Édouard Risler

Joseph-Édouard Risler (23 February 1873 – 22 July 1929) was a French pianist.[1]

Édouard Risler 01
Édouard Risler.


Risler was born in Baden-Baden (Germany) of a German mother and an Alsatian father. He studied under Louis Diémer, Théodore Dubois and Émile Decombes at the Conservatoire de Paris from 1883 to 1890. He was recorded by Theo Wangemann at the 1889 Paris Expo, one of the first musical recordings.[2] In 1891 he became a good friend of Emmanuel Chabrier and visited and corresponded with the older composer.[3] He then completed his studies in Germany with Klindworth, d'Albert and Stavenhagen. He was the répétiteur at the Festpielhaus, Bayreuth in 1896.

He soon made a mark on the music world as one of the important French pianists of his time, open to the music of his time as well as the romantic German repertoire. He gave several major cycles: the 32 sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven from October to December 1905, at the Salle Pleyel, the complete works of Frédéric Chopin and The Well-Tempered Clavier of Johann Sebastian Bach.

From 1906, Risler devoted much time to teaching and became professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1923. He married Émilie Girette, an amateur singer for whom Gabriel Fauré had written several of his songs. He corresponded regularly with Reynaldo Hahn and played in the première of the Sonatine in C major of Hahn in April 1908, at the Salle Érard. He died in Paris in 1929.

Emmanuel Chabrier dedicated his Bourrée fantasque to him,[n 1] and Enrique Granados the Coloquio en la reja, extract of Goyescas.

Risler made a piano transcription of Richard Strauss's Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks.[n 2]

Premieres given by Risler

Risler premiered the following works:

Discography of Risler

Risler's recordings consist of only 18 sides produced in 1917 by Pathé,[4] which were released in full by Marston Records in 2007 as "Édouard Risler: Pathé Paper-Label Discs, Paris 1917". They were also released in full by the Symposium label in 2002 and (at least in the most part) by The Piano Library in 1999.

Notes and references


  1. ^ Risler made an arrangement of the piece for two pianos, four hands, premiered by him and Cortot on 11 May 1911.
  2. ^ A live recording by Francesco Libetta, given on 26 July 2002 at the International Piano Festival de La Roque-d'Anthéron, was issued on VAI DVD 4375.


  1. ^ From French Wikipedia
  2. ^ Stephan Puille, "Prince Bismarck and Count Moltke Before the Recording Horn: The Edison Phonograph in Europe, 1889-1890" Thomas Edison National Historical Park. Translated by Patrick Feaster. German original (with foreword): "Fürst Bismarck und Graf Moltke vor dem Aufnahmetrichter: Der Edison-Phonograph in Europa, 1889-1890" Retrieved February 5, 2012
  3. ^ Delage R. Emmanuel Chabrier. Fayard, Paris, 1999.
  4. ^ http://www.marstonrecords.com/risler/risler_liner.htm Retrieved 17-06-2010.
Antoine Mariotte

Antoine Mariotte (22 December 1875 – 30 November 1944) was a French composer, conductor and music administrator.


Baden-Baden is a spa town in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-western Germany, at the north-western border of the Black Forest mountain range on the small river Oos, ten kilometres (six miles) east of the Rhine, the border with France, and forty kilometres (twenty-five miles) north-east of Strasbourg, France.

Bourrée fantasque

Bourrée fantasque is a piece of music for solo piano by Emmanuel Chabrier (1841–1894), being one of his last major completed works.

Dolly (Fauré)

The Dolly Suite, Op. 56, is a collection of pieces for piano four-hands by Gabriel Fauré. It consists of short pieces written or revised between 1893 and 1896, to mark the birthdays and other events in the life of the daughter of the composer's mistress.

An orchestral version of the suite was scored in 1906 by Henri Rabaud, and has, like the original piano duet version, received several recordings. The best-known section of the suite, the Berceuse, has been arranged for several combinations of instruments. In Britain it became famous as the play-out tune to Listen with Mother.

The suite, consisting of six short pieces, each with its own title: Berceuse, Mi-a-ou, Le jardin de Dolly, Kitty-valse, Tendresse and Le pas espagnol. The complete suite takes about fifteen minutes to perform.

