# 1008

Year 1008 (MVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1008 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1008
MVIII
Ab urbe condita1761
Armenian calendar457
ԹՎ ՆԾԷ
Assyrian calendar5758
Balinese saka calendar929–930
Bengali calendar415
Berber calendar1958
English Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar1552
Burmese calendar370
Byzantine calendar6516–6517
Chinese calendar丁未(Fire Goat)
3704 or 3644
— to —

3705 or 3645
Coptic calendar724–725
Discordian calendar2174
Ethiopian calendar1000–1001
Hebrew calendar4768–4769
Hindu calendars
- Vikram Samvat1064–1065
- Shaka Samvat929–930
- Kali Yuga4108–4109
Holocene calendar11008
Igbo calendar8–9
Iranian calendar386–387
Islamic calendar398–399
Japanese calendarKankō 5
(寛弘５年)
Javanese calendar910–911
Julian calendar1008
MVIII
Korean calendar3341
Minguo calendar904 before ROC

Nanakshahi calendar−460
Seleucid era1319/1320 AG
Thai solar calendar1550–1551
Tibetan calendar阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
1134 or 753 or −19
— to —

(male Earth-Monkey)
1135 or 754 or −18
Coin of Olof Skötkonung (c. 980–1022)

## Events

### By place

#### England

• King Æthelred II (the Unready) orders to build a new fleet of warships, organised on a national scale. It is a huge undertaking but is complete the following year.[1]

## References

1. ^ Stenton, F.M. (1971). Anglo-Saxon England, pp. 381–384. The Oxford History of England. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 019-280-1392.
2. ^ Quoted in Mats G. Larsson, Götarnas riken: Upptäcktsfärder till Sveriges enande. Stockholm: Atlantis, 2002, p. 185.
3. ^ According to the "Annals of Magdeburg" (c. 1170) and some other sources.

The 1000s BC is a decade which lasted from 1009 BC to 1000 BC.

1000s in England

Events from the 1000s in England.

BD1008

BD1008 or N-[2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-N-methyl-1-pyrrolidineethanamine is a selective sigma receptor antagonist, with a reported binding affinity of Ki = 2 ± 1 nM for the sigma-1 receptor and 4 times selectivity over the sigma-2 receptor.Consistent with other reported sigma receptor antagonists, pretreating Swiss Webster mice with BD1008 significantly attenuates the behavioral toxicity of cocaine, and may be potentially useful in the development of antidotes for the treatment of cocaine overdose.

Cello Suites (Bach)

The six Cello Suites, BWV 1007-1012, are suites for unaccompanied cello by Johann Sebastian Bach. They are some of the most frequently performed and recognizable solo compositions ever written for cello. Bach most likely composed them during the period 1717–23, when he served as Kapellmeister in Köthen. The title given on the cover of the Anna Magdalena Bach manuscript was Suites à Violoncello Solo senza Basso (Suites for cello solo without bass).

These suites for unaccompanied cello are remarkable in that they achieve the effect of implied three- to four-voice contrapuntal and polyphonic music in a single musical line. As usual in a Baroque musical suite, after the prelude which begins each suite, all the other movements are based around baroque dance types; the cello suites are structured in six movements each: prelude, allemande, courante, sarabande, two minuets or two bourrées or two gavottes, and a final gigue. The Bach cello suites are considered to be among the most profound of all classical music works. Wilfrid Mellers described them in 1980 as "Monophonic music wherein a man has created a dance of God."Due to the works' technical demands, étude-like nature, and difficulty in interpretation because of the non-annotated nature of the surviving copies, the cello suites were little known and rarely publicly performed until they were revived and recorded by Pablo Casals in the early 20th century. They have since been performed and recorded by many renowned cellists and have been transcribed for numerous other instruments; they are considered some of Bach's greatest musical achievements.

Emperor Kazan

Emperor Kazan (花山天皇, Kazan-tennō, November 29, 968 – March 17, 1008) was the 65th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Kazan's reign spanned the years from 984 through 986.

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany

Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany (980 – 20 November 1008), also known as Geoffrey of Rennes and Geoffrey Berengar, was the eldest son of Duke Conan I of Brittany. He was Count of Rennes (ruler of the Romano-Frankish civitas of Rennes), by right of succession. In 992 he assumed the title of Duke of Brittany, which had long been an independent state, but he had little control over much of Lower Brittany.

German submarine U-1008

German submarine U-1008 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 23 March 1942, and was laid down on 12 February 1943, at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, as yard number 208. She was launched on 8 December 1943, and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Diether Todenhagen on 1 February 1944.

