10th Missile Squadron

The 10th Missile Squadron is a United States Air Force unit. It is assigned to the 341st Operations Group, stationed at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana. The squadron is equipped with the LGM-30G Minuteman III Intercontinental ballistic missile, with a mission of nuclear deterrence.

10th Missile Squadron
LGM-30G Minuteman III test launch
LGM-30G Minuteman III launch
Active1940–1944; 1947–1949; 1955–1961; 1961–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
TypeSquadron
RoleIntercontinental ballistic missile
Part ofAir Force Global Strike Command
Garrison/HQMalmstrom AFB, Montana
Motto(s)The First Ace in the Hole
Engagements
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain)

World War II (Antisubmarine Campaign)[1]
Decorations
US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer

Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (7x)[1]
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lance W. Lord
Insignia
10th Strategic Missile Squadron emblem (approved 21 June 1963)[1][note 1]
10th Missile Squadron
10th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 27 September1940)[2][note 2]
10th Bombardment Squadron - Emblem

History

World War II

Established in 1939 as a prewar bombardment squadron, it was equipped with a mixture of Douglas B-18 Bolo medium and early-model Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers. It trained over the US east coast flying training missions. It also had some second-line Northrop A-17 Nomad dive bombers assigned. After the outbreak of World War II in Europe it flew patrols over the Atlantic Coast searching for German U-boat activity.

Deployed to Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico in late 1940, the unit was assigned to the Caribbean Air Force, 25th Bombardment Group. The unit was called to face possible action, with its sister 1st Bombardment Squadron, in April and May 1942, however, when it patrolled the Vichy French Martinique area. By 1 November 1942, the squadron was transferred (minus personnel) to Edinburgh Field, Trinidad.[3]

In August 1943, the 10th Squadron, which had by then been consolidated with the personnel and equipment of the old 1st Bombardment Squadron re-equipped with the North American B-25 Mitchell. A detachment was also maintained at Port-of-Spain at this time. [3]

With the Navy taking over the antisubmarine mission, the squadron moved to France Field, Canal Zone in December 1943, where it became an element of the VI Bomber Command. The Squadron carried on patrols up and down the Atlantic coast of Panama and into neighboring Colombian waters until relieved from assignment to Sixth Air Force and returned to the United States. on 2 May 1944. It moved to Lincoln Army Air Field, Nebraska where it became a B-25 Mitchell medium bomber replacement training unit under Second Air Force. Inactivated June 1944.

Strategic Air Command

The squadron was reactivated in 1955 as a Strategic Air Command (SAC) Boeing B-47 Stratojet squadron. It trained in air refueling and strategic bombardment operations with the B-47. In 1961, the squadron transferred its B-47s to other SAC wings and was inactivated.[2]

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Squadron

It was reactivated on 1 December 1961 as an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile squadron assigned to the 341st Missile Wing at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana.[2] It was initially equipped with 50 LGM-30A Minuteman Is in early 1962, becoming SAC's first operational Minuteman squadron. It upgraded to the Minuteman IB in 1964 and the Minuteman IIF in 1967. It received control of LGM-30G Minuteman III silos from the inactivating 321st Strategic Missile Wing at Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota in 1996; the Minuteman IIs being retired. It has maintained ICBMs on alert ever since.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 10th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 December 1939
Activated on 1 February 1940
Redesignated 10th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 7 May 1942
Redesignated 10th Bombardment Squadron, Medium on 21 September 1943
Inactivated on 17 June 1944
  • Redesignated 10th Bombardment Squadron, Light on 11 March 1947
Activated in the reserve on 18 June 1947
Inactivated on 27 June 1949
  • Redesignated 10th Bombardment Squadron, Medium on 7 June 1955
Activated on 1 September 1955
Discontinued and inactivated on 25 June 1961
  • Redesignated 10th Strategic Missile Squadron, (ICBM-Minuteman) and activated on 2 August 1961 (not organized)
Organized on 1 December 1961
Redesignated 10th Missile Squadron on 1 September 1991[1]

