The Álvaro de Bazán class (also known as the F100 class of frigates) are a new class of Aegis combat system-equipped air defence frigates entering service with the Spanish Navy. They are being built in the Spanish factory of Navantia in Ferrol and are named after Admiral Álvaro de Bazán. In February 2018, it was announced that a design based the class was selected as one of five finalists for the U.S. Navy's FFG(X) program.
The ships are fitted with American Aegis weapons technology allowing them to track hundreds of airborne targets simultaneously as part of its air defence network. The F100 Álvaro de Bazán-class multi-role frigate is one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis Combat System and its associated AN/SPY-1 radar. Japan's Kongō class, South Korea's Sejong the Great class, the F100-derived Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen class of frigates also use the Aegis system. Lockheed Martin, Navantia and the U.S. Navy are conducting final systems integration.
The F105 will be the basis of the Australian Hobart-class destroyer (previously known as the "Air Warfare Destroyer"). The Australian government announced in June 2007 that, in partnership with Navantia, three F100 vessels will be built for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) with the first due for delivery in 2014.
The Australian Government also confirmed in April 2016 that a modified F100 class was one of three vessels shortlisted to replace the Anzac-class frigates currently in service with the RAN. As of December 2017, it is one of three submitted proposals for Canada's Single Class Surface Combatant Project program.
The Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates are the first modern vessels of the Spanish Navy to incorporate ballistic resistant steel in the hull, along with the power plants being mounted on anti-vibration mounts to reduce noise and make them less detectable by submarines. The original contract for four ships was worth €1,683m but they ended up costing €1,810m. As of 2010 it was estimated that the final vessel, F-105 would cost €834m (~US$1.1bn).
Almirante Juan de Borbón
|Name:||Álvaro de Bazán class|
|Builders:||NAVANTIA-IZAR, Astillero Ferrol|
|Preceded by:||Santa María class|
|Succeeded by:||F110 class|
F101/4 €453m (~US$600m) eachF105 €834m (~US$1.1bn)
|Type:||Guided missile frigate|
|Length:||146.7 m (481 ft)|
|Beam:||18.6 m (61 ft)|
|Draft:||4.75 m (15.6 ft)|
|Speed:||28.5 knots (52.8 km/h; 32.8 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Complement:||250 (48 officers)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Sikorsky SH-60B LAMPS III Seahawk|
Six ships were originally planned, including Roger de Lauria (F105) and Juan de Austria (F106). These were cancelled but a fifth ship was later added as the F105 Cristóbal Colón.
|Pennant number||Name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Fate|
|F101||Álvaro de Bazán||2002||In service|
|F102||Almirante Juan de Borbón||October 2001||28 February 2002||3 December 2003||In service|
|F103||Blas de Lezo||2004||In service|
|F104||Méndez Núñez||2006||In service|
|F105||Cristóbal Colón||2012||In service|
|F106||Juan de Austria||Cancelled|
The AN/SPY-1 is a United States Navy 3D radar system manufactured by Lockheed Martin. The array is a passive electronically scanned system and is a key component of the Aegis Combat System. The system is computer controlled, using four complementary antennas to provide 360 degree coverage. The system was first installed in 1973 on USS Norton Sound and entered active service in 1983 as the SPY-1A on USS Ticonderoga. The -1A was installed on ships up to CG-58, with the -1B upgrade first installed on USS Princeton in 1986. The upgraded -1B(V) was retrofitted to existing ships from CG-59 up to the last, USS Port Royal.Casto Méndez Núñez
Casto Secundino María Méndez Núñez (July 1, 1824 – August 21, 1869), Spanish military naval officer. Born in Vigo (Galicia). In 1866 during the Chincha Islands War between Spain, Peru and Chile, he was general commander of the Spanish fleet in the Pacific. As such, he bombarded and destroyed the port of Valparaiso, and fought the Battle of Callao (during which he was injured nine times.) Méndez Núñez was the first man to circumnavigate the world on an ironclad warship: "Enloricata navis quae primo terram circuivit".
When Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, the American Minister to Chile, learned that Commodore Méndez Núñez was to bombard the port of Valparaiso, he asked the American naval commander Commodore John Rodgers to attack the Spanish fleet. Méndez Núñez famously responded with "I will be forced to sink [the US ships], because even if I have one ship left I will proceed with the bombardment. Spain, the Queen and I prefer honor without ships than ships without honor." (España prefiere honra sin barcos a barcos sin honra.)F103
F103 may refer to :
Audi F103, a 1965 internal designation for a series of car models
Blas de Lezo (F103), a 2004 Spanish Navy Álvaro de Bazán class frigate
Tamiya F103, a 1/10 scale radio controlled Formula One chassis by Tamiya Corporation
General Electric F103, a jet engine
HMS Lowestoft (F103), a British Royal Navy Rothsay class anti-submarine frigate
Republic XF-103 Thunderwarrior, a cancelled fighter aircraft development projectHMAS Hobart (DDG 39)
HMAS Hobart (DDG 39), named after the city of Hobart, Tasmania, is the lead ship of the Hobart-class air warfare destroyers used by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). The ship, based on the Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate designed by Navantia, was built at ASC's shipyard in Osborne, South Australia from modules fabricated by ASC, BAE Systems Australia in Victoria, and Forgacs Group in New South Wales. Hobart was ordered in 2007, but errors and delays in construction have caused extensive schedule slippage. Despite commissioning initially planned for December 2014, the ship was not laid down until September 2012, and launched in May 2015. Department of Defence accepted delivery of HMAS Hobart on 16 June 2017. The ship was commissioned on 23 September 2017.Hobart-class destroyer
The Hobart class is a ship class of three air warfare destroyers (AWDs) being built for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Planning for ships to replace the Adelaide-class frigates and restore the capability last exhibited by the Perth-class destroyers began by 2000, initially under acquisition project SEA 1400, which was re-designated SEA 4000. Although the designation "Air Warfare Destroyer" is used to describe ships dedicated to the defence of a naval force (plus assets ashore) from aircraft and missile attack, the planned Australian destroyers are expected to also operate in anti-surface, anti-submarine, and naval gunfire support roles.
Planning for the Australian Air Warfare Destroyer (as the class was known until 2006) continued through the mid-2000s, with the selection of the Aegis combat system as the intended combat system and ASC as the primary shipbuilder in 2005. In late 2005, the AWD Alliance was formed as a consortium of the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO), ASC, and Raytheon. Between 2005 and 2007, Gibbs & Cox's Evolved Arleigh Burke-class destroyer concept and Navantia's Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate competed for selection as the AWD design. Although the Arleigh Burke design was larger and more capable, the Álvaro de Bazán design was selected in June 2007 as it was an existing design, and would be cheaper, quicker, and less risky to build.
Three ships were ordered in October 2007, and will be assembled at ASC's facility in Osborne, South Australia, from 31 pre-fabricated modules (or 'blocks'). An option to build a fourth destroyer was included in the original contract, but has not been exercised. ASC, NQEA Australia, and the Forgacs Group were selected in May 2009 to build the blocks, but within two months, NQEA was replaced by BAE Systems Australia. Construction errors and growing delays led the AWD Alliance to redistribute the construction workload in 2011, with some modules to be built by Navantia. Increasing slippage has pushed the original planned 2014-2016 commissioning dates out by at least three years, with lead ship Hobart to be completed by June 2017, Brisbane in September 2018, and Sydney by March 2020. The AWD Alliance, Navantia, and the involved shipyards have been criticised for underestimating risks, costs, and timeframes; faulty drawings and bad building practices leading to repeated manufacturing errors; and blame-passing. The alliance concept has been panned for having no clear management structure or entity in charge, and having the DMO simultaneously acting as supplier, build partner, and customer for the ships.List of ship commissionings in 2002
The list of ship commissionings in 2002 includes a chronological list of all ships commissioned in 2002.List of ship launches in 2000
The list of ship launches in 2000 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 2000.List of ship launches in 2002
The list of ship launches in 2002 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 2002.List of ship launches in 2003
The list of ship launches in 2003 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 2003.List of ship launches in 2004
The list of ship launches in 2004 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 2004.Mark 41 Vertical Launching System
The Mark 41 Vertical Launching System (Mk 41 VLS) is a shipborne missile canister launching system which provides a rapid-fire launch capability against hostile threats. The Vertical Launch System (VLS) concept was derived from work on the Aegis Combat System.Méndez Núñez
