.357 Remington Maximum

The .357 Maximum, formally known as the .357 Remington Maximum or the .357 Max, is a super magnum handgun cartridge originally developed by Elgin Gates as the wildcat .357 SuperMag.[1] The .357 Maximum was introduced into commercial production as a joint-venture by Remington Arms Company and Ruger in 1983 as a new chambering for the Ruger Blackhawk.[2] Shortly thereafter, Dan Wesson Firearms and Thompson/Center Arms introduced firearms in this cartridge. United Sporting Arms chambered it in their Silhouette series single-action revolvers. It is a .357 Magnum case lengthened 0.300 inches (7.6 mm).[3] Based on the .357 Magnum cartridge, a revolver or single-shot pistol designed for the .357 Max can fire .357 Magnum, .38 Special, .38 Long Colt, and .38 Short Colt rounds. Intended primarily as a silhouette cartridge, such high velocity and energy levels have hunting applications.[2] SAAMI pressure level for this cartridge is set at 40,000 pounds per square inch (280 MPa). [4] [5][6] Despite good performance, the high pressure and velocity of the cartridge caused flame cutting of revolver top straps (due to the use of light 110 and 125 grains (7.1 and 8.1 g) bullets), and the cartridge has since been dropped by all manufacturers who so chambered their revolvers.[7] Single shot pistols and rifles (e.g., Thompson/Center Contender) are still available in this caliber, and remain popular among handloaders.[2] Unprimed brass is still produced every few years by Remington, and is also a stock item from Starline.[8]

.357 Remington Maximum
357maximum
TypePistol
Place of originUSA
Production history
DesignerRemington / Ruger
Designed1983
Specifications
Parent case.357 Magnum
Case typeRimmed, straight
Bullet diameter.357 in (9.1 mm)
Neck diameter.379 in (9.6 mm)
Base diameter.379 in (9.6 mm)
Rim diameter.440 in (11.2 mm)
Rim thickness.060 in (1.5 mm)
Case length1.605 in (40.8 mm)
Overall length1.990 in (50.5 mm)
Rifling twist1 in 14 inches (360 mm)
Primer typeSmall rifle magnum - CCI BR4
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
210 gr (14 g) Lead FNGC 1,649 ft/s (503 m/s) 1,268 ft⋅lbf (1,719 J)
158 gr (10 g) JHP 1,998 ft/s (609 m/s) 1,401 ft⋅lbf (1,900 J)
170 gr (11 g) JHC 1,962 ft/s (598 m/s) 1,453 ft⋅lbf (1,970 J)
180 gr (12 g) SSP 1,968 ft/s (600 m/s) 1,548 ft⋅lbf (2,099 J)
200 gr (13 g) TMJ 1,675 ft/s (511 m/s) 1,246 ft⋅lbf (1,689 J)
Test barrel length: 14 inches (360 mm)
Source(s): Accurate Powder

Performance

Bullet weight Velocity Energy
158 gr (10.2 g) 1,825 ft/s (556 m/s) 1,168 ft⋅lbf (1,584 J)
180 gr (12 g) 1,550 ft/s (470 m/s) 960 ft⋅lbf (1,300 J)

Legacy

Guns designed for the .357 Maximum were built on a larger frame than their predecessors. Although Ruger only made 7,700 Blackhawks chambered in .357 Maximum, the frame size has been used as a base-gun to build bigger revolvers in .445 SuperMag and both the .475 and .500 Linebaugh Long/Maximum.[9]

In the 2011 Movie Flypaper, Wyatt "Jelly" Jenkins (Pruitt Taylor Vince) uses a Dan Wesson Model 15 VH chambered in .357 Remington Maximum as his main sidearm.

Gallery

357maximumand357magnum

.357 Maximum cartridge next to its parent case, the .357 Magnum.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tomaras, Peter T. (2007). "Lunching with legends: a reminiscence". Guns Magazine. 47 (3). Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Mc Keown, Bill (1983). "Pistols with more punch". Popular Mechanics. 159 (3): 35.
  3. ^ Taffin, John (2010). "A half-century with sixguns: the really big bores". Guns Magazine. 40 (8). Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  4. ^ http://handloads.com/misc/saami.htm
  5. ^ http://www.lasc.us/SAAMIMaxPressure.htm
  6. ^ http://www.castpics.net/subsite/SAAMIPressures/default.html
  7. ^ Barnes, Frank C. (2006). Skinner, Stan (ed.). Cartridges of the World (11th ed.). Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 327. ISBN 0-89689-297-2.
  8. ^ Starline .357 Maximum brass
  9. ^ Taffin, John (2005). Single Action Sixguns. Krause Publications. pp. 224–226. ISBN 978-0-87349-953-8.
Cartridges derived from the .38 Short Colt or its derivatives
First generation derivatives
Second generation derivatives
Third generation derivatives
Fourth generation derivatives

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