Ádám Balogh

Ádám Balogh de Bér (c. 1665 in Bérbaltavár, Kingdom of Hungary – 1711 in Buda) was one of the most famous kuruc colonels of the Hungarian army during Rákóczi's War for Independence against the rule of the Austrian Habsburg dynasty.

Bust of Ádám Béri Balogh
Ádám Balogh

Life

Balogh was born to a Catholic noble family. His father was István Balogh, who died in 1678, and his mother was Rebeka Káldy, a catholic noble lady. Balogh married Julianna Festetics, and they had seven children.

He began service at a young age as the infantry's voivode in Csobánc castle and took part in campaigns of the Turkish wars. In 1705 he saw action with the kuruc troops who almost captured the Austrian king near Vienna. Francis II Rákóczi promoted him to colonel in 1708. He was executed in 1711 by Habsburgs in Buda Castle. Rákóczi tried to save him but was unsuccessful.

Recollection

He is still famous in Hungarian literature and film. His character appears in the movie Captain of Tenkes.

Balogh

Balogh is a Hungarian surname of nobility, a variant of Balog, see article Balog (genus). Notable people with the surname include:

Ádám Balogh, one of the most famous kuruc colonels during Rákóczi's War for Independence

Béla Balogh, a Hungarian football (soccer) player

Brian Balogh, an American historian

Ernő Balogh, a Hungarian-born and -trained classical pianist

Fritz Balogh, a German football (soccer) player

János Balogh (disambiguation), multiple people

Kálmán Balogh, a Hungarian cimbalom player

László Balogh (painter), Hungarian painter

László Balogh (sport shooter) (born 1958), Hungarian former sport shooter

Mary Balogh, a British novelist

Norbert Balogh, Hungarian footballer

Steve Balogh, a member of the Canadian rock band Pink Mountaintops

Suzanne Balogh, an Australian gold medalist in Shooting at the 2004 Summer Olympics - Women's trap

Thomas Balogh, Baron Balogh, a Hungarian economist and member of the English House of Lords

Tibor Balogh, a Hungarian mathematician, father of Zoltán Tibor Balogh

Zoltán Tibor Balogh, a Hungarian mathematician, son of Tibor Balogh

Bár (Hungarian TV series)

Bár is the local season of the reality The Bar in Hungary. The show was aired in 2000 and 2008 with 2 seasons in total. Viasat 3 is the channel was aired. In season 1 the presenter is Péter Novák, in season 2 the presenters are Lia and Majka.

Bérbaltavár

Bérbaltavár is a village in Vas County, Hungary.

Gyöngyösi Farkasok RK

Gyöngyösi Farkasok RK is a Hungarian rugby club based in Mátrafüred in Gyöngyös. They currently play in Nemzeti Bajnokság II.

History of Hungary

Hungary in its modern (post-1946) borders roughly corresponds to the Great Hungarian Plain (the Pannonian basin).

During the Iron Age, it was at the boundary of Celtic, Illyrian and Iranian (Scythian) cultural spheres.

Named for the Pannonians, the region became the Roman province of Pannonia in AD 20.

Roman control collapsed with the Hunnic invasions of 370–410 and Pannonia was part of the Ostrogothic Kingdom during the late 5th to mid 6th century, succeeded by the Avar Khaganate (6th to 9th centuries).

The Magyar invasion takes place during the 9th century.

The Magyars were Christianized at the end of the 10th century, and the Christian Kingdom of Hungary was established in AD 1000,

ruled by the Árpád dynasty for the following three centuries.

In the high medieval period, the kingdom expanded beyond Pannonia, to the Adriatic coast. In 1241 during the reign of Béla IV, Hungary was invaded by the Mongols under Batu Khan. The outnumbered Hungarians were decisively defeated at the Battle of Mohi by the Mongol army. King Béla fled to the Holy Roman Empire and left the Hungarian population under the mercy of the Mongols. In this invasion more than 500,000 Hungarian population were massacred and the whole kingdom reduced to ashes.

