Çorlu

Çorlu (pronounced [ˈtʃoɾɫu] (listen)) is a northwestern Turkish city in inland Eastern Thrace that falls under the administration of the Province of Tekirdağ. It is a rapidly developing industrial centre built on flatland located on the highway D.100 and off the motorway O-3/E80 between Istanbul and Turkey's border with Greece and Bulgaria.

Çorlu
Emlak Konutları towerblocks – a prominent site of the city
Emlak Konutları towerblocks – a prominent site of the city
Çorlu is located in Turkey
Çorlu
Çorlu
Location of Çorlu
Coordinates: 41°09′N 27°48′E / 41.150°N 27.800°ECoordinates: 41°09′N 27°48′E / 41.150°N 27.800°E
Country Turkey
RegionMarmara Region
ProvinceTekirdağ
Government
 • MayorAhmet Sarıkurt [1] (CHP)
 • KaymakamCafer Sarılı [2]
Area
 • District899.28 km2 (347.21 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2012)[4]
 • Urban
235,354
 • District
273,362
 • District density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
59860 (North) and 59861 (South)
Area code(s)0282
Licence plate59
Websitehttps://www.corlu.bel.tr/
Çorlu (13)
Place name sign of Çorlu (2017) on the state road D.100.

History

Bronze Age relics have been found in various areas of Thrace including Çorlu and by 1000 BC the area was a Phrygian-Greek colony named Tzirallum, Tzirallun, or Tzirallon (Τζίραλλον). The area was subsequently controlled by Greeks, Persians, Romans and the Byzantines.

During Roman and Byzantine times, the town was referred to as Tzouroulos,[5] or Syrallo.[6] The spelling "Zorolus" is used for the Latinized form of the name of the episcopal see identified with present-day Çorlu in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[7] Some writers have identified the Roman town of Caenophrurium (the stronghold of the Caeni and the place where Emperor Aurelian was murdered in 275) with Çorlu, but this seems unlikely as the Antonine Itinerary lists Cenofrurium as two stages and 36 miles closer to Byzantium than Tzirallum, and the Tabula Peutingeriana shows the locations separately.[6][8] There were important Roman and Byzantine fortifications at Caenophrurium, which was a base for controlling large areas of Thrace.

Following a tumultuous early history, Çorlu was brought under Ottoman control by Sultan Murad I, who immediately ordered the destruction of the Roman walls as part of a policy of opening up the town under Pax Ottomana. In the Ottoman period, the town remained an important staging post on the road from Istanbul to Greece.

In the early 16th century, the nearby village of Uğraşdere was the battleground where Sultan Beyazid II defeated his son Selim I (August 1511); a year later Beyazid II was defeated by Selim and was the first Ottoman father to be overthrown by his son. Beyazid II died in Çorlu on his way to exile in Dimetoka. Coincidentally, Selim himself died in Çorlu nine years into his reign. Both father and son are buried in Istanbul.

In the late 18th century, when the Ottoman Empire began to decline in military as well as economic power, the city found itself at the crossroads of numerous conflicts. Turkish refugees were settled in the city when the Ottomans lost control of Crimea to the Russians. The grandchildren of these refugees met the Russians themselves when Çorlu was briefly occupied by Russian troops in The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. During the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, Çorlu was the command post of the Ottoman army, but was taken by Bulgarian troops in December 1912. The city was recaptured by Turkish forces during the Second Balkan War in July 1913. Çorlu was then occupied by Greek troops from 1920 to 1922 during the Turkish War of Independence, and was freed after the struggles of the national resistance.

The city formally became a part of the Republic of Turkey following the declaration of the Republic in 1923. Çorlu continues to be an important garrison of the Turkish army today as the home of the 189th Infantry Regiment.

Çorlu today

ÇorluMunicipality
Municipal building of Çorlu.
5cikolordu
5th Army Corps
DowntownCorlu
A typical street in Çorlu
ÇorluŞehitlik
War grave of Çorlu
FatihMosqueÇorlu
1453-built Fatih Mosque.

The city today is more populous than the provincial center of Tekirdağ, owing to a population growth initially caused by the exodus of Turks from Bulgaria in 1989 which complemented the traditional left-leaning, industrial working-class of Çorlu, and a second wave of migrants from rural Anatolia in the 1990s who came to work in the factories, who now make up the conservative populace of the city. Another group, albeit smaller in numbers, is the Romani community. The city also had a temporary population of ethnic Albanians and Bosnians flown in during the Kosovo conflict[9] as part of Turkey and North Macedonia's efforts to aid the suffering populaces of former Yugoslavia by offering them temporary asylum. The city also has a small Jewish community.[10] In 1970,[11] the only synagogue of the town was converted to mosque, it has been restored in concordance with the original design, without changing the ceiling decorations and the column capitals, now called "Yeni Camii".

