra.[5] A 2-CD studio recording released by Jay Records on October 21, 1997, features Ziemba, Walter Charles, Ron Raines, Kristin Chenoweth, and Schmidt and Jones.[6] The recording was based on the 1992 New York City Opera production, and includes five bonus tracks from the New York City Opera production.[2]

1999 Concert Production

In 1999, a concert version was staged at the Fortune Theatre in London by Ian Marshall Fisher for the Discovering Lost Musicals Charitable Trust, with Louise Gold as Lizzie. For this production only a piano accompaniment was used, and the cast was unmiked.[7]

2007 Broadway revival

The Roundabout Theater Company presented a new production of the show, which opened on May 9, 2007, at Studio 54, and closed on July 29, 2007, after 94 performances and 27 previews. The production team was headed by director Lonny Price and designer Santo Loquasto. They were joined by lighting designer Christopher Akerlind, sound designer Dan Moses Schreier, and musical arranger David Krane along with musical supervisor/director, Paul Gemignani, who has worked closely with Price on various stage projects in the past. The cast featured Audra McDonald as Lizzie, Steve Kazee as Bill Starbuck, and John Cullum as H.C. Curry. McDonald won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical and was nominated for a Tony Award for her performance. Ben Brantley wrote of McDonald: "Is it possible for a performance to be too good? Audra McDonald brings such breadth of skill and depth of feeling to the Roundabout Theater Company revival of '110 in the Shade' that she threatens to burst the seams of this small, homey musical. Ravishing of voice and Olympian of stature, she’s an overwhelming presence in an underwhelming show."[8]

The revival also garnered four additional Tony nominations, but failed to win any. In June 2010, McDonald reprised her Tony-nominated role in a two-week fundraising production of the show for the Hale Center Theater in Orem, Utah.[9] A recording of this production was released on June 12, 2007, by PS Classics. It drops the "Overture" but adds two tracks of dialogue.[10]

Song list

Act I
  • "Another Hot Day" - File and Townspeople
  • "Lizzie's Comin' Home" - H.C. Curry, Noah Curry, and Jimmy Curry
  • "Love, Don't Turn Away" - Lizzie Curry
  • "Poker Polka" - File, H.C. Curry, Noah Curry, and Jimmy Curry
  • "The Hungry Men" - Lizzie Curry and Townspeople
  • "The Rain Song" - Bill Starbuck and Townspeople
  • "You're Not Foolin' Me" - Bill Starbuck and Lizzie Curry
  • "Cinderella" - Vivian Lorraine Taylor and Lizzie Curry
  • "Raunchy" - Lizzie Curry
  • "A Man and a Woman" - File and Lizzie Curry
  • "Old Maid" - Lizzie Curry
Act II
  • "Evenin' Star" (added for the 2007 revival) - Bill Starbuck
  • "Everything Beautiful Happens at Night" - Lizzie Curry and Townspeople
  • "Melisande" - Bill Starbuck
  • "Simple Little Things" - Lizzie Curry
  • "Little Red Hat" - Snookie and Jimmy Curry
  • "Is It Really Me?" - Lizzie Curry
  • "Wonderful Music" - Bill Starbuck, File, and Lizzie Curry
  • "The Rain Song" (Reprise) - Townspeople


Synopsis by Tommy Krasker, founder of PS Classics Records

Act I

It's the Fourth of July in 1936, in the small town of Three Point in the Southwestern U.S., where a blistering heat wave has the local sheriff, File, and the other townsfolk forever eyeing the sky ("Another Hot Day"). Elsewhere in town, on the ranch of widower H.C. Curry, the air is also charged with anticipation, due to the imminent arrival of H.C.'s daughter ("Lizzie's Coming Home"), who's been off visiting friends of the family (pseudo-relatives "Uncle" Ned and "Aunt" Marabelle and their sons) in [Sweetwater]. The trip was designed to find Lizzie a husband, but to no avail: as at home, her intelligence, sharp wit, and insecurities proved her undoing. H.C. and his sons, Jim and Noah, hatch a plan to invite Sheriff File to the annual picnic lunch, where Lizzie can impress him with her prettiest party dress and tastiest picnic basket. Reluctant at first, but then allowing herself to dream just a bit, Lizzie agrees ("Love Don't Turn Away").