After the extinction of the Árpád dynasty in 1301, the late medieval kingdom persisted, albeit no longer under Hungarian monarchs, and gradually reduced due to the increasing pressure by the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Hungary bore the brunt of the Ottoman wars in Europe during the 15th century. The peak of this struggle took place during the reign of Matthias Corvinus (r. 1458–1490). The Ottoman–Hungarian wars concluded in significant loss of territory and the partition of the kingdom after the Battle of Mohács of 1526.

Defense against Ottoman expansion shifted to Habsburg Austria, and the remainder of the Hungarian kingdom came under the rule of the Habsburg emperors.

The lost territory was recovered with the conclusion of the Great Turkish War, thus the whole of Hungary became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. Following the nationalist uprisings of 1848, the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 elevated Hungary's status by the creation of a joint monarchy with the Austrian Empire, ruled in personal union as Austria-Hungary by the Austrian emperors during 1867–1918. The territory grouped under the Habsburg Archiregnum Hungaricum was much larger than modern Hungary, following the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement of 1868 with settled the political status of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen.

After the First World War, the Central Powers enforced the dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon detached

around 72% of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, ceded to Czechoslovakia, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, First Austrian Republic, Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Italy.

Afterwards a short-lived People's Republic was declared that was followed by a restored Kingdom of Hungary, but governed by the regent, Miklós Horthy who officially represented the Hungarian monarchy of Charles IV, Apostolic King of Hungary. Between 1938 and 1941, Hungary recovered part of her lost territories. During World War II Hungary became under German occupation in 1944 that was followed by the Soviet occupation and the loss of the war.

After World War II, the Second Hungarian Republic was established in Hungary's current-day borders, as a socialist People's Republic during 1949–1989 and as the Third Republic of Hungary under an amended

version of the constitution of 1949 since October 1989, with a new constitution adopted in 2011. Hungary joined the European Union in 2004.

Kingdom of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the 20th century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920). The Principality of Hungary emerged as a Christian kingdom upon the coronation of the first king Stephen I at Esztergom around the year 1000; his family (the Árpád dynasty) led the monarchy for 300 years. By the 12th century, the kingdom became a European middle power within the Western world.Due to the Ottoman occupation of the central and southern territories of Hungary in the 16th century, the country was partitioned into three parts: the Habsburg Royal Hungary, Ottoman Hungary, and the semi-independent Principality of Transylvania. The House of Habsburg held the Hungarian throne after the Battle of Mohács until 1918 and also played a key role in the liberation wars against the Ottoman Empire.

From 1867, territories connected to the Hungarian crown were incorporated into Austria-Hungary under the name of Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen. The monarchy ended with the deposition of the last king Charles IV in 1918, after which Hungary became a republic. The kingdom was nominally restored during the "Regency" of 1920–46, ending under the Soviet occupation in 1946.The Kingdom of Hungary was a multiethnic state from its inception until the Treaty of Trianon and it covered what is today Hungary, Slovakia, Transylvania and other parts of what is now Romania, Carpathian Ruthenia (now part of Ukraine), Vojvodina (now part of Serbia), Burgenland (now part of Austria), Međimurje (now part of Croatia), Prekmurje (now part of Slovenia) and a few villages in Poland). From 1102 it also included Croatia, being in personal union with it, united under the King of Hungary.

According to the demographers, about 80 percent of the population was made up of Hungarians before the Battle of Mohács, however in the mid 19th century out of a population of 14 million less then 6 million were Hungarian due to the resettlement policies and continuous immigration from neighboring countries. Major territorial changes made Hungary ethnically homogeneous after World War I. Nowadays, more than nine-tenths of the population is ethnically Hungarian and speaks Hungarian as the mother tongue.

Today, the feast day of the first king Stephen I (20 August) is a national holiday in Hungary, commemorating the foundation of the state (Foundation Day).

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