Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorraine

Élisabeth of Lorraine (Élisabeth Thérèse; 5 April 1664 – 7 March 1748) was a French noblewoman and the Princess of Epinoy by marriage. She is often styled as the princesse de Lillebonne. She was the mother of Louis de Melun, Duke of Joyeuse who disappeared under mysterious circumstances in 1724 and of Anne Julie de Melun, princesse de Soubise.

Élisabeth of Lorraine
Princess of Epinoy
Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorraine, princesse d'Epinoy Demahis Etienne-Achille
Portrait after Etienne Achille Demahis
Born4 May 1664[1]
France
Died7 March 1748 (aged 83)
Hôtel de Mayenne, Paris, France[2]
SpouseLouis de Melun, prince of Epinoy
Issue
Detail
Louis, Duke of Joyeuse
Anne Julie, Princess of Soubise
Full name
Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorraine
HouseLorraine
FatherFrançois Marie de Lorraine
MotherAnne of Lorraine

Biography

A member of a cadet branch of the House of Guise, her father was the youngest son of Charles II de Lorrain, Duke of Elbeuf and Catherine Henriette de Bourbon, a natural daughter of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother, Anne, was her father's distant cousin and was the only daughter of Charles IV of Lorraine and his secret wife Béatrice de Cusance.

The fifth of her parents' nine children, she was the only one of her siblings to marry or have children. She was styled Mademoiselle de Commercy at the French royal court, the princedom of Commercy being a subsidiary domain of the House of Lorraine.

On 7 October 1691, Mademoiselle de Commercy married Louis de Melun, Prince of Epinoy and Duke of Joyeuse, who was nine years younger than his bride). The couple had two children, one son born in 1694 and a daughter born in 1698. Only the latter would have issue.

Élisabeth Thérèse was the Duchess of Luxembourg-Saint-Pôl[3] in her own right. She bought the duchy from Marie d'Orléans[3][4]

She was a lady in waiting to Marie Anne de Bourbon, Princess of Conti (1666–1739), a legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France.

She and her sister were said, by Saint-Simon, to be spies for Madame de Maintenon. While in the circle of the Grand Dauphin, she became close to his other half sister Louise Françoise de Bourbon known as Madame la Duchesse.[5] She was also close to her uncle Charles Henri, Prince of Vaudémont and to Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme.[6]

In 1721, at the death of her great-aunt, Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Élisabeth Thérèse was designated her heiress, despite Marguerite Louise having allegedly promised that she would make her children her heirs.[7]

She lost both her children in 1724: Louis, having secretly married Marie Anne de Bourbon (1697–1741),[8] disappeared while at a ball at the Château de Chantilly in July. Anne Julie had died earlier from smallpox, leaving five young children.

She and her husband died on 7 March 1748 at the Hôtel de Mayenne.[2] She was aged eighty-three.[2]

Through her daughter, she is an ancestor of the present Duke of Montbazon of the House of Rohan.

Issue

Titles and styles

  • 5 April 1664 – 7 October 1691 Her Highness Mademoiselle de Commercy
  • 7 October 1691 – 7 March 1748 Her Highness Madame d'Epinoy

References and notes

  1. ^ van de Pas, Leo. "Elisabeth de Lorraine". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
  2. ^ a b c von Rosen, Laurent Tahon. "Ducs de France: les 32 quartiers des ducs français et de leurs épouses". Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-04-07.
  3. ^ a b "Women in power". guide2womenleaders.com. Retrieved 2010-03-26.
  4. ^ in 1705 and in 1724 she transferred it to her son, who died shortly after. It was later given to her daughter who passed it to her son Charles de Rohan.
  5. ^ a daughter of Louis XIV by Madame de Montespan and wife of Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Monsieur le Duc
  6. ^ Goldhammer, Arthur, tr., Saint-Simon and the court of Louis XIV [Translated memoirs of Saint-Simon], The University of Chicago Press, London, 2001, p.33
  7. ^ Acton, Harold (1980). The Last Medici. Macmillan. pp. 272–273
  8. ^ Daughter of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé
1664

1664 (MDCLXIV)

was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1664th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 664th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1660s decade. As of the start of 1664, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+500(D)+100(C)+50(L)+10(X)+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1664).

1664 in France

Events from the year 1664 in France

1748

1748 (MDCCXLVIII)

was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1748th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 748th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1740s decade. As of the start of 1748, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Anne Geneviève de Lévis

Anne Geneviève de Lévis (February 1673 – 20 March 1727) was a French noblewoman. She was Duchess of Rohan-Rohan and Princess of Soubise by marriage. Anne Geneviève was the only child of Madame de Ventadour, governess of the young Louis XV. She married twice and had children with her second husband. She died in Paris aged fifty-four.

Anne Julie de Melun

Anne Julie de Melun (Anne Julie Adélaïde; 1698 – 18 May 1724) was a French noblewoman and mother of Charles de Rohan, the famous general of Louis XV as well as Madame de Marsan. She died of smallpox in her twenties.

