Ștefan Kovács (Romanian: Ştefan Covaci; Hungarian: Kovács István; 2 October 1920 – 12 May 1995) was a Romanian football player and coach. By winning 15 major titles he is one of the most successful association football coaches in the history of the game. In 2019 France Football ranked him at No. 43 on their list of the Top 50 football managers of all time.
Kovács in 1971
|Full name||Ștefan Kovács|
|Date of birth||2 October 1920|
|Place of birth||Timișoara, Romania|
|Date of death||12 May 1995 (aged 74)|
|Place of death||Cluj-Napoca, Romania|
|1941–1942||CFR Turnu Severin|
|1942–1947||Kolozsvári AC / Ferar Cluj|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Born into an ethnic Hungarian family in Timișoara, Romania, Kovács was an average midfielder, although having both individual technique and tactical intuition. He was never selected to play for Romania unlike his older brother Nicolae Kovács, who was one of the five players who participated at all three World Cups before the Second World War.
Kovács had his first major coaching successes at the helm of Steaua București, where he won between 1967 and 1971 once the championship and three times the cup of Romania.
After this he succeeded Rinus Michels as the head of Ajax in 1971, continuing and expanding on his "total football" philosophy. With Ajax he achieved in 1972 and 1973, two consecutive European Champions Cups. In 1972, he even won the Intercontinental Cup and also the first edition of European Supercup (1973). Further to that he led Ajax to the double of cup and championship in 1972 and another national championship in 1973.
After he left Ajax in 1973, he was called up by the French football federation to take the reins of the national side. In this position he raised the young generations of French talents. Journalists of France Football asked him when he arrived how long it would take to make the France team a great team, he replied visionary with structures in eight years, ten years, we can make a good national team. Michel Hidalgo, his deputy and successor, took advantage of this work and continued to lead the team of France to its victory at Euro 84. Kovács remains the only foreign manager of the French national side.
He died on 12 May 1995, twelve days before Ajax won their fourth European Cup.
The 1973 European Cup Final was a football match held at the Red Star Stadium, Belgrade, on 30 May 1973, in which Ajax of the Netherlands defeated Juventus of Italy 1–0. A goal from Johnny Rep four minutes into the match was enough for Ajax to claim their third consecutive European Cup. This victory meant that Ajax had earned the privilege of keeping the trophy permanently. Juventus, however, got revenge 23 years later beating Ajax in the 1996 final in Rome.AS Monaco FC
Association sportive de Monaco football club, commonly referred to as AS Monaco (pronounced [ɑ ɛs mɔnako]) or Monaco, is a Monégasque football club that competes in Ligue 1, the top tier of French football. Founded in 1924, the team plays its home matches at the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille. The club is coached by Leonardo Jardim and captained by Radamel Falcao.Though based in Monaco, the club plays in the French football league system. Monaco is one of the most successful clubs in French football, having won eight league titles and five Coupe de France trophies. The club has also competed in European football, and were runners-up in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1992 and the UEFA Champions League in 2004.
The club's traditional colours are red and white, and the club is known as Les Rouges et Blancs (The Red and Whites). Monaco is a member of the European Club Association. In December 2011, two-thirds of the club was sold to an investment group led by Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev. With Rybolovlev's financial backing, the club quickly returned to Ligue 1 and won the 2016–17 Ligue 1, their first league title in 17 years.Artur Correia
Artur Manuel Soares Correia (18 April 1950 – 25 July 2016) was a Portuguese footballer who played as a right back.
Nicknamed "Ruço", he amassed Primeira Liga totals of 234 games and four goals during 12 seasons, representing Académica, Benfica and Sporting, winning eight major titles with the second club including five national championships. He also spent two years in the United States, with the New England Tea Men.
