10th parallel north

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 12 hours, 43 minutes during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 33 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

A section of the border between Guinea and Sierra Leone is defined by the parallel.

The Ten Degree Channel in the Indian Ocean is named after the parallel.

Line across the Earth
10th parallel north
10th parallel SierraLeone
The 10th parallel north defines part of the border between Sierra Leone and Guinea.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 10° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
10°0′N 0°0′E / 10.000°N 0.000°E  Ghana
10°0′N 0°21′E / 10.000°N 0.350°E  Togo
10°0′N 1°21′E / 10.000°N 1.350°E  Benin
10°0′N 3°37′E / 10.000°N 3.617°E  Nigeria
10°0′N 13°15′E / 10.000°N 13.250°E  Cameroon
10°0′N 14°17′E / 10.000°N 14.283°E  Chad
10°0′N 14°32′E / 10.000°N 14.533°E  Cameroon
10°0′N 15°41′E / 10.000°N 15.683°E  Chad
10°0′N 21°23′E / 10.000°N 21.383°E  Central African Republic
10°0′N 23°36′E / 10.000°N 23.600°E  Sudan
10°0′N 25°0′E / 10.000°N 25.000°E  South Sudan
10°0′N 26°7′E / 10.000°N 26.117°E  Sudan
10°0′N 27°50′E / 10.000°N 27.833°E Abyei Area controlled by  Sudan, and claimed by  South Sudan
10°0′N 29°0′E / 10.000°N 29.000°E  Sudan
10°0′N 29°32′E / 10.000°N 29.533°E  South Sudan
10°0′N 30°28′E / 10.000°N 30.467°E  Sudan
10°0′N 31°30′E / 10.000°N 31.500°E  South Sudan
10°0′N 34°0′E / 10.000°N 34.000°E  Sudan
10°0′N 34°13′E / 10.000°N 34.217°E  Ethiopia
10°0′N 43°3′E / 10.000°N 43.050°E  Somalia Passing through Somaliland
10°0′N 50°54′E / 10.000°N 50.900°E Indian Ocean Arabian Sea
Passing just south of the island of Kalpeni,  India
Laccadive Sea
10°0′N 76°13′E / 10.000°N 76.217°E  India Kerala — passing through Kochi
Tamil Nadu
10°0′N 79°13′E / 10.000°N 79.217°E Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal
Ten Degree Channel (between the Andaman and Nicobar Islands,  India)
Andaman Sea
10°0′N 98°10′E / 10.000°N 98.167°E  Myanmar (Burma) Island of Zadetkyi Kyun in the Mergui Archipelago
10°0′N 98°15′E / 10.000°N 98.250°E Indian Ocean Andaman Sea
10°0′N 98°32′E / 10.000°N 98.533°E  Myanmar (Burma) The southernmost tip of the Burmese mainland
10°0′N 98°35′E / 10.000°N 98.583°E  Thailand Ranong and Chumphon provinces
10°0′N 99°9′E / 10.000°N 99.150°E Gulf of Thailand Passing just south of the island of Ko Tao,  Thailand
Passing just south of the island of Phú Quốc,  Vietnam
10°0′N 105°5′E / 10.000°N 105.083°E  Vietnam
10°0′N 106°39′E / 10.000°N 106.650°E South China Sea Passing through the disputed Spratly Islands
10°0′N 118°38′E / 10.000°N 118.633°E  Philippines Island of Palawan
10°0′N 119°0′E / 10.000°N 119.000°E Sulu Sea
10°0′N 122°42′E / 10.000°N 122.700°E  Philippines Island of Negros
10°0′N 123°13′E / 10.000°N 123.217°E Tañon Strait
10°0′N 123°14′E / 10.000°N 123.233°E  Philippines Island of Cebu
10°0′N 123°37′E / 10.000°N 123.617°E Cebu Strait
10°0′N 124°3′E / 10.000°N 124.050°E  Philippines Island of Bohol
10°0′N 124°34′E / 10.000°N 124.567°E Bohol Sea Passing just south of the island of Leyte,  Philippines
10°0′N 125°12′E / 10.000°N 125.200°E  Philippines Island of Panaon
10°0′N 125°17′E / 10.000°N 125.283°E Surigao Strait
10°0′N 125°30′E / 10.000°N 125.500°E  Philippines Islands of Sibanac and Dinagat
10°0′N 125°40′E / 10.000°N 125.667°E Dinagat Sound
10°0′N 126°2′E / 10.000°N 126.033°E  Philippines Island of Siargao
10°0′N 126°5′E / 10.000°N 126.083°E Pacific Ocean
10°0′N 139°37′E / 10.000°N 139.617°E  Federated States of Micronesia Passing through Ulithi Atoll
10°0′N 139°48′E / 10.000°N 139.800°E Pacific Ocean Passing just north of Ujelang Atoll,  Marshall Islands
Passing just south of Wotho Atoll,  Marshall Islands
10°0′N 169°1′E / 10.000°N 169.017°E  Marshall Islands Passing through Likiep Atoll
10°0′N 169°7′E / 10.000°N 169.117°E Pacific Ocean
10°0′N 85°43′W / 10.000°N 85.717°W  Costa Rica Passing through the Gulf of Nicoya
Passing just north of San José
10°0′N 83°2′W / 10.000°N 83.033°W Caribbean Sea
10°0′N 75°34′W / 10.000°N 75.567°W  Colombia
10°0′N 72°58′W / 10.000°N 72.967°W  Venezuela Passing through Lake Maracaibo
10°0′N 62°8′W / 10.000°N 62.133°W Atlantic Ocean Passing just south of the island of Trinidad,  Trinidad and Tobago
10°0′N 14°2′W / 10.000°N 14.033°W  Guinea
10°0′N 11°53′W / 10.000°N 11.883°W  Guinea /  Sierra Leone border
10°0′N 11°12′W / 10.000°N 11.200°W  Guinea
10°0′N 8°8′W / 10.000°N 8.133°W  Ivory Coast
10°0′N 4°59′W / 10.000°N 4.983°W  Burkina Faso
10°0′N 2°46′W / 10.000°N 2.767°W  Ghana

