Ōita (city)

Ōita (大分市 Ōita-shi) is the capital city of Ōita Prefecture, located on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

On January 1, 2005 the town of Notsuharu (from Ōita District) and the town of Saganoseki (from Kitaamabe District) were merged into Ōita.

Ōita

大分市
Ōita City
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, Ōita Stadium, Old Ōita Bank, Shopping street in central Ōita
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, Ōita Stadium, Old Ōita Bank, Shopping street in central Ōita
Flag of Ōita

Flag
Official seal of Ōita

Emblem
Location of Ōita in Ōita Prefecture
Location of Ōita in Ōita Prefecture
Ōita is located in Japan
Ōita
Ōita
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°14′0″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°ECoordinates: 33°14′0″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°E
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureŌita Prefecture
Government
 • MayorKiichiro Sato (since April 2015)
Area
 • Total502.39 km2 (193.97 sq mi)
Population
(March 31, 2017)
 • Total478,491
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Symbols
 • TreeElaeocarpus sylvestris
 • FlowerCamellia sasanqua
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address2-31 Niage-machi, Ōita-shi, Ōita-ken
870-8504
Websitewww.city.oita.oita.jp

Demographics and geography

Oita takasago
City view from city centre

Ōita is the most populous city in Ōita Prefecture. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 478,491, with 216,853 households and a population density of 950 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 502.39 km2.

The city is bordered by City of Beppu to the northwest, City of Yufu to the west, City of Taketa to the southwest, City of Bungo-ōno to the south, and City of Usuki to the southeast. The north of the city faces Beppu Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.

Oita Chuo Dori
Main street of Ōita

Economy

During the 1960s and 1970s, an industrial region was formed along the Beppu Gulf coast. Among the plants in the region were flagship plants of Nippon Steel and Showa Denko.

In the 1970s, Toshiba and Canon built and expanded their plants in inland area. By then, the city emerged as a major production center of electronics products such as LSIs and digital cameras.

The downtown and shopping districts are located to the north of Oita Station. Recently, however, the area has been gradually declining, because the main commercial areas have been dispersed due to the construction of big shopping malls in the suburbs.

History

The Ōita area is historically known as Funai (府内), the capital of Bungo Province (豊後国).

During the Sengoku period (15th–16th centuries), the powerful Ōtomo clan based in Funai and the area prospered as a key port of trade with Portugal and Ming-dynasty China. Ōtomo Sōrin, a famous Christian daimyō, first introduced western culture. It was in Funai that the first western style hospital was built and the first Japanese choir was formed.

Climate

Ōita has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Landmarks and points of interest

Marine Palace UmiTamago
Marine Palace AKA "Umi Tamago"
Takasaki Mountain
Takasaki Mountain

Takasaki mountain (高崎山) that borders Beppu is famous for wild monkeys, specifically the Japanese macaque.

At the entrance to the Takasaki-yama park is the "Marine Palace" aquarium, also known as "Umi Tamago", or "Sea Egg".[3]

The Ōita Stadium, also known as Big Eye or Kyushu Oil Dome, is situated along the city expressway. It is the home field of the J. League football club Oita Trinita and is used for large local events.

In the middle of the city, there are many shops and department stores. Some major departmental stores include Tokiwa, Parco, Frespo Kasugaura, and D Plaza. There are also shopping malls in the suburbs, such as Tokiwa Wasada Town and Park Place Oita.

Outside the city, scenic spots include mountain plateaus, seaside villages and towns renowned for onsen (geothermal hot springs).

Ōita is also famous for the intestines of puffer fish.

Toriten is another famous food in this city.