Gurgen of Iberia

Gurgen (Georgian: გურგენი) also known as Gurgen Magistros, Gurgen II Magistros (also transliterated as Gourgen and in some sources Gurgan) of the Bagrationi dynasty, was King of Iberia-Kartli with the title of the King of Kings of the Georgians from 994 until his death in 1008. Magistros was a title bestowed upon him by the Byzantine Emperor Basil II.

HD 41534

HD 41534 is a B-type main sequence star in the constellation of Columba. It has an apparent visual magnitude of approximately 5.631 and is approximately 1100 light-years from the Earth. This star is a runaway star with an unusually high space velocity of around 190 km/s. It is thought to have been

ejected from the OB association Sco OB 1 approximately 14 million years ago.

Henry I of France

Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of the Franks from 1031 to 1060, the third from the House of Capet. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy.

Kakuyids

The Kakuyids (also called Kakwayhids, Kakuwayhids or Kakuyah) (Persian: آل کاکویه‎) were a Daylamite dynasty that held power in western Persia, Jibal and Persian Iraq (c. 1008–c. 1051). They later became atabegs (governors) of Yazd, Isfahan and Abarkuh from c. 1051 to 1141. They were related to the Buyids.

Kingdom of Abkhazia

The Kingdom of Abkhazia (Georgian: აფხაზთა სამეფო), also known as Abasgia or Egrisi-Abkhazia, was a medieval feudal state in the Caucasus which lasted from the 780s until being united, through dynastic succession, with the Kingdom of Georgia in 1008. In the early years of the 10th century, Kingdom of Abkhazia stretched, according to Byzantine sources, along the Black Sea coast three hundred Greek miles, from the frontiers of the thema of Chaldia to the mouth of the river Nicopsis, with the Caucasus behind it.

Kingdom of Iberia

Kingdom of Iberia may refer to:

Kingdom of Iberia (antiquity), 302 BC to AD 580

Kingdom of Iberia (Middle Ages), AD 888 to 1008Also identified as "Kingdom of Iberia" or "Iberian kingdom" may refer to:

Kingdom of Kartli, 1460s to 1762

Kingdom of Georgia, 1008 to 1490/1

The Leningrad Codex (Latin: Codex Leningradensis, the "codex of Leningrad") is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew, using the Masoretic Text and Tiberian vocalization. It is dated 1008 CE (or possibly 1009) according to its colophon. The Aleppo Codex, against which the Leningrad Codex was corrected, is several decades older, but parts of it have been missing since 1947, making the Leningrad Codex the oldest complete codex of the Tiberian mesorah that has survived intact to this day.

In modern times, the Leningrad Codex is significant as the Hebrew text reproduced in Biblia Hebraica (1937) and Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1977). It also serves as a primary source for the recovery of details in the missing parts of the Aleppo Codex.

Otto Orseolo

Otto Orseolo (Italian: Ottone Orseolo, also Urseolo; c. 992−1032) was the Doge of Venice from 1008 to 1026. He was the third son of Pietro II Orseolo and Maria Candiano, whom he succeeded at the age of sixteen, becoming the youngest doge in Venetian history.

Papyrus 15

Papyrus 15 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), signed by ${\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}$15, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It was originally a papyrus manuscript of the Pauline Corpus of letters, but now only contains 1 Corinthians 7:18-8:4. The manuscript has been palaeographically assigned to the 3rd century.

Tigatuzumab

Tigatuzumab (CS-1008) is a monoclonal antibody for the treatment of cancer. As of October 2009, a clinical trial for the treatment of pancreatic cancer, Phase II trials for colorectal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and ovarian cancer have been completed.

The drug targets member 10b of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF10B, better known as death receptor 5 or trail receptor 2), a protein with limited expression in normal tissues but overexpressed in many kinds of tumours, including colon, gastric, pancreatic, lung, and cervical.In 2015, a Phase I study was completed to investigate how biodistribution, quantitative tumor uptake, and antitumor response in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer was impacted by CS-1008. These objectives were tracked through use of trace-labeling and SPECT imaging over the course of treatment and found heterogeneity of tigatuzumab uptake in tumors, that tigatuzumab uptake is not dose dependent, and that tigatuzumab uptake is predictive of clinical response in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.

Wulfstan (died 1095)

Wulfstan (c. 1008 – 20 January 1095) was Bishop of Worcester from 1062 to 1095. He was the last surviving pre-Conquest bishop and the only English-born bishop after 1075. Wulfstan is a Christian saint.

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