Ōshima District, Kagoshima

Ōshima (大島郡 Ōshima-gun) is a district located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of the March 20, 2006 merger but with 2003 population statistics, the district has an estimated population of 78,882 and a density of 84.4 persons per km². The total area is 934.10 km².

Oshima District in Kagoshima Prefecture
The location of Ōshima District in Kagoshima
Koniya
Koniya in Setouchi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture

Towns and villages

District timeline (after WWII)

  • February 28, 1946 – The district fell under United States Army control except for the current village of Mishima areas.
  • July 1, 1946 – The town of Naze gained city status.
  • September 1, 1946 – The village of China gained town status.
  • February 4, 1952 – Japan regains the current village of Toshima areas.
  • February 10, 1952 – The village of Mishima broke off from the village of Toshima.
  • December 25, 1953 – The remaining parts of the district returned to Japan.
  • February 1, 1955 – The village of Mikata merged into the city of Naze.
  • September 1, 1956 – The town of Koniya, and the villages of Chinzei, Saneku, and Nishikata merged to form the town of Setouchi.
  • September 10, 1956 – The town of Kikai and the village of Sōmachi merged to form the town of Kikai.
  • April 1, 1958 – The town of Kametsu and the village of Higashiamagi merged to form the town of Tokunoshima.
  • January 1, 1961
    • The village of Kasari gained town status.
    • The village of Amagi gained town status.
  • January 1, 1962 – The village of Isen gained town status.
  • January 1, 1963 – The village of Yoron gained town status.
  • April 1, 1973 – The district transferred the villages of Mishima and Toshima to Kagoshima District.
  • February 10, 1975 – The village of Tatsugō gained town status.
  • March 20, 2006 – The village of Sumiyō and town of Kasari merged with the city of Naze to form the new city of Amami.

Transportation

Kikai Airport is located in the district.

Amami Islands Homeland Restoration Movement

The "restoration of Ōshima District of Kagoshima Prefecture" was a slogan of the Amami Islands Homeland Restoration Movement during the United States military occupation of the Amami Islands from 1945/6 to 1953. An overwhelming majority of people of Amami, including those in mainland Japan, urged the immediate return of the islands to Japan. The homeland restoration movements except those by leftist minorities tried to differentiate Amami from Okinawa because the U.S. seemingly intended permanent control of Okinawa. They opposed the name "Northern Ryukyu" occasionally labeled by the U.S. occupiers. Instead they used "Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture" as a symbol of national belongingness.[1]

References

  1. ^ Takahashi Takayo 高橋孝代, Esunishiti to aidentiti (エスニシティとアイデンティティ), Kyōkai no jinruigaku 境界性の人類学, pp. 165–248, 2006.

Coordinates: 27°48′36″N 128°56′24″E / 27.81000°N 128.94000°E

Amagi, Kagoshima

Amagi (天城町, Amagi-chō) is a town located on Tokunoshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 6,350 and a population density of 79 persons per km². The total area is 80.35 km². The economy of the town is based on sugar cane, beef and seasonal tourism.

China, Kagoshima

China (知名町, China-chō, IPA: [tɕina]) is a town located on Okinoerabujima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 6,506 and a population density of 122 persons per km² (320 people/sq mi). The total area is 53.29 km² (20.6 sq mi).

Edateku Island

Edateku Island (Japanese: 枝手久島) is one of the islands of Amami Islands of Satsunan Islands, Japan. It administratively belongs to Uken Village, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture. It is a desert island far off the Amami Oshima coast. It is said to be an origin of Achalinus werneri, a kind of colubrid snake species.The island was originally planned to be an oil reserve site in 1970s, but this plan was finally called off as it was strongly opposed by nearby villagers.

Isen, Kagoshima

Isen (伊仙町, Isen-chō) is a town located on Tokunoshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 6,594 and a population density of 105 persons per km². The total area is 62.70 km². Isen is known for its abundant nature, long-lived residents, and Tōgyū (bullfighting).

Kasari, Kagoshima

Kasari (笠利町, Kasari-chō) was a town located on Amami Ōshima in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 6,856 and a density of 113.83 persons per km². The total area was 60.23 km².