Sheriff File, unfortunately, proves immune to every enticement the Curry boys offer ("Poker Polka"). His mind is more on "some sort of outlaw" heading into town, a fellow named Tornado Johnson; besides he knows a fix-up when he sees one, and as he puts it, "I can mend my own shirts." Jim and Noah depart, but H.C. stays behind to tell File he knows the lie File's been living: that File's not a widower, as he claims to be—that his wife ran out on him. H.C. sees a man who's lonely and shut off, one who needs "a lot more mendin' than shirts," but File grows angry and defensive, and H.C. leaves him be.

As the ladies at the picnic grounds await the arrival of "The Hungry Men", File is noticeably not among them, and although her father and brothers do their best to console her, Lizzie feels the sting of File's rejection. Jim suggests she'd have more luck if she flirted more—played down her intelligence and told men what they wanted to hear: like Lily Ann Beasley, who has all the men in town weak in the knees. But Lizzie is resolute in her vision of a husband: "I want him to stand up straight—and I want to be able to stand up straight to him!"

Suddenly, something sounds like a dry, rattling crack of summer thunder, and with it appears a handsome stranger who introduces himself as "Starbuck—Rainmaker." His bold promises include the town into a revivalist frenzy ("The Rain Song"), and H.C. plunks down a hundred dollars for the promise of rain within twenty-four hours. But Lizzie sees through Starbuck's pretenses, and he instantly sees through hers ("You're Not Foolin' Me"). His accusations touch a nerve, and as he exits, a childhood song runs through her head ("Cinderella") that darkens her mood further. Feeling a need to "get out of me for a while," she imagines a different sort of Lizzie Curry ("Raunchy").

File appears unexpectedly at the picnic grounds and, still insistent that he has a right to be alone, nonetheless reaches out to Lizzie, coming clean about his past and, almost despite himself, revealing old wounds ("A Man and a Woman"). But as they start to open up to each other, Lizzie's candid comments—and her feeble attempts to retract them—drive File away in a fury. Her family appears instantly to grill her, and Noah lashes out at her father's efforts to console her, insisting she accept the reality that she's going to end up alone. Lizzie, with terror in her heart, faces her future ("Old Maid").

Act II

As twilight approaches, lovers still haunt the picnic grounds. Starbuck is there as well, alone and quiet, doing a bit of soul-searching ("Evenin' Star", added for the 2007 revival). The others merely admire the majesty of the night sky ("Everything Beautiful Happens At Night"). For Lizzie, though, twilight means putting an end to her daydreams. And yet, still in search of something she can't quite define, she finds herself drawn to Starbuck's camp. Sensing her discontent, he encourages her to dream again—this time far beyond her small-town horizons ("Melisande"). Instinctively defensive, as before, Lizzie counters that her dreams are just a different kind ("Simple Little Things"), but feeling that she'll never get what she wants, she breaks down. Starbuck grabs her, encouraging her to see herself through her own eyes, and not as she fears others view her; he takes the pins out of her hair and insists she recognize her own beauty. The lights fade as they begin to make love.

Back at the picnic area, Jim is boasting of his own Fourth of July adventures ("Little Red Hat") when File arrives to tell the Curry clan that he's on the lookout for Tornado Johnson—aka rainmaker Starbuck. He understands that H.C. gave him a hundred dollars for the promise of rain, but H.C., well aware that Lizzie is with Starbuck, refuses to reveal his whereabouts. Noah is shocked that his father is willing to leave Lizzie alone with a conman, but H.C. understands his daughter's needs, "even if it's only one minute—with a man talkin' quiet and his hand touchin' her face." And back at Starbuck's tent, that's precisely what's happening, as Starbuck shares a difficult secret: "I never made rain in my life! Not a single raindrop!" Lizzie counsels him that "it's not good to live in your dreams," but he notes that it's not good to live outside of them, either. She concluded that best way to live is "somewhere between the two" ("Is It Really Me?").