Correia was a Portugal international for seven years, making his debut in 1972.CFR Cluj
Fotbal Club CFR 1907 Cluj, commonly known as CFR Cluj (Romanian pronunciation: [t͡ʃefeˌre ˈkluʒ] or [ˌt͡ʃefere ˈkluʒ]), is a Romanian professional football club based in the city of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj County. It was founded in 1907, when Transylvania was part of Austria-Hungary, and the current name "CFR" is the acronym for Căile Ferate Române ("Romanian Railways").Before receiving significant financial support from previous owner Árpád Pászkány in 2002, the club had spent most of its existence in the lower divisions. CFR Cluj returned to the top flight in 2004 and the following season took part in their first European competition, the Intertoto Cup, where they finished as runners-up. In the 2007–08 campaign, they were champions of Liga I for the first time in their history, taking the national title away from capital-based teams after seventeen years and consequently qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage in the process. Only six years earlier, CFR was playing in the third tier of the Romanian football league system. For the first time between 2018 and 2019, "the White and Burgundies" won back-to-back championships. In total, the team has won twelve domestic trophies, all in the 21st century—five Liga I, four Cupa României, and three Supercupa României.
Since rejoining the first division in 2004, the club has also been known for relying heavily on foreign players. CFR has a fierce rivalry with neighbouring Universitatea Cluj, with matches between the two being known as the Derbiul Clujului.FC Ripensia Timișoara
Fotbal Club Ripensia Timișoara (Romanian pronunciation: [timiˈʃo̯ara]), commonly known as Ripensia Timișoara, or simply as Ripensia, is a Romanian professional football club based in Timișoara, Timiș County. It plays in the Liga II.
The team was founded in 1928 by Dr. Cornel Lazăr and folded after twenty years due to lack of funds. However, Ripi was brought back to life and enrolled in the Liga VI, the sixth tier of the Romanian football league system, in 2012.Ripensia Timișoara was the first Romanian club to turn professional, and because of this status they were unable to compete in the national league until the 1932–33 season. After being granted permission in the national system, the club soon became one of the best in the country, winning four national titles and two national cups in their short history.
The colors of the team are red and yellow.FC Universitatea Cluj
Fotbal Club Universitatea Cluj (Romanian pronunciation: [universiˈtate̯a ˈkluʒ]), commonly known as Universitatea Cluj, or simply as U Cluj, is a Romanian professional football club based in the city of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj County. Founded in 1919 by Iuliu Hațieganu, the team currently plays in the Liga II, the second tier of the Romanian football league system.
Universitatea Cluj spent most of their history in the first division, but never became national champions. They played five Romanian Cup finals, under four different names, and won the trophy in the 1964–65 season. The club is traditionally considered to be the most important in the region of Transylvania, however this status has recently been threatened by the success of their city rivals CFR Cluj. Its players and fans are nicknamed Șepcile roșii ("The Red Caps"), because of the red berets worn by students of the Cluj University of Medicine.
Universitatea Cluj traditionally plays in white and black kits, although variations of red, maroon and gold have been used in the past. The club's home ground is the Cluj Arena.France national football team
The France national football team (French: Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus (The Blues). The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.
France play home matches at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, Paris, and their manager is Didier Deschamps. They have won two FIFA World Cups, two UEFA European Championships, two FIFA Confederations Cups and one Olympic tournament. France experienced much of its success in four major eras: in the 1950s, 1980s, late 1990s/early 2000s, and mid/late 2010s, respectively, which resulted in numerous major honours. France was one of the four European teams that participated in the inaugural World Cup in 1930 and, although having been eliminated in the qualification stage six times, is one of only three teams that have entered every World Cup qualifying cycle.In 1958, the team, led by Raymond Kopa and Just Fontaine, finished in third place at the FIFA World Cup. In 1984, France, led by Ballon d'Or winner Michel Platini, won UEFA Euro 1984 and Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Under the captaincy of Didier Deschamps and three-time FIFA World Player of the Year Zinedine Zidane, France won the FIFA World Cup in 1998. Two years later, the team triumphed at UEFA Euro 2000. France won the FIFA Confederations Cup in 2001 and 2003, and reached the 2006 FIFA World Cup final, which it lost 5–3 on penalties to Italy. The team also reached the final of UEFA Euro 2016, where they lost 1–0 to Portugal in extra time. France won the 2018 FIFA World Cup, defeating Croatia 4–2 in the final match on 15 July 2018. This was the second time they had won the tournament after winning it on home soil in 1998.
