Ñuñoa

Ñuñoa (Spanish pronunciation: [ɲuˈɲo.a]; from Mapudungun Ñuñohue, "place of yellow flowers") is a commune of Chile located in the Santiago Province and the Santiago Metropolitan Region. The oldest municipality in the traditional east end of Santiago, Ñuñoa has most city amenities (subways, banks, shopping areas, etc.) while still maintaining its character as a quiet, residential area, residential commune, inhabited by mostly mid to upper-mid income families.[6]

Recently, Ñuñoa's many charms and convenient location have led to an increased desire by young urban professionals to live there. In response, developers have bought out older homes and erected multi-dwelling units, a practice that has triggered much criticism from long-time residents.[7] In 2007, Ñuñoa was cited for the third consecutive year as the district with the highest quality of life in Santiago.

Cordillera
Panoramic view of central Ñuñoa

Ñuñoa boasts bustling public services and private businesses and a public transportation system serving all parts of the municipality. Most business activity takes place along Irarrázaval Ave., a 6-km thoroughfare crossing the entire municipality east-west. Ñuñoa is also home to Santiago’s only mosque and to the National Stadium, Chile’s largest sports complex. During the military dictatorship headed by Augusto Pinochet, the National Stadium, which stands in the heart of Ñuñoa, was turned into a notorious torture and death camp where tens of thousands were held. Every September 11, on the anniversary of the coup d'état that brought Pinochet to power, a candlelight vigil is held in remembrance of the scores of Chileans and people of many nationalities who were imprisoned, tortured and killed in the Stadium at the hands of their military captors.

Ñuñoa
Ñuñoa City Hall
Ñuñoa City Hall
Flag of Ñuñoa

Flag
Coat of arms of Ñuñoa

Coat of arms
Map of Ñuñoa within Greater Santiago
Map of Ñuñoa within Greater Santiago
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Ñuñoa
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 33°27.5′S 70°36′W / 33.4583°S 70.600°WCoordinates: 33°27.5′S 70°36′W / 33.4583°S 70.600°W
CountryChile
RegionMetro Santiago
ProvinceSantiago
Government
 • TypeMunicipal
 • MayorAndrés Zarhi Troy (RN)
Area
 • Total16.9 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
Population
(2002 Census)[3]
 • Total163,511
 • Density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
163,511
 • Rural
0
Residents by gender
 • Male73,215
 • Female90,296
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT [4])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST [5])
Area code(s)56 +
WebsiteMunicipality of Ñuñoa

Demographics

Per the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Ñuñoa spans an area 16.9 km2 (7 sq mi) in size and has 163,511 residents (73,215 male and 90,296 female), making it a wholly urban area. The population dropped 5.3% (9,064 residents) from the 1992 to the 2002 censuses.[3] The 2009 population was projected to be 149,205.[8]

Stats

  • Average household income per capita: US$44,409 (PPP, 2006)[9][10]
  • Population below poverty line: 4.3% (2006)[9]
  • Regional quality of life index: 87.66, high, 1 out of 52 (2005)
  • Human Development Index: 0.860, 6 out of 341 (2003)[11]

Notable residents

Administration

As a commune, Ñuñoa is a third-level administrative division of Chile run by a municipal council headed by a mayor elected to a four-year term of office. The mayor for 2016-2020 is Andrés Zarhi Troy (RN). The communal council has the following members:

  • Guido Benavides Araneda (RN)
  • José Luis Rosasco Zagal (RN)
  • Juan Guillermo Vivado Portales (IND)
  • Julio Martinez Colina (UDI)
  • Jaime Castillo Soto (PDC)
  • Paula Mendoza Bravo (PS)
  • Patricia Hidalgo Jeldes (PPD)
  • Alejandra Placencia Cabello (IND)
  • Emilia Ríos Saavedra (RD)
  • Camilo Brodsky Bertoni (IND)

Ñuñoa and Providencia make up the 21st electoral district, currently represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Maya Fernández (PS) and Mayor Sabat's daughter, Marcela Sabat (RN). Ñuñoa is also part of the 8th senatorial constituency (Eastern Santiago), represented in the Senate by Carlos Montes (PS) and Manuel José Ossandón (RN).

