Étienne Hirsch

Étienne Hirsch (20 January 1901 – 17 May 1994) was a French civil engineer and a member of the French Resistance during World War II. He served as President of the Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community between 1959–1962 (see Hirsch Commission).

Étienne Hirsch (1901-1994)
Étienne Hirsch

Life and career

Étienne Hirsch was born in 1901 in a Jewish family of German and Bohemian descent.[1]. He's the son of Richard and Marianne Hirsch (née Schwenk), deported by Convoy 77 in July 1944[2], and the brother of Juliette Lévy (née Hirsch), deported with her children Michèle, Jean-Paul, Alain and Catherine by Convoy 35 in September 1942. All of them were assassinated in Auschwitz.

After France's defeat in the Battle of France during World War II, he immediately joined Charles de Gaulle in London and became an officer in the Free French Forces under the name of Commandant Bernard. General de Gaulle put Hirsch in charge of supplying arms to the French Resistance forces on the Continent. In 1943, he became a close associate with Jean Monnet in the French Committee of National Liberation in Algiers. After the liberation of France, he directed a program to modernize the French economy. He served later as an administrator of the European Coal and Steel Community. In 1959, Hirsch became the chairman of the European Atomic Energy Community.[3]

See also

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ Étienne Hirsch (1901-1994), Ainsi va la vie, Fondation Jean-Monnet pour l'Europe, 1988.
  2. ^ Alphabetical list of the deportees of convoy 77.
  3. ^ "Etienne Hirsch, 93, Backer of a Europe United Like the U.S.", The New York Times, 19.05.1994.

External links

Albert Coppé

Albert Coppé (26 November 1911 in Bruges – 30 March 1999 in Tervuren) was a Belgian and European politician and economist.

Armand Commission

The Armand Commission was the first Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), between 1958 and 1959. Its president was Louis Armand of France.

There would be two further Commissions before the institutions of Euratom were merged with those of the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

See also;

Hirsch Commission (1959-1962)

Chatenet Commission (1962-1969)

Chatenet Commission

The Chatenet Commission was the last Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), between 1962 and 1967. Its president was Pierre Chatenet of France. There were only three Commissions, this being the last, before the institutions of Euratom were merged with those of the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Coppé Authority

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Finet Authority

The Finet Authority was the third High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), between 1958 and 1959. Its president was Paul Finet of Belgium.

There were two more High Authorities before the institutions of the ECSC were merged with those of the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Franco Maria Malfatti

Franco Maria Malfatti (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfraŋko maˈriːa malˈfatti] (listen); 13 June 1927 in Rome – 10 December 1991) was an Italian politician who served as the 3rd President of the European Commission from 1970 to 1972. He served at Italian level as Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1979 to 1980 and Italian Minister of Education from 1973 to 1978.

Hirsch Commission

The Hirsch Commission was the second Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), between 1959 and 1962. Its president was Étienne Hirsch of France. There was one further Commission before the institutions of Euratom were merged with those of the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Jenkins Commission (EU)

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Malfatti Commission

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Malvestiti Authority

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There were one more High Authorities before the institutions of the ECSC were merged with those of the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Mansholt Commission

The Mansholt Commission is the European Commission that held office from 22 March 1972 to 5 January 1973. Its President was Sicco Mansholt.

Mayer Authority

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There were three more High Authorities before the institutions of the ECSC were merged with those of the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Monnet Authority

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Monnet resigned on Europe day 1955 following the failure of the European Defence Community and was succeeded by the Mayer Authority. There were four more High Authorities before the institutions of the ECSC were merged with those of the European Atomic Energy Community and the European Economic Community in 1967 to become the European Communities.

Ortoli Commission

The Ortoli Commission is the European Commission that held office from 6 January 1973 to 5 January 1977. Its President was François-Xavier Ortoli.

Paul Finet

Paul Finet (1897–1965) was a Belgian politician who served in the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community and led the Finet Authority from 1958 to 1959.

Pierre Chatenet

Pierre Chatenet was a French politician born 6 March 1917 in Paris and died 4 September 1997 in Tafers. He served as French Interior Minister from 1959 to 1961. From 1962 he became the last President of the Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community, until the body was merged with the European Economic Community in 1967. (See Chatenet Commission)

Rey Commission

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Rinaldo Del Bo

Rinaldo Del Bo (or Dino Del Bo; 19 November 1916 – 16 January 1991) was an Italian politician who served in the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, serving as President of the body between 9 October 1963 and 1967 as the Del Bo Authority.

Thorn Commission

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