Çorum Province

Çorum (Turkish: Çorum İli) is a province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, but lying inland and having more characteristics of Central Anatolia than the Black Sea coast. Its provincial capital is the city of Çorum, the traffic code is 19.

Çorum Province
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
Location of Çorum Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionWest Black Sea
SubregionSamsun
Government
 • Electoral districtÇorum
Area
 • Total12,820 km2 (4,950 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total536,483
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Area code(s)0364
Vehicle registration19

Geography

The province of Çorum is a mixture of mountains and high plateaus, some of it watered by the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak rivers. The province includes much attractive high meadow and mountain for walking and excursions from the city and towns. Çorum is also known as a Geographical centre of Earth. In 2003, a revised calculation by Holger Isenberg using the higher resolution ETOPO2 global digital elevation model (DEM) with data points every 2' (3.7 km near equator) led to a more precise result of 40°52′N 34°34′E in the region of Çorum, Turkey (180 km northeast of Ankara) and thereby validated Woods' calculation.

Taybi Ovasi Kızılırmak
Kızılırmak and Taybı plain, İskilip
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C 4.2 6.5 11.5 17.4 21.8 25.6 28.9 29.1 25.6 19.5 12.1 6.0
Ave. low °C -4.3 -3.8 -1.1 3.7 7.0 9.8 12.1 12.0 8.7 4.7 0.3 -2.3
source: www.meteor.gov.tr

History

Lion Gate, Hattusa 01
The Lion Gate at Hattusa. This was one of the city gates. The arc is typical for Hittite architecture.

Excavations reveal that Çorum area was inhabited during the Paleolithic, Neolithic period and the 4th stage of the Calcolithic Age. Remains of these periods have been found at Büyük Güllüce, Eskiyapar and Kuşsaray.

In later times Çorum and its environs were dominated by Hittites and in the district of Boğazkale is one of the most important Hittite sites in Anatolia, the UNESCO World Heritage listed Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire from 1700 BC to 1200 BC. Other important Hittite site include the open-air temples at Yazılıkaya and Alacahöyük; royal tombs; and the excavations of Boğazköy including tablets proving tradings links between the Hittites and the Ancient Egyptians.

Then came the other civilizations: Phrygians, who left remains at Pazarlı, north of Çorum;

Then Cimmerians, Medes, Persians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, Danishmends, Mongol Empire (Ilkhanids), Eretnids, Kadi Burhan al-Din and finally the Ottoman Empire. As well as the Hittite archaeology the province also contains a number of castles, bridges and mosques from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

In 1980, Nationalist Movement Party militants perpetrated the Çorum Massacre against the Alevi Turk minority, killing 57 and injuring more than 200.

Population

Population statistical of subprovinces
Subprovince 1831* 1849 1893 1907 1927 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007
Çorum 10.075* 49.057 80.973 60.752 88.056 118.536 144.569 168.985 189.748 221.699
Alaca - - - - 26.787 46.444 54.315 56.657 56.724 53.403 53.193
Bayat - - - - - - 22.836 27.078 31.957 36.294 30.574
Boğazkale - - - - - - - - - 9.973 8.190
Dodurga - - - - - - - - - 13.550 10.439
İskilip 11.450* 43.442 43.271 52.362 53.722 66.611 55.618 67.434 72.569 52.569 45.327
Kargı - - - - - - 31.564 32.261 31.247 26.762 20.388
Laçin - - - - - - - - - 11.960 9.425
Mecitözü - - 31.928 1907 36.752 44.319 34.598 35.496 34.911 31.246 26.064
Oğuzlar - - - - - - - - - 11.154 9.083
Ortaköy - - - - - - 9.580 11.016 12.420 13.073 11.820
Osmancık 4.349* 17.639 29.473 29.184 33.494 42.960 53.849 63.018 52.490 53.758
Sungurlu 67.607 39.793 40.405 62.429 76.382 90.006 100.000 88.327 80.840
Uğurludağ - - - - - - - - - 18.111 16.265
Total 202.601 247.602 341.353 446.389 518.366 571.831 608.660 597.065
  • The census data of 1831 is only the central city, villages and towns are not included.
  • The boxes with (-) sign are the times the before the subprovince was a subprovince.

