Émile Bouchard

Joseph Émile Alcide "Butch" Bouchard, CM, CQ (September 4, 1919 – April 14, 2012) was a Canadian ice hockey player who played defence with the Montreal Canadiens in the National Hockey League from 1941 to 1956. He is a member of the Hockey Hall of Fame, won four Stanley Cups, was captain of the Canadiens for eight years and was voted to the NHL All-Star Team four times. Although having a reputation as a clean player, he was also one of the strongest players and best body-checkers of his era. He excelled as a defensive defenceman, had superior passing skills and was known for his leadership and mentoring of younger players. In his early years in the NHL, Bouchard was one of the players who made a major contribution to reinvigorating what was at the time an ailing Canadien franchise.[1][2][3]

He was born in Montreal, Quebec, and at the time his death resided in Saint-Lambert, Quebec. In retirement Bouchard was active with several business interests and contributions to his community. In 2008, he received the National Order of Quebec. On December 4, 2009, Bouchard's No. 3 was retired by the Canadiens as part of their 100th anniversary celebrations. On December 30, 2009, Michaëlle Jean, Governor General of Canada, announced Bouchard as among the appointments to the Order of Canada.[4]

Émile Bouchard
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1966
Butch Bouchard
Born September 4, 1919
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Died April 14, 2012 (aged 92)
Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
Height 6 ft 2 in (188 cm)
Weight 205 lb (93 kg; 14 st 9 lb)
Position Defence
Shot Right
Played for Montreal Canadiens
Playing career 1941–1956

Youth and learning the game

Bouchard was born September 4, 1919, in Montreal the son of Regina Lachapelle and Calixte Bouchard.[5][6] Growing up poor during the depression, Bouchard did not begin skating until he was 16 and had to learn on rented skates, before borrowing $35 from his brother for a complete set of hockey equipment which included his own pair of skates.[7] Bouchard opted for a career in hockey over banking when he was offered $75 a week to play senior hockey and the bank paid $7.[8] In the minors Bouchard played with the Verdun Maple Leafs, Montreal Junior Canadiens and Providence Reds. It was Verdun teammate Bob Fillion who gave Bouchard the nickname "Butch".[6] It originated due to the resemblance of his last name to the English word "butcher".[5] Bouchard was determined, strong and developed enough skills to impress coach Dick Irvin in the Canadiens' 1940–41 training camp after which he was signed as a free agent.[9] Bouchard had arrived at training camp in peak condition, which was unusual for National Hockey League (NHL) players of the time.[2] To attend this first training camp he rode a bike 50 miles (80 km), which also allowed him to pocket the travel expenses the Canadiens had allotted.[10][11][12]

In an era when hockey players were regarded by hockey management as rural and unsophisticated,[3] Bouchard had already developed his entrepreneurial skills. While still in high school he was working alongside an inspector with the Department of Agriculture when he came across a bee ranch owned by a priest who had just died. Borrowing $500 from his brother he bought the business.[12] He turned it into an apiary of 200 hives which was so successful he earned enough to buy his parents a home.[6][13][14] It was due to this business acuity that prior to signing with the Canadiens he uncovered what Ken Reardon and Elmer Lach, already playing with the Montreal, were currently earning. Then, over the course of ten days he negotiated a larger contract than either player had been receiving, $3,750[12] ($58,853 in 2018 dollars[15]).[7]

NHL career

Arrival to the Canadiens

Along with a strong work ethic and keen intellect, Bouchard was physically imposing. At 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) and 205 pounds (93 kg) he was considered a giant compared to NHL players of the 1940s, when the average height was 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m) and average weight was 165 pounds (75 kg).[16] Moreover, since he also practiced heavy weight training in an era before NHL players were concerned about upper body strength[17] he became a very effective defensive presence.[2] Hockey Hall of Fame leftwinger and teammate Dickie Moore said of Bouchard: "He appeared to have been chiseled out of stone."[3]

By the time of Bouchard's arrival to the Montreal Canadiens the club had not won the championship for 10 years and attendance at the Forum was very low, often less than 3,000 a game,[3][18] and there was talk of folding the franchise.[6] A few years earlier, in 1935, Canadien owners had seriously considered an offer to sell the team to be moved to Cleveland.[19] After finishing last or near the bottom of the league for several years, apathy of the fans was matched by the players themselves who had accepted losing as way of hockey life. In his first training camp, he showcased his physical play by body-checking players, including veterans, with abandon. When the season started other teams discovered that with Bouchard in the lineup they could no longer push Canadien players around. Bouchard's presence reinvigorated the Canadiens and he is credited with playing an important part in keeping the franchise from leaving Montreal.[2][3]

However, Bouchard was more than just a physical presence. He learned to play good positional hockey and became skilled at passing the puck.[2] He also possessed a flair for judging the flow of the game and knew when to join the attack and when to retreat.[7] Despite his role as a "stay-at-home" defenceman, due to his skills for the long breakout pass, he was a contributor to the style of firewagon hockey[20] for which the Canadiens exemplified.[2][6][11][21]

Montreal Canadiens hockey team, October 1942
Team photo 1942 Montreal Canadiens. The team which pulled the ailing franchise back from the brink of moving. Bouchard back row far right.

