Sergey Kislyak

Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak (Russian: Серге́й Ива́нович Кисля́к; IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ kʲɪˈslʲak]; born 7 September 1950) is a Russian diplomat who has served as Russia's Ambassador to the United States since 2008. From 2003–2008, he was the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. From 1998–2003, he served as Russia's ambassador to Belgium and Russia's Head of Mission to NATO.

Kislyak is the outgoing ambassador to the United States and is expected to be replaced by Anatoly Antonov, the current Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, in July 2017. Russia has reportedly nominated Kislyak for a new position at the United Nations dealing with counterterrorism.

Kislyak is Russia's top presence in the U.S. and has become a key figure in the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, receiving significant media coverage. CNN dubbed Kislyak "the diplomat's diplomat" because of his extensive experience, but also reported that U.S. intelligence officials believe Kislyak is a top spy and a spy handler, which the ambassador denies. Kislyak also has denied that Russia was behind the hacking of the Democratic National Committee, while Kislyak's meetings with advisers to then President-elect Donald Trump are under investigation by U.S. intelligence officials. In May 2017, Trump held a meeting with Kislyak and Sergei Lavrov and disclosed highly classified information about ISIS, which was leaked to the press.

Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak 2016.jpg
Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak 2016.jpg

Early life and education

Kislyak was born in Moscow to Ukrainian parents. Kislyak graduated from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute in 1973 and the USSR Academy of Foreign Trade in 1977. He is fluent in English and French.

Career

Kislyak joined the diplomatic service in 1977, working with the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1981 to 1985, Kislyak was the Second Secretary at the Permanent Mission of the Soviet Union to the United Nations in New York City. From 1985 to 1989, Kislyak was the First Secretary, Counsellor at the Embassy of the Soviet Union in Washington, D.C.

From 1989 to 1991, Kislyak was the Deputy Director of the Department of International Organisations at the Soviet Foreign Ministry. From 1991 to 1993, Kislyak was the Deputy Director of the Department of International Scientific and Technical Cooperation at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1993 to 1995, Kislyak was the Director of the Department of International Scientific and Technical Cooperation. From 1995 to 1998, Kislyak was the Director of the Department of Security Affairs and Disarmament at the Russian Foreign Ministry.

In 1998, Kislyak was the Ambassador of Russia to Belgium with a residence in Brussels, and he also served as the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to NATO. From 2003 to 2008, Kislyak served as a Deputy Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was Russia's negotiator on the six-party Iran denuclearization talks prior to his appointment as ambassador to the United States.

Ambassador to the United States

Kislyak became the Ambassador of Russia to the United States on 26 July 2008, when he was appointed by then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama (2015-09-29) 04.jpg
President Barack Obama meets with Vladimir Putin, Sergey Lavrov, Sergey Kislyak and other Russian representatives to discuss Syria and ISIL, September 29, 2015

For many years, Kislyak held a low profile in the press but was a popular figure in Washington, D.C. diplomatic circles, known for his lavish parties at the Russian compound at Pioneer Point, Maryland. Kislyak has been called an experienced and polished diplomat who is friendly but aggressive in promoting Russian interests. The New York Times called Kislyak "the most prominent, if politically radioactive, ambassador in Washington." According to a Times profile in March 2017, "He has interacted with American officials for decades and been a fixture on the Washington scene for the past nine years, jowly and cordial with an easy smile and fluent if accented English, yet a pugnacity in advocating Russia's assertive policies."

As the veteran ambassador to the United States, Kislyak became the subject of intense scrutiny and media coverage in 2017 in the wake of allegations that Russia interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and that he held meetings with top advisers to then president-elect Donald Trump. In February 2017, Michael T. Flynn was forced to resign as National Security Adviser when it emerged he lied about meetings with Kislyak. John Beyrle, the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 2008–2012, said that Kislyak is "a professional diplomat, not a politician. I'm sure he's surprised to have acquired such notoriety recently. I'm sure he's probably not enjoying his time in the limelight."