Popular culture

In the last scene of the final episode of the Spanish thriller series La casa de papel, a point near Palawan island, Philippines, with the coordinates of 10th parallel north and 118,5º, was the meeting point of El Professor and Raquel one year after the heist.

See also


  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
10th parallel

10th parallel may refer to:

10th parallel north, a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere

10th parallel south, a circle of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere

11th parallel north

The 11th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 11 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 12 hours, 46 minutes during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 29 minutes during the winter solstice.In Thailand, a 1966 cabinet resolution restricts the rights of non-Thai companies to conduct mineral exploration or mining operations north of this parallel.

1988 Pacific typhoon season

The 1988 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1988, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

A total of 26 tropical cyclones formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which all became tropical storms. Of the 26, 10 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 1 reached supertyphoon strength. Nine tropical cyclones moved through the Philippines this season, making this season the most active for the archipelago so far this decade.

9th parallel north

The 9th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 9 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

American Campaign Medal

The American Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was first created on November 6, 1942 by Executive Order 9265 issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The medal was intended to recognize those military members who had performed military service in the American Theater of Operations during World War II. A similar medal, known as the American Defense Service Medal was awarded for active duty service before the United States entry into World War II.

European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal

The European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was first created on November 6, 1942 by Executive Order 9265 issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

The medal was intended to recognize those military service members who had performed military duty in the European Theater (to include North Africa and the Middle East) during the years of the Second World War.

Geography of Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa, between the 7th and 10th parallels north of the equator. Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea to the north and northeast, Liberia to the south and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.Sierra Leone has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi), divided into a land area of 71,620 km2 (27,653 sq mi) and water of 120 km2 (46 sq mi).Sierra Leone has four distinct geographical regions: coastal Guinean mangroves, the wooded hill country, an upland plateau, and the eastern mountains. Eastern Sierra Leone is an interior region of large plateaus interspersed with high mountains, where Mount Bintumani rises to 1,948 meters (6,391 ft).

Lado Enclave

The Lado Enclave was an exclave of the Congo Free State and later of Belgian Congo that existed from 1894 until 1910, situated on the west bank of the Upper Nile in what is now South Sudan and northwest Uganda.

List of circles of latitude

Following is a list of circles of latitude on Earth.

Solar eclipse of August 16, 1841

A partial solar eclipse occurred on August 16, 1841 during winter. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A partial solar eclipse occurs in the polar regions of the Earth when the center of the Moon's shadow misses the Earth.

It was last of four partial eclipses that took place that year, two in the space of two months each, the last one was on July 1819 and covered a part of the Northern Hemisphere. It was the third solar saros 152 cycle of eclipses

Tropical Storm Alma (1974)

Tropical Storm Alma, the first named storm to develop in the 1974 Atlantic hurricane season, was a short lived tropical cyclone that made a rare Venezuelan landfall. The storm formed from the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) on August 12 well to the east of the Windward Islands, but advisories were not issued until the next day when Alma was at peak intensity. Alma entered the southeastern Caribbean Sea at an unusually brisk westward pace of between 20 mph (32 km/h) to 25 mph (40 km/h), prompting numerous watches and gale warnings throughout the nations in this region. After crossing Trinidad, Alma became one of only four tropical storms to traverse the Paria Peninsula of northeastern Venezuela. The storm dissipated on August 15 over the high terrain of Venezuela.

Alma left heavy damage in Trinidad, amounting to about US$5 million (value in 1974), making it the most destructive cyclone of the 20th century on the island at that time. Alma damaged about 5,000 buildings, leaving 500 people homeless. The storm also wrecked 17,750 acres (7,180 ha) of crop fields. There were two deaths in Trinidad, including one person who was struck by flying debris. Alma's heavy rainfall was responsible for a plane crash on Isla Margarita off the Venezuelan coast, killing the 49 people on board.