Transportation

Japan National Route 10 at Oita Oita
Japan National Route 10 at Oita, Oita

The principal railway station of the city is Ōita Station where Nippō Main Line, Kyūdai Main Line, and Hōhi Main Line of JR Kyushu gathers. The luxury Aru Ressha train was designed by Eiji Mitooka. It runs between Ōita and Hita and is in service to also revive tourism and the local economy.[4]

Buses are the primary mode of transportation in Oita, run by two main bus service companies. The Oita Bus Company operates bus routes in the city. The Oita Kotsu Company runs north of the city. For long distance bus services, these two companies, as well as Kamenoi Bus Company operate bus routes from Oita to main place of Kyushu, such as Fukuoka and Kumamoto, and Osaka, Nagoya and more.

Oita Airport is located nearby, at Kunisaki, and used to be accessible via hovercraft, which takes about 30 minutes. However, this service has been suspended since late 2009. Other ways of accessing the airport is by bus, taxi or a private vehicle.

The Ōita Expressway, Higashikyushu Expressway, National Route 10 and National Route 210 all run through the city.

Many ships depart from the Port of Oita, to places such as Kansai, and Shikoku.

Sports

Annual sporting events include:

Sporting events held in Oita include:

Sports teams and facilities

Club Sports League Venue Established
Oita Trinita Football J. League
Division 1
Ōita Stadium 1994 (as Oita Trinity, changed to current name from 1999)
Vasagey Oita Futsal F. League Oita Prefectural General Gymnasium 2003
Oita Miyoshi Weisse Adler Volleyball V.League Toto Oita factory gymnasium 1996 (as Miyoshi Department of Cardiology EKG, changed to current name from 2006)

Education

Oita City operates all public elementary and junior high schools, while the prefecture operates the high schools.

National universities

Prefectural universities

Private universities

High schools

  • Ōita Uenogaoka High School
  • Ōita Oginodai High School
  • Ōita Kōgyō High School
  • Ōita Shōgyō High School
  • Ōita Tsurusaki High School
  • Ōita Nishi High School
  • Ōita Higashi High School
  • Ōita Hofu High School (middle and high school)
  • Ōita Maizuru High School
  • Ōita Minami High School
  • Geijutsu Midorigaoka High School
  • Jōhō Kagaku High School
  • Tsurusaki Kōgyō High School

Notable people from Ōita

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "Official website of Ōita city" (in Japanese). Japan: Ōita City. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Oita Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  3. ^ "大分マリーンパレス水族館「うみたまご」公式サイト". Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  4. ^ http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/08/08/national/luxury-dream-train-designed-over-100-years-ago-goes-into-service-in-kyushu/#.VeV_hn3Qgse
  5. ^ Beppu-Oita Mainichi Marathon. ARRS (2009-12-24). Retrieved on 2010-02-08.

External links

Bungo-Kokubu Station

Bungo-Kokubu Station (豊後国分駅, Bungo-Kokubu-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Kyudai Main Line.

Funai Castle

Funai Castle (府内城, Funai-jō) is a 16th-century castle, located in Ōita city, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It was built by Ōtomo Sōrin in 1562, who owned much of the surrounding Kyūshū island. The castle was originally built with several turrets (yagura), all of which were burnt down with the three story donjon in 1743. The covered bridge that led to the castle over its moat, as well as several turrets, were rebuilt in the 20th century. Original remains include part of the wall and the moat.

Furugō Station

Furugō Station (古国府駅, Furugō-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Kyudai Main Line.

Kunisaki

Kunisaki (国東市, Kunisaki-shi) is a city located in Ōita Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan.

The modern city of Kunisaki was founded on March 31, 2006, from the merger of the former town of Kunisaki, absorbing the towns of Aki, Kunimi and Musashi (all from Higashikunisaki District).As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 29,098, with 13,223 households and a population density of 92/km2 (240/sq mi). The total area is 317.84 km2 (122.72 sq mi).Oita Airport is located in Kunisaki.

Kōzaki Station

Kōzaki Station (幸崎駅, Kōzaki-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line. The station serves the Ōita suburb of Sakanoichi.

Maki Station (Ōita)

Maki Station (牧駅, Maki-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by Kyūshū Railway Company in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan.