Though he had an immediate impact on the team, Bouchard had not scored many points for the team; in his first season, 1941–42, he collected six points in the regular season and scored the first NHL goal of his career in the Canadiens' first-round playoff loss to the Detroit Red Wings.[22][23]

Hockey. Butch Bouchard BAnQ P48S1P12159
Bouchard in 1945

NHL star

The 1942–43 season was Bouchard's breakthrough year as he finished leading all Canadien defencemen in points[24] and was key to the Canadiens' first season in several years without a losing record. They finished in fourth place with a record of 19 wins, 19 losses and 12 ties. Although they lost in the first round of the playoffs, the team was building in the right direction.[25]

The 1943–44 season was Maurice Richard's first full season with the Canadiens. Richard was not just an exciting player to watch which served to increase attendance, but also had the offensive skills needed to turn the Canadiens into an exceptional team.[26] The Canadiens proceeded to dominate the regular season finishing well ahead of second-place Detroit. In the playoffs in the first round against Toronto, after losing the opening game, they won the next four straight to win the series. Then, in the final they swept Detroit in four games to win their first Stanley Cup in thirteen years. While the "Punch Line" of Richard, Toe Blake and Lach provided the offensive power it was Bouchard and goal-tender Bill Durnan who kept the goals out. During the regular season Montreal had allowed only 109 goals, 68 less than second-place Detroit.[27] Bouchard along with Richard and Lach were named to the NHL All Stars' second team and goaltender Bill Durnan made the first team and won the Vezina.[28] Bouchard had become one of the most reliable defencemen in the league. He would be named to the NHL First All Star team, as one of the best defencemen in the league, for the next three seasons.[10] He won his second Stanley Cup in 1945–46.[6]

As physical on the ice as Bouchard was, he was also regarded as a clean player and only rarely participated in hockey fights. Immensely strong, most players avoided engaging him in fights and Bouchard more often would be the person to break up combatants.[2] However, it was a fight involving Bouchard which led to a significant change in the role of referees. During the 1946–47 season, Bouchard became involved in a prolonged and one-sided fight with Boston's Terry Reardon. Due to the fight, Clarence Campbell, president of the NHL, added to the duties of referees; for the first time they had the responsibility of breaking up fights.[29] Then there was the time in March 1947, in a game in Boston, as the Canadiens were coming back onto the ice for the beginning of the third period, a female fan attacked Bouchard spearing him with a hat pin. Bouchard responded by pushing the woman away forcefully. A few moments later, Boston police were leading Bouchard out to a police car. According to Bouchard, Pat Egan of the Boston Bruins, interceded and talked the police out of the arrest.[30]

For the 1947–48 season, defenceman Doug Harvey joined the team. Within a couple years Harvey would become the best offensive-oriented defenceman in the NHL and he and Bouchard would form a long-time and very effective defensive pairing.[6] Whenever Harvey undertook one of the offensive rushes for which he became famous, he was confident in the knowledge that Bouchard was backing him up if he was to lose the puck.[3]

Leader and mentor

In 1948, Bouchard became the first Quebec-born captain of the Canadiens, a position he retained for eight years until his retirement. At the time of his retirement no player had served more years as captain of the Canadiens than Bouchard.[3] Hall of Famer Jean Béliveau, a teammate of Bouchard for Beliveau's early years with the Canadiens, said Bouchard was the model for his time as captain in the 1960s.[6] Bouchard was a well-respected leader and played a role in supporting and mentoring the younger players.[21][31] Never afraid to speak up to management, in 1950 on Bouchard's recommendation to Selke to "give the kid a shot", Bernie Geoffrion was given a tryout and eventually joined the Canadiens.[6] Geoffrion won the Calder for rookie of the year and would be near the top of league scoring for years to come. Bouchard commenting on the fact that he was nominated for captain by his teammates: "I don't agree with management nominating you. I can respond to players, not be a yes-man for the proprietor."[32] He missed a large part of the 1948–49 season after a severe knee injury which threatened his career. Despite medical opinion that he might not be able to continue to play he trained hard and was able to strengthen the knee enough to return to the Canadiens.[6]