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 40°33′52″N 34°39′50″E / 40.56444°N 34.66389°E

Alaca

Alaca is one of the largest districts of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located 52 km (32 mi) from the city of Çorum, on a road from the Black Sea coast to central Anatolia. Population is 22,092 as of 2010.The ancient Hittite settlement of Alacahöyük is located in Alaca district.

Alaca Dam

Alaca Dam is a dam in Çorum Province, Turkey, built between 1979 and 1984.

Alaca Höyük

Alacahöyük or Alaca Höyük (sometimes also spelled as Alacahüyük, Aladja-Hoyuk, Euyuk, or Evuk) is the site of a Neolithic and Hittite settlement and is an important archaeological site. It is situated in Alaca, Çorum Province, Turkey, northeast of Boğazkale (formerly and more familiarly Boğazköy), where the ancient capital city Hattusa of the Hittite Empire was situated. Its Hittite name is unknown: connections with Arinna, Tawiniya, and Zippalanda have all been suggested.

Boğazkale

Boğazkale ("Gorge Fortress") is a district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, located 87 kilometres (54 mi) from the city of Çorum. Formerly known as Boğazköy ("Gorge Village"), Boghaz Keui or Boghazköy, this small town (basically one street of shops with a population of ~1,500) sits in a rural area on the road from Çorum to Yozgat. The mayor is Osman Tangazoğlu (AKP).

Boğazkale is the site of the ancient Hittite city Hattusa and its sanctuary Yazılıkaya. Because of its rich historic and architectural heritage, the town is a member of the Norwich-based European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR).

Euchaita

Euchaita (Greek: Εὐχάιτα) was a Byzantine town and (arch)bishopric in northern Asia Minor (modern Asian Turkey).

It was identified with modern Avhat (Avk(h)at). Today the Turkish village Beyözü, in the Anatolian province of Çorum (in the subprovince of Mecitözü), partly lies on the ruins.

Governor of Çorum

The Governor of Çorum (Turkish: Çorum Valiliği) is the civil service state official responsible for both national government and state affairs in the Province of Çorum. Similar to the Governors of the 80 other Provinces of Turkey, the Governor of Çorum is appointed by the Government of Turkey and is responsible for the implementation of government legislation within Çorum. The Governor is also the most senior commander of both the Çorum provincial police force and the Çorum Gendarmerie.

Hatap Dam

Hatap Dam is a dam in Çorum Province, Turkey, built between 1995 and 2001. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Hattusa

Hattusa (also Ḫattuša or Hattusas ; Hittite: URUḪa-at-tu-ša) was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. Its ruins lie near modern Boğazkale, Turkey, within the great loop of the Kızılırmak River (Hittite: Marashantiya; Greek: Halys).

Hattusa was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986.

Hüseyindede Tepe

Hüseyindede Tepe is an Early Hittite site in the Sungurlu district of Turkey's Çorum Province, about 2 km south of a town called Yörüklü (pop. 2,988 as of 2000). The site has been surveyed in 1997, leading to the discovery of the Hüseyindede vases, one of which depicts dancers and processions and the other of which shows thirteen figures, with two in the act of somersaulting over a bull. A third Hittite vase depicting dancers, musicians and acrobats was found in İnandık. The artwork is in Anatolian style and not an import from Minoan Crete, the area mostly associated with bull-leaping.

Kargı

Kargı is a district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located at 106 km from the city of Çorum.

Koyunbaba Bridge

Koyunbaba Bridge (Turkish: Koyunbaba Köprüsü) is a stone arch bridge crossing the Kızılırmak River in Çorum Province, Turkey. It was built between 1484 and 1489 and is the longest stone arch bridge built in Anatolia during Ottoman rule.

