Same-sex marriage

Gay flag.svg
LGBT flag
World marriage-equality laws.svg
  Marriage open to same-sex couples
  Recognized when performed in certain other jurisdictions
  Government/court announced intention to legalize marriage
  Civil unions/domestic partnerships
  Government/court announced intention to legalize civil unions
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Same-sex unions not legally recognized

Colors higher in the list override those lower down.
rings = individual cases

Terminology

Alternative terms

Use of the term marriage

Studies

The results of more than a century of anthropological research on households, kinship relationships, and families, across cultures and through time, provide no support whatsoever for the view that either civilization or viable social orders depend upon marriage as an exclusively heterosexual institution. Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, can contribute to stable and humane societies.

Health

Major Alan G. Roger at Same-Sex Wedding Ceremony.jpg
A same-sex wedding ceremony in June 2006.

Parenting

There is ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents. More than 25 years of research have documented that there is no relationship between parents' sexual orientation and any measure of a child's emotional, psychosocial, and behavioral adjustment. These data have demonstrated no risk to children as a result of growing up in a family with 1 or more gay parents. Conscientious and nurturing adults, whether they are men or women, heterosexual or homosexual, can be excellent parents. The rights, benefits, and protections of civil marriage can further strengthen these families.

Opinion polling

History

Ancient

Medieval

Renaissance

Contemporary

Timeline

International organisations

Same-sex marriage around the world

World laws pertaining to homosexual relationships and expression.svg
Worldwide laws regarding same-sex intercourse and freedom of expression and association
Same-sex intercourse legal Same-sex intercourse illegal
  
Marriage1
  
Unenforced penalty2
  
Marriage recognized but not performed1
  
Imprisonment
  
Civil unions1
  
Up to life in prison
  
Unregistered cohabitation1
  
Death penalty
  
Same-sex unions not recognized
  
Laws restricting freedom of expression and association
Rings indicate areas where local judges have granted or denied marriages or imposed the death penalty in a jurisdiction where that is not otherwise the law or areas with a case-by-case application.
1Some jurisdictions in this category may currently have other types of partnerships.
2No arrests in the past three years or moratorium on law.

Legal recognition

Argentina

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Crowd in support of same-sex marriage in Buenos Aires.

Belgium

Tchemiguel Li%C3%A8ge Willy Demeyer.jpg
Mayor of Liège, Willy Demeyer, officiating at the wedding of a gay couple.

Brazil

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Recognition of same-sex unions in South America
  Marriage
  Other type of partnership
  Unrecognized
  Same-sex marriage banned
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal

Canada

Colombia

Denmark

Same-sex marriage map Europe detailed.svg
Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Marriage
  Foreign marriages recognized
  Other type of partnership
  Unregistered cohabitation
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

Includes laws that have not yet gone into effect.

Finland

France

Iceland

Ireland

Luxembourg

Mexico

Same-sex marriage in Mexico.svg
State recognition of same-sex relationships in Mexico
  Same-sex marriage
  Legalization not implemented, though required by 5+ court orders supporting SSM
  Partial precedent of 1–4 court orders supporting SSM

Netherlands

Same-sex marriage map Oceania.svg
  Same-sex marriage
  Other type of partnership
  No recognition
  Homosexuality illegal

New Zealand

Norway

Portugal

Gay troue.jpg
Same-sex wedding in South Africa, 2007

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

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Recognition of same-sex unions in the Lesser Antilles
  Same-sex marriage performed
  Same-sex marriage recognized
  Other type of partnership
  Unrecognized or unknown
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal but no longer enforced
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal

United States

SCOTUS Marriage Equality 2015 (Obergefell v. Hodges) - 26 June 2015.jpg
On the morning of June 26, 2015 outside the Supreme Court, the crowd reacts to the Court's decision.

Uruguay

National debates

Andorra

Australia

Austria

Chile

China

Costa Rica

Ecuador

El Salvador

Estonia

Georgia

Germany

India

Israel

Italy

Japan

Latvia

Malta

Nepal

Panama

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Romania

Slovenia

South Korea

Switzerland

Taiwan

Thailand

Turkey

Venezuela

Vietnam

International organizations

Other arrangements

Civil unions

New York City Proposition 8 Protest outside LDS temple 20.jpg
Many advocates, such as this protester at a demonstration in New York City against California Proposition 8, reject the notion of civil unions, describing them as inferior to the legal recognition of same-sex marriage.

Non-sexual same-sex marriage

Kenya

Nigeria

Issues

Parenting

World same-sex adoption laws.svg
Legal status of adoption by same-sex couples around the world:
  Joint adoption allowed1
  Second-parent adoption allowed2
  No laws allowing adoption by same-sex couples

Adoption

Surrogacy and IVF treatment

Transgender and intersex people

Divorce

Judicial and legislative

Opposition

Religious views

Religious freedom

Content from Wikipedia