France was the first national team that has won the three most important men's titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament after victory in the Confederations Cup in 2001. Since 2001, Argentina (after the 2004 Olympics) and Brazil (after the 2016 Olympics) are the other two national teams that have won these three titles. They have also won their respective continental championship (Copa América for Argentina and Brazil, and UEFA European Championship for France).France national football team manager
The France national football team manager was first established on 25 April 1964 following the appointment of the country's first national team manager Henri Guérin. Before this, the France national team was selected by a selection committee, a process in which the French Football Federation would select coaches and trainers from within the country or abroad to prepare the side for single games and tournaments, but with all decisions ultimately remaining under the control of the committee. From 1904–1913, the USFSA headed the committee, which was referred to as the Commission Centrale d'Association. The committee was controlled by André Espir and André Billy and featured little to no physical preparation for upcoming matches. In 1913, the Comité Français Interfédéral, a precursor to the French Football Federation, took over the committee following the USFSA becoming affiliated with the organization and secretary general Henri Delaunay took control.
Following the creation of the French Football Federation, the committee was converted into a five-man board and lasted from 1919–1964. Gaston Barreau served as the head of the committee in two different stints; from 1920–1945, then, after four years, returned to select the team from 1949 until his death in 1958. From 1945–1949, Gabriel Hanot headed the committee and, following Barreau's death, Paul Nicolas (1958–1959) and Georges Verriest (1959–1964) controlled the committee until it was officially disbanded in 1964.
Fifteen men have occupied the post since its inception; three of those were in short-term caretaker manager roles: José Arribas and Jean Snella managed the team in dual roles and presided over four matches and former French international Just Fontaine managed the team for two matches in 1967. The longest tenure by a French national team manager is Raymond Domenech, who managed the team from 12 July 2004 to 11 July 2010, a period of six years. Four managers have won major tournaments while managing the national team. The first was Michel Hidalgo, who managed the team from 1976–1984, which is the second-longest tenure behind Domenech. Hidalgo won UEFA Euro 1984. In 1998, Aimé Jacquet won the 1998 FIFA World Cup on home soil and, two years later, Roger Lemerre led the team to glory at UEFA Euro 2000. Lemerre also won the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup. Finally, current manager Didier Deschamps won the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia, twenty years after he lifted the trophy as captain. On 8 August 1973, the Romanian Ștefan Kovács became the first foreign manager of the team. During the period of the selection committee, the national team was coached by several British managers. Thomas Griffiths (English) coached the team for a portion of 1924, while Peter Farmer (Scottish) coached the team at the 1928 Summer Olympics. From 1934–1936, the team was coached by Sid Kimpton. The current manager of the French national team is former international Didier Deschamps who replaced fellow international Laurent Blanc following the UEFA Euro 2012 on 8 July 2012.INF Clairefontaine
The Centre Technique National Fernand Sastre (English: Fernand Sastre National Technical Centre), commonly referred to as INF Clairefontaine ("Institut national du football de Clairefontaine"), INF, or simply Clairefontaine, is the national football centre that specializes in training French football players. The academy is one of twelve élite academies located in and around France that are supervised by the French Football Federation (FFF). Only the best players from the Île-de-France région train at the Clairefontaine academy. The twelve other academies are situated in Castelmaurou, Châteauroux, Liévin, Dijon, Marseille, Ploufragan, Vichy and Reims, Réunion, Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire, Guadeloupe and Talence.Clairefontaine opened in 1988 and is named after Fernand Sastre, the president of the FFF from 1972–1984. The academy is located 50 km southwest of Paris at Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines and is one of the best known football academies in the world. It has a high reputation of producing some of the most gifted French and non-French players including Nicolas Anelka, Louis Saha, William Gallas, Hatem Ben Arfa, Abou Diaby, Sébastien Bassong, Mehdi Benatia, Blaise Matuidi, Kylian Mbappé, Olivier Giroud and national team top scorer Thierry Henry. The academy is also used to house the national football teams of France and the centre drew media spotlight following its usage as a base camp by the France team that won the 1998 FIFA World Cup.List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League winning managers
The European Cup was an association football competition contested from 1956 to 1992. Spanish manager José Villalonga Llorente led Real Madrid to success in the inaugural final in 1956 and repeated the feat the following season. English clubs and managers dominated the competition in the late 1970s and early 1980s, winning every tournament from 1977 to 1982. Despite this, Italian managers have been the most successful, winning eleven of the tournaments since 1956.
