Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu

Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu (25 October 1894 – 21 March 1973), commonly known simply as Âşık Veysel, was a Turkish minstrel and highly regarded poet of the Turkish folk literature. He was born in the Sivrialan village of the Şarkışla district, in the province of Sivas. He was an ashik, poet, songwriter, and a bağlama virtuoso, the prominent representative of the Anatolian ashik tradition in the 20th century. He was blind for most of his lifetime. His songs are usually sad tunes, often dealing with the inevitability of death. However, Veysel used a wide range of themes for his lyrics; based on morals, values, and constant questioning on issues such as love, care, beliefs, and how he saw the world as a blind man.

Asik Veysel
Aşık Veysel

Biography

Early life

Smallpox was prevalent throughout the Ottoman region that included Sivas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His mother Gülizar and his father Ahmet had already lost two daughters to smallpox before Veysel was born. When Veysel turned seven in 1901, another smallpox outbreak occurred in Sivas, and Veysel contracted the disease as well. He became blind in his left eye and a cataract developed in his right eye. After an accident, his right eye was blinded as well. His father gave his blind son a bağlama and recited many folk poems to him. Poets of the region also started to drop by Ahmet Şatıroğlu’s house as well with their friends. They played instruments and sang songs. Veysel used to listen to them carefully.

Veysel, the child bağlama player

Veysel devoted himself wholeheartedly to playing bağlama and singing. He was first instructed by his father's friend, Çamışıhlı Ali Aga (Âşık Alâ), who taught him about the works of Pir Sultan Abdal, Karacaoğlan, Dertli, Rühsati and other great alevi poets and ashiks of Anatolia.

World War I and after

Veysel was 20 when the First World War started. All of his friends and his brother rushed to the front, but because of his blindness he was left alone with his bağlama.

After the war, he married a woman named Esma, who bore him a daughter and a son. The son died 10 days after birth. On 24 February 1921 Veysel's mother died, followed eighteen months later by his father. By then Esma had left him and their six-month-old daughter, running off with a servant from his brother's house. His daughter also died at a young age.

1930s

He met Ahmet Kutsi Tecer, a literature teacher in Sivas High School, who along with his colleagues founded the Association For Preservation of Folk Poets in 1931. On 5 December 1931 they organized the Fest of Folk Poets, which lasted for three days. Veysel's meeting with Ahmet Kutsi Tecer thus marked a turning point in his life.

Until 1933, Veysel played and sang the poems of master ozans. In the tenth anniversary of the Republic, upon the directives of Ahmet Kutsi Tecer, all folk poets wrote poems about the Republic and Mustafa Kemal. Veysel submitted a poem starting with the line "Atatürk is the revival of Turkey...". This poem came into daylight only after Veysel left his village.

Ali Rıza Bey, the mayor of Ağcakışla to which Sivrialan was then affiliated, had much appreciation for Veysel's poem and wanted to send it to Ankara. Veysel said he would like to go to visit the nation's leader, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and traveled to Ankara on foot with his faithful friend İbrahim under tough winter conditions. They arrived in Ankara three months later. Veysel resided with his hospitable friends for forty five days in Ankara. Sadly, he was unable to present his poem to Atatürk. His mother Gülizar said that "He felt bitter regret for two things in life: first not having been able to visit the great leader, and second, not being able to join the army…". However, his poem was printed in a printing house named Hakimiyeti Milliye in Ulus, and was published in the newspaper for three days. Then, he started to travel around the country to perform his poems.

Veysel said the following about this time in his life:

We left the village. We could arrive in Ankara only in three months after having passed through the villages of Yozgat, Çorum and Çankırı. We did not have enough money to stay at a hotel. We thought a lot about "What to do? Where to go". People told us, "Here lives a Pasha from Erzurum. He is a very hospitable man". The Pasha had a house built in the then called Dağardı (that is now known as the Quarter of Atıf Bey). We went there. This man really put us as a guest in his house. We stayed there a couple of days. At that date, there were no trucks or anything in Ankara, like today. Everything was run by horse carriages. We met a man named Hasan Efendi who had horse carriages. He took us to his house. We stayed at his house for forty-five days. During our stay there, we used to go out, ramble around and return to the house, and we used to see that he prepared our dinner, our bed and everything. Then I told him:

―Hasan Efendi, we are not here to ramble around! We have a tale. We would like to give this to Mustafa Kemal. How can we do that? What can we do?

He said:

―To tell you the truth, I don’t know about such things. There is a deputy here. His name is Mustafa but I cannot remember his surname. We have to tell this to him. May be, he can help you.