In 1951, Bouchard was involved in a legal first when he was a defendant in a lawsuit brought by a New York Rangers fan. The fan claimed Bouchard had struck him with his stick when he was waving to a friend watching the game on TV. Bouchard said the fan had actually raised his fist towards a fellow Canadiens player who was being taken off the ice with an injury and his stick hit the fan accidentally as he tried to ward off the blow. In what may have been the first time in legal history, evidence was taken during a trial from someone witnessing an event on a television as the fan's friend testified he'd seen Bouchard strike the blow. Bouchard won the case when Otis Guernsey, president of Abercrombie and Fitch, who was at the game testified he heard "vile language" and saw the fan raise his fist and not wave.[33][34]

On February 28, 1953, the Canadiens had a "Bouchard Night at the Forum". Bouchard was honoured in a ceremony during the second intermission in a game against the Detroit Red Wings. It was presided over by Montreal Mayor Camillien Houde and broadcast nationally live over the CBC. Among the gifts Bouchard received was a Buick automobile which was driven out onto the ice. The organizer's plan was to have Bouchard drive off in the car at the end of the ceremony. However, sitting in the car Bouchard discovered the keys were missing. To the roar of the crowd Ted Lindsay, captain of the Red Wings, returned the keys he had stolen and congratulated Bouchard on behalf of the Red Wings[12][35]

In 1952–53, Montreal and Detroit battled for first place with Detroit coming out on top by the end of the season. In the first round of the playoffs the heavily favored Detroit Red Wings were upset by the Boston Bruins and Montreal won a close seven-game series over the Chicago Black Hawks. The Canadiens then defeated Boston in five games and Bouchard won his third Stanley Cup.[36]

Eventually injuries began to take their toll and at the conclusion of the 1954–55 season he considered retirement. Toe Blake, who had taken over as coach, talked him into playing one more season to assist the younger players. Bouchard recognized Blake's value as a "player's coach" and used his leadership as captain to ease the transition and encourage Blake's acceptance by the Canadiens players.[31] Due to physical problems Bouchard was forced to miss the last half of the season and the playoffs. However, in the deciding game of the Stanley Cup final against Detroit, Blake dressed Bouchard. As the final seconds counted down, with Montreal up 3–1, Blake put Bouchard on the ice and he was able to end his career with one more Stanley Cup celebration.[6]

Personal life

In 1947, Bouchard married Marie-Claire Macbeth, a painter.[37] They had five children, Émile Jr., Jean, Michel, Pierre and Susan.[5][8]

In the 1970s, his son Pierre Bouchard, also a defenceman, played for the Montreal Canadiens. While father Émile participated in the birth of the Montreal Canadiens' dynasty, thirty years later son Pierre played a part in continuing the Canadien dynasty into the 1970s. With Butch's four and Pierre's five they have the distinction of winning the most Stanley Cups of any father-son combination in NHL history. Bobby and Brett Hull are the only other father and son to have won the Cup.[3]

In retirement Bouchard remained as active as he was during his NHL career. He received coaching offers soon after his retirement, but his business interests prevented him from leaving Montreal.[38] Bouchard owned a popular restaurant Chez Émile Bouchard which operated for many years in Montreal. On March 22, 1953, while Bouchard was traveling to Detroit for the last game of the season, the restaurant was gutted by a fire started in a basement at 3:22am soon after employees and patrons had left.[21][39] He was also president of the Montreal Royals Triple-A baseball club, elected to the Longueuil municipal council, on the board of directors of Ste. Jeanne-d'Arc Hospital, president of the Metropolitan Junior "A" Hockey League among other activities.[2][6]

Bouchard was unafraid to speak his mind when he felt the occasion demanded. In 1957, after an International League game in Toronto between his Montreal Royals and the Maple Leafs baseball team President Bouchard complained about Toronto's excessive conference trips to the mound. He called the Leafs "showspoilers" and then said, for the entire press room to hear, "They're a lot of punks, just like in hockey!"[40]

Bouchard was a tough opponent even outside of hockey. When the Mafia of the day in Montreal attempted to intimidate him into hiring their people for his restaurant, Bouchard invited the head man to Chez Butch Bouchard for dinner. Bouchard's wife, Marie-Claire, recalled he told them, "Il lui a dit over my dead body. Je n'embaucherai jamais un de tes hommes." which translates "Over my dead body, I will never hire one of your men."[41]

A reporter once asked the canny Bouchard what he thought of coaching methods in the NHL. He replied, "Hockey should be more like football, with a coach for the defence, one for the offence and maybe one for the goalies."[42] Indicative of his usual foresight it would be many years before such practices would become common in the NHL.[43]

He died in 2012 at the age of 92.[44]

