The 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles, previously known as the 1st Regiment, Nelson Mounted Rifles is a military unit based in Nelson, New Zealand. They served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I and first saw action during the Battle of Gallipoli. As a part of the larger New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (of the ANZAC Mounted Division) they went on to serve in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.
|10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles|
Middle Eastern Theatre during the Great War
|Allegiance||New Zealand Crown|
|Branch||New Zealand Army|
|Part of||New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade|
|Motto(s)||Rem gero strenue (Fight with zeal)|
M3 Stuart Light Tank
M3 Scout Car
|Engagements||Second Boer War|
World War I
World War II
In 1917 they were renamed the 10th (Nelson and Marlborough) Mounted Rifle Regiment and in 1921 became The Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles.
The regiment began mobilisation for war in 1941 as the cavalry regiment of 11th Brigade Group, 5th Division. On 1 January 1942 was renamed the 10th Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles Regiment (Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles). On 29 March 1944, 10th Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles Regiment (Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles) was absorbed into the 3rd Armoured Regiment.
The Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand, raised for service during the First World War. It was assigned to the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, and formed part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
The regiment, with an establishment of twenty-six officers, 523 other ranks and 600 horses, was formed from three squadrons belonging to pre-war Territorial Force regiments: the 1st Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry), the 8th (South Canterbury) Mounted Rifles and the 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles. It also included a small headquarters and, until 1916, a Maxim machine-gun section. The Maxim guns were withdrawn but the regiment's fire-power increased during the war, and by the end of the conflict each squadron had four Hotchkiss machine-guns, one per troop.
Being mounted infantry the regiment rode into battle on their horses, but were expected to dismount and fight on foot. The regiment fought predominantly against the forces of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Their first involvement came in the Gallipoli Campaign between May and December 1915, during which they participated in the largest battle of that theatre at Chunuk Bair and the fighting for Hill 60. Evacuated to Egypt, they then took part in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign from 1916 to 1918. The early battles they were involved in included those at Romani, Gaza and Beersheba. Later in the war they were part of the force that occupied the Jordan Valley, and took part in the raids on Amman and Es Salt. Their final wartime operation was in connection with the capture of the Turkish Fourth Army. During the four years of war the regiment lost 334 men dead from all causes, while another 720 were wounded or debilitated. After the war, the regiment played a minor role in the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, before being disbanded in June 1919.List of military units based in or affiliated with the South Island
See also: Coastal fortifications of New Zealand.Magdhaba-Rafah (battle honour)
Magdhaba-Rafah and Maghdaba-Rafah were battle honours awarded to units of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force that took part in the Affair of Magdhaba or the Action of Rafah during the winter of 1916–17 in the Sinai Campaign of the Great War.Australian units were awarded Magdhaba-Rafah:
1st Light Horse Regiment
2nd Light Horse Regiment
3rd Light Horse Regiment
8th Light Horse Regiment
9th Light Horse Regiment
10th Light Horse Regiment
14th Light Horse Regiment
15th Light Horse Regiment
26th (Tasmanian Mounted Infantry) Light Horse RegimentNew Zealand units were awarded Maghdaba-Rafah:
1st Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry)
Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Mounted Rifles
3rd (Auckland) Mounted Rifles
4th (Waikato) Mounted Rifles
6th (Manawatu) Mounted Rifles
9th (Wellington East Coast) Mounted Rifles
10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles
11th (North Auckland) Mounted RiflesNelson Battalion of Militia
The Nelson Battalion of Militia was formed 12 August 1845 under the terms of the Militia Act of 1845.
This made the Nelson Battalion of Militia the first Army unit to be formed in the South Island and indeed one of the first in New Zealand. The 2nd Battalion (Canterbury and Nelson-Marlborough, and West Coast), Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment celebrates 12 August 1845 as the beginning of its preceding units.New Zealand Expeditionary Force
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945). Ultimately, the NZEF of World War I became known as the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force. The NZEF of World War II was known as the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF).
New Zealand Great War Mounted Regiments
|Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment|
|Otago Mounted Rifles Regiment|