The town center bears the hallmarks of a typical migration-accepting Turkish rural town, with traditional structures coexisting with a collection of concrete apartment blocks providing public housing, as well as amenities such as basic shopping and fast-food restaurants, and essential infrastructure but little in the way of culture except for cinemas and large rooms hired out for wedding parties. The roads passing through the city center is often congested, as it cannot bear the capacity of a quarter million populated city. Çorlu's shopping facilities have recently been enhanced by the completion of the 25 km² Orion Mall. While there is little to no nightlife, as Çorlu is close to Istanbul, locals can and often do easily go to "the city" for the weekend.

Çorlu today displays the characteristics of typical Turkish boomtowns. The town expanded without proper infrastructure developing alongside. Most important mark of this is the city center, which almost remained the same size since 1993-1994, when the population rise started. There are other landmarks, as well. Such as the city prison, 5th Army Corps, a gas station etc. which were outside of the town before the "boom" whereas today they are inside the city center as odd landmarks. Since around the year 2000, east side of the city has been gradually populated with tower blocks which constituted a satellite area. Alongside Omurtak boulevard of the east side, many facilities emerged (banks, restaurants, malls, police station etc.) here. Thus making it a second center and decreasing the need to travel to the city center.

Economy

With more than 300 factories, Çorlu is largely a textile producing town, with Levi's and Mavi Jeans being among the companies that have factories here as well as large outlet centers intended to attract consumers from all over Thrace and Istanbul looking for discount clothing. Levi's closed its factory in Çorlu in August 2014. In addition to textiles, Çorlu produces foodstuffs and soft drinks like Coca-Cola, and Unilever products like Algida ice-cream and Calvé condiments. As of 2009, Hewlett-Packard and Foxconn Group have come together for a joint venture in the town to build a large factory and production complex that will enable the two companies to use Çorlu, and Turkey in general, as the hub of their production activities for Eastern Europe and the Middle East.[12]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.corlu.bel.tr/idet/20/51/baskanimiz
  2. ^ http://www.corlu.gov.tr/corlu-kaymakami
  3. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  4. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  5. ^ Comnena c. 1148, p. 242
  6. ^ a b Tabula Peutingeriana
  7. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 1013
  8. ^ Otto Cuntz, ed. (1990), Itineraria Antonini Augusti et Burdigalense, p. 33, ISBN 9783519042730
  9. ^ "More Kosovo refugees flown out of Macedonia". Cnn.com. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  10. ^ Avotaynu: the international review of Jewish genealogy, Volume 14, G. Mokotoff, 1998, p. 40.
  11. ^ "Çorlu camileri" (in Turkish). T.C. Çorlu Müftülüğü. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  12. ^ [1] Archived February 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

References

External links

Ergene, Tekirdağ

Ergene is a planned district and second level municipality in Tekirdağ Province, Turkey. According to Law act no 6360, all Turkish provinces with a population more than 750 000, will be a metropolitan municipality and the districts within the metropolitan municipalities will be second level municipalities. The law also creates new districts within the provinces in addition to present districts. These changes will be effective by the local elections in 2014.

Thus after 2014 a part of the Çorlu district will be issued from Çorlu and will be declared a district named Ergene. (Ergene refers to a river with the same name which is a tributary of Meriç)

III Corps (Ottoman Empire)

The III Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 3üncü Kolordu or Üçüncü Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha

Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha was an Ottoman grand vizier. His ephitet Köse meams "beardless" . He was also known as Çorlulu Bahir Mustafa Pasha referring to his home town Çorlu . Before being grand vizier he was an imrahor ("governor of the royal stables")

List of populated places in Tekirdağ Province

Below is the list of populated places in Tekirdağ Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

List of the busiest airports in Turkey

The tables below contain General Directorate of State Airports (DHMI) data from 2007 to 2017, on the busiest airports in Turkey by total passenger traffic, including information on international, domestic and transit passengers.Istanbul serves as one of the largest aviation hubs in the world, with two international airports, handling 80,462,931 passengers in 2014.Atatürk International Airport, which handled about 61 million passengers in 2015, is the third-largest and fifth-busiest international airport in Europe. Istanbul's second-busiest airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport, which handled over 23.5 million passengers in 2014, is one of the fastest-growing airports in Europe. Planned third airport in Istanbul is being constructed, with a planned capacity of 150 million passengers, to open on October 29 2018 in northern Istanbul on the Black Sea coast.

Marmaracık

Marmaracık is a town in Tekirdağ Province of Turkey. It is planned that Marmaracık will be the capital of Ergene district in 2014.

Murat Çetinkaya

Murat Çetinkaya (born 1976) is an economist, who was Governor of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey from April 2016 to July 2019. He is the first central-bank governor to be fired in Turkey since the 1981 military coup.