Honours and recognition

Bouchard was one of nine players and one builder elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966.[2] On October 15, 2008, the Montreal Canadiens celebrated their 100th season by unveiling the Ring of Honour, an exhibit along the wall of the upper deck of the Bell Centre, paying tribute to their 44 players and 10 builders who are members of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Bouchard along with Elmer Lach, the two oldest surviving members, were on hand to drop the ceremonial puck at centre ice.[45]

In 2008, a grass roots movement had begun to pressure Canadien management to retire Bouchard's #3. During the Quebec provincial election Independent candidate Kevin Côté made one of his platforms to force Canadiens into retiring the number.[46] By March 2009 it reached the Quebec National Assembly where a motion was presented and carried "That the National Assembly support the steps taken and supported by the population of Québec in order that Montreal Canadiens management retire the sweater of Émile "Butch" Bouchard eminent defenceman from 1941 to 1956."[47]

On December 4, 2009, as part of an 85 minute pre-game ceremony celebrating the Canadiens' 100th anniversary, Bouchard's No. 3 and Elmer Lach's No. 16 were retired. They become the 16th and 17th Canadien players to have their numbers retired.[48][49]

On June 18, 2008, Bouchard received the National Order of Quebec (L'Ordre national du Québec) presented to him by the Premier of Quebec Jean Charest.[2][50][51] On December 30th, 2009, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada "for his contributions to sports, particularly professional hockey, and for his commitment to his community".[52]

Awards and achievements

Career statistics

Regular season and playoffs

    Regular season   Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1937–38 Verdun Maple Leafs MCJHL 2 0 0 0 2 7 2 1 3 10
1938–39 Verdun Maple Leafs MCJHL 9 1 1 2 20 10 0 2 2 12
1939–40 Verdun Maple Leafs MCJHL
1940–41 Montreal Jr. Canadiens QSHL 31 2 8 10 60
1940–41 Providence Reds AHL 12 3 1 4 8 3 0 1 1 8
1941–42 Montreal Canadiens NHL 44 0 6 6 38 3 1 1 2 0
1942–43 Montreal Canadiens NHL 45 2 16 18 47 5 0 1 1 4
1943–44 Montreal Canadiens NHL 39 5 14 19 52 9 1 3 4 4
1944–45 Montreal Canadiens NHL 50 11 23 34 34 6 3 4 7 4
1945–46 Montreal Canadiens NHL 45 7 10 17 52 9 2 1 3 17
1946–47 Montreal Canadiens NHL 60 5 7 12 60 11 0 3 3 21
1947–48 Montreal Canadiens NHL 60 4 6 10 78
1948–49 Montreal Canadiens NHL 27 3 3 6 42 7 0 0 0 6
1949–50 Montreal Canadiens NHL 69 1 7 8 88 5 0 2 2 2
1950–51 Montreal Canadiens NHL 52 3 10 13 80 11 1 1 2 2
1951–52 Montreal Canadiens NHL 60 3 9 12 45 11 0 2 2 14
1952–53 Montreal Canadiens NHL 58 2 8 10 55 12 1 1 2 6
1953–54 Montreal Canadiens NHL 70 1 10 11 89 11 2 1 3 4
1954–55 Montreal Canadiens NHL 70 2 15 17 81 12 0 1 1 37
1955–56 Montreal Canadiens NHL 36 0 0 0 22 1 0 0 0 0
NHL totals 785 49 145 194 863 113 11 21 32 123

Career statistics from Total Hockey[10]