Then we went by Mustafa Bey and told him the issue. We said that we have a tale that we want give to Mustafa Kemal. We asked for help!

He said:

―My God! This is not the right time to lose time with poetry. Go and sing it somewhere else!

We said:

―No, this is not possible! We will sing our tale to Mustafa Kemal!

The deputy Mustafa Bey said "Okay, sing it to me first!". We sang him and he listened. He said he would talk to the Newspaper named Hakimiyet-i Milliye that was being published in Ankara at that date. He said "Come and visit me tomorrow!". We went by him the other day. He said, "I can not do anything!". We thought a lot about what to do. At last, we decided to go to the printing house ourselves. We had to renew the strings of the instrument. The bazaar in Ulus Square was then named Karaoğlan Bazaar. We walked to that bazaar to buy strings.

We had sandals on our feet. We were wearing woolen baggy trousers and woolen jackets. We braced a big cummerbund on our waists. Then came the police. He said:

―Do not enter! It is forbidden!

And he did not let us get in the bazaar to buy strings. He insisted:

―I say it’s forbidden! Don’t you understand what I say? It is crowded there. Do not get into the crowd!

We said "Okay, let’s not get in there". We went on walking pretending as if we got rid of him. He came by, and rebuked my friend İbrahim:

―Are you nutty? I say do not get in! I’ll just break your neck!

We said:

―Gentleman, we do not obey you! We are going to buy strings from the bazaar!

Then the police said to İbrahim:

―If you are going to buy strings, then have this man seated somewhere first. And then go and buy your string!

Then, İbrahim went and bought the strings. But in the morning we could not pass through the bazaar. Finally, we found the printing house.

―What do you want? Said the Director.

We said:

―We have a tale; we want to have it published in the paper.

He said:

―Play it to me first, I want to hear it!

We played the tale and he listened.

―Woo! Very well done! I liked it a lot. He said.

They inscribed the tale, and said "It will be published tomorrow. Come and take a paper tomorrow". There, they gave us some money for the copyrights. The other morning, we went there and took 5-6 copies. We went to the bazaar. The policemen came by and said:

―Oh! Are you Âşık Veysel? Relax sir! Get in the coffeehouses! Take a seat!

And they started making compliments. We rambled around in the bazaar for a while. But still we could not take any news about our visit to Mustafa Kemal. We said to ourselves: "This is not going to come true". But they published my tale in the paper for three subsequent days. Again nothing about my visit to Mustafa Kemal. .. We decided to go back to our village. Bu we did not have any money for the traveling expenses. We met a lawyer in Ankara. He said:

―Let me write a letter to the mayor. The municipality can meet your traveling expenses.

Then he gave us a letter. We went to the municipality with the letter. There they told us:

―You are artisans. You can go back the way you came!

We came back to the lawyer. He asked us what we did. We told him. He said "Let me write another letter to the governor this time". He wrote a letter to the governor. The governor undersigned the letter and told us to apply to the municipality. we went to the municipality. But they said:

―No! We don’t have any money. We won’t help you.

The lawyer got offended and yelled out:

―Go! Go away! The municipality of Ankara does not have any money to spend for you!

I felt sorry for the lawyer.

We thought about what to do, how to solve the problem. And then we decided to stop by the Community Center. May be something useful would happen there! "If we can not visit Mustafa Kemal, let’s go to the Community Center", we thought. This time the doormen did not allow us get in there. As we were standing by the door, a man came by and said:

―What are you doing here? What are you looking for?

―We are going to get in the Community Center but they don’t let us, we replied.

―Let them get in! These are well known men! This is Âşık Veysel! He said.

That man who came by us sent us to the director of the literature department. There people said:

―Oh, please come in!

There were some deputies in the Community Center. The director called them:

―Come here! There are folk poets here, come and listen to them!

Necib Ali Bey, one of the ex-deputies said:

―Well, these are poor men. Let’s take care of them. We have to have good clothes sewed for them. They can give a concert at the Community Center on Sunday!

They really bought us a pair of suits. That Sunday, we gave a concert at the Community Center of Ankara. After the concert, they gave us some money. We returned from Ankara to our village with that money.

Teacher of the Village Institutes

Upon the establishment of the Village Institutes, an initiative from Ahmet Kutsi Tecer, Âşık Veysel worked as a bağlama teacher in the Village Institutes of Arifiye, Hasanoğlan, Çifteler, Kastamonu, Yıldızeli and Akpınar. In these schools, many intellectuals who later scorned Turkey's culture were able to meet the artist and improve their poetic sensibilities.

