.um was the Internet country code top-level domain for the United States Minor Outlying Islands. It was administered by the United States Minor Outlying Islands Registry. Until late 2006 USMIR was housed at the University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute (USC-ISI), which was the original administrator of .us prior to NeuStar absorbing that role.

In January 2007, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers reportedly dropped the .um domain from the master list of domain names[1] in response to the domain's being unused and USC-ISI's desire to divest itself of responsibility for the domain.[2] In November 2007 at the registry website of www.nic.um a message stated "Registration is CLOSED at this time. We are only accepting Registrar Accounts." Links to a brief description of each of the individual American islands were also given. In December 2007, registration was opened on an experimental basis with an "Annual Account Maintenance" fee of $1,200 and a $30 annual domain registration.

Since the USC-ISI divested itself of this registry, in late 2006, EP.NET hosted USMIR and continued to administer it. According to the www.nic.um site at that time, the TLD was no longer affiliated with USC-ISI and had spun off the venture into an independent company, USMIR, which has the same contact information as that of the limited liability company EP.net. Accessing the website without the "www" subdomain returned a copy of the main site for EP.net.

Some .um websites, like 'hotel.um' and 'co.um' appeared after the TLD registry opened; however, as of April 20, 2008, the .um domain has been removed from the root zone. It appears ICANN took the action of removing .um from the root since USC-ISI requested this. Whether USMIR will refund domain owners is not known. According to the revocation report on the IANA website, the U.S. DOC has approved the removal and has also instructed ICANN not to reassign the domain without prior approval from the U.S. Department of Commerce.[3]

TLD typeCountry code top-level domain
StatusChanged to unassigned by ICANN action in 2007, deleted from root zone as of April 20, 2008
RegistryUnited States Minor Outlying Islands Registry
SponsorWas University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute
Intended useEntities connected with  United States Minor Outlying Islands
Actual useWas open for experimental use until April 20, 2008
Registration restrictionsRegistrations not possible, domain not in root
StructureNo longer in root
Registry WebsiteFormerly nic.um


  1. ^ Special Meeting of the Board Minutes ICANN, January 16, 2007
  2. ^ Jesdanun, Anick (January 24, 2007). "Unused Domain Name for U.S. Isles Gone". MSNBC (reprint from the Associated Press). Retrieved March 7, 2007.
  3. ^ "IANA Report on the Revocation of the .UM Top-Level Domain". iana.org. Retrieved 7 February 2019.

See also

External links


Ceratopogonidae is a family of flies commonly known as no-see-ums, or biting midges, generally 1-3 mm in length. The family includes more than 5,000 species, distributed worldwide, apart from the Antarctic and the Arctic. The scientific name is from the Greek keratos (horn) and pogon (beard).Ceratopogonidae are holometabolous, meaning their development includes four life stages: egg, larva, pupa, and imago or adult, taking two to six weeks. Both adult males and females feed on nectar. Females also feed on the blood of vertebrates, including humans, to get protein for egg-laying. Their bites are painful, and can cause intensely itchy lesions. Their mouthparts are well-developed for cutting the skin of its host. Some species prey on other insects.

Larvae need moisture to develop, but also air and water, so they are neither aquatic nor terrestrial.Some species in other genera are predatory on other small insects.

Like other blood sucking flies, the Culicoides species can be vectors of disease-causing pathogens. Among diseases transmitted are the parasitic nematodes Mansonella, bluetongue disease, African horse sickness, Epizootic hemorrhagic Disease, arboviruses, and nonviral animal pathogens.Historically, numbers were managed with the insecticide DDT. They can be trapped by luring them with carbon dioxide. Most midges are small enough to pass through ordinary insect window screening. They can be repelled with DEET, oil of eucalyptus, or Icaridin.

Daum (web portal)

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Minnesota–Duluth Bulldogs men's ice hockey

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Montana Technological University

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UMBC Retrievers

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On March 16, 2018, the Retrievers men's basketball team defeated the #1 ranked Virginia Cavaliers in the NCAA men’s basketball tournament. The result marked the first time a 16-seed had ever defeated a 1-seed in the tournament out of 135 previous match-ups.