As the Curry family awaits Lizzie's arrival, the mood is silent and tense. But she appears joyous and transformed ("I've got a new beau!"), and when File arrives to arrest Starbuck, the entire Curry clan defends him. Starbuck implores Lizzie to join him in his travels, and File—suddenly aware of what he needs and what he might lose—steps forward to plead his own case ("Wonderful Music"). Lizzie, with a new sense of her own worth, makes her decision. As Starbuck exits for parts unknown, a low rumble of thunder ushers in a sudden cloudburst, less than twenty-four hours of his arrival. And as the townspeople revel at the heavy downpour ("The Rain Song" reprise), Lizzie and File rejoice in the promise of hope and renewal that rainfall brings.

Awards and nominations

Original Broadway production

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1964 Tony Award Best Original Score Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Inga Swenson Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Will Geer Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Joseph Anthony Nominated

2007 Broadway revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2007 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Audra McDonald Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical John Cullum Nominated
Best Orchestrations Jonathan Tunick Nominated
Best Lighting Design Christopher Akerlind Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Audra McDonald Won


  1. ^ Suskin, Steven. "Show Tunes (2000). Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-19-512599-1, p. 307
  2. ^ a b castalbums.org
  3. ^ 110 In the Shade Listing guidetomusicaltheatre.com, retrieved January 8, 2010
  4. ^ "'110 in the Shade' London" ovrtur.com
  5. ^ Rothstein, Edward.Review/Music; Bang a Drum, Bind a Mule's Legs And Let the Heavens Pour Forth"The New York Times, July 21, 1992
  6. ^ 110 in the Shade listing amazon.com, retrieved January 8, 2010
  7. ^ Review, 110 in the Shade qsulis.demon.co.uk, retrieved January 8, 2010
  8. ^ Brantley, Ben. "Theater Review. Neither Rain Nor Love, Till a Guy Promises Both" The New York Times, May 10, 2007
  9. ^ http://www.sltrib.com (2010-04-25). "Tony-Award winner to star in Hale Center show". Sltrib.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-07. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
  10. ^ psclassics.com
  • Open a New Window: The Broadway Musical in the 1960s by Ethan Mordden, published by Palgrave (2001), pages 96–99 (ISBN 0-312-23952-1)

External links

18th Tony Awards

The 18th Annual Tony Awards took place on May 24, 1964, in the New York Hilton in New York City. The ceremony was broadcast on local television station WWOR-TV (Channel 9) in New York City. The host was Sidney Blackmer and the Masters of Ceremonies were Steve Lawrence and Robert Preston.

61st Tony Awards

The 61st Annual Tony Award ceremony was held on June 10, 2007 at Radio City Music Hall, with CBS television broadcasting live. The cut-off date for eligibility was May 9, meaning that to be qualified for the 2006-2007 season, shows must have opened before or on this date.

Jane Krakowski and Taye Diggs announced the nominations on May 15, 2007.This Tony Awards telecast won an Emmy Award, Outstanding Special Class Program, at the 59th Creative Arts Emmy Awards presented on September 8, 2007. Glenn Weiss, the director of the awards show, received a Directors Guild of America Awards nomination, Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Musical Variety (television).

Alli Mauzey

Alli Mauzey is an American actress and singer who is best known for her performance as Glinda the Good in Wicked, and for originating the role of Lenora in the musical Cry-Baby.Alli recently performed as Ernestina in the Tony Award winning revival of Hello, Dolly! from March to August of 2018.

Alli made her Broadway debut as Brenda in Hairspray, and also performed in the First National Tour.

In 2007, she originated the role of Lenora in the musical Cry-Baby, for which she won a Theatre World Award. She was also nominated for a Drama League Award. Alli also originated the role of Lenora in the Pre-Broadway production of Cry-Baby at the La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego (Theatre Critics Circle Award).

She also starred on Broadway as Glinda the Good in Wicked, a role she also performed to critical acclaim on the First National Tour and the San Francisco company.