Education

Private schools:


Previously the area had a German school, Deutsche Schule Santiago-Nuñoa.[14]

References

  1. ^ "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Municipality of Ñuñoa" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  5. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  6. ^ [1] Censo Comunal en ñuñoa (Spanish website)
  7. ^ http://www.lanacion.cl/prontus_noticias_v2/site/artic/20070830/pags/20070830194512.html
  8. ^ "System of Regional Information". Ministry of Planning of Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  9. ^ a b Casen poll, 2006, Ministry of Planning.
  10. ^ Implied PPP conversion rate: World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010, International Monetary Fund.
  11. ^ "The Trajectories of Human Development in the Communes of Chile (1994-2003)" (PDF). Government of Chile, Mideplán (in Spanish). UNDP. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  12. ^ Home page. Colegio Suizo de Santiago. Retrieved on April 25, 2016. "Dirección: José Domingo Cañas 2206, Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile"
  13. ^ Home page. Kendal English School. Retrieved on April 24, 2018. "Dirección: Pedro Torres 60, Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile"
  14. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archive). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 21/51.

External links

1926 South American Championship

The tenth edition of the South American Championship was held in Santiago, Chile, from October 12 to November 3, 1926.

Chile España metro station

Chile España is an underground metro station of Line 3 of the Santiago Metro network, in Santiago, Chile. It is an underground, between the Ñuñoa and Villa Frei stations on Line 3. It is located at the intersection of Irarrázaval Avenue with Chile España Avenue.

It is expected that by the year 2026 it will become a combination station with the future Line 8.

Colegio Suizo de Santiago

Colegio Suizo de Santiago (German: Schweizer Schule Santiago) is a Swiss international school in Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile. It serves students from vorkindergarten (preschool) through sekundarstufe II (senior high school).It was founded in 1939.

Estadio Campos de Sports de Ñuñoa

Estadio Campos de Sports de Ñuñoa was a multi-use stadium in Santiago, Chile. It was the home ground of the Chile national football team until the current Estadio Nacional de Chile opened in 1938. The stadium held 20,000 spectators. It hosted the Copa America tournament in 1926.

Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos

Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos (originally known as Estadio Nacional de Chile) is the national stadium of Chile, and is located in the Ñuñoa district of Santiago. It is the largest stadium in Chile with an official capacity of 48,665. It is part of a 62 hectare sporting complex which also features tennis courts, an aquatics center, a modern gymnasium, a velodrome, a BMX circuit, and an assistant ground/warmup athletics track.

Construction began in February 1937 and the stadium was inaugurated on December 3, 1938. The architecture was based on the Olympiastadion in Berlin, Germany. The stadium was one of the venues for the FIFA World Cup in 1962, and hosted the final where Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia 3-1. In 1948, the stadium hosted the matches of the South American Championship of Champions, the competition that inspired the creation of the UEFA Champions League and of the Copa Libertadores. The stadium was notoriously used as a prison camp and torture facility by the military regime following the Chilean coup d'état.

In 2009, a complete modernization plan was unveiled for the stadium and surrounding facilities. President Michelle Bachelet said it would become the most modern stadium in South America.

The stadium will be the opening and closing ceremonies, athletics, and football venue for the 2014 South American Games and the 2023 Pan American Games.

Irarrázaval metro station

Irarrázaval is a transfer station between the Line 3 and Line 5 of the Santiago Metro. The station is so named due to its location beneath Avenida Irarrázaval, a main road of the commune of Ñuñoa, which in turn was named after the Chilean lawyer and politician Manuel José Yrarrázaval Larraín.

The station is located underground, between stations Santa Isabel to the north and Ñuble to the south. Vicuña Mackenna Avenue is one block to the west of the station.

Access to Irarrázaval metro station is via Avenida General Bustamante as it intersects with Avenida Irarrázaval, and via the interior of Bustamante Park facing Avenida Irarrázaval. The station also has disability access.

La Reina

La Reina (Spanish: "The Queen") is a commune of Chile located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region. It was originally the Larraín family ranch; the corruption of the Larraín surname gives the area its unusual name. It was created in 1963 from an eastern portion of the Ñuñoa commune.