Sevinç Çorlu

Sevinç Çorlu (born December 3, 1990) is a Turkish women's football defender currently playing in the Turkish Women's First Football League for AKonak Belediyespor in Istanbul with jersey number 5. She is member of the Turkey women's national team since 2008.

Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University

The Namik Kemal University was founded 2006 under the administration of the Trakya University Rectorate Enver Duran. The University is based on a strong and old background of 26 years. Faculty of Agriculture, opened in 1982 and Çorlu Faculty of Engineering, founded in 1992, build up the academic foundation with their education, researches and publications.

The University has four faculties, three institutes, ten Vocational schools and a school of health, with nearly 16000 students, more than 360 academic staff and 200 administrative staff.

Namık Kemal University Vocational School of Technical Sciences has two building, with nearly 9500 students(Formal 5000 Students, Night Students 4500)

Stationery, Canteen and Common Square.

The University is a member of the Balkan Universities Network, and was named after the prominent Turkish nationalist and intellectual Namık Kemal.

Tekirdağ Province

Tekirdağ Province (Turkish: Tekirdağ ili, pronounced [teˈciɾdaː]) is a province of Turkey. It is located in the East Thrace region of the country, also known as European Turkey, one of only three provinces entirely within continental Europe. Tekirdağ Province is bordered by Istanbul Province to the east, Kırklareli Province to the north, Edirne Province to the west, and the Gallipoli peninsula of Çanakkale Province to the south.

Tekirdağ is the capital of the province, and the largest city in European Turkey aside from the European section of Istanbul.

Tekirdağ Çorlu Airport

Tekirdağ Çorlu Atatürk Airport (IATA: TEQ, ICAO: LTBU) (Turkish: Tekirdağ Çorlu Atatürk Havalimanı) is a military and public airport in Çorlu, a town in Tekirdağ Province, Turkey. Opened to public/civil air traffic in 1998, the airport is 10.5 km (6.5 mi) east of Çorlu.

Tipaso

Tipaso was a settlement and station (mutatio) of ancient Thrace, inhabited during Byzantine times.Its site is located northwest of Çorlu in European Turkey.

Tour of Trakya

The Tour of Trakya (Turkish: Uluslararası Trakya Bisiklet Turu) is an international road cycling race organized by the Turkish Cycling Federation at East Thrace in northwestern Turkey. It is part of the UCI Europe Tour having a rating of 2.2.The beginning of the Tour of Trakya goes back to the 1980s.

It gained an international status in 2010 with its first edition held between May 28–31, at which 74 racers competed. The tour consists of four stages in a total length of 524 km (326 mi) and runs through towns around Tekirdağ.

Ulaş, Tekirdağ

Ulaş is a town in Çorlu district of Tekirdağ Province, Turkey.

It is situated in the Rumeli region of the Balkan peninsula (also known as Thrace in Turkey, the European part of Turkey) south of Turkish state highway D.535, which connects İstanbul tıo Edirne and the Bulgarian border. At 41°13′N 27°43′E, its distance to Çorlu (city) is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi); to Tekirdağ is 49 kilometres (30 mi). As of 2011 the population was 5517.Ulaş was founded in 1937 by Turkish refugees from Bulgaria. In 1992 it was declared the seat of its township. It is situated in a rapidly flourishing industrial area; there are about 60 factories or workshops in and around the town. Animal husbandry and agriculture are secondary economic sectors.

Velimeşe

Velimeşe is a town in Tekirdağ Province, in the European part of Turkey.

Çorlu, Karaisalı

Çorlu is a village in the District of Karaisalı, Adana Province, Turkey.

Çorlu train derailment

The Çorlu train derailment was a fatal railway accident which occurred in 2018 at the Çorlu district of Tekirdağ Province in northwestern Turkey when a train derailed, killing 24 passengers and injuring 318, including 42 severely.

Çorlulu Ali Pasha

Çorlulu Damat Ali Pasha (c. 1670 in Çorlu – 1711 in Lesbos) was an Ottoman grand vizier who held the office from 1706 to 1710.

Şenol Çorlu

Şenol Çorlu (born on December 3, 1958 in Ankara) is a retired Turkish football player and currently Fenerbahçe SK academy director as of September 2008. He was one of the fans' favourites when he was playing for Fenerbahçe.

He began football in Petrol Ofisi in 1975–76 season and played there for 4 years. He was transferred to Orduspor due to Petrol Ofisi's relegation to the amateur league in 1979. He improved in Orduspor and was transferred to Sakaryaspor in 1981. He played as striker there, and was transferred to Fenerbahçe in 1984. His position was striker at first, midfielder after 1990. He won 2 league championships with Fenerbahçe – seasons 1984–85 and 1988–89. He was loaned to Antalyaspor during the 1991–92 season. He retired from football after the end of that season.

He played 17 times for Turkey national football team, making his debut on 23 September 1981 against the Soviet Union. He also played 13 times for Turkey U21. He scored 4 international goals.

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Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

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