On March 20, 2006, Kasari, along with the city of Naze, and the village of Sumiyō (also from Ōshima District), was merged to create the city of Amami.

Kikai, Kagoshima

Not to be confused with Kikai Caldera, which is submerged in the Ōsumi Islands

Kikai (喜界町, Kikai-chō) is a town located on Kikaijima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

In June 2013 the town had an estimated population of 7,657 and a population density of 134 persons per km². The total area is 56.94 km². The economy of the town is based on sugar cane, shōchū refining and seasonal tourism.

Kiyama Island

Kiyama Island (Japanese: 木山島) is an uninhabited island of Amami Islands of Satsunan Islands, Japan, administratively belonging to Setouchi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture. It is just 300 meters from Ukejima and can be reached by a jeep track from Ukeamuro town on Ukejima. There is a diving and fishing spot and a beach on the island.

Okinoerabu Airport

Okinoerabu Airport (沖永良部空港, Okinoerabu Kūkō) (IATA: OKE, ICAO: RJKB) is located on the island of Okinoerabujima in the town of Wadomari, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Setouchi, Kagoshima

Setouchi (瀬戸内町, Setouchi-chō) is a town located primarily on Amami Ōshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town had an estimated population of 9,379 and a population density of 39.1 persons per km². The total area was 239.91 km².

Sukomobanare Island

Sukomobanare Island (Japanese: 須子茂離島) is one of the islands of Amami Islands of Satsunan Islands, Japan, administratively belongs to Setouchi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture. It is about 6.4 kilometers from south of Eniyabanare Island, and about 5.6 kilometers southwest of Sukomo Village on western Kakeroma Island. It is rectangular in shape with 2 kilometers long and 400 to 700 meters wide.

Sumiyo, Kagoshima

Sumiyō (住用村, Sumiyō-son) was a village located on Amami Ōshima in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2003, the village had an estimated population of 1,943 and the density of 16.44 persons per km². The total area was 118.16 km².

On March 20, 2006, Sumiyō, along with the city of Naze, and the town of Kasari (also from Ōshima District), was merged to create the city of Amami.

Tatsugō, Kagoshima

Tatsugō (龍郷町, Tatsugō-chō) is a town located on Amami Ōshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town had an estimated population of 5,992 and a population density of 73 persons per km². The total area was 82.06 km².

Tokunoshima, Kagoshima

Tokunoshima (徳之島町, Tokunoshima-chō) is a town located on Tokunoshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 11,673 and a population density of 111 persons per km². The total area is 104.87 km².

Tokunoshima Airport

Tokunoshima Airport (徳之島空港, Tokunoshima Kūkō) (IATA: TKN, ICAO: RJKN) is an airport on the island of Tokunoshima, located in the town of Amagi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture of Japan.

Uken

Uken (宇検村, Uken-son) is a village located on Amami Ōshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the village had an estimated population of 1,843 and a population density of 17.9 persons per km2. The total area was 103.07 km2.

Wadomari, Kagoshima

Wadomari (和泊町, Wadomari-chō) is a town located on Okinoerabujima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 6,929 and a population density of 172 persons per km². The total area is 40.37 km².

Yamato, Kagoshima

Yamato (大和村, Yamato-son) is a village located on Amami Ōshima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the village had an estimated population of 1,638 and a population density of 18.6 persons per km². The total area was 88.15 km².

Yoron, Kagoshima

Yoron (与論町, Yoron-chō) is a town located on Yoronjima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 5,263 and a population density of 257 persons per km². The total area is 20.49 km². Much of the island is within the boundaries of the Amami Guntō Quasi-National Park.

Yubanare Island

Yubanare Island (Japanese: 夕離島) is one of the islands of Amami Islands of Satsunan Islands, Japan, which is 1 kilometer to the northwest of Sukomobanare Island. It administratively belongs to Setouchi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture.

The island is generally oval-shaped except for a minor protrusion at its northeastern end and its area is 0.15 square kilometer.

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