See also


  1. ^ Hunter, Douglas (1997). Champions: the illustrated history of hockey's greatest dynasties. Penguin Group.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Butch Bouchard Biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Campbell, Ken. Hab Heroes: the greatest Canadiens ever from 1 to 100 (Hockey News). Transcontinental Books. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-9809924-0-3.
  4. ^ "Order of Canada - Appointments". The Governor General of Canada. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  5. ^ a b c "Emile "Butch" Bouchard: Biography" (in French). emilebutchbouchard.com. Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Legends of Hockey: career and personal". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  7. ^ a b c Jenish, D'Arcy (2008). The Montreal Canadiens: 100 years of glory. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-385-66324-3.
  8. ^ a b RDS.ca (1996-01-01). "ÉMILE "BUTCH" BOUCHARD, HOCKEY" (in French). CTVglobemedia. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
  9. ^ Leonetti, Mike. Canadiens Legends. Raincoast Books. p. 46. ISBN 1-55192-731-4.
  10. ^ a b c Diamond, Dan (1998). Total Hockey:The Official Encyclopedia of the National Hockey League. Total Sports. p. 1746. ISBN 0-8362-7114-9.
  11. ^ a b "Émile Bouchard (1941–1956)". NHL. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  12. ^ a b c d Dunnell, Milt (1953-02-28). "Speaking on Sport". Toronto Daily Star. p. 10.
  13. ^ Lytle, Andy (1942-03-11). "Speaking on Sports: Bouchard as beekeeper". Toronto Daily Star. p. 14.
  14. ^ "Bouchard Has Bees in Bonnet But Not Headed For Nuthouse". Toronto Daily Star. 1941-11-29. p. 17.
  15. ^ Canadian inflation numbers based on Statistics Canada tables 18-10-0005-01 (formerly CANSIM 326-0021) "Consumer Price Index, annual average, not seasonally adjusted". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 6, 2019. and 18-10-0004-13 "Consumer Price Index by product group, monthly, percentage change, not seasonally adjusted, Canada, provinces, Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  16. ^ D.L. Montgomery (deceased) McGill University. "Physiological profile of professional hockey players — a longitudinal comparison" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  17. ^ "quote by Team Canada assistant coach John Ferguson that most NHL players (prior to 1972) did little off-ice training". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
  18. ^ Selke, Frank (1998). "quote concerning low Forum attendance in 1930s". NFB film The Rocket (Interview). Interviewed by Jacques Payette. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 2:27
  19. ^ Dryden, Steve. Century of Hockey (Hockey News). McLelland & Stewart Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9.
  20. ^ Podnieks, Andrew (2007). The Complete Hockey Dictionary. Fenn publishing company ltd. ISBN 978-1-55168-309-6. Firewagon hockey: style of hockey featuring end-to-end rushes, exciting scoring chances, and wide-open play
  21. ^ a b c Podnieks, Andrew (2009). Honoured Canadiens. Key Porter Books. p. 16. ISBN 1-55168-356-3.
  22. ^ "Canadiens scoring totals 1941–42". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  23. ^ "playoff summary 1941–42". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  24. ^ "Canadiens scoring totals 1942–43". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  25. ^ "season summary 1942–43". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  26. ^ "Maurice Richard bio at Legends of Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  27. ^ "Season and playoffs 1943–44 summary at Legends of Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  28. ^ "NHL standings 1943–44". Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  29. ^ Diamond, Dan (1994). Years of Glory: 1942–1967 the National Hockey League's official book of the six-team era. McClelland & Stewart Inc. p. 26. ISBN 0-7710-2817-2.
  30. ^ Carroll, Dink (1947-03-31). Gazette. Montreal. p. 16. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  31. ^ a b Denault, Todd (2009). Jacques Plante. McClelland & Stewart. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-7710-2633-1.
  32. ^ Mcdonell, Chris (2000). Hockey Allstars: the NHL honor roll. Firefly Books. p. 31.
  33. ^ New York Times Service (1951-01-30). "Television Testimony Doesn't Help;Butch Bouchard Cleared". The Montreal Gazette. p. 16.
  34. ^ "TV Evidence Accepted in Hockey Suit". The Day (New London Evening Day). Associated Press. 1951-01-30. p. 6.
  35. ^ "Crowds Demonstrate as Canadiens Lose to Detroit 4–3". The Montreal Gazette. 1953-03-02. p. 24.
  36. ^ "1952-53 NHL Season Summary". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  37. ^ Canadian Press (April 14, 2012). "Emile (Butch) Bouchard, former Montreal Canadiens captain, dead at 92". Toronto: The Star. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  38. ^ Dunnell, Milt (1956-07-25). "Speaking on Sport". Toronto Daily Star. p. 12.
  39. ^ "2-Alarm Fire Sweeps Butch Bouchard's". The Montreal Gazette. 1953-03-23. p. 3.
  40. ^ "Royals Edge Leafs". The Globe and Mail. 1957-07-09. p. 23.
  41. ^ King, Ronald (2008-10-08). "Bienvenue chez Butch Bouchard..." (in French). Cyberpresse inc., A Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  42. ^ Beliveau, Jean (2005). My Life in Hockey. p. 155. ISBN 1-55365-149-9.
  43. ^ "Mike Nykoluk was first NHL assistant coach in 1972". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
  44. ^ "Former Habs captain Emile Bouchard dead at 92 | CTV News". Ctv.ca. 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  45. ^ Canadian Press (2008-10-16). "Canadiens legends Bouchard, Lach drop puck at home opener of 100th season". NHL.com. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  46. ^ "National Post:Habs great Butch Bouchard skates into election campaign". The National Post. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  47. ^ "National Assembly First Session 39th Legislature Votes and Proceedings". National Assembly of Quebec. 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  48. ^ "Habs retire jerseys of Hall of Famers Emile Bouchard and Elmer Lach". National Hockey League. 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
  49. ^ Stubbs, Dave (2009-12-05). "montreal canadiens 1909-2009; Historic birthday bash". Montreal Gazette. p. D1.
  50. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame news: Emile Bouchard Receives Order of Quebec". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  51. ^ "Quebec government tribute to Bouchard for Order of Quebec" (in French). Ministère du Conseil exécutif Gouvernement du Québec. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  52. ^ "Governor General Announces 57 New Appointments to the Order of Canada". Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2009-12-30.