Armande de La Tour d'Auvergne

Armande de La Tour d'Auvergne (28 August 1697 – 13 April 1717) was a French noblewoman and Princess of Epinoy by marriage. She died without issue.

Cardinal de Soubise

Cardinal François-Armand-Auguste de Rohan-Soubise, Prince of Tournon, Prince of Rohan (1 December 1717, Paris – 28 June 1756, Saverne) was a French prelate, Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg. His parents, Anne Julie de Melun and Jules, Prince de Soubise, both died of smallpox when he was still a child.

Charles, Prince of Soubise

Charles de Rohan (16 July 1715 – 1 July 1787), duke of Rohan-Rohan, seigneur of Roberval, and marshal of France from 1758, was a military man, and a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI. The last male of his branch of the House of Rohan, he was also the great-grandfather to the duc d'Enghien, executed by Napoleon in 1804. Styled prince d'Epinoy at birth, he became the Prince of Soubise after 1749.

Charles Alain, Prince of Guéméné

Charles Alain de Rohan (Charles Alain Gabriel; 18 January 1764 – 24 April 1836) was a French nobleman and Prince of Guéméné. He died without any surviving descendants as his daughter died without children.

Charles de Ligne, 2nd Prince of Arenberg

Princely Count Charles of Arenberg, duke of Aarschot (jure uxoris), baron of Zevenbergen, knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, (Vollenhove, 22 February 1550 – Enghien, 18 January 1616) was the second Princely Count of Arenberg and a leading aristocrat of the Habsburg Netherlands, who served as a courtier, soldier, minister and diplomat.

Descendants of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici

Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici were married on October 28, 1533, and their marriage produced ten children. Henry and Catherine became the ancestors of monarchs of several countries.

Duke of Joyeuse

The Viscounty of Joyeuse was elevated to a Duchy in 1581 by King Henry III of France for his favourite Anne de Joyeuse.

François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne

François Marie de Lorraine (4 Apr 1624 – 19 January 1694) was a French nobleman and member of the House of Lorraine. He was known as the prince de Lillebonne. He was also the Duke of Joyeuse.

Hercule Mériadec, Duke of Rohan-Rohan

Hercule Mériadec de Rohan (8 May 1669 – 26 January 1749), styled Duke of Rohan-Rohan (from 1717), was a member of the princely House of Rohan. He married twice and was the grandfather of the Maréchal de Soubise. His first wife was the daughter of Madame de Ventadour. He is known in contemporary texts as the prince de Rohan.

Jules, Prince of Soubise

Jules François Louis de Rohan (16 January 1697 – 6 May 1724) was a French nobleman and Prince of Soubise. He died of smallpox aged twenty-seven.

Louis, Duke of Joyeuse (1694–1724)

Louis de Melun, Duke of Joyeuse (October 1694 – 31 July 1724) was a French noble man. He was the Prince of Epinoy, Baron then Duke of Joyeuse (1714) and Peer of France, Baron of Cysoing, Antoing and Wiers, Earl of Saint-Pol, Viscount of Gand, châtelain de Bapaume, Lord of Villemareuil, of Vaucourtois and of Saint-Jean-les-Deux-Jumeaux.

Louis Henri, Prince of Condé

Louis Henri Joseph de Bourbon or Louis Henri II, Prince of Condé (13 April 1756 – 30 August 1830) was the Prince of Condé from 1818 to his death. He was the brother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and nephew of Victoire de Rohan.

Marie Louise de Rohan

Marie Louise de Rohan (Marie Louise Geneviève; 7 January 1720 – 4 March 1803), also known as Madame de Marsan, was the governess of Louis XVI of France and his siblings. She was an influential figure of the French court and a driving force of the Dévots and the conservative fraction of the court nobility.

Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine

Élisabeth Sophie de Lorraine (Marie Élisabeth Sophie; 1710 – 2 August 1740.) was a French noblewoman and the second wife of Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, the notoriously lecherous Duke of Richelieu.

Ancestors of Élisabeth Thérèse de Lorraine
16. René de Lorraine, Marquis of Elbeuf
8. Charles de Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf
17. Louise de Rieux
4. Charles de Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf
9. Marguerite de Rohan
2. François Marie de Lorraine, Prince de Lillebonne
20. Antoine de Bourbon, King-Consort of Navarre
10. Henry IV of France
21. Jeanne III of Navarre
5. Catherine Henriette de Bourbon, légitimée de France
22. Antoine d'Estrées
11. Gabrielle d'Estrées
23. Françoise Babou de La Bourdaisière
1. Élisabeth Thérèse of Lorraine
24. Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
12. Francis II, Duke of Lorraine
25. Claude of Valois
6. Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine
13. Countess Christina of Salm
3. Anne de Lorraine
7. Béatrice de Cusance
1st generation
2nd generation
3rd generation
4th generation
5th generation
6th generation
7th generation
8th generation
9th generation

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