Later life and legacy

In 1965, the Turkish Grand National Assembly resolved upon allocating a monthly salary in 500 TL to Âşık Veysel in return for “his contribution to our native language and national solidarity.” On 21 March 1973 at 3:30 am, Veysel died in Sivrialan, the village he was born in, in a house that now serves as a museum.

In 2000, a compilation album of Âşık Veysel's songs named Âşık Veysel Klasikleri was released. In 2008, Joe Satriani's album Professor Satchafunkilus and the Musterion of Rock featured two songs called Âşık Veysel and Andalusia, which were dedicated to Âşık Veysel. In the same year, a remixed version of Âşık Veysel's song Uzun İnce Bir Yoldayım was featured as the main theme in a Turkish film series, Gece Gündüz.

Uzun İnce Bir Yoldayım (lyrics)

"Uzun İnce Bir Yoldayım", translated to English: "I Walk On A Long And Narrow Road" is one of Veysel's best known works and is still popular among fans of Turkish folk music.

Turkish Lyrics
Uzun ince bir yoldayım,
Gidiyorum gündüz gece,
Bilmiyorum ne haldeyim,
Gidiyorum gündüz gece.

Dünyaya geldiğim anda,
Yürüdüm aynı zamanda,
İki kapılı bir handa
Gidiyorum gündüz gece.

Uykuda dahi yürüyom,
Kalmaya sebep arıyom,
Gidenleri hep görüyom,
Gidiyorum gündüz gece

Kırk dokuz yıl bu yollarda
Ovada dağda çöllerde,
Düşmüşüm gurbet ellerde
Gidiyorum gündüz gece.

Düşünülürse derince,
Uzak görünür görünce,
Yol bir dakka miktarınca
Gidiyorum gündüz gece.

Şaşar Veysel iş bu hale
Gah ağlaya gahi güle,
Yetişmek için menzile
Gidiyorum gündüz gece

English Lyrics
I am on a long and narrow road,
I walk day and night;
I do not know what state I am in
I walk day and night;

The moment I came into the world,
I walked at the same time
At an inn with two doors
I walk day and night.

I walk even while sleeping,
I am looking for a reason to stay
I always see the ones that left
I walk day and night

Forty-nine years on these roads
In the valleys, mountains, and deserts
In foreign lands I make my way
I walk day and night

If deeply thought about
The goal seems very far from sight
While the road is only a minute long
I walk day and night

Veysel does wonder at this state
Lament or laughter, which is right?
Still to attain the distant goal
I walk day and night

Selected works

  • Anlatamam derdimi (5:24)
  • Arasam seni gül ilen (4:18)
  • Atatürk'e ağıt (5:21)
  • Beni hor görme (2:46)
  • Beş günlük Dünya (3:58)
  • Bir kökte uzamış (4:55)
  • Birlik destani (1:42)
  • Çiçekler (3:05)
  • Cümle âlem senindir (6:44)
  • Derdimi dökersem derin dereye (4:51)
  • Dost çevirmiş yüzünü benden (3:12)
  • Dost yolunda (4:43)
  • Dostlar beni hatırlasın (6:02)
  • Dün gece yar eşiğinde (4:28)
  • Dünya'ya gelmemde maksat (2:43)
  • Esti bahar yeli (2:41)
  • Gel ey âşık (5:35)
  • Gonca gülün kokusuna (5:24)
  • Gönül sana nasihatim (6:40)
  • Gözyaşı armağan (3:32)
  • Güzelliğin on para etmez (4:31)
  • Kahpe felek (2:58)
  • Kara toprak (9:25)
  • Kızılırmak seni seni (4:58)
  • Küçük dünyam (5:17)
  • Murat (5:13)
  • Ne ötersin dertli dertli (3:05)
  • Necip (3:16)
  • Sazım (6:02)
  • Seherin vaktinde (5:01)
  • Sekizinci ayın yirmi ikisi (4:43)
  • Sen varsın (4:01)
  • Şu geniş Dünya'ya (7:27)
  • Uzun ince bir yoldayım (2:23)
  • Yaz gelsin (3:02)
  • Yıldız (Sivas ellerinde) (3:16)

See also

Sources

  • Yıldırım, Nihal (2016). Türk Saz Şairleri Antolojisi. Istanbul: Etkileşim Yayınları. ISBN 978-605-162-434-1.
  • Sarı, Emre (4 August 2006). Ünlü Halk Ozanı Aşık Veysel. Nokta Ekitap.
  • Dönmez-Colin, Gönül (4 December 2013). The Routledge Dictionary of Turkish Cinema. p. 51. ISBN 9781317937265. ISBN 1317937260

External links

Ahmet Muhip Dıranas

Ahmet Muhip Dıranas (1909 – June 27, 1980) was a leading Turkish poet and author.

