Île de Batz

The Île de Batz (Enez Vaz in Breton) is an island off Roscoff in Brittany, France. Administratively, it is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Île-de-Batz

Enez-Vaz
Porz Kernog on Île de Batz
Porz Kernog on Île de Batz
Location of Île-de-Batz
Île-de-Batz is located in France
Île-de-Batz
Île-de-Batz
Île-de-Batz is located in Brittany
Île-de-Batz
Île-de-Batz
Coordinates: 48°44′43″N 4°00′35″W / 48.7453°N 4.0097°WCoordinates: 48°44′43″N 4°00′35″W / 48.7453°N 4.0097°W
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentFinistère
ArrondissementMorlaix
CantonSaint-Pol-de-Léon
IntercommunalityPays Léonard
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guy Cabioch
Area
1
3.05 km2 (1.18 sq mi)
Population
(2008)2
574
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
29082 /29253
Elevation0–33 m (0–108 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Population

Inhabitants of Île-de-Batz are called in French Batziens or Îliens.

At the census of 1999 the island had a population of 575, and in 2005 it had an estimated population of 594.

Sights

Phare de l'île de Batz2
The lighthouse of l'île de Batz

See also

References

  1. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Ile de Batz (29) - altitude 27m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2015.

External links

Action of 26 April 1944

The Action of 26 April 1944 occurred as a part of Operation Tunnel, allied destroyer sweeps of the coast of Brittany in preparation for Operation Overlord. On the night of 25–26 April a sweep was conducted by the Dido-class cruiser HMS Black Prince and the Tribal-class destroyers HMS Ashanti, HMCS Athabaskan, HMCS Haida and HMCS Huron. They engaged the Elbing-class torpedo boats T24, T27 and T29 off the île de Batz until T29 was destroyed. Both of the other torpedo boats were damaged in the engagement. T29 caused some casualties on Haida and Huron before sinking with a loss of 135 men. Haida and Ashanti collided with each other near the end of the action.

Action of 4 September 1782

The Action of 4 September 1782 was a small naval engagement which was fought off the Île de Batz between a French naval frigate Hébé and a Royal Naval frigate HMS Rainbow. This battle was notable as the first proper use of a carronade and so effective was this weapon that the French commander promptly surrendered just after the first broadside.

Arrondissement of Morlaix

The arrondissement of Morlaix is an arrondissement of France in the Finistère department in the Brittany region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Finistère, it has 60 communes.

Bohars

Bohars (Breton: Boc'harzh) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany north-western France.

Clohars-Carnoët

Clohars-Carnoët (Breton: Kloar-Karnoed) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Dinéault

Dinéault (Breton: Dineol) is a commune in the Finistère department and administrative region of Brittany in north-western France.

French frigate Pomone (1787)

Pomone was a 40-gun frigate of the French Navy, launched in 1785. The British captured her off the Île de Batz in April 1794 and incorporated her into the Royal Navy. Pomone subsequently had a relatively brief but active career in the British Navy off the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France before suffering sufficient damage from hitting a rock to warrant being taken out of service and then broken up in 1803.

Guilers

Guilers (Breton: Gwiler-Leon) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

HMS Hussar

Ten ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Hussar, after the hussar.

The first HMS Hussar (1727) was a 28-gun sixth rate launched in 1757 and captured by the French in 1762 after running aground off Cape François, Hispaniola due to the negligence of the pilot and the master.

The second HMS Hussar (1763) was a 28-gun sixth rate launched in 1763 and wrecked on 24 November 1780 while trying to negotiate the Hell Gate passage near New York City. Hussar settled to the bottom, with her masts above water, on the Bronx (north) side of the channel shore. Rumors that she was carrying thousands of pounds in gold coin have never been confirmed, and repeated attempts to salvage the wreck have proven unsuccessful.

The third Hussar was an American galley captured in 1778 and sold 1786. This Hussar may be the same Hussar galley built in Philadelphia during the 1777–1778 British occupation on the orders of Captain Sir Andrew Hammond to the Loyalists. It was used during the Battle of Red Bank and at Fort Mifflin under Lord Cornwallis.

The fourth Hussar was the Massachusetts Navy's 26-gun sixth-rate Protector, of 586 tons (bm), launched in 1779 at Newburyport, Massachusetts, that HMS Roebuck and HMS Medea captured on 5 May 1781; the Royal Navy renamed her HMS Hussar and sold her in 1783. The Danish East India Company purchased her.

The fifth HMS Hussar (1784) was a 28-gun sixth rate launched in 1784 and wrecked on 27 December 1796 when a strong storm drove her onshore about 15 miles west of the Île de Batz.

The sixth HMS Hussar (1798) was a 14-gun sloop, originally the French privateer Hussard, captured in 1798 and sold 1800.

The seventh HMS Hussar (1799) was a 38-gun fifth rate launched in 1799 and wrecked on 8 February 1804 by grounding on a reef near the Île de Sein. Her crew burnt her and most escaped in fishing vessels they commandeered from the islanders.

The eighth HMS Hussar (1807) was a 46-gun fifth rate launched 1807 and used in 1861 as a target.

The ninth HMS Hussar (1894) was a torpedo gunboat in service from 1894 to 1920.

The tenth HMS Hussar (J82) was a minesweeper launched in 1934 and accidentally sunk in 1944 off Normandy by Royal Air Force aircraft.

Jardin Georges Delaselle

The Jardin Georges Delaselle is a historic botanical garden located on the Île de Batz, Finistère, in the region of Brittany, France. It is open daily except Tuesday in the warmer months; an admission fee is charged.

The garden was created between 1898-1918 by Parisian insurer Georges Albert Delaselle (1861-1944), who supervised excavation among the island's dunes of a deep, terraced bowl five metres in diameter. There he established an excellent collection of exotic plants, but in 1937 he was forced to sell the property, which in 1957 was reworked to be a summer camp. The garden then fell into disuse for thirty years. In 1987 it was repurchased, and with major investments beginning in 1991 it has subsequently been restored. In 1997 the nonprofit Conservatoire de l’Espace Littoral et des Rivages Lacustres assumed ownership.

Today the garden contains more than 2000 plant species suited to the island's Mediterranean climate, with fine collections of palms, cactus, and succulents. Two-thirds are native to the southern hemisphere, primarily from Chile, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. The garden also contains a Bronze Age necropolis with the remains of ten tombs.

MS Côte des Flandres

MS Côte des Flandres is a Ro-Ro Passenger Ferry owned by Euro-Transmanche 3 BE and operated by DFDS Seaways France between Dover and Calais, the ship was the second to be built for SeaFrance in 2005, she entered service with SeaFrance in March 2005 and finished with SeaFrance in January 2012 when the company was liquidated.

She was sold to Euro-Transmanche 3 BE (Eurotunnel) in July 2012 and was renamed Berlioz, re-entering service between Dover and Calais in August 2012 with MyFerryLink. She was further renamed Côte des Flandres for service on the Dover to Calais route with DFDS Seaways France starting in early 2016.

Névez

Névez (Breton: Nevez) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Nevez means "new" in Breton. The name is thought to have arisen when Trégunc was split in two, creating a new parish.

Pencran

Pencran (Breton: Penn-ar-C'hrann) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Pleyber-Christ

Pleyber-Christ (Breton: Pleiber-Krist) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Porspoder

Porspoder (Breton: Porspoder) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Port of Bloscon-Roscoff

Roscoff is a town situated on the north coast of Finistere, Brittany. Its favorable position at the western end of the channel along with the efforts of the economic administrators have allowed the port to survive and develop itself within the different fields surrounding the sea. Amongst the 13 main Breton ports, Roscoff is one of the largest commercial harbours on the list.

Roscoff

Roscoff (Breton: Rosko) is a commune in the Finistère département of Brittany in northwestern France.

Roscoff is renowned for its picturesque architecture, labeled "petite cité de caractère de Bretagne" (small town of character) since 2009. Roscoff is also a traditional departure point for Onion Johnnies.

After lobbying by local economic leaders headed by Alexis Gourvennec, the French government agreed in 1968 to provide a deep water port at Roscoff. Existing ferry operators were reluctant to take on the relatively long Plymouth/Roscoff crossing, so Gourvennec and colleagues founded Brittany Ferries. Since the early 1970s, Roscoff has been developed as a ferry port for the transport of Breton agricultural produce, and for motor tourism. Brittany Ferries and Irish Ferries link Roscoff with both Ireland and the United Kingdom.

Due to the richness of iodine in the surrounding waters and the mild climate maintained by a sea current that only varies between 8 ° C and 18 °C, Roscoff is also a center of post-cure which gave rise to the concept of thalassotherapy in the latter half of the 19th century. A French doctor, Louis-Eugène Bagot opened Institut marin in Roscoff in 1899, the first center for thalassotherapy in Europe. Since then many important centers of thalassotherapy such as the Institut de Rockroum (originally Institut marin), the clinic Kerléna, and a heliomarin hospital founded in 1900, the Perharidy Center can be found on the edges of the sea of Roscoff.

The nearby Île de Batz, called Enez Vaz in Breton, is a small island that can be reached by launch from the harbour.

Sizun

Sizun (Breton: Sizun) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Climate data for Île de Batz (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
9.3
(48.7)
10.4
(50.7)
11.7
(53.1)
14.1
(57.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.8
(65.8)
17.7
(63.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.1
(53.8)
10.3
(50.5)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.2
(45.0)
8.2
(46.8)
9.5
(49.1)
11.8
(53.2)
14.1
(57.4)
16.0
(60.8)
16.3
(61.3)
15.3
(59.5)
13.2
(55.8)
10.1
(50.2)
8.4
(47.1)
11.5
(52.7)
Average low °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.2
(41.4)
6.0
(42.8)
7.3
(45.1)
9.4
(48.9)
11.7
(53.1)
13.5
(56.3)
13.7
(56.7)
12.9
(55.2)
10.9
(51.6)
8.0
(46.4)
6.4
(43.5)
9.2
(48.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 107.3
(4.22)
82.8
(3.26)
77.9
(3.07)
55.6
(2.19)
56.7
(2.23)
42.6
(1.68)
35.9
(1.41)
42.7
(1.68)
59.1
(2.33)
81.0
(3.19)
101.8
(4.01)
107.0
(4.21)
850.4
(33.48)
Average relative humidity (%) 83 82 82 82 84 84 85 85 85 84 82 83 83.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 59.1 85.0 127.3 172.5 215.8 210.7 234.3 211.5 167.6 121.2 75.1 55.1 1,735.2
Source: Infoclimat.fr[1]
 Communes of the Finistère department

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