On 10 May 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump invited Kislyak and Sergei Lavrov to meet with him in the Oval Office. This meeting received significant coverage as it was closed to U.S. press, but the Russians brought in a photographer from state agency TASS, and released photos of Trump, Kisylak and Lavrov laughing together. On 15 May, it was revealed that during this meeting, Trump disclosed classified information about ISIL's bomb-making capabilities without taking the appropriate protocols, which was leaked to the press.

Kislyak has reportedly been put forward by Russia as a candidate for a new United Nations post responsible for counterterrorism. General Anatoly Antonov has been nominated to succeed him as ambassador to the United States — likely in July 2017 — and is awaiting approval by the State Duma.

2016 US Presidential election controversy

Kislyak has emerged as a central figure in the scandal involving Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, particularly through his contacts with Donald Trump officials including Jeff Sessions, Michael T. Flynn and Jared Kushner. Sessions, later the United States Attorney General, denied any contact with Russian officials during the campaign but was forced to recuse himself from the Russian investigation after the Justice Department acknowledged he had spoken with Kislyak twice in 2016.

In July 2016, Kislyak held a "diplomacy conference" at the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, during which his interactions with Trump officials became the subject of denial and controversy. In a speech in October 2016 in Detroit, Kislyak denied ever meeting with anyone involved in the Trump campaign. However, it later emerged that J. D. Gordon and Carter Page had spoken with Kislyak at the RNC. Kislyak did not attend the 2016 Democratic National Convention.

In a November 2016 speech at Stanford University, Kislyak denied that Russia had interfered in the 2016 U.S. elections. On 29 December 2016, the same day that the United States announced new sanctions against Russia for interfering with the election, Kislyak and then-U.S. National Security Advisor designate Michael T. Flynn had multiple telephone conversations. The phone calls are the subject of an investigation by U.S. counterintelligence agents. White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer stated in early January 2017 that the calls related to arranging a conversation between Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin. On 13 February 2017, Flynn resigned from his position as National Security Advisor.

On 1 March 2017, The Washington Post reported that Attorney General Jeff Sessions had spoken twice to Ambassador Kislyak, once in July 2016 and once in September 2016, during Sessions' tenure as US senator on the Senate Armed Services Committee. During Sessions' Senate Judiciary Committee confirmation hearing on 10 January 2017, Sessions was questioned under oath about "possible contacts between members of President Trump's campaign and representatives of Moscow" and expressed no knowledge of such contact. On 2 March, The New York Times later noted that Kislyak met with Flynn and Kushner in December 2016, which the White House claimed was to establish a diplomatic line of communication with the Trump administration. That same day, Sessions agreed to recuse himself from any involvement with the federal investigation into Russian election interference.

On 26 May 2017, The Washington Post reported that U.S. intelligence officials had, in the course of monitoring Kislyak in December, overheard him discussing a request from Jared Kushner to establish a secret, secure channel to communicate with the Kremlin that would not be monitored by U.S. intelligence. Kislyak was reporting Kushner's request to use "diplomatic facilities in the United States" when it was intercepted by U.S. intelligence. According to the report, "Kislyak reportedly was taken aback by the suggestion of allowing an American to use Russian communications gear at its embassy or consulate — a proposal that would have carried security risks for Moscow as well as the Trump team." The Washington Post noted that Russian officials occasionally leak "false information into communication streams it suspects are monitored as a way of sowing misinformation and confusion among U.S. analysts," but that U.S. officials stated it was unclear what Kislyak would have gained by falsely reporting such an encounter at a time when the Kremlin was envisioning improved diplomatic relations under the incoming Trump administration. The New York Times reported that it had confirmed Kislyak's report with three officials.

Allegations of espionage

CNN alleged that United States intelligence officials have claimed Kislyak is a top Russian spy and spy recruiter, which Russian officials have denied. According to ABC News, former U.S. ambassadors and analysts contradicted with "strong skepticism" the claim that Kislyak is a spy. Russian officials "expressed anger" at reports that the ambassador's activities were driving questions and reports of being a spy, with Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova calling it "the low professional standards of the American news media."

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