Tropical Storm Bret (1993)

Tropical Storm Bret was the deadliest natural disaster in Venezuela since the 1967 Caracas earthquake. The third tropical cyclone of 1993 Atlantic hurricane season, Bret formed on August 4 from a westward-moving, African tropical wave. Bret would later peak as a 60 mph (95 km/h) tropical storm as it neared Trinidad. It took an extremely southerly course through the Caribbean, passing over the coasts of Venezuela and Colombia. High terrain in the northern parts of those countries severely disrupted the circulation of the storm, and Bret had weakened to a tropical depression before emerging over the extreme southwestern Caribbean Sea. There, it restrengthened to a tropical storm and made landfall in Nicaragua on August 10, dissipating soon after. Bret's remnants reached the Pacific Ocean, where they ultimately became Hurricane Greg.

Though Bret was only a weak tropical storm, it caused extreme flooding and nearly 200 deaths as it moved through South America, mostly in Venezuela. The first tropical storm to strike the country in 100 years, Bret deluged northern regions with 13.35 in (339 mm) of rainfall. The capital, Caracas, received 4.72 in (120 mm) of rain over just seven hours, resulting in widespread mudslides in the hills around the city that buried houses and carried away cars. There were 173 deaths in the country, and damage was estimated at US$25 million (1993 USD). Volunteers and firefighters helped storm victims cope with the damage, and workers cleared roads to restore transportation.

Outside of Venezuela, Bret first affected Trinidad and Tobago, causing minor flooding and power outages. It passed just south of Curaçao, where the storm damaged the coral reef and the roofs of 17 homes. The storm later brushed northern Colombia, killing one person there, before hitting Central America. In Nicaragua, Bret killed 31 people and left US$3 million in damage, with many coastal towns isolated by floods. There was one death in neighboring Costa Rica and seven in Honduras, all due to flooding. In Central America, damage was compounded by Hurricane Gert moving through the region in early September.

Typhoon Alex (1987)

Typhoon Alex, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Etang, affected the Taiwan, China, and South Korea during July 1987. Typhoon Alex developed from the monsoon trough that spawned a tropical disturbance late on July 21 southwest of Guam which organized into a tropical depression shortly thereafter. The system steadily became better organized, and the next day, a tropical depression had developed. Satellite intensity estimates gradually increased, and on July 23, the depression had become Tropical Storm Alex. After initially tracking west-northwest, Tropical Storm Alex started tracking northwest. An eye developed on July 24, and on the next day, Alex was classified as a typhoon, and attained its peak intensity of 120 km/h (75 mph) and a minimum barometric pressure of 970 mbar (29 inHg). Alex weakened while tracking more northward, though interaction with Taiwan resulted in a more westward track on July 27. The storm struck near Shanghai as a tropical storm, and weakened over land, although it remained identifiable through August 2.

Across Taiwan, the storm inflicted minor damage and one person was killed. In the province of Zhejiang, Alex damaged or destroyed over 200 fishing boats, wiped out 22 bridges, snapped 32 power lines, and flooded four reservoirs. Damage there exceeded US$1.8 million. In Jiaxing, at least 121,405 ha (300,000 acres) of farmland were flooded. Nation-wide, 125 people were killed and roughly 200 were wounded. Close to 700 homes were demolished while roughly 200 fishing boats were damaged. Across South Korea, the storm dumped heavy rainfall, with daily totals of 300 mm (12 in) in some places, triggering flooding and landslides.

Typhoon Faith

Typhoon Faith, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Norming, struck both the Philippines and Vietnam during December 1998. A tropical disturbance developed within the vicinity of the western Caroline Islands during early December. At midday on December 8, the system developed into a tropical depression. Tracking northwest at a brisk pace, the depression gradually intensified, and was upgraded into a tropical storm at noon on December 9. Quickly intensifying, Faith turned to the west-northwest, and after tracking near Samar Island on the evening of December 10, Faith attained typhoon intensity. After clipping the northern tip of Palawan Island, the typhoon entered the South China Sea at peak intensity. Across the Philippines, 33 people were killed, with 30 others wounded and 36 others listed missing. A total of 6,423 homes were damaged and 3,234 houses were destroyed, leaving more than 20,000 homeless. Damage was estimated at $25.9 million, with $6.82 million from crops, $15.9 million from public infrastructure, and $3.37 million from private infrastructure.

The typhoon tracked westward before tracking west-southwest, only to decelerate to the west-northwest. Increased wind shear took toll on the storm and caused a weakening trend. On December 12, Faith lost typhoon intensity, and two days later, Faith weakened into a tropical depression. After striking Vietnam, the depression rapidly dissipated over land. At least 38 people were killed in Vietnam with over 10,000 evacuated due to flooding in low-lying areas. Damage in Vietnam exceeded $20 million.

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