Other New York Credits include, New York City Center Encores in the role of Minerva in The Golden Apple as well as Sydney in It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman, Ellie May Shipley in Show Boat with the New York Philharmonic and the Off-Broadway production of Red Eye of Love. Regionally, she has appeared as Mallory in City of Angels for Reprise! in Los Angeles, Snookie in 110 in the Shade at the Pasadena Playhouse, and Audrey in Little Shop of Horrors at The Muny for which she was nominated for a Kevin Kline Award.

Alli Mauzey has a B.F.A. from New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts.

Anthony 'Scooter' Teague

Anthony Scott Teague (born Edwin Ardell Teague, January 4, 1940 – June 2, 1989), also known as Scooter Teague, was an American actor and dancer.

Born to Herman Charles Teague and Oleta Jones Teague in Jacksboro, Texas, Teague graduated from North Hollywood High School, class of Summer 1958.Teague first appeared on television on The Danny Thomas Show, Alcoa Theatre, and The Donna Reed Show. In film he appeared as "Big Deal", one of the Jets, in West Side Story (1961), as Bud Frump in How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1967), and as Clarence in the Elvis Presley film The Trouble with Girls (1969).

On Broadway Teague played Jimmy Curry in the original cast of the musical 110 In The Shade, and Billy Early in No, No, Nanette. He also appeared as Zach, the audition director, in two national touring companies of A Chorus Line.Teague died in 1989 from cancer. He had two children: a son, Christian (born 1972), and a daughter, Kendall (born 1975), as well as a brother, Charles A. Teague.

Audra McDonald

Audra Ann McDonald (born July 3, 1970) is an American actress and singer. Primarily known for her work on the Broadway stage, she has won six Tony Awards, more performance wins than any other actor, and is the only person to win all four acting categories. She has performed in musicals, operas, and dramas such as A Moon for the Misbegotten, 110 in the Shade, Carousel, Ragtime, Master Class and Porgy and Bess. As a classical soprano, she has performed in staged operas with the Houston Grand Opera and the Los Angeles Opera and in concerts with symphony orchestras like the Berlin Philharmonic and New York Philharmonic. In 2008 her recording of Kurt Weill's Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny with the Los Angeles Opera won the Grammy Award for Best Classical Album and the Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording. She has a close working relationship with composer Michael John LaChiusa who has written several works for her, including the Broadway musical Marie Christine, the opera Send (who are you? i love you), and The Seven Deadly Sins: A Song Cycle. With her full lyric soprano voice, she maintains an active concert and recording career throughout the United States performing a wide repertoire from classical to musical theater to jazz and popular songs. In 2016, McDonald was awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Barack Obama. In 2017 she was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.On television, McDonald portrayed Dr. Naomi Bennett as a main cast member of Shonda Rhimes's ABC television drama Private Practice from 2007-2011. She also portrayed the recurring character of Liz Lawrence in Season 4 of The Good Wife; a role that she reprises as a main cast member in the spinoff series The Good Fight. In 2013 she performed the role of Mother Superior in The Sound of Music Live! opposite Carrie Underwood as Maria. She has twice been nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie for her portrayals of Susie Monahan in Wit opposite Emma Thompson in 2001 and for her performance of Ruth Younger in A Raisin in the Sun in 2008. In 2016 she was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and a Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance in Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill for HBO in which McDonald portrayed jazz legend Billie Holiday. She won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Class Program in 2015 for her work hosting the program Live from Lincoln Center. On film she is best known for her portrayals of Maureen in Ricki and the Flash (2015) opposite Meryl Streep and Madame de Garderobe in the 2017 film version of Disney's Beauty and the Beast. She has been nominated five times for the NAACP Image Awards for her work in television and film.

Harvey Schmidt

Harvey Lester Schmidt (September 12, 1929 – February 28, 2018) was an American composer for musical theatre and illustrator. He was best known for composing the music for the longest running musical in history, The Fantasticks, which ran off-Broadway for 42 years from 1960 - 2002.

Inga Swenson

Inga Swenson (born December 29, 1932; Omaha, Nebraska) is an American actress.

Ivor Emmanuel

Ivor Lewis Emmanuel (7 November 1927 – 20 July 2007) was a Welsh musical theatre and television singer and actor. He is probably best remembered, however, for his appearance as "Private Owen" in the 1964 film Zulu, in which his character rallies outnumbered British soldiers by leading them in the stirring Welsh battle hymn "Men of Harlech" to counter the Zulu war chants.

After losing his parents at an early age, Emmanuel began working as a coal miner. He developed a keen interest in music and singing, however, and was drawn to the stage. At the age of 20, he had his first professional theatre job in the musical Oklahoma!. He served as a chorister for the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company in 1950–1951 but soon went on to play small roles in the West End productions of South Pacific, The King and I and Plain and Fancy. His first leading role was Joe Hardy in Damn Yankees (1957), followed by a tour as Woody Mahoney in Finian's Rainbow. In 1966, he appeared on Broadway in A Time for Singing and then in the West End in 110 in the Shade. He continued to play in summer seasons of theatre and in cabaret and variety into the 1980s.

During the late 1950s, he participated in the Welsh language singing television programme Dewch i Mewn, and from 1958 to 1964 was lead singer on the TWW show, Gwlad y Gan (Land of Song), among other TV shows. In 1960, he performed in the first televised edition of the Royal Variety Performance. He continued to perform on TV through the 1970s. He also performed in concerts and is heard on cast recordings of Show Boat, Kiss Me, Kate, The King and I and A Time for Singing. He is also featured on the box set, The Greatest Musicals of the 20th Century, on the 1966 RCA Victrola recording of The Pirates of Penzance, and in a solo album, The Best of Ivor Emmanuel.

John Cullum

John Cullum (born March 2, 1930) is an American actor and singer. He has appeared in many stage musicals and dramas, including Shenandoah (1975) and On the Twentieth Century (1978), winning the Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical for each. He earned his first Tony nomination as lead actor in a musical in 1966 for On a Clear Day You Can See Forever in which he introduced the title song, and more recently received Tony nominations for Urinetown The Musical (2002) (best actor in a musical) and as best featured actor in a musical for the revival of 110 in the Shade (2007).

He portrayed tavern owner Holling Vincoeur on the television drama series Northern Exposure, earning an Emmy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor in a Drama. He was featured in fifteen episodes of the NBC television series ER as Mark Greene's father. He was the farmer in the landmark television drama The Day After. He has made multiple guest appearances on Law & Order and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as attorney, now judge, Barry Moredock, and appeared as Big Mike in several episodes of The Middle. As of December 2017, he is appearing as Senator Beau Carpenter on the CBS series, Madam Secretary.

Lonny Price

Lonny Price (born March 9, 1959) is an American director, actor, and writer, primarily in theatre. He is perhaps best known for his creation of the role of Charley Kringas in the Broadway musical Merrily We Roll Along and for his New York directing work including Sunset Boulevard, Sweeney Todd, Company, and Sondheim! The Birthday Concert.

Loren Hightower

Loren (Tex) Hightower (December 2, 1927 – November 7, 2017) was an American dancer who split his performing career between ballet and musical theatre. He was no relation to ballerina Rosella Hightower.Originally from Belton, Texas, Hightower trained with Ted Shawn. He danced principal roles with the Metropolitan Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, and the Agnes de Mille Dance Theatre; in addition, he performed regularly at the Metropolitan Opera. Like many ballet dancers of the 1940s and 1950s, Hightower frequently supplemented his income by working in musical theatre, and his Broadway appearances include Peter Pan, 110 in the Shade, Camelot, Anyone Can Whistle, and Brigadoon. He retired from performing in the late 1960s.

Hightower's credits as a choreographer include the ballets The Maids, An Idyll for Aphrodite, and Chips from a Crystal Ballroom, as well as Museum for the New York Shakespeare Festival.

For many years, Hightower taught dance at Adelphi University.