The competition became the UEFA Champions League in 1992, with Belgian Raymond Goethals leading French club Marseille to success that season.
Only Bob Paisley, Carlo Ancelotti and Zinedine Zidane have won the tournament on three occasions. Paisley led Liverpool to three titles in five seasons, Ancelotti won three titles and reached four finals with Milan and Real Madrid, and Zidane won three consecutive titles with Real Madrid. Seventeen other managers have won the title on two occasions. Only five managers have won the title with two clubs: Carlo Ancelotti with Real Madrid and Milan; Ernst Happel with Feyenoord in 1970 and Hamburg in 1983; Ottmar Hitzfeld with Borussia Dortmund in 1997 and Bayern Munich in 2001; José Mourinho, with Porto in 2004 and Internazionale in 2010; and Jupp Heynckes with Real Madrid in 1998 and Bayern Munich in 2013. Seven men have won the tournament both as a player and as a manager, namely Miguel Muñoz, Giovanni Trapattoni, Johan Cruyff, Carlo Ancelotti, Frank Rijkaard, Pep Guardiola and Zinedine Zidane.List of UEFA Super Cup winning managers
The UEFA Super Cup is an annual contest played between the previous season's UEFA Champions League (formerly the European Cup) and UEFA Europa League (formerly UEFA Cup) winners. The first final, played over two legs between Dutch team Ajax and Glasgow's Rangers is considered unofficial by UEFA. Rangers were banned from European competition due to the behaviour of their fans but, having won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup the previous season, contested the title. Ajax lifted the trophy under the guidance of Romanian manager Ștefan Kovács, winning 6–3 over the two legs.
From 1973 to 1999, the Super Cup was contested by the winners of the European Cup/Champions league and the holders of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. The latter competition was then abolished and since then, the UEFA Cup have taken part in their place, Galatasaray being the first UEFA Cup winners to do so in 2000. Since the 1998 competition, the final has been a single match, played at a neutral venue, Stade Louis II in Monaco. The first final held in the principality ended in success for Chelsea, led by Italian Gianluca Vialli.
Italian managers have fared most successfully since the inception of the contest, winning eleven titles. Pep Guardiola and Carlo Ancelotti are the only managers to have won the trophy on three occasions and with two different clubs, Guardiola with Barcelona in 2009, 2011 and Bayern Munich in 2013 and Ancelotti with Milan in 2003, 2007 and Real Madrid in 2014.List of UEFA club competition winning managers
This is a list of UEFA club competition winning football managers. It includes victories in the European Cup and UEFA Champions League, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, the UEFA Cup and Europa League, the UEFA Intertoto Cup, the UEFA Super Cup and the Intercontinental Cup.
Italians Giovanni Trapattoni and Carlo Ancelotti, and Scot Alex Ferguson are the most successful managers, claiming seven titles each. As of August 2017, Italian managers have won more tournaments than any other nationality, having secured 46 titles, while Spanish managers are in a distant second place with 38 competition victories.
Although no manager has ever won all of these competitions, Trapattoni is the only manager to have claimed the title of five different confederation tournaments. Trapattoni and German Udo Lattek are the only managers to have won at least once the three seasonal UEFA competitions: the European Cup, the Cup Winners' Cup and the UEFA Cup.
While the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is considered to be the predecessor to the UEFA Cup, the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) does not recognise it officially, and therefore successes in this competition are not included in this list. Also excluded are the unofficial 1972 European Super Cup, and the Club World Cup, a FIFA competition.List of people from Timișoara
This is a list of people from Timișoara, Romania.
Iolanda Balaș (1936–2016), Olympic gold medalist in high jump
Mircea Baniciu (b. 1949), singer for Transsylvania Phoenix and Pasărea Colibri
Ana Blandiana (b. 1942), poet
Gheorghe Ciuhandu (b. 1947), mayor (1996-2012)
Horia Colibășanu (b. 1977), mountaineer
Nicu Covaci (b. 1947), lead singer for Transsylvania Phoenix
Hanno Höfer (b. 1967), film director
Ioan Holender (b. 1935), opera director
Francesco Illy (1892–1956), coffee machinery inventor
Ion Ivanovici (1845–1902), composer of "Waves of the Danube"
Yohan Kende (b. 1949), Israeli Olympic swimmer
Károly Kerényi (1897–1973), classical philologist
Ernő Kiss (1799–1849), one of The 13 Martyrs of Arad
Károly Kós (1883–1977), architect
Ștefan Kovács (1920–1995), football player and coach
George Lusztig (b. 1946), mathematician
Zoltán Meskó (b. 1986), American football player
Tudor Ratiu (b. 1950), mathematician
Andre Spitzer (1945–1972), Israel's 1972 Summer Olympics fencing coach and victim of the Munich massacre
Wilhelm Stepper-Tristis (1899–?), novelist
Dorin Tudoran (b. 1945), poet and dissident
Andrei Ujică (b. 1951), film director
Johnny Weissmuller (1904–1984), Tarzan actorList of world champion football club winning managers
This is a list of world champion football club winning managers. It includes victories in the Intercontinental Cup (defunct) and the FIFA Club World Cup.Carlos Bianchi and Pep Guardiola are the most successful managers, claiming three titles each. As of August 2017, Argentinean managers have won more tournaments than any other nationality, having secured 11 titles, while Brazilian managers are in a close second place with 10 competition victories. Alex Ferguson is the only manager to have won both world champion title.May 12
May 12 is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 233 days remain until the end of the year.Nicolae Kovács
Nicolae Kovács (Hungarian: Kovács Miklós, sometimes rendered as Nicolae Covaci, 29 December 1911 – 7 July 1977) was a Romanian-Hungarian football player and coach. He was a dual international football player and played both for Romania and Hungary.For the Romania national football team, he won 37 caps and participated in the 1930, 1934 and 1938 World Cups, being one of five players to have appeared in all three of the pre-war World Cups. The other players were Edmond Delfour, Étienne Mattler, Bernard Voorhoof and Rudolf Bürger, according to official FIFA match reports. Later he also represented the Hungary national football team once.He was the older brother of Ștefan Kovács, the famous coach who led AFC Ajax to two European Cups in 1972 and 1973.Udo Lattek
Udo Lattek (16 January 1935 – 31 January 2015) was a German football player, coach, and TV pundit.
Lattek is one of the most successful coaches in the history of the game, having won 15 major titles, most famously with Bayern Munich. He also won major trophies with Borussia Mönchengladbach and FC Barcelona. In addition to these clubs, his managerial career saw him coach Borussia Dortmund, Schalke 04 and 1. FC Köln before his retirement from the game. Alongside the Italian Giovanni Trapattoni he is the only coach to have won all three major European club titles, and he is the only one to do so with three teams.World Soccer (magazine)
World Soccer is an English language football magazine published by TI Media. The magazine was established in 1960. It specialises in the international football scene. Its regular contributing writers include Brian Glanville, Keir Radnedge, Sid Lowe and Tim Vickery. World Soccer is a member of the European Sports Magazines (ESM), an umbrella group of similar magazines printed in other languages. Other members include A Bola, Don Balón, Kicker, La Gazzetta dello Sport and Sport Express. The members of this group elect a European "Team of the Month" and a European "Team of the Year".
Since 1982, World Soccer has also organised "Player of the Year", "Manager of the Year" and "Team of the Year" awards. In 2005 awards for the best "Young Player of the Year" and "Referee of the Year" were also introduced. In the December 1999 issue of World Soccer, a readers' poll listing the 100 greatest football players of the 20th century was published.
The magazine marked its 50th anniversary in 2010 with a series of articles looking back on the past 50 years in international football.
Ștefan Kovács managerial positions