10th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 10th Infantry Regiment is a regiment in the United States Army first formed in 1855.

10th Infantry Regiment
010 Infantry Regiment COA
Coat of arms
Active1855–present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeInfantry
Motto(s)Courage and Fidelity
EngagementsUtah War
Navajo Wars
American Civil War
Indian Wars
Spanish–American War
Philippine–American War
World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
10th INF DUI
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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History

The regiment was first commissioned as the 10th Infantry on 3 March 1855 and was officially organized in April 1855 at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. In 1869 the regiment was consolidated with elements of the 26th Infantry Regiment after having served in the Civil War. It was assigned to the 14th Division on 5 July 1918 and stayed there until it was relieved from assignment in 1919.

The regiment was inactively stationed at Camp Sherman, Ohio from December 1921 until June 1922 when it was reassigned to Fort Knox again on active duty. In 1923 it was assigned to the 5th Infantry Division and stayed there through World War II.

After World War II, the regiment was stationed in Kentucky on inactive duty. In 1947 it was moved to South Carolina until 1951, when it was then stationed at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania. Due to Cold War escalations, it was sent to West Germany in 1953 on active duty. Four years later it was relieved from assignment and reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System. In 1989 it was again reorganized, this time under the United States Army Regimental System, and transferred to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.

The regiment was divided into three separate battalions. For the most part, they served in the same theaters. However, there are some slight differences in the active service of these battalions.

1st Battalion

The 1st battalion of this regiment was stationed at Fort Ord, California from 1961 until February 1962 when it went on active duty at Fort Carson in Colorado, where it remained until 1970. It was then relieved of its duty and reassigned to the 4th Infantry Division. Its headquarters were last transferred in 1996 to United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

2nd Battalion

The 2nd battalion was also inactivated 1 June 1957 at Fort Ord, California, and relieved from assignment to the 5th Infantry Division. After the same duties, it was activated 23 April 1960 in the Panama Canal Zone. Finally, its headquarters were transferred 4 June 1987 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

3rd Battalion

After 19 March 1959, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Battle Group, 10th Infantry were withdrawn from the Regular Army, allotted to the Army Reserve, and assigned to the 83d Infantry Division. It was almost immediately reactivated and consolidated with the 1st Battalion, 331st Infantry. It was later reorganized and redesignated 15 April 1963 as the 3d Battalion, 10th Infantry. In 1967, it was allotted to the regular army, and transferred to the 5th infantry division. Finally, its headquarters were transferred 4 June 1987 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Today, the 3rd Battalion, 10th Infantry Regiment conducts Basic Combat Training. The five subordinate companies conduct the transformation of civilian volunteers into competent, confident, and disciplined Soldiers who live the Army Values and are physically and mentally prepared to successfully complete the next phase of initial entry training. The Battalion is commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William Earl with Command Sergeant Major Jason Duncan.

4th Battalion

  • Constituted 3 March 1855 in the Regular Army as Company D, 10th Infantry and organized in June 1855 at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.
  • Consolidated 25 July 1869 with Company D, 26th Infantry and consolidated unit designated as Company D, 10th Infantry
  • (10th Infantry assigned 5 July 1918 to the 14th Division; relieved in February 1919 from assignment to the 14th Division; assigned 24 March 1923 to the 5th Division [later redesignated as the 5th Infantry Division])
  • Inactivated 31 October 1929 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky
  • Activated 1 October 1933 at Fort Hayes, Ohio
  • Inactivated 20 September 1946 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky
  • Activated 15 July 1947 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Inactivated 30 April 1950 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Activated 1 March 1951 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania
  • Inactivated 1 September 1953 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania
  • Activated 25 May 1954 in Germany
  • Inactivated 1 June 1957 at Fort Ord, California, and relieved from assignment to the 5th Infantry Division; concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 4th Battle Group, 10th Infantry
  • Activated 19 February 1962 in the Panama Canal Zone (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1962 as the 4th Battalion, 10th Infantry, and assigned to the 193d Infantry Brigade
  • Inactivated 1 October 1983 in Panama and relieved from assignment to the 193d Infantry Brigade
  • Headquarters transferred 4 June 1987 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
  • Inactivated 15 April 1996 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
  • Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 4th Battalion, 10th Infantry Regiment
  • Activated 26 January 2009 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina

Source:[1]

Military service

Military action

The 10th Infantry landed in Iceland in late 1941.[2]

The 10th Infantry regiment saw extensive service through several wars. Its first major tour of service was in the Civil War. Afterwards the regiment was used in the Indian wars, the Spanish and Philippine wars, and finally saw action in World War II.

Civil War:

The regiment saw the most action in its history during the civil war and participated in several battles listed below.

Indian Wars:

After the Civil War, the regiment was used to combat several hostile tribes in the Indian wars.

Spanish–American War:

The regiment saw some action in the Spanish–American War, although minimal.

Philippine–American War:

The 10th also took part in the war against the Philippine insurrection and, although not in any full-fledged battles, did see action in putting down hostile guerrillas and controlling the island.

World War II:

The 10th saw heavy action across Western Europe during World War II against Nazi Germany.

Unit honors

  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for Moselle River battle at Metz, France.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/inf/0010in004bn.htm
  2. ^ http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/guard-us/ch19.htm
10th Regiment

10th Regiment may refer to:

10th Field Regiment Royal Artillery

10th (R/Fus) Medium Regiment Royal Artillery 1942-1946, from 16th Battalion Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regt)

2/10th Armoured Regiment (Australia), a unit of the Australian Army

2nd/10th Medium Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery, a unit of the Australian Army

10th Light Horse Regiment (Australia), a unit of the Australian Army

10th Malay Regiment, an irregular formation which opposed the British occupation of Maylasia

10th (North Lincoln) Regiment of Foot, a unit of the British Army

10th Royal Hussars, a unit of the British Army

10th Royal Tank Regiment, a unit of the British Army

10th Infantry Regiment (United States), a unit of the United States Army

10th Cavalry Regiment (United States), a unit of the United States Army

10th Marine Regiment (United States), a unit of the United States Marine Corps

Henry Boynton Clitz

Henry Boynton Clitz (July 4, 1824 – October 30, 1888) was a career United States Army officer who served with distinction in the Mexican–American War and in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He received brevet appointments for his service in both wars. After his release as a prisoner of war from the Confederate Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia on July 17, 1862, he was Commandant of Cadets at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, from October 23, 1862 to July 4, 1864. Clitz was nominated and confirmed for appointment as a brevet brigadier general in the Regular Army (United States) on March 2, 1867 to rank from March 13, 1865. He retired from the Regular Army as colonel of the 10th Infantry Regiment (United States) on July 1, 1885. Clitz, whose deteriorating mental state had been noticed by relatives for several months, disappeared at Niagara Falls, New York, and was presumed drowned on October 30, 1888.

Infantry Branch (United States)

The Infantry Branch (also known as the "Queen of the Battle") is a branch of the United States Army first established in 1775.

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