Dulce María Serret

Dulce María Serret Danger (1898 – 30 May 1989) was a Cuban pianist and music teacher. She studied in Spain and France, and toured in Europe for several years before returning to Cuba, where she taught for most of the rest of her life.

Jacques Février

Jacques Février (26 July 1900 – 2 September 1979) was a French pianist and teacher.

Jacques Février was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the son of the composer Henry Février. He studied with Édouard Risler and Marguerite Long at the Paris Conservatoire, taking a premier prix in 1921. In 1932 he and the composer were the soloists in the first performance of Francis Poulenc's Concerto for two pianos. Although Paul Wittgenstein premiered Maurice Ravel's Concerto for the Left Hand, Février was expressly chosen by the composer to be the first French pianist to perform the work. He made many recordings of the French repertoire, receiving a Grand Prix du Disque of the Charles Cros Academy in 1963 for his recording of Ravel's piano works.

He also taught at the Conservatoire de Paris, where his students included Gabriel Tacchino, Alain Planès, and Valerie Tryon.He died in Épinal in 1979, a few weeks after being struck by a car while walking in the countryside.

Juan José Castro

Juan José Castro (March 7, 1895 – September 3, 1968) was an Argentine composer and conductor.

Born in Avellaneda, Castro studied piano and violin under Manuel Posadas and composition under Eduardo Fornarini, in Buenos Aires. In the 1920s he was awarded the Europa Prize, and then went on to study in Paris at the Schola Cantorum under Vincent d'Indy and Édouard Risler. Returning to Buenos Aires in 1925, he was named conductor of the Renacimiento Chamber Orchestra in 1928 and the Teatro Colón in 1930. From 1939 to 1943 he was a professor at the Buenos Aires Conservatory.

Castro's international career began in the 1940s. In 1947 he conducted the Havana Philharmonic, and the Sodre Orchestra in Uruguay in 1949. In 1952-53 he was the conductor of the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra (then known as the Victorian Symphony Orchestra) in Australia. He returned to the Americas and conducted the National Symphony in Buenos Aires from 1956-1960. From 1960 to 1964, he was director of the Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico.

Castro's brothers, José María and Washington, were also both composers. Juan José Castro married the daughter of the composer Julián Aguirre. He died in Buenos Aires in 1968, aged 73.

Le Plus doux chemin

"Le Plus doux chemin" ("The Sweetest Path"), Op. 87, No. 1, is a song by Gabriel Fauré, composed in 1904. It was originally for voice and piano accompaniment, and was later arranged by the composer for voice and full orchestra.

Louis Diémer

Louis-Joseph Diémer (14 February 1843 – 21 December 1919) was a French pianist and composer. He was the founder of the Société des Instruments Anciens in the 1890s, and gave recitals on the harpsichord. His output as a composer was extensive, including a piano concerto and a quantity of salon pieces, all more or less forgotten these days.

Paul Dukas

Paul Abraham Dukas (French: [dykas]; 1 October 1865 – 17 May 1935) was a French composer, critic, scholar and teacher. A studious man, of retiring personality, he was intensely self-critical, and he abandoned and destroyed many of his compositions. His best known work is the orchestral piece The Sorcerer's Apprentice (L'apprenti sorcier), the fame of which has eclipsed that of his other surviving works. Among these are the opera Ariane et Barbe-bleue, a symphony, two substantial works for solo piano, and a ballet, La Péri.

At a time when French musicians were divided into conservative and progressive factions, Dukas adhered to neither but retained the admiration of both. His compositions were influenced by composers including Beethoven, Berlioz, Franck, d'Indy and Debussy.

In tandem with his composing career, Dukas worked as a music critic, contributing regular reviews to at least five French journals. Later in his life he was appointed professor of composition at the Conservatoire de Paris and the École Normale de Musique; his pupils included Maurice Duruflé, Olivier Messiaen, Manuel Ponce, and Joaquín Rodrigo.

Philipp Jarnach

Philipp Jarnach (26 July 1892 – 17 December 1982) was a composer of modern music.

