Ünye

Ünye (Oinòe, Οἰνόη in ancient Greek) is a large town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 76 km west of the city of Ordu. In 2009 it had 74,806 inhabitants.

Ünye
Ünye is located in Turkey
Ünye
Ünye
Coordinates: 41°08′00″N 37°17′00″E / 41.13333°N 37.28333°ECoordinates: 41°08′00″N 37°17′00″E / 41.13333°N 37.28333°E
CountryTurkey
ProvinceOrdu
Government
 • MayorAhmet Çamyar (AKP)
 • KaymakamMustafa Demir
Area
 • District486.89 km2 (187.99 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
78,227
 • District
117,995
 • District density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Post code
52300
ClimateCfa
Websiteunye.bel.tr/

Geography

Unye2

Ünye has a little port, in a bay on one of the flatter areas of the Black Sea coast. The climate is typical of the Black Sea region, warm and wet, although because the hinterland is flatter than most of the coastline Ünye has less rainfall. Agriculture is the basis of the local economy, in particular hazelnut growing, hazelnut trading and hazelnut processing. The town is very quiet in late-July and August when most people are in the countryside for the hazelnut harvest.

The town of Ünye provides high schools, higher education and other services to the surrounding countryside, and other industry includes a large cement factory, flour mills, local handicrafts and the port. The town has grown in recent decades, acquiring the multi-storey concrete blocks spreading along the coast, typical of so many Turkish towns. There are cafes and internet cafes popular with students. The cuisine includes the local pizza called pide.

With its quiet spots for picnics and walking and its excellent beaches Ünye is one of the nicest holiday towns on the eastern Black Sea coast. Affordable pensions and camping facilities as well as 2- or 3-star hotels can be found in the summer season. There are summer festivals and concerts in July.

Etymology

The town's name has evolved from the Greek Oinoe through Oinaion, Unieh, Unie and Unia to the current Ünye.

History

The history of Ünye goes back to the Hittite period in the 15th century BC, followed by the Kashkas, Scythians, Milesians, Persians, Pontus and Ancient Roman/Byzantine eras. During Greco-Roman times, it was called Oenoe and was a port town of Pontus, at the mouth of the revier Genius.[3]

It was also ruled by Danishmends between 1086-1098, 1141-1144 and 1150-1157, Sultanate of Rum between 1188-1204, 1214-1228 and 1230-1243, Empire of Trebizond in 1204-1214, 1228-1230, 1243-1297 and 1302-1346 and Emirate of Hacıemiroğlu between 1297-1302 and 1346-1461.

During the 1290s, the Ünye fortress was built by the Trebizond emperor Ioanni (II.).[4]

In the year 1806 the Laz attacked Ünye. This led to the town being evacuated under the guidance of Bishop Meletios and resetting in Sinope.[5]

Main sights

  • The 18th-century town hall.
  • Çamlık - picnic area in a wood overlooking the sea
  • Çakırtepe - a hilltop view of the town
  • Ünye Castle (dating back to the Pontus era).
  • Uzunkum - the longest beach on the Black Sea

Notable natives

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Oenoe". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  4. ^ Zehiroglu, Ahmet M. ; "Trabzon Imparatorlugu" 2016 (ISBN 978-605-4567-52-2) ; p.100
  5. ^ Pontic History Timeline 1774 - 1923

External links

Bayramca Tunnel

Bayramca Tunnel (Turkish: Bayramca Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Bayramca Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish S.T.Y. Construction Company. The 691 and 741 m (2,267 and 2,431 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction. The Yunus Emre Tunnel follows the Bayramca Tunnel in direction Samsun.

The tunnel was opened to traffic on 21 December 2013 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Cihan Alptekin

Cihan Alptekin (1947 – 30 March 1972) was a Turkish revolutionary and militant who was a leader in left-wing organizations such as People's Liberation Army of Turkey, and the Revolutionary Youth Federation of Turkey, a Marxist organization. He was active in the late 1960s and early 1970s, when he died.

He went to the Fatah camps in Palestine in July 1969 for military training. Soon after he returned to Turkey he was arrested and jailed. In November 1971 he escaped the Maltepe Military Prison along with his comrades Mahir Çayan and Ulaş Bardakçı.In January 1972, he met with Mahir Çayan in Ankara to attempt help Hüseyin İnan, Deniz Gezmiş and Yusuf Aslan, who were on death row, to escape from prison. They kidnapped English technicians from the NATO base in Ünye and brought them to Kızıldere in an attempt to trade them off for their comrades on death row. This was refused by the government, which subsequently located them in Kızıldere with the coordination of the CIA. They were bombed and killed along with the hostages.