Méndez Núñez may refer to:
Casto Méndez Núñez (1824–1869), Spanish military naval officer
Mendez, Cavite, a fourth-class urban municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines
Spanish ironclad Méndez Núñez, a wooden-hulled armored frigate
Spanish cruiser Méndez Núñez, a Blas de Lezo-class cruiser
Méndez Núñez (D63), a Gearing-class destroyer, former USS O'Hare (DD-889)
Méndez Núñez (F-104), an Álvaro de Bazán-class frigateNFR-90
NFR-90 (NATO Frigate Replacement for 90s) was a multi-national programme designed to produce a common frigate for several NATO nations. However, the varying requirements of the different countries led to the project being abandoned in the early 1990s.The project sought to achieve economies of scale in the production of the next generation warship. Feasibility studies began in 1985 and reported that with a modularity in design, collaboration should be possible.Arguments erupted in the design definition stage over such issues as the choice of a primary anti-ship weapon. France pushed its Exocet missile while the majority of the nations preferred the Boeing AGM-84 Harpoon. The United Kingdom in particular was uneasy about the absence of a close-in weapon system due to its experiences of being on the receiving end of Exocets during the Falklands War.The collapse of the project was guaranteed by the withdrawal of the two largest participants, the US and UK. The US Navy was not happy with the final single mission design - the multi-mission Arleigh Burke class destroyers demonstrate what the US had in mind. The UK considered withdrawing from the project in 1988, but committed to it to guarantee work for its shipyards and defence equipment suppliers. However, the UK finally withdrew in 1989 fearing that the requirement for a replacement for its type 42 destroyers would not be met by the new frigate.France, Italy and the UK set up the Horizon CNGF project in 1992. This was a further attempt at collaboration that was only moderately more successful, with the UK eventually withdrawing and starting its own national project, the type 45 destroyer. France and Italy are continuing with the Horizon project, although far fewer ships will be built than initially intended. Spain, Germany and the Netherlands agreed to develop a trilateral basic design, which should be built and finally developed by each nation by itself. Within the framework of this so-called Trilateral Frigate Cooperation Germany built the Sachsen class frigate (F124), Spain the Álvaro de Bazán class frigate (F100) and the Netherlands the De Zeven Provinciën class frigate.Navantia
Navantia is a Spanish state-owned shipbuilding company, which offers its services to both military and civil sector. It is the fifth-largest shipbuilder in Europe, and the ninth-largest in the world with shipyards around Spain.
Astilleros Españoles SA had been created in 1967 by merging the Basque shipyards of Euskalduna, La Naval de Sestao and Astilleros de Cádiz. In July 2000 it merged with the public naval shipyards, Empresa Nacional Bazán, to form IZAR. In March 2005 Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (SEPI) merged the naval wing of IZAR into Navantia.Operation Allied Protector
Operation Allied Protector was an anti-piracy military operation undertaken by NATO forces from March – August 2009 in the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, and the Guardafui Channel to protect maritime routes from pirates within the International Recommended Transit Corridor (IRTC). It was the second NATO anti-piracy operation in area following Operation Allied Provider and was succeeded by Operation Ocean Shield.
From 24 March – June 2009, the operation was conducted by Standing NATO Maritime Group One (SNMG1). This was the first time that SNMG1, which had previously operated in the Eastern Atlantic, was deployed to Southeast Asia. From 29 June – August 2009, Standing NATO Maritime Group Two (SNMG2) took over responsibility from SNMG1.Spanish frigate Méndez Núñez
Méndez Núñez (F-104) is an Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate of the Spanish Navy. She is the fourth ship of class, entering service in 2006. She is named after the 19th century Spanish Rear admiral Casto Méndez Núñez.Álvaro
Álvaro (Galician: [ˈalβaɾo], Portuguese: [ˈaɫvɐɾu, ˈawvaɾu], Spanish: [ˈalβaɾo]) is a Galician, Portuguese and Spanish male given name and surname (see Spanish naming customs). It may be related to the Old Norse name Alfarr, formed of the elements alf "elf" and arr "warrior".Álvaro de Bazán (disambiguation)
Álvaro de Bazán may refer to:
Álvaro de Bazán the Elder, Spanish admiral father of the 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz
Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, a Spanish admiral of the 16th century
Álvaro de Bazán, 2nd Marquis of Santa Cruz (1571–1646)
Álvaro de Bazán-class gunboat, a class of gunboats operated by the Spanish Navy
Spanish gunboat Álvaro de Bazán, lead ship of the Álvaro de Bazán class gunboats
Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate, a five-ship class of air defence frigates currently operated by the Spanish Navy
Spanish frigate Álvaro de Bazán (F101), lead ship of the Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates