Éntekhno (Greek: έντεχνο, pronounced ['endexno], art song, pl: éntekhna [tragoudia]) is orchestral music with elements from Greek folk rhythm and melody. Its lyrical themes are often based on the work of famous Greek poets. Éntekhno arose in the late 1950s, drawing on rebetiko's westernization by Vassilis Tsitsanis and Manolis Chiotis. Mikis Theodorakis and Manos Hatzidakis were the most popular early composers of éntekhno song cycles.
|Music of Greece|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||"Hymn to Liberty"|
|Related areas||Cyprus, Pontus, Constantinople, South Italy|
|Cultural origins||Late 1950s, Greece|
As opposed to other forms of Greek urban folk music, éntekhno concerts would often take place outside a hall or a night club in the open air. Mikis Theodorakis and Manos Hadjidakis were the most popular early composers of éntekhno song cycles. They were both educated in Classical music and -among other reasons- the lacking of a wide public for this kind of music in Greece, drove them to the invention of Éntekhno, in which they transferred some values of Western art music. Other significant Greek songwriters included Stavros Kouyoumtzis, Manos Loïzos, and Dimos Moutsis. Significant lyricists of this genre are Nikos Gatsos, Manos Eleftheriou and poet Tasos Livaditis. By the 1960s, innovative albums helped éntekhno become close to mainstream, and also led to its appropriation by the film industry for use in soundtracks.
Notable éntekhno works include:
A form of éntekhno which is even closer to western classical music was introduced during the mid-1960s, which was called New Wave and was a mixture of éntekhno and chansons from France. One of the first contributors to the genre was Dionysis Savvopoulos, who mixed American musicians like Bob Dylan and Frank Zappa with Macedonian folk music and politically incisive lyrics. In his wake came more folk-influenced performers like Arleta, Mariza Koch, Mihalis Violaris, Kostas Hatzis and the composer Giannis Spanos. This music scene flourished in a specific type of boîte de nuit.
Contemporary éntekhno is the form of éntekhno that emerged in the 1980s and is mostly what éntekhno means when used in context today.
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Antipatitis (Greek: αντιπατητής) is a form of a Greek folk dance from Greek island Karpathos, Greece.Katsabadianos
Katsabadianos (Greek: Κατσαμπαδιανός), is a folk dance with Cretan origin. It is very widespread in Heraklion and Chania.Kerkiraikos
Kerkiraikos (Greek: Κερκυραϊκός), is a form of a Greek folk dance from the island of Corfu. The dance consist of 12 steps and has many similarities with the Greek dance Kalamatianos.Koutsos
The Koutsos (Greek: Κουτσός) is a folk dance from Didymoteicho, Greece. It is very widespread in Macedonia and Thrace.Laïko
Laïkó (Greek: λαϊκό τραγούδι, pronounced [laiˈko traˈɣuði], "song of the people"; "popular song", pl: laïká [tragoudia]), is a Greek music genre composed in Greek language in accordance with the tradition of the Greek people. Also called folk song or urban folk music (Gr: αστική λαϊκή μουσική or λαϊκά τραγούδια laïká tragoudia), in its plural form is a Greek music genre which has taken many forms over the years. Laïkó followed after the commercialization of Rebetiko music. It is strongly dominated by Greek folk music and it is used to describe Greek popular music as a whole. When used in context, it refers mostly to the form it took in the period from the 1950s to the 1980s.Maniatikos
Maniatikos (Greek: Μανιάτικος), is a local Greek folk dance from Mani, Greece, with a 24 rhythm meter.Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis (also spelled Hadjidakis; Greek: Μάνος Χατζιδάκις; 23 October 1925 – 15 June 1994) was a Greek composer and theorist of Greek music. He was also one of the main proponents of the "Éntekhno" form of music (along with Mikis Theodorakis).
In 1960 he received an Academy Award for Best Original Song for his song Never on Sunday from the film of the same name.Metsovitikos (dance)
Metsovitikos (Greek: Μετσοβίτικος xoρός) is a kind of a local folk dance from Metsovo, Greece.Music of Greece
The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history. Greek music separates into two parts: Greek traditional music and Byzantine music, with more eastern sounds. These compositions have existed for millennia: they originated in the Byzantine period and Greek antiquity; there is a continuous development which appears in the language, the rhythm, the structure and the melody. Music is a significant aspect of Hellenic culture, both within Greece and in the diaspora.Ntames
Ntames (Greek: ντάμες), is a Cretan folk dance from Rethymno, Greece. It is very widespread in Crete. It is danced by couples.Ntournerakia
Ntournerakia (Greek: ντουρνεράκια), is a Cretan folk dance from Rethymno, Greece. It is based on the Greek folk dance "hasaposervikos" and is widespread in Crete.
The name comes from the song "Ntournerakia", by Kostas Moundakis.O Nikolos
O Nikolos (Greek: Ο Νικολός), is a kind of a Greek folk dance from the area of Siatista, Greece.Pidikhtos
Pidikhtos (Greek: πηδηχτός), is a Greek folk dance with Cretan origin, dancing in a circle formation. It is very widespread in Crete and the Greek islands.Pilioritikos
Pilioritikos (Greek: Πηλιορίτικος) is a kind of a Greek folk dance from Pilio, (Thessaly), Greece.Poustseno
Poustseno (Greek: πουστσένο) Macedonian "Пуштено", Pushteno, meaning "set free" is a traditional Greek dance from Macedonia, Greece. It is danced in the area of Florina by the local Macedonians, as well as others, and is also known with the Greek name of "Lytos" (Greek: λυτός).Proskinitos
Proskinitos is a form of a Greek folk dance from Macedonia, Greece.Trizalis
Trizalis (Greek: τριζάλης), is a Greek folk dance from Crete, Greece, similar to Pidikhtos and is very widespread in the Greek islands. It is also called "Κουρουθιανός" (Kourouthianos).Tsiniaris
Tsiniaris (Greek: τσινιάρης), is a circle Cretan folk dance from Agios Vasileios, Crete, Greece. It is usually danced by older local persons and is very widespread in Rethymno.
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