1000 Airplanes on the Roof

1000 Airplanes on the Roof is a melodrama in one act by Philip Glass which featured text by David Henry Hwang and projections by Jerome Sirlin. It is described by Glass as "a science fiction music drama".

The work was commissioned by the Donau Festival, Krems an der Donau, The American Music Theater Festival, Philadelphia, and West Berlin City Council in 1988. The opera premiered on July 15, 1988, at the Vienna Airport in Hangar #3. The performance featured vocals by Linda Ronstadt and was conducted by Michael Riesman. The US premiere took place in September 1988 at The American Music Theater Festival, Philadelphia and went on to play in 40 US cities and Canada, including New York, Boston, Chicago and Toronto, as well as Glasgow, Scotland during that city's celebration as European City of Culture.

1000 Airplanes on the Roof
melodrama by Philip Glass
Philip Glass in Florence, Italy - 1993
Glass in Florence, 1993


The drama is set in New York City with a sole character, "M", who recalls encounters with extraterrestrial life forms, including their message:

"It is better to forget, it is pointless to remember. No one will believe you. You will have spoken a heresy. You will be outcast."

In the staged production, "M" performs in the midst of a three-dimensional, holographic set. In the classic sense of the word melodrama, the role is performed by an actor in a spoken monologue over music. Although in the world premiere, "M" was played by a male actor, the character was played alternately by female actor Jodie Long and male actor Patrick O'Connell in many of the US performances.[1]


  • Philip Glass: 1000 Airplanes on the Roof (The Philip Glass Ensemble and Linda Ronstadt; Martin Goldray, Music Direction), 1989. Virgin 86106-2


The libretto and images of the original set are published in:

  • Philip Glass, David Henry Hwang and Jerome Sirlin (Introduction by John Howell), 1001 Airplanes on the Roof, Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Book, 1989 ISBN 0-87905-343-7


  1. ^ FOB and Other Plays, Plume, 1990


Forte Drum and Bugle Corps

The Forté Drum and Bugle Corps was an Open Class DCI drum and bugle corps based in Grand Prairie, TX. Forté was formed under the Overture Youth Advocacy Through the Arts umbrella and marched its first season in 2010. The corps was based on its predecessor, Memphis Sound.Forté was recently noted in the Drum Corps International's frequent podcast, FieldPass, for discussion of its debut season.On July 25, 2012, Forte announced that it was ending its 2012 tour. On August 9, 2012, Forte announced it was permanently ceasing operations.

Glassworks (Glass)

Glassworks is a chamber music work of six movements by Philip Glass. It is regarded as a characteristically Glass-like work. Following his larger-scale concert and stage works, Glassworks was Philip Glass's successful attempt to create a more pop-oriented "Walkman-suitable" work, with considerably shorter and more accessible pieces written for the recording studio. The studio album was released in 1982.

Red Note Ensemble

Red Note Ensemble is one of the contemporary music ensembles in Scotland, formed by some musicians in the UK. Playing and developing contemporary music, the ensemble performs to audiences around and beyond Scotland.

Red Note Ensemble Ltd has been directed since its foundation in 2009 by John Harris (Chief Executive and Artistic Co-Director) and cellist Robert Irvine (Artistic Co-Director). In 2011 international violinist Jacqueline Shave was appointed as the Leader of the Ensemble. The ensemble performs the established classics of contemporary music, regularly commissions new work and has been developing the work of new and emerging composers from across the globe. Featured composers include Scottish-based composers including David Fennessy, Gordon McPherson, Sally Beamish and Bill Sweeney and international names such as John Adams, Philip Glass, Arvo Pärt, Toru Takemitsu and James Dillon.

As the most prominent contemporary ensemble in Scotland, Red Note undertakes extensive audience research, in conjunction with St Andrews University, with the aim of finding new ways to attract new audience to contemporary music, including through finding new spaces and exploring new ways of presenting and performing contemporary music.

Red Note debuted in 2008 with a recording of Eddie McGuire’s Carrochan suite for Delphian Records, since then their annual Spring and Autumn season comprises Scottish tours in the major towns and cities as well as more remote areas in the Highlands and Islands. The ensemble is renowned for their site-specific work and collaborations with other companies including 1000 Airplanes on the Roof with the National Theatre of Scotland, Pass the Spoon with Magnetic North Theatre Company and Tantallon! These Lands, This Wall with the Lammermuir Festival in East Lothian. Red Note's regular informal new music series Noisy Nights and Noisy Words, in partnership with the Traverse Theatre in Edinburgh, attract and showcases the work of new composers from Scotland and across Europe.

Red Note is committed to the education sector and has alliances with the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland in Glasgow, at Glasgow University and the Woodend Barn in Banchory, near Aberdeen. Red Note is particularly focused on helping the development of the musical creativity of Primary and Secondary school pupils, as well as performance and composition standards across higher education.

Red Note is Associate Contemporary Ensemble at the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland in Glasgow, and an Associate Company of the Traverse Theatre in Edinburgh.

String Quartet No. 2 (Glass)

String Quartet No. 2, also known by its other title Company, is a string quartet by American composer Philip Glass. This composition was finished in January 1983 in New York City, and was expected to be a piece of instrumental music for Fred Neumann's adaptation of Samuel Beckett's 1979 novella with the same name.

