10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles

The 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles, previously known as the 1st Regiment, Nelson Mounted Rifles is a military unit based in Nelson, New Zealand. They served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I and first saw action during the Battle of Gallipoli. As a part of the larger New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade (of the ANZAC Mounted Division) they went on to serve in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.[1][2]

10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles
Middle Eastern data form middle eastern studies web
Middle Eastern Theatre during the Great War
Active1901–1944
CountryNew Zealand
AllegianceNew Zealand Crown
BranchNew Zealand Army
TypeCavalry
RoleMounted Infantry
SizeOne Regiment
Part ofNew Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade
Motto(s)Rem gero strenue (Fight with zeal)
EquipmentDaimler Dingo
M3 Stuart Light Tank
M3 Scout Car
Universal Carrier
EngagementsSecond Boer War
World War I
World War II

History

Originally formed as the 1st Regiment, Nelson Mounted Rifles on 1 October 1901 with its headquarters in Nelson from the existing volunteer squadrons:[3]

  • A Sqn (Marlborough Mounted Rifle Volunteers) at Blenheim
  • B Sqn (Wakatu Mounted Rifle Volunteers) at Nelson
  • C Sqn (Takaka Mounted Rifle Volunteers) at Takaka
  • D Sqn (Motueka Mounted Rifle Volunteers) at Motueka

First World War

The unit was renamed the 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles on 17 March 1911. They were mobilised during World War I as a squadron of the Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment.

Between the wars

In 1917 they were renamed the 10th (Nelson and Marlborough) Mounted Rifle Regiment and in 1921 became The Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles.

Second World War

The regiment began mobilisation for war in 1941 as the cavalry regiment of 11th Brigade Group, 5th Division.[4] On 1 January 1942 was renamed the 10th Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles Regiment (Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles). On 29 March 1944, 10th Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles Regiment (Nelson-Marlborough Mounted Rifles) was absorbed into the 3rd Armoured Regiment.[1]

Military actions

Battle honours

Alliances

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "firstaif". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  2. ^ "diggerhistory". Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20060103180732/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/newzealand/volmil/cav/10nelson.htm
  4. ^ Cooke and Crawford, 2011, 275.

External links

Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment

The Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand, raised for service during the First World War. It was assigned to the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, and formed part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.

The regiment, with an establishment of twenty-six officers, 523 other ranks and 600 horses, was formed from three squadrons belonging to pre-war Territorial Force regiments: the 1st Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry), the 8th (South Canterbury) Mounted Rifles and the 10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles. It also included a small headquarters and, until 1916, a Maxim machine-gun section. The Maxim guns were withdrawn but the regiment's fire-power increased during the war, and by the end of the conflict each squadron had four Hotchkiss machine-guns, one per troop.

Being mounted infantry the regiment rode into battle on their horses, but were expected to dismount and fight on foot. The regiment fought predominantly against the forces of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Their first involvement came in the Gallipoli Campaign between May and December 1915, during which they participated in the largest battle of that theatre at Chunuk Bair and the fighting for Hill 60. Evacuated to Egypt, they then took part in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign from 1916 to 1918. The early battles they were involved in included those at Romani, Gaza and Beersheba. Later in the war they were part of the force that occupied the Jordan Valley, and took part in the raids on Amman and Es Salt. Their final wartime operation was in connection with the capture of the Turkish Fourth Army. During the four years of war the regiment lost 334 men dead from all causes, while another 720 were wounded or debilitated. After the war, the regiment played a minor role in the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, before being disbanded in June 1919.

List of military units based in or affiliated with the South Island

See also: Coastal fortifications of New Zealand.

Magdhaba-Rafah (battle honour)

Magdhaba-Rafah and Maghdaba-Rafah were battle honours awarded to units of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force that took part in the Affair of Magdhaba or the Action of Rafah during the winter of 1916–17 in the Sinai Campaign of the Great War.Australian units were awarded Magdhaba-Rafah:

1st Light Horse Regiment

2nd Light Horse Regiment

3rd Light Horse Regiment

8th Light Horse Regiment

9th Light Horse Regiment

10th Light Horse Regiment

14th Light Horse Regiment

15th Light Horse Regiment

26th (Tasmanian Mounted Infantry) Light Horse RegimentNew Zealand units were awarded Maghdaba-Rafah:

1st Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry)

Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Mounted Rifles

3rd (Auckland) Mounted Rifles

4th (Waikato) Mounted Rifles

6th (Manawatu) Mounted Rifles

9th (Wellington East Coast) Mounted Rifles

10th (Nelson) Mounted Rifles

11th (North Auckland) Mounted Rifles

Nelson Battalion of Militia

The Nelson Battalion of Militia was formed 12 August 1845 under the terms of the Militia Act of 1845.

This made the Nelson Battalion of Militia the first Army unit to be formed in the South Island and indeed one of the first in New Zealand. The 2nd Battalion (Canterbury and Nelson-Marlborough, and West Coast), Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment celebrates 12 August 1845 as the beginning of its preceding units.

New Zealand Expeditionary Force

The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945). Ultimately, the NZEF of World War I became known as the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force. The NZEF of World War II was known as the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF).

New Zealand Great War Mounted Regiments
Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment
Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment
Wellington Mounted Rifles Regiment
Otago Mounted Rifles Regiment

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