PS Classics

PS Classics is a record label that specializes in musical theatre and standard vocals. Founded in 2000 by Grammy-nominated freelance producer Tommy Krasker and singer/actor Philip Chaffin, their releases have been critically acclaimed for their meticulous sonic detail and high-quality packaging and artwork.Recent Broadway cast recordings from PS Classics include Xanadu, The Frogs, the revivals of 110 in the Shade, Pacific Overtures, Fiddler On The Roof, and Nine, as well as the premiere recordings of Grey Gardens, A Year with Frog and Toad, My Life With Albertine, Zanna, Don't!, Through the Years, Striking 12, Only Heaven and First Lady Suite. In May, 2006, PS Classics released their first London cast album, the London revival of Stephen Sondheim's Sunday in the Park with George. PS Classics has been nominated for four Grammy Awards, for the cast albums of Company, Grey Gardens, Assassins and Nine. In an unprecedented move, it recorded Grey Gardens twice, replacing the off-Broadway recording with a complete Broadway recording. The latter recording was Grammy nominated. Having a long-standing association with Stephen Sondheim, the label has released seven albums of work by the composer. They also have long-standing relationships with composers Maury Yeston and Ricky Ian Gordon.

In addition to their Broadway cast albums, PS Classics has also released a slew of solo albums by Broadway and cabaret stars such as Christine Andreas, Tony Award nominee Rebecca Luker, Tony Award nominee Kerry Butler, Tony Award winner Victoria Clark, Tony Award nominee Jason Danieley, Jackie Hoffman, Lauren Kennedy, Grammy nominee Maureen McGovern, Jessica Molaskey, Jane Olivor, label co-owner Philip Chaffin, the band Groovelily, and several others. They also issued the CD debut of Charlotte Rae's 1955 solo album, "Songs I Taught My Mother" as well as the songbook albums of composers Maury Yeston and Georgia Stitt.

PS Classics has also partnered with the Library of Congress on their acclaimed "Songwriter Series", in which musical theatre composers/lyricist sing their own work. Four composers have been released through PS Classics: Hugh Martin, Charles Strouse, Jonathan Larson and Howard Ashman. In 2008, PS Classics released its first soundtrack, for the critically acclaimed musical film, Were the World Mine. They also made their first foray into opera, releasing Ricky Ian Gordon's The Grapes of Wrath, in a live recording of the Minnesota Opera production.

PS Classics also maintains a not-for-profit companion label, PS Classics, Inc., which is dedicated to the location and restoration of lost scores and musical theatre material. Their first project was the restoration and all-star recording of Fine and Dandy, a 1930s musical by Kay Swift, one of the first female composers on Broadway. Their recent releases include two volumes of the Sondheim Sings series, a collection of demo recordings by composer Stephen Sondheim which highlight some of his early, lesser-known work.

The PS of PS Classics is named for Krasker and Chaffin's two dogs, Please (an Australian cattle dog) and Sumner (a bull terrier). PS Classics is based in Bronxville, New York.

Peter Filichia

Peter Filichia (born 1946) is the former New York-based theater critic for The Star-Ledger newspaper in Newark, New Jersey and New Jersey's television station News 12.In addition, Filichia has two weekly columns at Masterworks Broadway and Kritzerland, and also writes regular entries for the Music Theatre International Marquee blog. He wrote a regular column, "Peter Filichia's Diary," for the website TheaterMania.com from November 2001 until October 2011, and previously for the website BroadwayOnLine.

He is the author of the books Let's Put on a Musical!: How to Choose the Right Show for Your School, Community or Professional Theater, Broadway Musicals: the Biggest Hit and the Biggest Flop of the Season, 1959 to 2009, Broadway MVPs 1960-2010: The Most Valuable Players of the Past 50 Seasons, Strippers, Showgirls and Sharks: A Very Opinionated History of the Broadway Musicals that Did Not Win the Tony Award and The Great Parade: Broadway's Astonishing, Never-to-Be-Forgotten 1963-1964 Season. He served four terms as president and chairman of the nominating committee of the Drama Desk, and has also been a member of the nominating committee for the Lucille Lortel Awards, He is currently head of the selection committee of the Theatre World Awards and has hosted the annual award ceremony for a number of years.

