È

"È" is a letter.

  • The letter E with a grave accent.
  • In English, the letter è is sometimes used in the past tense forms of verbs in poetic texts to indicate that the final syllable should be pronounced separately. For example, blessèd would indicate the pronunciation /ˈblɛsɪd/ BLESS-id rather than /blɛst/ BLEST. It also occurs in loanwords such as Italian caffè.
  • In Emilian, è is used to represent [ɛː], e.g. lèt [lɛːt] "bed". In Romagnol, it represents [ɛ], e.g. vècc' [vɛtʃː] "old men".
  • In French, it always represents a [ɛ] sound of letter e when this is at the end of a syllable.
  • È means "is" in modern Italian [ɛ], e.g. il cane è piccolo meaning "the dog is small". It is derived from Latin ĕst and is accented to distinguish it from the conjunction e meaning "and". È is also used to mark a stressed [ɛ] at the end of a word only, as in caffè.
  • È (è) is also used for an [ɤ] with a falling tone in pinyin, the Chinese language roman-alphabet transcription system. The word 鄂, consisting only of this vowel, is an abbreviation for the Hubei province of the People's Republic of China.
  • È (è) is also used in Macedonian Latin as an equivalent of the letter ye with grave (Ѐ, ѐ).
  • È (è) is used in Vietnamese to represent the letter "E" with the dấu huyền tone. It can also combine with "Ê" to form "Ề".
Character È è
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH GRAVE LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH GRAVE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 200 U+00C8 232 U+00E8
UTF-8 195 136 C3 88 195 168 C3 A8
Numeric character reference È È è è
Named character reference È è
EBCDIC family 116 74 84 54
ISO 8859-1/3/9/14/15/16 200 C8 232 E8

Key strokes

  • Microsoft Windows user's computer can type an "è" by pressing Alt+0232 or Alt+138 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "È" can be typed by pressing Alt+0200 or Alt+212.

See also

Adriano Celentano

Adriano Celentano (Italian pronunciation: [adriˈaːno tʃelenˈtaːno]; born 6 January 1938) is an Italian composer, producer, comedian, actor, film director and TV host. He is dubbed "il Molleggiato" (the flexible one) because of his dancing.Celentano has released many record albums which have enjoyed enormous commercial and critical success.

He is often credited as the author of both the music and lyrics of his songs, although, according to his wife Claudia Mori, sometimes they were written in collaboration with others. Due to his prolific career and great success, both in Italy and the rest of the world, he is considered one of the pillars of Italian music.

Celentano is also recognized for being particularly perceptive of changes in the music business. He is credited for having introduced Rock'n'Roll to Italy – a genre that had great appeal on young people of that time. As an actor, Celentano has appeared in about 40 films, mostly comedies.

Black comedy

Black comedy, also known as dark comedy or gallows humor, is a comic style that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particularly subjects that are normally considered serious or painful to discuss. Comedians often use it as a tool for exploring vulgar issues, thus provoking discomfort and serious thought as well as amusement in their audience. Popular themes of the genre include death and violence (murder, suicide, abuse, domestic violence, graphic violence, rape, torture, war, genocide, terrorism, corruption), discrimination (chauvinism, racism, sexism, homophobia), disease (anxiety, depression, nightmares, drug abuse, mutilation, disability, terminal illness, insanity), sexuality (sodomy, homosexuality, incest, infidelity, fornication), religion, and barbarism.

Black comedy differs from blue comedy which focuses more on crude topics such as nudity, sex, and bodily fluids. Although the two are interrelated, black comedy is also different from straightforward obscenity in that it is more subtle and does not necessarily have the explicit intention of offending people. In obscene humor, much of the humorous element comes from shock and revulsion, while black comedy might include an element of irony, or even fatalism. For example, an archetypal example of black comedy in the form of self-mutilation appears in the English novel Tristram Shandy. Tristram, five years old at the time, starts to urinate out of an open window for lack of a chamber pot. The sash falls and circumcises him; his family reacts with both hysteria and philosophical acceptance.

Literary critics have associated black comedy and black humor with authors as early as the ancient Greeks with Aristophanes.Whereas the term black comedy is a relatively broad term covering humor relating to many serious subjects, gallows humor tends to be used more specifically in relation to death, or situations that are reminiscent of dying.

Black humor can occasionally be related to the grotesque genre.

Comme è ddoce 'o mare

"Comme è ddoce 'o mare" (English translation: "How Sweet Is the Sea") was the Italian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1991, performed in the minority Neapolitan language by Peppino di Capri. This was the first occasion on which Italy had not performed at least partly in Italian. Additionally, it was the first time that a host nation had ever submitted an entry in a minority language.

With music by Marcello Marocchi and lyrics by Giampiero Artegiani, the song is a ballad comparing the beauty of the singer's lover to that of the ocean. Di Capri opens the song by explaining that "Only the one who never falls in love/Doesn't have a heart to sing". Later, he tells his lover, "When I call you: "Butterfly"/Fly and I'll fly with you" and declares that "Love is what make us live".

The song was performed twenty-second on the night (following Cyprus' Elena Patroklou with "SOS"). At the close of voting, it had received 89 points, placing 7th in a field of 22.