Assignments

  • 25th Bombardment Group, 1 February 1940 (attached to VI Bomber Command after 13 December 1943)
  • VI Bomber Command, 17 December 1943
  • Second Air Force, c. 9 May – 17 June 1944
  • 341st Bombardment Group, 18 June 1947 – 27 June 1949
  • 341st Bombardment Wing, 1 September 1955 – 25 June 1961
  • Strategic Air Command, 2 August 1961 (not organized)
  • 341st Strategic Missile Wing, 1 December 1961
  • 341st Operations Group, 1 September 1991 – present[1]

Stations

  • Langley Field, Virginia, 1 February – 26 October 1940
  • Borinquen Field, Puerto Rico, 1 November 1940
  • Edinburgh Field, Trinidad, c. 1 November 1942
Detachment operated from Port of Spain, Trinidad, 27 August – 12 October 1943
  • Waller Field, Trinidad, 1 October 1943
  • France Field, Panama Canal Zone, 11 December 1943 – 2 May 1944
  • Lincoln Army Air Field, Nebraska, 25 May – 17 June 1944
  • Westover Field (later Westover Air Force Base), Massachusetts, 18 June 1947 – 27 June 1949
  • Abilene Air Force Base (later Dyess Air Force Base), Texas, 1 September 1955 – 25 June 1961
Deployed to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, 9 January – c. 3 April 1958
  • Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, 1 December 1961 – present[1]

Aircraft and Missiles

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1940
  • Northrop A-17 Nomad, 1940–1941
  • Douglas B-18 Bolo, 1940–1943
  • North American B-25 Mitchell, 1943–1944
  • North American AT-6 Texan, 1947–1949
  • Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan, 1947–1949
  • B-47 Stratojet, 1956–1961
  • LGM-30A/B Minuteman I, 1962–1968
  • LGM-30F Minuteman II, 1968–1991
  • LGM-30G Minuteman III, 1996 – present[1]

See also

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ On an Air Force blue disc, an Air Force golden yellow demi lion rampant shaded golden brown, his tongue red, emerging from a hole dark brown rimmed red, fimbriated white five red lightning flashes radiating upward from the hole, fimbriated white. Motto: The First Ace in the Hole. Factsheet, 10 Missile Squadron.
  2. ^ In front of a yellow crescent moon and star, a black lion sejant erect on a red aerial bomb and placed at a downward angle. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 54
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Factsheet 10 Missile Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 2 January 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 54-55
  3. ^ a b Hagdedorn,

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

10 Squadron

10 Squadron or 10th Squadron may refer to:

No. 10 Squadron RAAF, a unit of the Royal Australian Air Force.

No. 10 Squadron RCAF, an anti-submarine unit of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

No. 10 Squadron (Finland), a unit of the Finnish Air Force

No. 10 Squadron RAF, a unit of the United Kingdom Royal Air Force

10th Missile Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

10th Space Warning Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

10th Airlift Squadron, a unit of the United States Air Force

Training Squadron 10, a unit of the United States Navy

341st Missile Wing

The United States Air Force's 341st Missile Wing is an intercontinental ballistic missile unit headquartered at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana. Up until 1 July 2008, it was designated as the 341st Space Wing.

Established as a World War II Tenth Air Force North American B-25 Mitchell bomb group in India, the unit served as part of Strategic Air Command during the early part of the Cold War as a Boeing B-47 Stratojet wing, before becoming an intercontinental ballistic missile unit in 1962. Today, the 341st is one of three remaining United States Air Force wings that maintain and operate the LGM-30 Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile.

341st Missile Wing LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Launch Sites

This is a list of the LGM-30 Minuteman missile Missile Alert Facilities and Launch Facilities of the 341st Missile Wing, 20th Air Force, assigned to Malmstrom AFB, Montana.

Air Force Global Strike Command

Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. AFGSC provides combat-ready forces to conduct strategic nuclear deterrence and global strike operations in support of combatant commanders. It is subordinated to the USSTRATCOM.

Air Force Global Strike Command is the direct descendant unit of the Cold War-era Strategic Air Command (SAC). It holds the lineage, history and honors of SAC.