Filichia has become a playwright with the work Adam's Gifts, a loose contemporary adaptation of Dicken's A Christmas Carol. Productions include Theatre at St. John's in Manhattan, Spotlight Vermont, and the Clinton Area Showboat Theater in Clinton, Iowa. He has also written "God Shows Up", a satire of televangelism, currently in a limited run at Playroom Theater in New York

He has also written the liner notes for many Broadway cast albums, especially reissues of such recordings as Jesus Christ Superstar, Fade Out - Fade In, Subways are for Sleeping, Ankles Aweigh, Redhead, Parade (Jerry Herman), Sweet Charity (Film Soundtrack), Prettybelle, Wish You Were Here and the Roundabout Theatre revival cast recording of 110 In The Shade. Filichia is also the critic-in-residence for the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music. He has served on an assessment panel for the NEA and is the musical theater judge for the ASCAP Awards program. He has appeared on television with Sally Jessy Raphaël, Phil Donahue, and on Saturday Night Live. In 2004 and 2005, he hosted with Matthew Murray the live theatre discussion show Bitch or Brag About Broadway at New York's 45th Street Theatre.

Since March 2009, he has been on the panel of reviewers heard on the podcast "This Week on Broadway" produced and hosted by James Marino from BroadwayRadio.com.

A fan of baseball and baseball statistics, Filichia claims to have seen 11,000 performances in the theater as of October 1, 2017.

Stephen Douglass

Stephen Douglass (September 27, 1921 – December 20, 2011) was an American actor-singer.

Born Stephen Fitch in Mount Vernon, Ohio, Douglass had a distinguished theatrical career and appeared occasionally on television. He was the last performer to play Billy Bigelow in the original Broadway production of Carousel and he created the role in the West End production in London. He was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor for his performance as Joe Hardy in Damn Yankees, and he originated the role of Ulysses in Jerome Moross and John Latouche's The Golden Apple. Other Broadway appearances included Make A Wish, Destry Rides Again, 110 in the Shade and I Do! I Do!. He also portrayed Gaylord Ravenal in the 1966 Lincoln Center revival of Show Boat.

He retired to England in 1972, but continued working in musicals, most notably as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof. His final musical appearance was in a U.K. production of Oklahoma! in 2003.In addition to his work in musical theatre, Douglass also occasionally sang roles in operas. In 1960, he portrayed Olin Blitch in the Philadelphia Lyric Opera Company's production of Carlisle Floyd's Susannah, with Phyllis Curtin in the title role and Richard Cassilly as Sam Polk. He appeared in several concerts for The Ivor Novello Appreciation Bureau at Littlewick Green.

Douglass was married to singer Christine Yates. He died at the age of 90 after a long battle with leukemia.

Steve Kazee

Steve Kazee (born October 30, 1975) is an American actor and singer. He won the 2012 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical for Once.

The Rainmaker (play)

The Rainmaker is a play written by N. Richard Nash in the early 1950s. The play opened on October 28, 1954, at the Cort Theatre in New York City, and ran for 125 performances. It was directed by Joseph Anthony and produced by Ethel Linder Reiner.

The play was translated into more than 40 languages and made into the 1956 film The Rainmaker, starring Burt Lancaster and Katharine Hepburn. The story was also made into a Broadway musical, 110 in the Shade. The play was revived on Broadway in 1999–2000 starring Woody Harrelson and Jayne Atkinson, who was nominated for the 2000 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.

Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical

The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical is awarded to the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. The award has been given since 1948, but the nominees who did not win have only been publicly announced since 1956.

Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Musical

This is a list of the winners and nominations of Tony Award for the Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical. It is the equivalent to the Best Supporting Actor award at the Academy Awards. The award has been given since 1947, but the nominees who did not win have only been publicly announced since 1956.

Will Swenson (actor)

William Swenson (born October 26, 1972) is an American actor and singer best known for his work in musical theatre. He also has developed a film career, primarily in LDS cinema.

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