Koçhisar Dam

Koçhisar Dam is a dam in Çorum Province, Turkey, built between 1995 and 2002. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

List of populated places in Çorum Province

Below is the list of populated places in Çorum Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists, first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Obruk Dam

Obruk Dam is an embankment dam on the Kızılırmak River in Çorum Province, Turkey. Constructed between 1996 and 2007, the development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The dam supports a 203 MW power station.

Sapinuwa

Sapinuwa (sometimes Shapinuwa; Hittite: Šapinuwa) was a Bronze Age Hittite city at the location of modern Ortaköy in the province Çorum in Turkey. It was one of the major Hittite religious and administrative centres, a military base and an occasional residence of several Hittite kings. The palace at Sapinuwa is discussed in several texts from Hattusa.

Yazılıkaya

Yazılıkaya, Eskişehir, also called Midas City, is a village with Phrygian ruins.Yazılıkaya (Turkish; inscribed rock) was a sanctuary of Hattusa, the capital city of the Hittite Empire, today in the Çorum Province, Turkey. Rock reliefs are a prominent aspect of Hittite art, and these are generally regarded as the most important group.

This was a holy site for the Hittites, located within walking distance of the gates of the city of Hattusa. It had two main chambers formed inside a group of rock outcrops. Access to the roofless chambers were controlled by gateway and building structures built right in front of them, however only the foundations of those structures survived today. Most impressive today are the rock reliefs of Chambers A and B portraying the gods of the Hittite pantheon. One of the uses of the sanctuary may have involved the New Year's celebrations ceremonies. It was in use at least since late 16th century BCE, but most of the rock carvings date to the reign of the Hittite kings Tudhaliya IV and Suppiluliuma II in the late 13th century BCE, when the site underwent a significant restoration.

The most impressive is Chamber A, which contains rock-cut relief of 64 deities in procession. The left wall shows a procession of male deities, wearing the traditional kilts, pointed shoes and horned hats. Mountain gods are also shown with scaled skirts to symbolise the rocky mountains. The right wall shows a procession of female deities wearing crowns and long skirts. The only exception to this divide is the goddess of love and war, Shaushka (Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar/Inanna) who is shown on the male procession with two female attendants. This is likely to be because of her male attributes as the goddess of war. The processions lead to a central scene of the supreme couple of the pantheon: the storm-god Teshub and the sun-goddess Hebat. Teshub stands on two mountain gods whilst Hebat stands on a panther. Behind Hebat are shown their son Sharruma, daughter Alanzu and a granddaughter.

The smaller and narrower Chamber B has fewer but larger and better preserved reliefs. It may have served as a mortuary mausoleum or memorial for the Hittite king Tudhaliya IV.

It is intriguing to note how the Hittite practise of assimilating other cultures' gods into their own pantheon is in evidence at Yazilikaya. The Mesopotamian god of wisdom, Ea (Enki) is shown in the male procession and the god Teshub was a Hurrian god who was syncretized with the Hittite storm-god. Hebat's original consort was changed into her and Teshub's son (Sharruma) and she was later syncretized with the Hattic sun-goddess of Arinna. It is believed that the wife of the Hittite king Hattusili III, Puduhepa, who was the daughter of a Hurrian priestess, also played a role in the increasing Hurrian influence on Hittite cult.

Yenihayat Dam

Yenihayat Dam is a dam in Çorum Province, Turkey, built between 1990 and 1998. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çorum

Çorum (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtʃoɾum]; Medieval Greek: Ευχάνεια, romanized: Euchaneia) is a landlocked northern Anatolian city that is the capital of the Çorum Province of Turkey. Çorum is located inland in the central Black Sea Region of Turkey, and is approximately 244 km (152 mi) from Ankara and 608 km (378 mi) from Istanbul. The city has an elevation of 801 m (2,628 ft) above sea level, a surface area of 12,820 km2 (4950 mi2), and as of the 2016 census, a population of 237,000.Çorum is primarily known for its Phrygian and Hittite archaeological sites, its thermal springs, and its native roasted chick-pea snacks known nationally as leblebi.

Çorum Dam

Çorum Dam is a dam in Çorum Province, Turkey, built between 1974 and 1977. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çorum Province of Turkey
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