La Reina is a leafy, residential commune, inhabited by mostly mid to upper-mid income families and high-income (La Reina Alta, towards the east) groups. It consistently ranks in the top five communes with the best quality of life in the Metropolitan Region. A small airport —Aerodrómo Eulogio Sánchez Errázuriz (better known as Tobalaba)— is located on the southern part. The military recently opened its new hospital complex along the commune's main avenue Avenida Larraín.

Macul

Macul (Quechua: "to stretch out right hand") is a commune (smallest administrative subdivision in Chile) of Chile located in the central-eastern part of the Greater Santiago area, bordered by the communes of Ñuñoa to the north, San Joaquín to the west, Peñalolén to the east and La Florida to the south.

It is a predominantly residential and industrial zone, but its activities have been increasing and diversifying, which has forced a gradual change in terms of infrastructure and equipment.

María Eugenia Larraín

María Eugenia Larraín Calderón (born October 16, 1973, in Santiago), known as Kenita (or Quenita) Larraín, is a Chilean model and socialite.

Larraín is the daughter of Patricia Calderón Terán and Mario Larraín Corssen, granddaughter of Mario Larraín del Campo and Javiera Corssen Rivera and great-granddaughter Ricardo Larraín Bravo, descendant of the 1st Marquess of Larraín. Larraín is of Basque descent.She studied at Liceo Manuel de Salas in Ñuñoa, Santiago. She studied engineering at UNIACC University, a second-tier private college, graduating in 2003.

In 2008 Larraín participated in the Argentine television show Bailando por un Sueño and in 2009 joined the Chilean reality show Pelotón VIP with her twin brother Mario Larraín. She was first runner-up. In 2011 she starred in the music video of Evailo ("Moya E"), a Bulgarian singer known in Chile for competing in the TV show Yingo. In November 2011 released her first single "Mi Mundo Sin Ti," a cover version of the song by Spanish singer Soraya Arnelas.

Monseñor Eyzaguirre metro station

Monseñor Eyzaguirre is an underground metro station of Line 3 of the Santiago Metro network, in Santiago, Chile. It is an underground, between the Irarrázaval and Ñuñoa stations on Line 3. It is located at the intersection of Irarrázaval Avenue with Monseñor Eyzaguirre Street.

Plaza Ñuñoa

Plaza Ñuñoa is found in the Ñuñoa commune of Santiago, Chile, located in the eastern part of the city. It is classic meeting place well known for its cultural centers, entertainment venues, restaurants, bars, nightlife, and ice cream stores. Plaza Ñuñoa is also where an alternative music scene fomented.

Postal codes in Chile

Postal codes in Chile are 7 digit numeric, grouped as NNNNNNN. It is administered by Correos de Chile.

1xx Northern Chile (Regions XV, I, II, III and IV)

2xx V Region of Valparaíso

3xx Central Chile (Regions VI and VII, plus the Ñuble Province at Region VIII)

4xx VIII and IX Region (except Ñuble Province)

5xx XIV and X Region

6xx Southern Chile (Regions XI and XII)

7xx Eastern Santiago (Municipalities of Providencia, Las Condes, Vitacura, Lo Barnechea, Ñuñoa, La Reina, Macul and Peñalolén)

8xx Metropolitan Santiago (all municipalities in Santiago Province except those above mentioned, plus the municipalities of San Bernardo and Puente Alto).

9xx Rest of Santiago Metropolitan Region (Provinces of Chacabuco, Cordillera (except Puente Alto), Maipo (except San Bernardo), Melipilla and Talagante).

Providencia, Chile

Providencia (Spanish pronunciation: [pɾoβiˈðensja], Spanish: "providence") is a commune of Chile located in Santiago Province, Santiago Metropolitan Region. Part of Greater Santiago, it is bordered by the communes of Santiago to the west, Recoleta to the northwest, Las Condes and Vitacura to the northeast, La Reina to the east, and Ñuñoa to the south.