Fahrettin Çiloğlu

Fahrettin Çiloğlu (born October 5, 1956, Ünye, Ordu Province, Turkey), is a Turkish writer and translator, whose family emigrated from Georgia in the late nineteenth century.

In Georgian publications and Turkish translations, he uses the pen name ფარნა-ბექა ჩილაშვილი (Parna-Beka Chilashvili) and Parna-Beka Çilaşvili.

Fatsa

Fatsa is a town and a district of Ordu Province in the central Black Sea region of Turkey. Population from Fatsa is more than 115,000.

Georgians in Turkey

Georgians in Turkey (Georgian: ქართველები თურქეთში) refers to citizens and denizens of Turkey who are, or descend from, ethnic Georgians.

List of highways in Turkey

Highways in Turkey are a network in development.

List of municipalities in Ordu Province

This is the List of municipalities in Ordu Province, Turkey as of October 2007.

List of populated places in Ordu Province

Below is the list of populated places in Ordu Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district

Numan Kurtulmuş

Numan Kurtulmuş (born 1959) is a Turkish politician. He has been Minister of Culture and Tourism from 2017 to 2018. Previously he served as Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey between August 2014 to July 2017.

Ordu Province

Ordu Province (Turkish: Ordu ili) is a province of Turkey, located on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Samsun to the northwest, Tokat to the southwest, Sivas to the south, and Giresun to the east. Its license-plate code is 52. The capital of the province is the city of Ordu.

Samet Hasan Yıldıran

Samet Hasan Yıldıran (born 19 September 1992) is a Turkish footballer who plays for Aksaray 1989 SK. He made his Süper Lig debut on 18 March 2012.

Samsun–Ceyhan pipeline

The Samsun–Ceyhan pipeline (SCP), previously called Trans-Anatolian Pipeline, is a planned crude oil pipeline traversing Turkey from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean oil terminal in Ceyhan. The aim of this project is to provide an alternative route for Russian and Kazakhstani oil and to ease the traffic burden in the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.

State road D.850 (Turkey)

D.850 is a north to south state road in Turkey. It starts at Ünye at Black Sea coast and ends at Öncüpınar, the Syrian border check point. Since it runs all the way from north to south it crosses the three main west to east highways namely D.100, D.300 and D.400.

Tayfun Uzbay

İsmail Tayfun Uzbay (born September 1959), is a Turkish neuropsychopharmacologist .

Yunus Emre Tunnel

Yunus Emre Tunnel (Turkish: Yunus Emre Tüneli), is a highway tunnel constructed in Ordu Province, northern Turkey.Yunus Emre Tunnel is part of the Samsun-Ordu Highway D.010 E70 within the Black Sea Coastal Highway, of which construction was carried out by the Turkish S.T.Y. Construction Company. The 1,996 and 1,980 m (6,549 and 6,496 ft)-long twin-tube tunnel carrying two lanes of traffic in each direction. The Bayramca Tunnel follows the Yunus Emre Tunnel in direction Ordu.

The tunnel was opened to traffic on December 21, 2013 by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Zeynep Ahunbay

Zeynep Ahunbay (born 1946 in Ünye, Ordu Province) is a leading Turkish scholar of antiquities.

Ünye İlçe Stadium

Ünye İlçe Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Ordu, Turkey. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of TFF Third League team Ünyespor.The stadium currently holds 10,340 people.

It is also used by Amatör Futbol Ligleri team Ünye Belediye Spor.

Ünyespor

Ünyespor was a sports club located in Ünye district in Ordu, Turkey. The club used to play its games in the Ünye İlçe Stadium. The club was founded as "Ünye Gençlerbirliği" in 1957 and took the Ünyespor name in 1985.

In 2015 Ünyespor and Ünye Belediyespor merged to become Ünye 1957 Spor.

İkizce

İkizce, formerly Laleli Mabeyceli, is a town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 30,362 of which 10,427 live in the town of İkizce. The district covers an area of 78 km2 (30 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 329 m (1,079 ft).

İkizce is an agricultural district, the main crop is hazelnuts. The villages of İkizce district include Derebaşı, Dumantepe, Düzmeşe, Esentepe, Kervansaray, Kiraztepe, and Özpınar.

Ünye in Ordu Province of Turkey
Districts

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.