Jarnach was born in Noisy-le-Sec, France, the son of a Spanish sculptor and a Flemish mother. Until 1914 he lived in Paris, where he studied piano under Édouard Risler and harmony under Albert Lavignac at the Conservatoire de Paris. During the First World War he was a student of Ferruccio Busoni in Zürich. He later completed the opera Doktor Faust which Busoni had left unfinished on his death in 1924.

In the 1920s Jarnach worked in Berlin as a pianist, conductor and composer. In 1927 he became a teacher in composition at the Hochschule für Musik Köln. In 1949 he founded the Hamburger Musikhochschule (Hamburg Music Academy) which he directed until 1959 and at which he taught until 1970. His students included Kurt Weill, Otto Luening, Wilhelm Maler, Bernd Alois Zimmermann, Jürg Baur, Walter Steffens, Colin Brumby, Eberhard Werdin and Nikos Skalkottas. He died in Börnsen.

Jarnach composed a Sinfonia brevis, a prelude for large orchestra, a quartet and a quintet for strings, further chamber music, especially for violin and piano, and vocal works.

Piano Sonata (Dukas)

The Piano Sonata in E-flat minor is a musical work composed by Paul Dukas between 1899 and 1900, and published in 1901.

Pierre Luboshutz

Pierre Luboshutz (June 17, 1891 - April 17, 1971) was a Russian concert pianist.

Born in Odessa, Russia, Luboshutz was initially taught to play the violin by his father. However, he then took up the piano, and followed his older sisters Lea Luboshutz (violin) and Anna (cello) to the Moscow Conservatory, where he studied under Konstantin Igumnov, and from which he graduated in 1912 receiving a silver medal. His first professional performance, at the Conservatory, was a performance of Brahms Piano Concerto No. 1 in D Minor, conducted by Serge Koussevitzky. Luboshutz later traveled to Paris to study under Édouard Risler.Even before his graduation, Luboshutz had joined his two sisters in the eponymous Luboshutz Trio. The group enjoyed tremendous success until the Russian Revolution resulted in Lea's leaving the country. At its most active period (1913-1914), the group toured to fifty cities in Russia during a five-month period. Luboshutz also regularly accompanied the American dancer Isadora Duncan when she toured the country and was a regular pianist at a school she established in Moscow. As a much sought after accompanist, he toured the United States beginning in 1926 with violinists Efrem Zimbalist and Paul Kochanski, cellist Gregor Piatigorsky, and double bass virtuoso Serge Koussevitsky.

Luboshutz left the Soviet Union permanently in 1925, joining his sister Lea Luboshutz in Paris (sister Anna remained in Russia for her entire life), often serving as her accompanist. He also taught at the Paris Conservatory where he met his future wife, pianist Genia Nemenoff. The two eventually married in the United States in 1931 (both had come for separate concert tours) and they decided to settle in New York City in close proximity to sister Lea Luboshutz, now teaching at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.

On Jan. 18, 1937, they debuted a two‐piano concert tour under the name Luboshutz-Nemenoff, with their first performance taking place at The Town Hall in New York City. The pair became "highly acclaimed as duo pianists", and at different points in their career received excellent reviews from critics Howard Taubman and Noel Straus. They "toured widely in the Western hemisphere and Europe and South Africa," and performed at the Tanglewood Music Festival with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and at Robin Hood Dell with the Philadelphia Orchestra. In 1956, they were joined by Luboshutz's nephew by his sister Lea, Boris Goldovsky, for a five-week tour highlighting concertos by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for one, two, and three pianos, as part of the bicentennial of Mozart's birth. They reprised the collaboration two years later featuring keyboard music of J.S. Bach.

Lubozhutz & Nemenoff was the only duo-piano team to appear in concert with Arturo Toscanini. During their career, they premiered numerous works including a two-piano concerto by Bohuslav Martinu, with Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra on November 5, 1943. Luboshutz transcribed many works for two pianos and commissioned others including a suite from the ballet "On Stage" by Norman Dello Joio.

The duo "began to curtail their performing career in the early 1960s", accepting teaching positions at the New England Conservatory of Music and in the piano department of Michigan State University, which they headed from 1962 to 1968. The couple then returned to New York City, and lived between there and Rockport, Maine.