Providencia is home to a large upper middle to upper-class population and it holds the region's highest percentage of population over 60 (22%). It contains many high-rise apartment buildings as well as a significant portion of Santiago's commerce. It is notable for its large, old and elegant houses inhabited in the past by the Santiago elite and now mostly used as offices. The municipality is also home to many embassies, including those of Poland, Italy, France, Egypt, Russia, Japan, China, and Uruguay.

Santa Isabel metro station

Santa Isabel is a metro station on Line 5 of the Santiago Metro, in Santiago, Chile. It takes its name from its location beneath the intersection of Avenida General Bustamante with Avenida Santa Isabel, the intersection that delineates the communes of Providencia, Ñuñoa and Santiago. The station is located underground, between the stations Parque Bustamante to the north and Irarrázaval to the south.

Access to Santa Isabel metro station is via Santa Isabel Avenue, at its east and west intersection with General Bustamante Avenue. The station also has disability access.

Santiago Metro Line 3

Santiago Metro Line 3 is a line of the Santiago Metro, Santiago, Chile, was opened on January 22, 2019. It connects the communes of Quilicura, Huechuraba, Conchalí and Independencia in the north of the city with the city centre, where most economic activity is concentrated, and the centre with the communes of Ñuñoa and La Reina in the east side of Santiago. The first 18 stations were completed by January 22, 2019, while the other three stations should be opened by 2022. It has 21.7 km of track.

Santiago Metro Line 4

Santiago Metro Line 4 is one of the six lines that currently make up the Santiago Metro network in Santiago, Chile. It has 23 stations and 23.9 km of track. The line intersects with Line 1 at Tobalaba station, with Line 3 at Plaza Egaña, with Line 4A at Vicuña Mackenna station and with Line 5 at Vicente Valdés station. It will also intersect with the future Line 8 at Macul station. Its distinctive colour on the network line map is blue.

In 2015, Line 4 accounted for 18.1% of all trips made on the metro system with a ridership of 328,200.

Santiago Metro Line 6

Santiago Metro Line 6 is a line on the Santiago Metro, Santiago, Chile. It connects the commune of Cerrillos, in the south west of the city, with Providencia in the east of the city, where most economic activity is concentrated. It has 10 new stations on 15.3 km of track.

The only model of metro working on this line is called AS-2014. (Acero Santiago 2014)

The main purposes of Line 6 is to relieve the saturated Line 1 and to provide extra connections across the Santiago transport network. The line connects with Line 1, Line 2, Line 3 and Line 5, with the suburban train network (Metrotrén) at Lo Valledor station, and with the Transantiago bus network at Avenida Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Avenida Departamental, Avenida Santa Rosa and Avenida Grecia. It is also hoped that the line will incentivise development in the south central area of the capital city.

The line directly benefits the communes of Cerrillos, Estación Central, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Santiago, San Miguel, San Joaquín, Ñuñoa, Providencia and Las Condes.

It was inaugurated on November 2, 2017, by President Michelle Bachelet.

Vicuña Mackenna Avenue

Avenida Vicuña Mackenna (Vicuña Mackenna Avenue) is one of the main transport arteries of Santiago, Chile, joining Santiago center with more remote urban centers such as the communes of La Florida and Puente Alto.

Vicuña Mackenna Avenue begins at the intersection between the Alameda, in Plaza Italia, extending south towards the commune of Puente Alto, where its name changes to Avenida Concha y Toro. It crosses the communes of Santiago, Providencia, Ñuñoa, San Joaquín, Macul and La Florida and intersects with the urban highway Autopista Vespucio Sur.

Vicuña Mackenna Avenue is currently covered by Line 5 of the Santiago Metro up to Vicente Valdés metro station, then by Line 4 up to Plaza de Puente Alto.

This road emerged from a project by Santiago mayor Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna to build a perimeter road around Santiago called Camino de Cintura (literally “waistline road”). Vicuña Mackenna’s former residence is now the site of a museum dedicated to his memory.

Ñuñoa metro station

Ñuñoa is a transfer station between the Line 3 and Line 6 of the Santiago Metro.

It differs from the other stations of the line 6 because some walls are colored yellow or blue, compared to the other stations of the line 6.

In its environment you can find shops, banks, restaurants and supermarkets, thus forming the center of the commune, which gives it its name.

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