Nakahanda Station

Nakahanda Station (中判田駅, Nakahanda-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Hōhi Main Line.

Nishi-Ōita Station

Nishi-Ōita Station (西大分駅, Nishi-Ōita-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and JR Freight.

Oita Trinita

Oita Trinita (大分トリニータ, Ōita Torinīta) is a Japanese football club currently playing in J1 League, having been promoted in 2018 after a 5-year absence from Japan's top flight. The club's home town is Ōita city, but the club draws support from Beppu, Saiki, and the entire Ōita Prefecture.

The club's name, Trinita, is a portmanteau of the English word trinity, which was the club's original name before being changed in 1999, and Ōita, the club's home town. The combined word expresses the will of the local citizens, companies, and government to support the team.

The club's home ground is Ōita Bank Dome, also known as the "Big Eye", which was one the venues built for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The club practices at the adjacent football and rugby field, River Park Inukai, and Ōita City Public Ground.

Sakanoichi Station

Sakanoichi Station (坂ノ市駅, Sakanoichi-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line. The station serves the Ōita suburb of Sakanoichi.

Shikido Station

Shikido Station (敷戸駅, Shikido-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Hōhi Main Line.

Takajō Station

Takajō Station (高城駅, Takajō-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by JR Kyushu in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan.

Takio Station

Takio Station (滝尾駅, Takio-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Hōhi Main Line.

Tsurusaki Station

Tsurusaki Station (鶴崎駅, Tsurusaki-eki) is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line operated by JR Kyushu in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan.

Usuki, Ōita

Usuki (臼杵市, Usuki-shi) is a city located on the east coast of Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is famous for its Usuki Stone Buddhas, a national treasure, and its soy sauce production. Recently it has become known for having the look and feel of a Japanese castle town. It is part of Ōita City's metropolitan area through economics and thus has strong ties to Ōita City.

Yuya Ando

Yūya Andō (安藤 優也, Andō Yūya, often Andoh, born December 27, 1977) is a professional baseball player from Ōita City, Japan. He is part of the starting rotation for the Hanshin Tigers baseball team.

Ōita Station

Ōita Station (大分駅, Ōita-eki) is a JR Kyushu railway station located in Ōita, Ōita Prefecture, Japan.

The station opened on November 1, 1911. It has since undergone renovation, reopening in 2012 — the 'main' area of the station is now the southern, rather than the northern, entrance.

Ōzai Station

Ōzai Station (大在駅, Ōzai-eki) is a railway station in Ōita City, Ōita Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line. The station serves Ōzai, a village that has now been merged into Ōita City and is typically busy with commuter traffic. It is also the nearest station to the Nippon Bunri University located at the nearby Ōita suburb of Sakanoichi.

Climate data for Ōita, Ōita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.3
(50.5)
13.5
(56.3)
18.8
(65.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.8
(78.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.6
(54.7)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
14.0
(57.2)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.8
(80.2)
23.2
(73.8)
17.8
(64.0)
12.7
(54.9)
7.7
(45.9)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.7
(35.1)
4.1
(39.4)
9.3
(48.7)
13.6
(56.5)
18.1
(64.6)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
3.1
(37.6)
11.5
(52.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.9
(1.77)
66.9
(2.63)
98.0
(3.86)
132.3
(5.21)
157.8
(6.21)
266.6
(10.50)
240.3
(9.46)
174.8
(6.88)
227.1
(8.94)
135.2
(5.32)
61.4
(2.42)
32.3
(1.27)
1,637.6
(64.47)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 65 66 68 71 74 79 80 78 78 74 71 67 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.8 137.2 169.3 169.2 179.7 138.3 181.4 199.9 147.5 159.3 142.0 145.1 1,913.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[2]
Core city
Cities
Districts
2,000,000 and more
1,000,000–1,999,999
500,000–999,999
200,000–499,999

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