External links

Preceded by
Bill Durnan
Montreal Canadiens captain
Succeeded by
Maurice Richard
1944–45 NHL season

The 1944–45 NHL season was the 28th season of the National Hockey League. Six teams each played 50 games. The Toronto Maple Leafs won the Stanley Cup in seven games versus the Detroit Red Wings.

1949–50 Montreal Canadiens season

The 1949–50 Montreal Canadiens season was the 41st season in club history. The team placed second in the regular season to qualify for the playoffs. The Canadiens lost in the semi-finals against New York Rangers four games to one.

April 14

April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 261 days remaining until the end of the year.


Bouchard, a Norman name with German elements means "fort" (bourgh) and "brave," "strong" (heard), see Burkhardt. It is also a French nickname for someone with a big mouth, "bouche" being French for mouth according to Ancestry.com. Notable people with the name include:

Several princes of Vendôme; see List of counts and dukes of Vendôme

Alain Bouchard (born 1949), Canadian businessman

Albert Bouchard, a member of the band Blue Öyster Cult

Benoît Bouchard (born 1940), Canadian politician

Camil Bouchard (born 1945), Canadian politician

Charles Bouchard, Royal Canadian Air Force general

Charles-Joseph Bouchard, French pathologist

Claude Bouchard (born 1939), Canadian physiologist

Dan Bouchard (born 1950), Canadian hockey player

Émile Bouchard (1919–2012), Canadian hockey player

Eugenie Bouchard (born 1994), Canadian tennis player

Gérard Bouchard (born 1943), Canadian historian, sociologist and writer

Gilles Bouchard (born 1971), Canadian ice hockey coach

Henri Bouchard (1875–1960), French sculptor

Hippolyte Bouchard (1780–1843), French and Argentine sailor and corsair

Jeanne-d'Arc Bouchard (born 1929), Canadian nun and nurse

Joe Bouchard, also a member of the band Blue Öyster Cult

Joel Bouchard (b. January 23, 1974), French Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman

Ken Bouchard (born 1955), American NASCAR driver

Loren Bouchard (born 1969), American cartoonist, animator, voice actor, screenwriter, producer, television director, and composer

Lucien Bouchard, retired Canadian politician

Michel Marc Bouchard (born 1958), Canadian playwright

Mike Bouchard (born 1956), American politician

Pierre-François Bouchard (1772–1832), French captain

Pierre-Marc Bouchard (born 1984), French Canadian professional hockey forward.

Robert Bouchard (born 1943), Canadian politician

Simone Mary Bouchard (1912–1945), Canadian painter and textile artist

Télesphore-Damien Bouchard (1881–1962), Canadian politician

Thomas J. Bouchard Jr. (born 1937), American psychologist

Matthew L. Bouchard (born 1982), 78th Fraser Highlander, Entrepreneur, Ladies man.Bouchard could also refer to:

Bouchard Père et Fils, a Burgundy wine producer

Butch (nickname)

Butch is a nickname which may refer to:

Frederick Alan Aikman (1919-1991), Canadian World War II flying ace

Butch Baird (born 1936), American retired PGA and Senior PGA Tour golfer

Butch Ballard (1918–2011), American jazz drummer

William H. Blanchard (1916-1966), US Air Force four-star general

Émile Bouchard (1919-2012), Canadian National Hockey League player and member of the Hockey Hall of Fame

Butch Buchholz (born 1940), American former tennis player

Mark Butcher (born 1972), English former Test cricketer

Butch Cassidy ne Robert LeRoy Parker (1866–1908), American outlaw

Butch Davis (born 1951), American football coach

Ronald DeFeo, Jr. (born 1951), American murderer

Kevin DuBrow (1955-2007), American lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Quiet Riot

Adrian S. Fisher (1914-1983), American lawyer and public servant

Butch Goring (born 1949), Canadian National Hockey League player

William Edward Hanford (1908-1996), American chemist who developed the modern process for making polyurethane

Butch Harmon (born 1943), American golf instructor and former player

Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet (1892-1984), Marshal of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War

Butch Hartman (born 1965), American animator, writer, director, producer, illustrator and voice actor

Butch Hartman (racing driver) (1940-1994), American stock car racing national champion

Bob Heffner (born 1938), American retired Major League Baseball pitcher

Butch James (born 1979), South African former rugby union player

Butch Johnson (American football) (born 1954), former National Football League wide receiver