It was succeeded as Italian representative at the 1992 Contest by Mia Martini with "Rapsodia (Mia Martini song)".

Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy

Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (Italian: Democrazia è Libertà – La Margherita, DL), commonly known simply as The Daisy (La Margherita), was a centrist political party in Italy. The party was formed from the merger of three parties: the Italian People's Party, The Democrats and Italian Renewal. The party president and leader was Francesco Rutelli, former mayor of Rome and prime ministerial candidate during the 2001 general election for The Olive Tree coalition, within which The Daisy electoral list won 14.5% of the national vote.

The Daisy became a single party in February 2002. It was set up by former left-leaning Christian Democrats, centrists, social-liberals (former Liberals and former Republicans), as well as other left-wing politicians from the former Italian Socialist Party and Federation of the Greens.

On 14 October 2007 DL merged with the Democrats of the Left to form the Democratic Party (PD).

French Braille

French Braille is the original braille alphabet, and the basis of all others. The alphabetic order of French has become the basis of the international braille convention, used by most braille alphabets around the world. However, only the 25 basic letters of the French alphabet plus w have become internationalized; the additional letters are largely restricted to French Braille and the alphabets of some neighboring European countries.

Grave accent

The grave accent ( ` ) ( or ) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Ligurian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Romansh, Sardinian, Scots Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, and Yoruba.

It's Never Too Late (1953 film)

It's Never Too Late (Italian: Non è mai troppo tardi) is a 1953 Italian comedy film directed by Filippo Walter Ratti. The film is based on the novel A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens.

L'amore è femmina (song)

"L'amore è femmina" (Italian pronunciation: [laˈmoːre ˌɛ fˈfemmina]; English: "Love is female") is a song recorded by Italian singer-songwriter Nina Zilli for her second studio album of the same title. It was produced by Michele Canova and written by Zilli herself with American songwriter Charlie Mason (later won the Eurovision Song Contest 2014) and Swedish songwriters Christian Rabb, Kristoffer Sjökvist and Frida Molander. The song was selected by the Italian Broadcaster RAI to represent Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, which was held in Baku, Azerbaijan.

During the contest, it was performed in English-Italian language, titled "L'amore è femmina (Out of Love)".

L'amore è un attimo

"L'amore è un attimo" ("Love is a moment") was the Italian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971, performed in Italian by Massimo Ranieri.

The song is a ballad, in which Ranieri attempts to write a letter to his lover ending their relationship. He repeats the phrase "You said that the one that can tear us apart will never be born" and also tells her that "life is a storm, stronger than us" in his attempts to rationalise the breakup. It appears that he is as despondent about the end of the relationship as he believes she will be, but no reason for it is offered.

The song was performed eleventh on the night (following Belgium's Jacques Raymond & Lily Castel with Goeiemorgen, morgen and preceding Sweden's Family Four with Vita vidder). At the close of voting, it had received 91 points, placing 5th in a field of 18.

It was succeeded as Italian representative at the 1972 Contest by Nicola di Bari with "I giorni dell'arcobaleno".

Also, this was the first year that the ESC decided to have preview videos promoting the songs competing in the contest. Apparently, Massimo's video was filmed in color, but the location of the shoot is pretty sketchy, since the Italian TV network, RAI didn't convert to color TV until 1977. Plus Massimo's appearance looks a lot different from his appearance at the ESC. Apparently the song and preview video were both recorded in 1970. In the video, he demonstrates all of his emotions in the song very well.

In conclusion, it was rumored that he was favored to win the contest, since he was asked to record the song in Spanish, French, German and English. However, only the French and Spanish versions have been heard.

La donna è mobile

"La donna è mobile" (pronounced [la ˈdɔnna ˌɛ mˈmɔːbile]; "Woman is fickle") is the Duke of Mantua's canzone from the beginning of act 3 of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto (1851). The canzone is famous as a showcase for tenors. Raffaele Mirate's performance of the bravura aria at the opera's 1851 premiere was hailed as the highlight of the evening. Before the opera's first public performance (in Venice), the song was rehearsed under tight secrecy: a necessary precaution, as "La donna è mobile" proved to be incredibly catchy, and soon after the song's first public performance it became popular to sing among Venetian gondoliers.

As the opera progresses, the reprise of the tune in the following scenes contributes to Rigoletto's confusion as he realizes from the sound of the Duke's lively voice coming from the tavern (offstage), that the body in the sack over which he had grimly triumphed, was not that of the Duke after all: Rigoletto had paid Sparafucile, an assassin, to kill the Duke, but Sparafucile had deceived Rigoletto by indiscriminately killing Gilda, Rigoletto's beloved daughter, instead.

La traviata

La traviata (Italian: [la traˈvjaːta; traviˈaːta], The Fallen Woman) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on La Dame aux Camélias (1852), a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at the La Fenice opera house in Venice.

Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". It was not until the 1880s that the composer and librettist's original wishes were carried out and "realistic" productions were staged. La traviata has become immensely popular and is the most frequently performed of all operas, with 151 in the 2018/2019 season.