String Quartet No. 4 (Glass)

String Quartet No. 4, also known by its other title Buczak, is a string quartet by the American composer Philip Glass. It was commissioned by Geoffrey Hendricks in remembrance of the artist Brian Buczak. It was premiered on July 4, 1989 at the Hauser Gallery.

Symphony No. 11 (Glass)

Symphony No. 11 is the eleventh symphony by the American composer Philip Glass. The work was commissioned by the Bruckner Orchestra Linz, Istanbul International Music Festival and the Queensland Symphony Orchestra and premiered January 31, 2017, Glass's 80th birthday, with Dennis Russell Davies conducting the Bruckner Orchestra Linz at Carnegie Hall in New York City.

Symphony No. 12 (Glass)

Symphony No. 12 (Lodger) is the twelfth symphony by the American composer Philip Glass. The work was commissioned by the Los Angeles Philharmonic and premiered January 10, 2019, with John Adams conducting the LA Phil at the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. The European premiere will follow in May 2019 with a performance by the London Contemporary Orchestra at Southbank Centre.Based on David Bowie's 1979 album Lodger, it completes Glass's trilogy of symphonies based on Bowie's Berlin Trilogy of albums, which previously inspired Glass's first and fourth symphonies, based on Low and "Heroes", respectively. Glass had indicated his intent to write this third work as early as 1997, when he told the Los Angeles Times that he had discussed approaches to its composition with Bowie.

Symphony No. 2 (Glass)

Philip Glass' second symphony was commissioned by Brooklyn Academy of Music. It was first performed on October 15, 1994, by the Brooklyn Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Dennis Russell Davies.

Symphony No. 3 (Glass)

Philip Glass's Symphony No. 3 is a work for string orchestra, commissioned for the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra. The premiere, conducted by Dennis Russell Davies, took place in Künzelsau, Germany, on February 5, 1995.

Symphony No. 5 (Glass)

Symphony No. 5 "Requiem, Bardo, Nirmanakaya" is a symphony for chorus and orchestra by the American composer Philip Glass. It was commissioned by the Salzburg Festival, Austria and premiered August 28, 1999 and was conducted by Dennis Russell Davies.

Symphony No. 6 (Glass)

Symphony No. 6, also known as the Plutonian Ode Symphony, is a symphony composed by Philip Glass. It is based on the poem Plutonian Ode by Allen Ginsberg; parts of which are sung by the soprano soloist in the work. The symphony was commissioned by Carnegie Hall in honor of Glass' 65th birthday and as a vehicle for the talents of soprano Lauren Flanigan. The symphony premiered on February 2, 2002 at Carnegie Hall with Dennis Russell Davies conducting the American Composers Orchestra. The symphony is in three movements, based on the three parts of the poem itself.

Symphony No. 7 (Glass)

A Toltec Symphony (also known as Symphony No. 7 "A Toltec Symphony") is a 2005 symphony by Philip Glass. The National Symphony Orchestra commissioned Glass to write it to commemorate the 60th birthday of conductor Leonard Slatkin. Slatkin conducted the debut concert on January 20, 2005 at the Kennedy Center, which Philip Glass attended.

The Fall of the House of Usher (Glass opera)

The Fall of the House of Usher is a 1988 opera by Philip Glass to a libretto based on Edgar Allan Poe's story by Arthur Yorinks who also worked with Glass on The Juniper Tree.

The Light (Glass)

The Light is a 1987 composition by Philip Glass, his first score for a full symphony orchestra. The work was commissioned for the Michelson-Morley Centennial Celebration held at Case Western Reserve University. The musical structure is inspired by the 1887 Michelson–Morley experiment, an investigation of the speed of light that marked a turning point in modern science.

The Sound of a Voice (opera)

The Sound of a Voice is a 2003 operatic adaptation of the play The Sound of a Voice by American playwright David Henry Hwang. The music is written by American composer Philip Glass and the libretto is written by Hwang. The opera is made up of two short operas: The Sound of a Voice and Hotel of Dreams. The opera is notable for being specifically written for the theatre and not an opera house. It had its premiere on May 24, 2003 at the American Repertory Theatre. It was directed by Robert Woodruff and featured Eugene Perry.

Tirol Concerto for Piano and Orchestra

The Tirol Concerto for Piano and Orchestra (also known as the Piano Concerto No. 1) is a piano concerto by Philip Glass. The composer wrote the work in 2000. On commission by the Festival Klangspuren in Stuttgart, it was written for the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra. It is one of eight concerti in Glass' series The Concerto Project, an amalgamation of works in four volumes.The concerto is said to be based on actual Austrian music.

Velvet Knights Drum and Bugle Corps (2005)

Velvet Knights Drum and Bugle Corps (2005) is an inactive Open Class (formerly Divisions I & II) competitive junior drum and bugle corps. Based in Pasadena, California, the corps competes in Drum Corps International (DCI) sanctioned shows

Violin Concerto (Glass)

The Concerto for Violin and Orchestra is a work by Philip Glass, written for and performed by Dorothy Pixley-Rothschild in the summer of 1960 at the summer school of the Aspen Music Festival, under the guidance of Darius Milhaud.

The visiting composer Aaron Copland criticized Glass's orchestration of the piece, as Glass remembered in 1989: "We got into a big argument. He didn't like me very much. I kind of told him that I thought he was wrong. By the way, the concerto was played at the end of the summer, and it turned out I was right." Dissatisfied with his works composed before 1966, the composer also withdrew this piece.

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