John J. Lenzini, Jr. (1947-1996), American Thoroughbred horse trainer

Butch Levy (1921–1999), American football player and professional wrestler

Butch Lindley (1948-1990), American NASCAR driver

Butch Lochner (born 1931), South African former international rugby union player

Obert Logan (1941-2003), American National Football League player

Graeme Macdougall (born 1940), Australian former Rugby Union player

Ed Mierkowicz (born 1924), American former Major League Baseball player

Butch Morris (1947-2013), American jazz cornetist, composer and conductor

Jonathan Norton (born 1958), original drummer for the band Eels

Edward O'Hare (1914–1943), American pilot during World War II

Butch Otter (born 1942), politician and current Governor of Idaho

Butch Reynolds (born 1964), American former 400-meter sprinter

Harry G. Robinson III (born 1942), American architect and professor

Roy Sanders (National League pitcher) (1892-1950), American Major League Baseball pitcher

Clyde J. Tate II (born 1957), American major general and army lawyer

Butch Vig (born 1955), American musician and producer, and drummer for the band Garbage

Roy Marlin Voris (1919-2005), American World War II flying ace and founder of the Blue Angels flight demonstration squadron

Bill Walker (Australian footballer) (born 1942), New Zealand former Australian rules footballer

Butch Walker (born 1969), American recording artist, songwriter, and record producer

Ray Wilkins (born 1956), English former football player

Butch Wynegar (born 1956), American major league baseball player

David Savard

David Savard (born October 22, 1990) is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman currently playing for the Columbus Blue Jackets of the National Hockey League (NHL). He was drafted by the Blue Jackets in the fourth round, 94th overall, of the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.

Deaths in April 2012

The following is a list of notable deaths in April 2012.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship and reason for notability, established cause of death, reference (and language of reference, if not English).

Ducs de Longueuil

The Longueuil Ducs (French: Ducs de Longueuil) are a junior baseball team that play in the Ligue de Baseball Élite du Québec. The Ducs play their home games at Parc Paul-Pratt in Longueuil, Quebec, Canada. Established in 1957 by former Montreal Canadiens star Émile Bouchard as the Longueuil Junior, the team was later renamed the Longueuil Marquis, before settling on its current name, the Longueuil Ducs. The Ducs are one of the oldest baseball clubs in the province of Quebec.

Emile Bouchard Trophy

The Émile Bouchard Trophy is awarded annually by the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, to the "Defenceman of the Year."

Leo Lamoureux

Leo Peter Lamoureux (October 1, 1916 – January 11, 1961) was a Canadian ice hockey defenceman. Lamoureux played his entire National Hockey League career with the Montreal Canadiens.

Lamoureux was named a QSHL First team All-Star in 1940. Montreal called him up for the 1941–42 season. He would retire after the 1947 season. He won two Stanley Cups with Montreal in 1944 and 1946. After leaving the NHL, Lamoureux became a player/coach with the Indianapolis Chiefs. During the 1960-61 season,

Lamoureux became ill and entered an Indianapolis hospital where he was diagnosed with acute hepatitis, from which

he died January 11, 1961.

List of Montreal Canadiens award winners


This is a list of Montreal Canadiens award winners.

List of members of the Hockey Hall of Fame

The Hockey Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and museum dedicated to the history of ice hockey. It was established in 1943 and is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Originally, there were two categories for induction, players and builders, and in 1961, a third category for on-ice officials was introduced. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players. In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players". Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000 the board of directors eliminated it and those inductees are now considered to be in the player category.For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee which consists of Hockey Hall of Fame members and media personalities. Each committee member is allowed to nominate one person in each category per year, and candidates must receive the support of 75% of the members of the committee that are present, or a minimum of ten votes. In any given year, there can be a maximum of four male players, two female players, and a combined two in the builders and on-ice officials categories. For a player, referee, or linesman to be nominated, the person must have been retired for a minimum three years. Builders may be "active or inactive". The induction ceremony is held at the current Hall of Fame building and was first broadcast by The Sports Network in 1994.The Hockey Hall of Fame also displays "Media honourees", who have been awarded the "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award", which is awarded by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association to "distinguished members of the newspaper profession whose words have brought honour to journalism and to hockey", or the "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award", which is awarded by the NHL Broadcasters' Association to "members of the radio and television industry who made outstanding contributions to their profession and the game during their career in hockey broadcasting". However, the media honourees are not considered full inductees, and are not included in this list. The winners are announced and honoured at different times than the other honourees. Foster Hewitt is the only media honouree inducted in his own right into the Hall, as a builder.As of 2016, there are 271 players (including four women), 105 builders and 16 on-ice officials in the Hall of Fame. Seventeen of the honourees have been inducted posthumously.

List of retired numbers

This pages lists retired numbers which sports teams or bodies have withdrawn as a tribute, usually to a former player. The list is ordered by number.