Luboshutz died in Rockport, at the age of 76. He was survived by his wife, who died in 1989.

Salle Érard

The salle Érard is a music venue located in Paris, 13 rue du Mail in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris.

It is part of the hôtel particulier which belonged, from the 18th century, to the Érard family of piano, harp and harpsichord manufacturers.

Small in size, but well isolated from the noises of the city, enjoying good acoustics, it is more particularly adapted to chamber music.During the 19th and the beginning of the 20th, it was the place of premières and debuts noted for both compositions and for interpreters, among which:

Érik Satie (orchestrations of his Gymnopédies by Claude Debussy),

Jacques Ibert, les histoires (ten pieces for piano) (1923),

Nellie Melba,

Ricardo Viñes,

Maurice Ravel, Miroirs (1906) , Menuet antique (1892), Histoires naturelles with Jane Bathori (1907), Sonate pour violon et piano (1927), Trois poèmes de Mallarmé (1914),

Camille Saint-Saens (1860).,

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1888),

Claude Debussy, Triptyque Estampes (1904), Le Promenoir des deux amants (1911),

Alexander Scriabin (1896),

Joseph Jongen,

André Caplet , Conte fantastique with Micheline Kahn as the harpist, (1923)

Vladimir de Pachmann (1882),

Charles Valentin Alkan (1837) and (1880),

Francis Poulenc,

Reynaldo Hahn, pianist Édouard Risler (1908),

Ernest Chausson, Viviane (1883),

César Franck, Le Chasseur maudit (1883),

Arthur Honegger, Le Cahier romand (1924),

Olivier Messiaen, Huit préludes (1930),

Maurice Delage, Sept haï-kaïs (1925),

Quatre poèmes hindous (1914),

Francis Planté,Stéphan Elmas ou Youra Guller.

Before the construction of the Maison de la Radio (1963), the hall served as a recording studio for the Radiodiffusion française.

Nowadays, only the salon sees the organization of concerts, the volumes of the proper room having been reconverted (the volume of spaces is suggested by the organization of the roofs as well as the old entrance facade at No. 11 rue Paul Lelong - Paris 02). Nevertheless, it remains prized for its acoustics and its past charged with both musical and artistic history.

Stéphan Elmas

Stéphan Elmas (Armenian: Ստեփան Էլմաս; 1862 – August 11, 1937) was an Armenian composer, pianist and teacher.

Théodore Dubois

François-Clément Théodore Dubois (24 August 1837 – 11 June 1924) was a French composer, organist and music teacher.

Variations, Interlude and Finale on a Theme by Rameau

The Variations, Interlude and Finale on a Theme by Rameau (French: Variations, interlude et finale sur un thème de Rameau) were composed by Paul Dukas between 1899 and 1902. The work was first performed in Paris in 1903.

Émile Decombes

Émile Decombes (9 August 1829 – 5 May 1912) (also seen as Descombes) was a French pianist and teacher.

Decombes was born in Nîmes. Little is known about his life other than that he was one of the last pupils of Frédéric Chopin in Paris. He taught piano (the "classe préparatoire") at the Paris Conservatoire between 1875 and 1899, where his students included Alfred Cortot, Édouard Risler, Reynaldo Hahn, Gabriel Jaudoin, Joseph Morpain, Maurice Ravel, and Erik Satie (Decombes called him "the laziest student in the Conservatoire").Besides his teaching, Decombes was also active as the editor of a series of piano arrangements of classical piano concertos called the École du Piano – Choix de Concertos des Maîtres. Premiers Solos, which appeared with the Parisian publisher Auguste O'Kelly from 1875. It had reached 50 volumes by 1888. The series was continued by O'Kelly's successor Mackar & Noël.

He was brother to the composer Achille Decombes (died 1893). Decombes died in Paris in 1912, aged 82.

Émile Poillot

Émile André Poillot (French pronunciation: ​[emil ɑ̃dʁe pwajo]) (10 March 1886 – 22 June 1948) was a French pianist, organist, and pedagogue.

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