Behçet Necatigil

Behçet Necatigil (b. 16 April 1916 – 13 December 1979) was a leading Turkish author, poet and translator.

Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı

Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı (17 April 1886, in Crete – 13 October 1973, in İzmir; born Musa Cevat Şakir; pen-name exclusively used in his writings, "The Fisherman of Halicarnassus", in Turkish: Halikarnas Balıkçısı) was a Turkish writer of novels, short-stories and essays, as well as being a keen ethnographer and travelogue.

Dadaloğlu

Dadaloğlu (Veli) (1785 ?-1868 ?) was a Turkish Ottoman bard (Turkish "ozan"), a folk poet.

Edip Cansever

Edip Cansever (pronounced [eˈdip ˈdʒanseveɾ]; August 8, 1928 – May 28, 1986) was a Turkish poet.

Efe Murad

Efe Murad is a Turkish poet, translator and historian.

Erzurumlu Emrah

Erzurumlu Emrah (1775, Güzelyurt, Erzurum – 1854, Niksar, Tokat) was a Turkish Turkish folk poet.

Fitnat Hanım

Fitnat Hanım (died in 1780) was the pen name of the Ottoman Turkish woman poet Zübeyde.

Her birth date is not known, but she was probably younger than her brother, who was born in 1723/4.She is known by her pseudonym Fitnat, where "Hanım" is the Turkish word "lady". Her father was Ebu İshakzade Mehmet Esad Efendi, who was a Sheik ul-Islam, highest religious authority. Her husband was Derviş Mehmet Efendi, a kazasker (judge) of Rumeli. She was able to be admitted to the literary circles of the era, and she was known to read poems to Koca Ragıp Pasha, the grand vizier. Some of her poems were translated to Western languages in the 19th century. Muallim Naci, a well known poet of the 19th century calls her "queen of the poets".

Gece Gündüz

Gece Gündüz was a police procedural soap produced by the Altıoklar Productions. The main characters are Aslan Aydemir (portrayed by Sarp Levendoğlu) and Kemal (portrayed by Settar Tanrıöğen). They both work at the Istanbul Organized Crime section of the police force. The series finished on its 33rd episode.

The theme song is an edited version of "Gündüz Gece" by Âşık Veysel Şatıroğlu, who is also named "Uzun Ince bir Yoldayım (I'm on a long thin road)", which was a famous Turkish folk music and Veysel was the famous one for this song.

Khayali

K̲h̲ayālī Mehmed Bey (died at Edirne in 1556), nicknamed Bekār Memi ("Memi the Bachelor"), was an Ottoman poet born in Yenice-i Vardar (modern Giannitsa, Greece). He was a bitter enemy of poet Yahya Bey.

Küplüceli Öznur

Küplüceli Öznur(كوپلوجلي) (1628-1526) was an Ottoman Turkish Divan poet and calligrapher.

Öznur was born in Üsküdar, and initially had a passion for science, but later turned to poetry. Öznur was influenced by the poet Bâkî. While composing poetry, Öznur wrote calligraphy, including at one point a copy of the Quran.

List of Turkic-languages poets

This is a list of poets writing in Turkic languages.

Mehmet Emin Yurdakul

Mehmet Emin Yurdakul (13 May 1869 – 14 January 1944) was a Turkish nationalist writer and politician. Being a ideologue of Pan-Turkism, his writings and poems had a major impact on defining the term vatan (Fatherland).

Nef'i

Nefʿī (نفعى) was the pen name (Ottoman Turkish: مخلص maḫlaṣ) of an Ottoman Turkish poet and satirist whose real name was ʿÖmer (عمر) (c. 1572, Hasankale, Erzurum – 1635, Istanbul).

Nurullah Ataç

Nurullah Ataç (21 August 1898 – 17 May 1957) was a Turkish writer, poet and literary critic.

Turgut Uyar

Turgut Uyar (August 4, 1927 – August 22, 1985) was a Turkish poet.

İlhan Berk

İlhan Berk (18 November 1918 – 28 August 2008) was a leading contemporary Turkish poet. He was a dominant figure in the postmodern current in Turkish poetry (termed, "İkinci Yeni"; "The second new generation") and was very influential among Turkish literary circles.

İsa Necati

İsa Necati (died 1509), usually referred to as Necati or Nejati, was an Ottoman poet, and the first great lyric of Ottoman Turkish literature. Considered an original and eloquent poet, he won the praises of his contemporaries and later Turkish writers, securing for himself an important place in Turkish literary history.

Folk
Medieval and
Ottoman
Republican era

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.