1056

Year 1056 (MLVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1056 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1056
MLVI
Ab urbe condita1809
Armenian calendar505
ԹՎ ՇԵ
Assyrian calendar5806
Balinese saka calendar977–978
Bengali calendar463
Berber calendar2006
English Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar1600
Burmese calendar418
Byzantine calendar6564–6565
Chinese calendar乙未(Wood Goat)
3752 or 3692
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3753 or 3693
Coptic calendar772–773
Discordian calendar2222
Ethiopian calendar1048–1049
Hebrew calendar4816–4817
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1112–1113
 - Shaka Samvat977–978
 - Kali Yuga4156–4157
Holocene calendar11056
Igbo calendar56–57
Iranian calendar434–435
Islamic calendar447–448
Japanese calendarTengi 4
(天喜4年)
Javanese calendar959–960
Julian calendar1056
MLVI
Korean calendar3389
Minguo calendar856 before ROC
民前856年
Nanakshahi calendar−412
Seleucid era1367/1368 AG
Thai solar calendar1598–1599
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1182 or 801 or 29
    — to —
阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
1183 or 802 or 30
Michael VI tetarteron
Coin of Emperor Michael VI (the Old)

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

Europe

England

By topic

Religion

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ John Julius Norwich (1991). Byzantium: The Apogee – Michael the Aged, p. 327. ISBN 0-394-53779-3.
  2. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith (2004). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume IV – Part II (c. 1024–c. 1198), p. 50. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.
  3. ^ Fryde, E.B.; Greenway, D.E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology, p. 217. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  4. ^ "Theodora - Byzantine empress [981-1056]". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Henry III - Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
1050s in England

Events from the 1050s in England.

Agnes of Poitou

Agnes of Poitou, also called Agnes of Aquitaine or Empress Agnes (c. 1025 – 14 December 1077), a member of the House of Poitiers, was German queen from 1043 and Holy Roman Empress from 1046 until 1056. From 1056 to 1061 she acted as regent of the Holy Roman Empire during the minority of her son Henry IV.

Al-Muqtadi

Al-Muqtadi (1056 – February 1094) (Arabic: المقتدي ‎) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1075 to 1094.

He was born to Muhammad, the son of Caliph Al-Qa'im, and an Armenian slave girl.He was honored by the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, during whose reign the Caliphate was recognized throughout the extending range of Seljuk conquest. Arabia, with the Holy Cities now recovered from the Fatimids, acknowledged again the spiritual jurisdiction of the Abbasids. The Sultan arranged a marriage between his daughter and Al-Muqtadi, possibly planning on the birth of a son who could serve as both Caliph and Sultan. Though the couple had a son, the mother left with her infant to the court of Isfahan.

Following the failure of the marriage, the Sultan grew critical of the Caliph's interference in affairs of state, and sent an order for him to retire to Basra. The death of Malik Shah shortly after, however, made the command inoperative.

Béguemdéré

Béguemdéré is a town in the Nassere Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso. It has a population of 1056.

Capital Yorkshire

Capital Yorkshire is a regional radio station owned by Global Radio as part of the Capital radio network. It broadcasts to South & West Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire and North Yorkshire from studios in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

The licence held makes Capital Yorkshire the largest regional British radio station outside London.

German submarine U-1056

German submarine U-1056 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 5 June 1941, and was laid down on 8 February 1943 at Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel, as yard number 686. She was launched on 16 December 1943 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Rudolf Schwarz on 20 January 1944.

Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry III (28 October 1017 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. He was the eldest son of Conrad II of Germany and Gisela of Swabia. His father made him Duke of Bavaria (as Henry VI) in 1026, after the death of Duke Henry V.

On Easter Day 1028, after his father had been crowned Holy Roman Emperor, Henry was elected and crowned King of Germany in the cathedral of Aachen by Pilgrim, Archbishop of Cologne.

After the death of Herman IV, Duke of Swabia in 1038, his father gave him that duchy, as well as the kingdom of Burgundy, which Conrad had inherited in 1033. Upon the death of his father on 4 June 1039, he became sole ruler of the kingdom and was crowned emperor by Pope Clement II in Rome (1046).

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IV (German: Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) became King of the Germans in 1056. From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy, and he was excommunicated five times by three different popes. Civil wars over his throne took place in both Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.

Keyboard concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach

The harpsichord concertos, BWV 1052–1065, are concertos for harpsichord, strings and continuo by Johann Sebastian Bach. There are seven complete concertos for a single harpsichord (BWV 1052–1058), three concertos for two harpsichords (BWV 1060–1062), two concertos for three harpsichords (BWV 1063 and 1064), and one concerto for four harpsichords (BWV 1065). Two other concertos include solo harpsichord parts: the concerto BWV 1044, which has solo parts for harpsichord, violin and flute, and Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D major, with the same scoring. In addition, there is a nine-bar concerto fragment for harpsichord (BWV 1059) which adds an oboe to the strings and continuo.

Most of Bach's harpsichord concertos (with the exception of the 5th Brandenburg Concerto) are thought to be arrangements made from earlier concertos for melodic instruments probably written in Köthen. In many cases, only the harpsichord version has survived. They are among the first concertos for keyboard instrument ever written.

King Wen of Zhou

King Wen of Zhou (Chinese: 周文王; pinyin: Zhōu Wén Wáng; 1112 – 1050 BC, the Civilizing King) was count of Zhou during the late Shang dynasty in ancient China. Although it was his son Wu who conquered the Shang following the Battle of Muye, Count Wen was posthumously honored as the founder of the Zhou dynasty and titled King. A large number of the hymns of the Classic of Poetry are praises to the legacy of King Wen. Some consider him the first epic hero of Chinese history.