LGM-30 Minuteman

The LGM-30 Minuteman is a U.S. land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), in service with the Air Force Global Strike Command. As of 2018, the LGM-30G Minuteman III version is the only land-based ICBM in service in the United States.

Development of the Minuteman began in the mid-1950s and as the outgrowth of basic research into solid fuel rocket motors which indicated an ICBM based on solids was possible. Such a missile could stand ready for extended periods of time with little maintenance and then launch on command. In comparison, existing U.S. missile designs using liquid rocket propellant required a lengthy fueling process immediately before launch, which left them open to the possibility of a surprise attack. This potential for immediate launch gave the missile its name; like the Revolutionary War's Minutemen, the Minuteman was designed to be launched on a moment's notice.Minuteman entered service in 1962 as a weapon tasked primarily with the deterrence role, threatening Soviet cities with a second strike countervalue counterattack if the U.S. was attacked. However, the development of the U.S. Navy's Polaris missile, which addressed the same role, allowed the Air Force to modify Minuteman into a weapon with much greater accuracy with the specific intent of allowing it to attack hardened military targets, including Soviet missile silos. The Minuteman-II entered service in 1965 with a host of upgrades to improve its accuracy and survivability in the face of an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system the Soviets were known to be developing. Minuteman-III followed in 1970, using three smaller warheads instead of one large one, which made it difficult to counter because the ABMs would have to hit all three widely separated warheads to be effective. Minuteman-III was the first multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) ICBM to be deployed. Each missile can carry up to three thermonuclear weapons, and were initially armed with the W62 warhead with a yield of 170 kilotons.

Peaking at 1,000 missiles in the 1970s, the current U.S. force consists of 399 Minuteman-III missiles as of September 2017, deployed in missile silos around Malmstrom AFB, Montana; Minot AFB, North Dakota; and F.E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. The Air Force plans to keep the missile in service until at least 2030. It is one component of the U.S. nuclear triad—the other two parts of the triad being the Trident submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), and nuclear weapons carried by long-range strategic bombers.

List of USAF Strategic Missile Wings assigned to Strategic Air Command

This is a list of the three generations of ICBMs produced and deployed by the United States during the Cold War, with a fourth generation ICBM being deployed in small numbers at the end of the Cold War in 1991.

Development of Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) technology as an outgrowth of the World War II V-2 rocket technology developed by Germany, and the mating of nuclear weapon technology developed by the United States created an entire new method of warfare. Due to their great range and firepower, in an all-out nuclear war, land-based ICBMs would carry most of the destructive force, with long-range, nuclear-armed bombers and Submarine-launched ballistic missiles carrying the remainder. These three components were collectivity referred to as the United States nuclear triad. The United States Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC) was the US military command and control organization for ICBMs and nuclear-armed bombers. Over a million men and women served in SAC, on daily alert 24 hours a day, with a mission to preserve the peace and deter any aggressor nation from attacking the United States and its allies.

Note: The PGM-17 Thor and PGM-19 Jupiter Medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM), or the SM-62 Snark intercontinental cruise missile developed by the US Air Force in the 1950s are not included on this list.

List of United States Air Force missile squadrons

This article lists the missile squadrons of the United States Air Force. There are nine missile squadrons currently active in the United States (listed in bold type); all nine are equipped to operate intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Twentieth Air Force

The Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (20th AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC). It is headquartered at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming.

20 AF's primary mission is Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) operations. The Twentieth Air Force commander is also the Commander, Task Force 214 (TF 214), which provides alert ICBMs to the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM).

Established on 4 April 1944 at Washington D.C, 20 AF was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force deployed to the Pacific Theater of World War II. Operating initially from bases in India and staging through bases in China, 20 AF conducted strategic bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands. It relocated to the Mariana Islands in late 1944, and continued the strategic bombardment campaign against Japan until the Japanese capitulation in August 1945. The 20 AF 509th Composite Group conducted the atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, and remains as the only air force organization to have used a nuclear weapon in combat.

Inactivated on 1 March 1955, the command was reactivated 1 September 1991, as a component of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and became operationally responsible for all land-based Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.

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