Maurice Richard

Joseph Henri Maurice "Rocket" Richard (; French: [ʁiʃaʁ]; August 4, 1921 – May 27, 2000) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Montreal Canadiens. He was the first player in NHL history to score 50 goals in one season, accomplishing the feat in 50 games in 1944–45, and the first to reach 500 career goals. Richard retired in 1960 as the league's all-time leader in goals with 544. He won the Hart Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player in 1947, played in 13 All-Star Games and was named to 14 post-season NHL All-Star Teams, eight on the First-Team. In 2017 Richard was named one of the '100 Greatest NHL Players' in history.Richard, Elmer Lach and Toe Blake formed the "Punch line", a high-scoring forward line of the 1940s. Richard was a member of eight Stanley Cup championship teams, including a league record five straight between 1956 and 1960; he was the team's captain for the last four. The Hockey Hall of Fame waived its five-year waiting period for eligibility and inducted Richard into the hall in 1961. In 1975 he was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. The Canadiens retired his number, 9, in 1960, and in 1999 donated the Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy to the NHL, awarded annually to the league's regular season leading goal-scorer.

The oldest of eight children, Richard emerged from a poverty-stricken family during the Great Depression. He was initially viewed as a fragile player. A string of injuries prevented him from joining the Canadian military during the Second World War. Outspoken and intense, he was renowned for his physical and occasionally violent style of play. Richard was involved in a vicious on-ice incident late in the 1954–55 season during which he struck a linesman. NHL President Clarence Campbell suspended him for the remainder of the season and playoffs, which precipitated the Richard Riot in Montreal. The riot has taken on a mythical quality in the decades since and is often viewed as a precursor to Quebec's Quiet Revolution. Richard was a cultural icon among Quebec's francophone population; his legend is a primary motif in Roch Carrier's short story The Hockey Sweater, an emblematic work of Canadian culture. Richard died in 2000 and became the first non-politician honoured by the province of Quebec with a state funeral.

NHL All-Star Team

The NHL All-Star Teams were first named at the end of the 1930–31 NHL season, to honor the best performers over the season at each position.

Representatives of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association vote for the all-star team at the end of the regular season.

The career leaders in citations are Gordie Howe, named to a total of 21 all-star teams (12 first, 9 second), all with the Detroit Red Wings, and Ray Bourque, named to a total of 19 all-star teams (13 first, 6 second) over the course of his 21-season career with the Boston Bruins and Colorado Avalanche. Alexander Ovechkin is the only player in history to be named to both all-star teams in the same season (as a left and right winger respectively) because of a voting error.

Pierre Bouchard

Pierre Émile Bouchard (born February 20, 1948) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey player who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Montreal Canadiens and Washington Capitals. He was selected by the Canadiens in the first round (fifth overall) of the 1965 NHL Amateur Draft.

Bouchard played an important role, along with Bill Nyrop, as steady defensive-defensemen to the Canadien’s offensive “superstar” trio of Robinson, Savard and Lapointe who dominated the NHL blueline in the 1970s.

Bouchard's NHL career began after the Montreal Canadiens had missed the playoffs in the 1969–70 season, unacceptable for a franchise which had not missed post-season play in 22 years, and among the changes that were made were to bring Bouchard along with Guy Lapointe up from the minors. So in just his rookie year 1970–71, Bouchard was part of the Canadien team that upset the powerful, record-breaking Boston Bruins in the first round and went on to win the Stanley Cup. In all Bouchard was on five Stanley Cup winning teams with the Canadiens in eight seasons.Prior to the 1978–79 season, a failed manipulation of the waiver system by the Canadiens led Bouchard's rights to unintentionally move from Montreal to Washington. Montreal had intended to reclaim him, but NHL President John Ziegler interfered in the deal. Initially unhappy with the move, Bouchard played only one game in the 1978–79 season and considered retirement. However, he returned next season to the NHL with Washington where he finished his career playing four seasons.His father was Canadiens' Hall of Fame defenceman of the 1940s and 1950s Émile "Butch" Bouchard. From 1970 to 1975 Pierre was on the same team as Henri Richard, creating the unusual occurrence of a player having been teammates with both father and son in the NHL. Richard had played with Butch Bouchard in the 1955–56 season.After retirement Bouchard went into business and broadcasting. He became one of the most popular NHL francophone analysts.

The Rocket (2005 film)

The Rocket (Canadian French: Maurice Richard, also known as The Rocket: The Legend of Rocket Richard and The Rocket: The Maurice Richard Story) is a French-Canadian biopic about the ice hockey player Maurice "The Rocket" Richard. It stars Roy Dupuis and was directed by Charles Binamé. It features appearances by National Hockey League players Mike Ricci, Sean Avery, Vincent Lecavalier, Philippe Sauvé, Stéphane Quintal, Ian Laperrière and Pascal Dupuis.

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