Leofgar of Hereford

Leofgar (or Leovegard; died 1056) was a medieval Bishop of Hereford.

Leofgar was consecrated in March 1056. He had previously been the chaplain to Harold Godwineson, and it was probably Harold who persuaded King Edward the Confessor to appoint him to the bishopric. The appointment was disapproved of by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, mainly for the warlike character of Leofgar. However, because of the Welsh raids, and the damage the diocese had taken in the previous year, it was felt that a more martial man was needed to help protect the area. Significantly, while a bishop he retained his mustache, a symbol of a warrior.Leofgar was killed by Gruffydd ap Llywelyn on 16 June 1056 at Glasbury-on-Wye during a battle with the Welsh. Along with Leofgar, a large number of English were killed, which set back the English efforts to pacify the Welsh frontier. After Leofgar's death, the diocese of Hereford was administered by Ealdred, who was Bishop of Worcester, until Walter of Lorraine was elected in 1060.

Macedonian dynasty

The Macedonian dynasty ruled the Byzantine Empire from 867 to 1056, following the Amorian dynasty. During this period, the Byzantine state reached its greatest expanse since the Muslim conquests, and the Macedonian Renaissance in letters and arts began. The dynasty was named after its founder, Basil I the Macedonian who came from the Theme of Macedonia which at the time was part of Thrace.

Michael VI Bringas

Michael VI Bringas (Greek: Μιχαήλ ΣΤ΄ Βρίγγας, Mikhaēl VI Bringas), called Stratiotikos or Stratioticus ("the Military One", "the Warlike", or "the Bellicose") or Gerontas ("the Old"), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 1056 to 1057.

Saint-Saulge

Saint-Saulge is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

The New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society. It is among the most prestigious peer-reviewed medical journals as well as the oldest continuously published one.

Theodora Porphyrogenita (11th century)

Theodora Porphyrogenita (Greek: Θεοδώρα, Theodōra; AD 980 – 31 August 1056) was a Byzantine Empress born into the Macedonian dynasty that ruled the Byzantine Empire for almost two hundred years. She was co-empress with her sister Zoë for two months in 1042 and sole empress regnant from 11 January 1055 to 31 August 1056. She was the last ruler of the Macedonian line.

Theodora's life was entwined with that of her older sister Zoë. In 1028 her father, Constantine VIII, attempted to extend the dynasty by marrying Theodora to the urban prefect of Constantinople, Romanos Argyros. Theodora refused, and Zoë was married to him instead; three days later he became emperor. Angry that Theodora had been the first choice to marry Romanos, Zoë had her sister closely watched. After two foiled plots, Theodora was exiled to an island monastery in the Sea of Marmara. Twelve years later, the people of Constantinople rose against Michael V, Zoë's adopted son, and insisted that Theodora return to rule alongside her sister. After 65 days Zoë married again to Constantine IX, who assumed the imperial responsibilities.

When Constantine IX died, the seventy-four-year-old Theodora returned to the throne, in the teeth of fierce opposition from court officials and military claimants. For eighteen months she was a strong empress before being struck down by a sudden illness and dying on 31 August 1056 aged seventy-six.

USS Connole

USS Connole (FF-1056) was a Knox-class frigate. Named for Commander David R. Connole, Captain of USS Trigger when the submarine was lost in battle in March 1945.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1056

United Nations Security Council resolution 1056, adopted unanimously on 29 May 1996, after reaffirming all previous resolutions on the Western Sahara, the Council discussed the Settlement Plan for Western Sahara, including the suspension of the voter identification process, and extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) until 30 November 1996.The Security Council stressed the importance of the ceasefire as part of the United Nations peace plan. Despite difficulties, there were now more than 60,000 voters identified for the referendum on self-determination. To make further progress, the Council stated that both parties had a vision for the period after the referendum.

Again, the Council reaffirmed its commitment to the holding of a referendum on self-determination for the people of Western Sahara, in accordance with the Settlement Plan. It expressed regret that the parties did not want to co-operate with MINURSO to allow it to complete the identification of voters, and therefore the process was suspended. The resolution agreed with the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's recommendation that the military component of MINURSO be reduced by 20% as this would not affect the operational capacity of the peacekeeping force. The Security Council was satisfied that the parties complied with ceasefire and asked them to show their good will by releasing political prisoners and to accelerate the implementation of the peace plan.

The proposal of the Secretary-General to maintain a political office to continue dialogue between the parties was supported. After extending the MINURSO's mandate until 30 November 1996, the Council stressed that if no progress was made between Morocco and the Polisario Front, further reductions in MINURSO would be considered. The resumption of the identification process would be supported if progress was made, however. Finally, the resolution concluded by requesting the Secretary-General to submit a report on the implementation of the current resolution by 10 November 1996.

Æthelstan (bishop of Hereford)

Æthelstan (or Athelstan; died 1056) was a medieval Bishop of Hereford.

Æthelstan was consecrated between 1013 and 1016. Before his death, he had been blind for 13 years, and Tremerig was appointed as a suffragan bishop to assist Æthelstan. Tremerig died shortly before Æthelstan did. Because of his blindness, the task of helping defend the border against the Welsh fell to the bishops of Worcester.Æthelstan died on 10 February 1056. His death may have been from old age, or it may have been as a consequence of the burning of his cathedral by the Welsh shortly before. After his death, he was considered for sainthood.

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