Life Is Beautiful

Life Is Beautiful (Italian: La vita è bella Italian pronunciation: [la ˈviːta ˌɛ bˈbɛlla]) is a 1997 Italian comedy-drama film directed by and starring Roberto Benigni, who co-wrote the film with Vincenzo Cerami. Benigni plays Guido Orefice, a Jewish Italian bookshop owner, who employs his fertile imagination to shield his son from the horrors of internment in a Nazi concentration camp. The film was partially inspired by the book In the End, I Beat Hitler by Rubino Romeo Salmonì and by Benigni's father, who spent two years in a German labour camp during World War II.

The film was a critical and financial success, despite criticisms of using the subject matter for comedic purposes. It won the Grand Prix at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival, nine David di Donatello Awards, including Best Film, in Italy, and three Academy Awards, including Best Actor for Benigni.

List of Latin-script alphabets

The tables below summarize and compare the letter inventory of some of the Latin-script alphabets. In this article, the scope of the word "alphabet" is broadened to include letters with tone marks, and other diacritics used to represent a wide range of orthographic traditions, without regard to whether or how they are sequenced in their alphabet or the table.

Loma language

Loma (Loghoma, Looma, Lorma) is a Mande language spoken by the Loma people of Liberia and Guinea.

Dialects of Loma proper in Liberia are Gizima, Wubomei, Ziema, Bunde, Buluyiema. The dialect of Guinea, Toma (Toa, Toale, Toali, or Tooma, the Malinke name for Loma), is an official regional language.

In Liberia, the people and language are also known as "Bouze" (Busy, Buzi), which is considered offensive.

Madamina, il catalogo è questo

"Madamina, il catalogo è questo" (also known as the Catalogue Aria) is a bass catalogue aria from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni to an Italian libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte, and is one of Mozart's most famous and popular arias.

It is sung by Don Giovanni's servant Leporello to Elvira during act 1 of the opera. Sung to a mostly light-hearted tune, it consists of a description and detailed count of his master's numerous lovers.

Tiziano Ferro

Tiziano Ferro (Italian pronunciation: [titˈtsjaːno ˈfɛrro]; born 21 February 1980) is an Italian singer-songwriter, producer and author. He broke through in 2001 with his international hit single "Perdono" and has remained commercially successful since then, in several countries. Ferro has released a Spanish version of each of his albums, and has also sung in English, Portuguese, and French. Known as the modern face of Italian pop music, he frequently writes songs for other artists and has produced albums for Giusy Ferreri, Alessandra Amoroso and Baby K.

Aside from his success as an artist, Ferro is well known for his personal struggles. Having been overweight as a teenager, he has been outspoken about his battles with food addiction and eating disorders. In October 2010, at the height of his fame, Ferro came out as gay, having himself struggled with depression related to self-acceptance about his homosexuality.

Ferro is currently one of the best-selling artists in Italy. Both his third album Nessuno è solo and fourth album Alla mia età were certified diamond. Despite his fears, his coming out did not negatively affect his career, as fifth album L'amore è una cosa semplice was the best-selling album of 2012 in Italy, and his first greatest hits album was supported by a stadium tour. As of 2015, Ferro has sold over 15 million records worldwide.

Vermentino

Vermentino is a light-skinned wine grape variety, primarily found in Italian wine. It is widely planted in Sardinia, in Liguria primarily under the name Pigato, to some extent in Corsica, in Piedmont under the name Favorita, and in increasing amounts in Languedoc-Roussillon. The leaves are dark green and pentagonal. The grapes are amber-yellow and hang in pyramidal bunches. The vines are often grown on slopes facing the sea where they can benefit from the additional reflected light. The Vitis International Variety Catalogue now gives Italy as its origin.The most famous wine made from Vermentino is probably the DOCG Vermentino di Gallura (and Vermentino di Gallura Superiore) which is produced in the province of Olbia-Tempio, in the north of Sardinia. The grape is said to have been cultivated in this part of Gallura, often under the name Arratelau, since the fourteenth century. Elsewhere on the island the grape is used for a variety of white wines, including sweet and sparkling variants.

Xârâcùù

Xârâcùù, or Kanala, is an Oceanic language spoken in New Caledonia. It has about 5,000 speakers. Xârâcùù is most commonly spoken in the south Central area of New Caledonia in and around the city of Canala and the municipalities of Canala, Thio, and Boulouparis. Xarâcùù has a strict SVO sentence structure with few exceptions. Efforts to determine how the language evolved to the present has been met with difficulty due to Xârâcùù's lack of reflexive markers in established Proto-Oceanic forms. Xârâcùù has been taught since 1980 at the primary level in the popular Kanak school (EPK or Ecole Populaire Kanak) Canala, only establishment of its kind still existing in 2013, the students can then join public education. The language is also offered at the private Catholic college Francis Rouge-Thio and public college Canala.

È arrivato il cavaliere!

È arrivato il cavaliere! (English: The Cavalry Has Arrived!) is a 1950 Italian comedy film directed by Mario Monicelli and Steno. It was shown as part of a retrospective on Italian comedy at the 67th Venice International Film Festival.

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