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Um Myal (Arabic: أم ميال‎) is a Syrian village located in Al-Saan Subdistrict in Salamiyah District, Hama. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Um Myal had a population of 605 in the 2004 census.

Um Tweineh

Um Tweineh (Arabic: أم توينة‎) is a Syrian village located in Salamiyah Subdistrict in Salamiyah District, Hama. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Um Tweineh had a population of 566 in the 2004 census.

Umm Al Quwain

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Umm Khurayzah

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Umm Mil

Um Mil (Arabic: أم ميل‎) is a Syrian village located in Barri Sharqi Subdistrict in Salamiyah District, Hama. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Um Mil had a population of 118 in the 2004 census.

Umm Zahmak

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Umm al-Amad, Salamiyah

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United States Minor Outlying Islands

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The United States has a related territorial dispute with Colombia over administration of the Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank. These islands are not included in the ISO designation.

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The university offers 138 undergraduate, 144 master's, and 68 doctoral degree programs, of which 64 are research/scholarship and four professional areas of study. Over the years, the university's students have represented all 50 states and close to 150 foreign countries. With more than 15,000 full and part-time faculty and staff, UM is a top 10 employer in Miami-Dade County. UM's main campus in Coral Gables has 239 acres and over 5.7 million square feet of buildings.

Research is a component of each academic division, with UM attracting $345.8 million in sponsored research grants in FY 2018. UM offers a large library system with over 3.9 million volumes and exceptional holdings in Cuban heritage and music. UM also offers a wide range of student activities, including fraternities and sororities, a student newspaper and a radio station. UM's intercollegiate athletic teams, collectively known as the Miami Hurricanes, compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. UM's football team has won five national championships since 1983 and its baseball team has won four national championships since 1982.

University of Michigan–Dearborn

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Enrolled students have full access to the library systems, galleries, and sporting events of the main campus, and graduates are members of the largest alumni organization of its kind in the world, the University of Michigan Alumni Association. Faculty and students collaborate across all three campuses in research and scholarly activity, and degrees for all three campuses are conferred by the state elected Board of Regents.

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University of Missouri

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University of Montana

The University of Montana (UM) is a public research university in Missoula, Montana. UM is a flagship institution of the Montana University System and its second largest campus. The University’s mission focuses on integrating the liberal arts and sciences into undergraduate, graduate and professional studies.

UM reported 10,962 undergraduate and graduate students in fall 2018.

The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among public universities in producing Rhodes Scholars, with 28 such scholars. The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars, 14 Goldwater Scholars and 40 Udall Scholars to its name.

The University of Montana's Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library houses the earliest authorized edition of the Lewis and Clark journals.

University of Montana Western

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You Me at Six

You Me at Six are an English rock band from Weybridge, Surrey. Formed in 2004, the group achieved success in 2008 with the release of their debut album, Take Off Your Colours, which included the singles "Save It for the Bedroom", "Finders Keepers" and "Kiss and Tell", with the latter two peaking at number 33 and number 42 respectively in the official UK Singles Chart. Their second album Hold Me Down (2010) debuted at number 5 in the UK, while third album Sinners Never Sleep (2011) peaked at number 3, was certified Gold, and spawned the band's fifth top 50 single "Loverboy".

"The Swarm" was released as a non-album single for the launch of the roller coaster of the same name; it peaked at number 23. Cavalier Youth was released as their fourth album to a number 1 debut in 2014 and contained the number 11 single "Lived a Lie". You Me at Six has toured extensively, with appearances on Warped Tour, Soundwave, and has toured with Thirty Seconds to Mars, Paramore, Fall Out Boy and All Time Low. You Me at Six won the award for Best British Band at the Kerrang! Awards in 2011. The band's influences include American rock bands Blink-182, Incubus and Thrice.

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